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DNA sequencing Research

09:51 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Functional and Transcriptomic Characterization of a Dye-decolorizing Fungus from Rhizosphere.

We isolated three laccase-producing fungus strains from Taxus rhizosphere. Myrotheium verrucaria strain DJTU-sh7 had the highest laccase activity of 216.2 U/ml, which was increased to above 300 U/ml after optimization. DJTU-sh7 had the best decolorizing effect for three classes of reactive dyes. The DJTU-sh7-containing fungal consortium displayed the robust decolorizing ability. Both color removal...

Bone-targeted agent treatment patterns and the impact of bone metastases on patients with advanced breast cancer in the United States.

Bone metastases are common among patients with advanced breast cancer, putting patients at increased risk of skeletal-related events (SREs). This study described impact of bone metastases, utilization of bone-targeted agents (BTAs) and physicians' decision processes for BTA use in advanced breast cancer.

Prediction of antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli from large-scale pan-genome data.

The emergence of microbial antibiotic resistance is a global health threat. In clinical settings, the key to controlling spread of resistant strains is accurate and rapid detection. As traditional culture-based methods are time consuming, genetic approaches have recently been developed for this task. The detection of antibiotic resistance is typically made by measuring a few known determinants pre...

Genome survey sequencing for the characterization of genetic background of Dracaena cambodiana and its defense response during dragon's blood formation.

Dragon's blood collected from the genus Dracaena is used as a renowned traditional medicine in various cultures worldwide. However, the genetics of the genus Dracaena and the formation mechanism of dragon's blood remain poorly understood. Here, we generate the first draft genome reference assembly of an elite Chinese Dracaena species, Dracaena cambodiana, from next-generation sequencing data with ...

Identification and immune-related analysis of SNPs in Litopenaeus vannamei Toll3 receptor.

Tolls and Toll-like receptors (TLRs), as innate immune-recognition receptors that recognize molecular patterns associated with microbial pathogens, play a critical role in antimicrobial immune responses. Here, we report on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of Litopenaeus vannamei Toll3 (LvToll3). Multiple sequence alignment of the L. vannamei Toll3 Leucine rich repeat C-terminal domain (LvTol...

miRNA networks modulate human endothelial cell adaptation to cyclic hypoxia.

Solid tumor microenvironments are often subjected to various levels of hypoxia. Although regulation of gene expression has been examined extensively, most studies have focused on prolonged hypoxia. The tumor microenvironment, however, experiences waves of hypoxia and reoxygenation that stimulate the expression of pro-angiogenic factors that promote blood vessel formation. In this study, we examine...

Detection of Pediatric Bacterial Meningitis Pathogens from Cerebrospinal Fluid by Next-Generation Sequencing Technology.

Bacterial meningitis remains one of the major challenges in infectious diseases, leading to sequel in many cases. A prompt diagnosis of the causative microorganism is critical to significantly improve outcome of bacterial meningitis. Although various targeted tests for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples are available, it is a big problem for the identification of etiology of bacterial meningitis.

Oncogene addiction as a foundation of targeted cancer therapy: the paradigm of the MET receptor tyrosine kinase.

Following nearly two decades of its conception, the phenomenon of oncogene addiction still represents a key concept of how progresses in basic research can translate to unprecedented translational breakthroughs. Coined by Bernard Weinstein, this term refers to the phenomenon by which cancer cells can exhibit dependence on a single oncogenic protein or signaling pathway for sustaining proliferation...

Polyphyly in 16S rRNA-based LVTree Versus Monophyly in Whole-genome-based CVTree.

We report an important but long-overlooked manifestation of low-resolution power of 16S rRNA sequence analysis at the species level, namely, in 16S rRNA-based phylogenetic trees polyphyletic placements of closely-related species are abundant compared to those in genome-based phylogeny. This phenomenon makes the demarcation of genera within many families ambiguous in the 16S rRNA-based taxonomy. In...

Expanding the Molecular Characterization of Thoracic Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumors beyond ALK gene rearrangements.

Half of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) regardless of anatomic location harbor ALK gene rearrangements and overexpress ALK protein. The wide application of next generation sequencing (NGS) and the clinical benefit to tyrosine kinase inhibitors have opened new opportunities for investigation of ALK-negative IMT.

Comprehensive characterization of in vivo metabolic profile of Polygalae radix based on ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

In this study, a novel analysis strategy for progressively targeted screening and characterization of drug ingredients from in vitro to in vivo was proposed based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for comprehensive characterization of in vivo metabolic profile of Polygalae radix (PR). First, an in vitro chemical profile of PR was described with the assistance...

Bacteriome-associated Wolbachia of the parthenogenetic termite Cavitermes tuberosus.

Wolbachia has deeply shaped the ecology and evolution of many arthropods, and interactions between the two partners are a continuum ranging from parasitism to mutualism. Non-dispersing queens of the termite Cavitermes tuberosus are parthenogenetically produced through gamete duplication, a mode of ploidy restoration generally induced by Wolbachia. These queens display a bacteriome-like structure i...

DEPArray™ system: An automatic image-based sorter for isolation of pure circulating tumor cells.

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are rare cells shed into the bloodstream by invasive tumors and their analysis offers a promising noninvasive tool to predict and monitor therapeutic responses. CTCs can be isolated from patient blood and their characterization at single-cell level can inform on the genomic landscape of a tumor. All CTC enrichment methods bear a burden of contaminating normal cells, ...

Genomic Interventions in Medicine.

Lately, the term "genomics" has become ubiquitous in many scientific articles. It is a rapidly growing aspect of the biomedical sciences that studies the genome. The human genome contains a torrent of information that gives clues about human origin, evolution, biological function, and diseases. In a bid to demystify the workings of the genome, the Human Genome Project (HGP) was initiated in 1990, ...

Quantum dot-based fluorescent probes for targeted imaging of the EJ human bladder urothelial cancer cell line.

QDs are a type of inorganic nanoparticle with unique optical properties. As a fluorescent label, QDs are widely used in biomedical fields. In the present study, fluorescent probes of quantum dots (QDs) conjugated with a prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) monoclonal antibody (QD-PSCA) were prepared to study the targeted imaging of QD-PSCA probes in EJ human bladder urothelial cancer cells and analyz...

Potential clinical value and putative biological function of miR-122-5p in hepatocellular carcinoma: A comprehensive study using microarray and RNA sequencing data.

In order to determine the diagnostic efficacy of microRNA (miR)-122-5p and to identify the potential molecular signaling pathways underlying the function of miR-122-5p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the expression profiles of data collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and literature databases were analyzed, along with any associations between clinicopatho...

RBBP7 is a prognostic biomarker in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

Retinoblastoma-binding protein 7 (RBBP7) is an important component of several complexes that regulate chromatin metabolism. It is overexpressed in certain cancer types and serves conflicting roles in tumor progression. In the present study, the expression and roles of RBBP7 were explored in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect RBBP7 expression ...

Targeted next-generation sequencing of cancer-related genes in thyroid carcinoma: A single institution's experience.

Thyroid carcinoma (TC) has characteristic genetic alterations, including point mutations in proto-oncogenes and chromosomal rearrangements that vary by histologic subtype. Recent developments in next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology enable simultaneous analysis of cancer-associated genes of interest, thus improving diagnostic accuracy and allowing precise personalized treatment for human can...

Methylation level of Rap1GAP and the clinical significance in MDS.

Previous studies on the pathogenesis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) have identified multiple associated gene mutations, including mutations of tetmethylcytosinedioxygenase 2, isocitrate dehydrogenase [NADP(+)] 1 cytosolic, isocitrate dehydrogenase [NADP(+)] 2 mitochondrial and additional sex combs like 1 transcriptional regulator, all of which may be considered epigenetic regulators. Furthermor...

Protein-protein interactions in bacteria: a promising and challenging avenue towards the discovery of new antibiotics.

Antibiotics are potent pharmacological weapons against bacterial infections; however, the growing antibiotic resistance of microorganisms is compromising the efficacy of the currently available pharmacotherapies. Even though antimicrobial resistance is not a new problem, antibiotic development has failed to match the growth of resistant pathogens and hence, it is highly critical to discover new an...

Frequent activating STAT3 mutations and novel recurrent genomic abnormalities detected in breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma.

Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a rare form of T-cell lymphoma that occurs after implantation of breast prostheses. We performed comprehensive next generation sequencing based genomic characterization of 11 cases of BIA-ALCL including sequence variant detection on 180 genes frequently mutated in haematological malignancy, genome-wide copy number assessment, s...

Identification of key genes and pathways by bioinformatics analysis with TCGA RNA sequencing data in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Improved insight into the molecular characteristics of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is required to predict prognosis and to develop a new rationale for targeted therapeutic strategy. Bioinformatics methods, including functional enrichment and network analysis combined with survival analysis, are required to process a large volume of data to obtain further information on differentially expressed ...

Identification of PD-L2, B7-H3 and CTLA-4 immune checkpoint proteins in genetic subtypes of meningioma.

Meningioma is the most common brain tumor in adults. Surgical resection remains the primary treatment. No chemotherapy exists. However, gene mutations now could explain ~ 80% of meningioma and targeted therapies based on these are being investigated. Furthermore, with the recent discovery of PD-L1 in malignant meningioma, clinical trials using immunotherapy have commenced. Here, we report for the...

The author identified by his method: EuPA YPIC challenge solved.

Here we present the results of our attempt on the EuPA YPIC challenge. The task was to sequence the provided synthetic peptides, build the sentence encrypted in them and determine from which book the sentence originated. The task itself, while holding no direct scientific value, offers an insight in less formal terms (for participants at least) on how the overall process of a scientific study of a...

Neuroinflammatory signals drive spinal curve formation in zebrafish models of idiopathic scoliosis.

The etiopathogenesis of idiopathic scoliosis (IS), a highly prevalent spinal deformity that occurs in the absence of obvious congenital or physiological abnormalities, is poorly understood. Although recent zebrafish genetic studies have linked cilia motility and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow defects with scoliosis progression, underlying mechanisms were not identified. Here, we use next-generatio...

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