A.N..Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology Company Profile

20:47 EST 9th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

The A.N.Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology was founded in 1965 by Professor Andrey N. Belozersky, Vice-President of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Head of the Department of Plant Biochemistry of Moscow State University (MSU).Academician A.N.Belozersky, the first Director of the Institute, died on December 30, 1972. Since that time the position was occupied by Academician V.P.Skulachev. The scientific work of the Institute is directed by its Academic Council elected by researchers.Besides 16 research departments covering all major branches of modern physico-chemical biology, the Institute includes 5 service departments, where the most expensive equipment is localized.The total number of scientists and technicians is now about 220 and 100, respectively.
Among the most important findings published by researchers of the Institute, one can mention:
Direct measurement of generation of electric potential differences across intracellular membranes.
Discovery of H+- and Na+-motors, molecular mechanisms carrying out rotation of bacterial flagella.
Description of the Na+-cycle, a mechanism of membrane-linked energy transduction, alternative to the Mitchellian H+-cycle.
Discovery and elucidation of the function of a retina cell protein, recoverin.
Discovery of principles of photosynthetic apparatus organization, ensuring high efficiency for light energy conversion.
Topography and fine structure of the decoding center of the ribosome was established by means of originally developed chemical methods.
Creation of a new concept of intracellular transport of the plant virus genetic material.
Discovery of the structure and expression of several RNA virus genomes (hordei-potex- and closteroviruses).
Description of the tissue and age specificity of DNA methylation in animals and plants.


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