Topics

DNA sequencing Research

16:55 EDT 20th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Identification of peptide coatings that enhance diffusive transport of nanoparticles through the tumor microenvironment.

In solid tumors, increasing drug penetration promotes their regression and improves the therapeutic index of compounds. However, the heterogeneous extracellular matrix (ECM) acts as a steric and interaction barrier that hinders effective transport of therapeutics, including nanomedicines. Specifically, the interactions between the ECM and surface physicochemical properties of nanomedicines (e.g. c...

Evaluation of TypeSeq, a Novel High-Throughput, Low-Cost, Next-Generation Sequencing-Based Assay for Detection of 51 Human Papillomavirus Genotypes.

Human papillomaviruses (HPV) cause over 500 000 cervical cancers each year, most of which occur in low-resource settings. Human papillomavirus genotyping is important to study natural history and vaccine efficacy. We evaluated TypeSeq, a novel, next-generation, sequencing-based assay that detects 51 HPV genotypes, in 2 large international epidemiologic studies.

Performance of the Afirma genomic sequencing classifier versus gene expression classifier: An institutional experience.

The use of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) to triage thyroid nodules has resulted in a significant reduction in thyroid surgery. However, approximately one-third of FNA specimens fall into the "indeterminate" category. The Afirma gene expression classifier (GEC) has been used to identify benign nodules with a high sensitivity and negative predictive value. However, the specificity and positive predic...

Nosocomial transmission of influenza: A retrospective cross-sectional study using next generation sequencing at a hospital in England (2012-2014).

The extent of transmission of influenza in hospital settings is poorly understood. Next generation sequencing may improve this by providing information on the genetic relatedness of viral strains.

Interrogation of CYP2D6 structural variant alleles improves the correlation between CYP2D6 genotype and CYP2D6-mediated metabolic activity.

The CYP2D6 gene locus is challenging to accurately genotype due to numerous single nucleotide variants and complex structural variation. Our goal was to determine whether the CYP2D6 genotype-phenotype correlation is improved when diplotype assignments incorporate structural variation, identified by the bioinformatics tool Stargazer, with next-generation sequencing data. Using CYP2D6 activity measu...

Resolving Chemical Modifications to a Single Amino Acid within a Peptide Using a Biological Nanopore.

While DNA sequencing is now amply available, fast, and inexpensive, protein sequencing remains a tremendous challenge. Nanopores may allow for developing a protein sequencer with single-molecule capabilities. As identification of 20 different amino acids currently presents an unsurmountable challenge, fingerprinting schemes are pursued, in which only a subset of amino acids is labeled and detected...

Tuning the Optical Properties of Novel Antitumoral Drugs Based on Cyclometalated Ir(III) Complexes.

Most of the current efforts in drug discovery are devoted to the design of molecules able to mitigate side effect by concentrating the biological action in the targeted tissue. One promising strategy is the photodynamic therapy, which is based on the \textit{in situ} generation of reactive singlet oxygen upon radiation exposure. However, such an approach requires the use of an efficient photosensi...

Molecular Identification and Virulence Potential of the Genus Isolated from Wild Rainbow Trout () in Mexico.

The members of the genus are important foodborne pathogens, with a worldwide distribution. Wild rainbow trout, from the national protected area Santuario del Agua State Park, Corral de Piedra, were analyzed. Species of were isolated from the trout, and their pathogenic potential was analyzed based on different pathogenicity and virulence factors. The isolates were identified as ( = 15), ( = 8)...

Population Analyses Reveal Preenrichment Method and Selective Enrichment Media Affect Serovars Detected on Broiler Carcasses.

Poultry is a major reservoir, but conventional culture-based methods typically identify the most abundant serovars while those less abundant remain undetected. Choice of enrichment procedure also introduces bias, and for broiler carcasses, a 1-min rinse before preenrichment is insufficient to release all present. The inability to assess serovar diversity means that serovars more often associated...

Effects of Bread Yeast Cell Wall Beta-Glucans on Mice with Loperamide-Induced Constipation.

Constipation is a common gastrointestinal disorder characterized by changes in intestinal habits. Increasing evidence indicates that long-term use of irritant laxatives causes serious side effects. Meanwhile, more than 50% of patients are dissatisfied with sense of use of non-prescriptional laxatives. -Glucans are natural polysaccharides widely found in yeast, fungus, and plants, which have been r...

Genotype correlates with clinical severity in PIK3CA-associated lymphatic malformations.

Lymphatic malformations (LMs) are congenital, non-neoplastic vascular malformations associated with post-zygotic activating PIK3CA mutations. The mutation spectrum within LMs is narrow, with the majority having one of three "hotspot" mutations. Despite this relative genetic homogeneity, clinical presentations differ dramatically. We used molecular inversion probes and droplet digital polymerase ch...

The complete mitochondrial genome of Calyptogena marissinica (Heterodonta: Veneroida: Vesicomyidae): Insight into the deep-sea adaptive evolution of vesicomyids.

The deep-sea chemosynthetic environment is one of the most extreme environments on the Earth, with low oxygen, high hydrostatic pressure and high levels of toxic substances. Species of the family Vesicomyidae are among the dominant chemosymbiotic bivalves found in this harsh habitat. Mitochondria play a vital role in oxygen usage and energy metabolism; thus, they may be under selection during the ...

NGS analysis in Marfan syndrome spectrum: Combination of rare and common genetic variants to improve genotype-phenotype correlation analysis.

The diagnosis of Marfan spectrum includes a large number of clinical criteria. Although the identification of pathogenic variants contributes to the diagnostic process, its value to the prediction of clinical outcomes is still limited. An important novelty of the present study is represented by the statistical approach adopted to investigate genotype-phenotype correlation. The analysis has been im...

Oral dosing for antenatal corticosteroids in the Rhesus macaque.

Antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) are standard of care for women at risk of preterm delivery, although choice of drug, dose or route have not been systematically evaluated. Further, ACS are infrequently used in low resource environments where most of the mortality from prematurity occurs. We report proof of principle experiments to test betamethasone-phosphate (Beta-P) or dexamethasone-phosphate (De...

Humoral immunity prevents clinical malaria during Plasmodium relapses without eliminating gametocytes.

Plasmodium relapses are attributed to the activation of dormant liver-stage parasites and are responsible for a significant number of recurring malaria blood-stage infections. While characteristic of human infections caused by P. vivax and P. ovale, their relative contribution to malaria disease burden and transmission remains poorly understood. This is largely because it is difficult to identify ...

Tuberculosis drug discovery in the CRISPR era.

Stewart Cole and colleagues determined the complete genome sequence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the etiological agent of tuberculosis (TB), in 1998 [1]. This was a landmark achievement that heralded a new age in TB drug discovery. With the genome sequence in hand, drug discoverers suddenly had thousands of new potential targets to explore. But the excitement has since faded [2]. It is unq...

Long-term, prolonged-release tacrolimus-based immunosuppression in de novo kidney transplant recipients: 5-year prospective follow-up of the ADHERE study patients.

The objectives of this study were to assess long-term graft survival, patient survival, renal function, and acute rejections in de novo kidney transplant recipients, treated with once-daily prolonged-release tacrolimus-based therapy. The study was a 5-year, non-interventional, prospective follow-up of patients from the ADHERE study, a Phase IV, 12-month, open-label, assessment of patients randomi...

Use of targeted therapies for advanced renal cell carcinoma in the Veterans Health Administration.

The objective of this study is to describe the use of targeted therapies for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and overall survival (OS) among patients in clinical practice in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA).

Inhibition of transcription and translation in dorsal hippocampus does not interfere with consolidation of memory of intense training.

Findings of several experiments indicate that many treatments that typically interfere with memory consolidation are ineffective in preventing or attenuating memory induced by intense training. As extensive evidence suggests that the consolidation of newly acquired memories requires gene expression and de novo protein synthesis the present study investigated whether intense training prevents conso...

Ocean acidification and warming effects on the physiology, skeletal properties, and microbiome of the purple-hinge rock scallop.

Ocean acidification and increased ocean temperature from elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide can significantly influence the physiology, growth and survival of marine organisms. Despite increasing research efforts, there are still many gaps in our knowledge of how these stressors interact to affect economically and ecologically important species. This project is the first to explore the physiologi...

A patient with pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 6: Novel RARS2 mutations, comparison to previously published patients and clinical distinction from PEHO syndrome.

Pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 6 (PCH6) is a rare infantile-onset progressive encephalopathy caused by biallelic mutations in RARS2 that encodes the mitochondrial arginine-tRNA synthetase enzyme (mtArgRS). The clinical presentation overlaps that of PEHO syndrome (Progressive Encephalopathy with edema, Hypsarrhythmia and Optic atrophy). The proband presented with severe intellectual disability, ep...

MED12 missense mutation in a three-generation family. Clinical characterization of MED12-related disorders and literature review.

Mutations in MED12 gene have been described in association with syndromic and non-syndromic X-linked intellectual disability (XLID). Up to date at least three distinct XLID syndromes have been described: FG syndrome, Lujan-Fryns syndrome (LS) and Ohdo syndrome (OSMKB). In the last years, thanks to the massive use of next generation sequencing techniques (NGS) it has been possible to discover at le...

Attitudes towards genetic information delivered by high-throughput sequencing among clinical molecular Geneticists, genetic counselors, medical advisors and students in France.

High-throughput sequencing technologies performed in the clinical setting have the potential to reveal diverse genetic information. Whether it is initially targeted or unsolicited, strictly medical or not, or even information on a carrier status as part of preconception screening, access to genetic information needs to be managed. The aim of the current study was to gather potential attitudes of v...

Early-onset presentation of a new subtype of β-Propeller protein-associated neurodegeneration (BPAN) caused by a de novo WDR45 deletion in a 6 year-old female patient.

Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) comprises a group of rare genetic disorders characterized by progressive extrapyramidal and other neurological symptoms due to focal iron accumulation in the basal ganglia. β-Propeller protein-associated neurodegeneration (BPAN) is the most recently identified subtype of NBIA caused by heterozygous variants in WDR45 (OMIM: *300526) at Xp11.23....

Two males with sick sinus syndrome in a family with 0.6 kb deletions involving major domains in MECP2.

Mutations in methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) in males can lead to various phenotypes, ranging from neonatal encephalopathy to intellectual disability. In this study, using Nord's method of next-generation sequencing in three siblings, we identified a 0.6 kb deletion involving the transcriptional repression domain (TRD). Two males and one female had intellectual disability and apnea, but non...

Quick Search

review and buy DNA sequencing market research data and corporate reports here