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At least, three theoretical frameworks are currently involved in therapeutic research in developmental dyslexia. Each theoretical framework relies on the type of underlying cognitive processes that is viewed as impaired: 1°) phonological processing, 2°) cross modal integration, 3°) visual attention processing. In this controlled and randomized study, three types of compu...
Subjects are recruited for a pre-kindergarten education program focusing on early literacy skills. Primary outcomes are improvement in letter knowledge and changes in brain response to text.
Reading disorders in Parkinson's Disease (PD) are poorly evaluated due to the lack of validated tests to screen for them. They are often attributed to hand tremors associated with the disease. In this study, the investigating team evaluated the "alouette test" validated for dyslexia screening, in PD by comparing the results to healthy patients.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of play and competition-based cognitive therapy (PCB-CT) on executive function and occupational routines in children with dyslexia. Method: In this randomized control trail, 64 children with dyslexia (between 7-12 ages) were randomly selected from the 162 clients who applied to the clinic. Children were divided ...
To show the interest of the association of proprioceptive and orthophonic care of dyslexic children. The assumption is that proprioceptive support by correcting a centrally located spatial localization instability restores the ability to automate. It allows a gain of effectiveness of the orthophonic remediation of the reading of dyslexic children. Interventional com...
The investigators hypothesize that children with dyslexia present proprioceptive disorders and the purpose of the present study is to better understand relationships between motor control, proprioception and academic learnings. The investigators compare a group of French students with and without dyslexia aged 10-12.
Researchers in numerical cognition usually think that the greatest and most common difficulty in children suffering from dyscalculia is retrieval of arithmetic facts from long-term memory. However, we have recently shown that retrieval might not be the optimum strategy in mental arithmetic. In fact, expert adults would rather solve simple problems such as 3 + 2 by automated...
The purpose of this study is to determine if the frequency and duration of postoperative pain are improved in participants receiving a local steroid injection (methylprednisolone) plus a systemic (intravenous (IV, by vein)) steroid (dexamethasone) when compared to those receiving a systemic (IV) steroid (dexamethasone) alone. Both of these steroid injections are already cur...
dyslexia is often considered like a phonological deficit but some researches show that a visual attention (V-A) deficit can occur in dyslexia. The investigator want to show that some dyslexics have a reduced V-A field in visual search when the investigator use separable feature (letter-like). If the investigator demonstrate that, he will show that V-A deficit can be transp...
The purpose of the present study is to compare the effectiveness of Rhythmic Reading Training (RRT), a computer-assisted intervention method that combines sublexical reading exercises with rhythm processing, and that of a multimodal intervention comprising different methodology, called 'Abilmente'. All interventions were delivered for a period ranging 1-2,5 months, in 60 mi...
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the combination of Rhythmic Reading Training (RRT), a computer-assisted intervention method that combines sublexical reading exercises with rhythm processing, and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on reading abilities of a group of Italian undergraduate students with dyslexia. Two experimental conditi...
This study will help to better characterize oral and written language disorders and determine if these disorders are continuous or not. The participants ( dyslexic and dysphasic patients and control adults) will carry out an auditory lexical decision task during which an electroencephalogram (EEG) will be recorded.
The purpose of the present study is to compare the effectiveness of Rhythmic Reading Training (RRT), a computer-assisted intervention method that combines sublexical reading exercises with rhythm processing, and that of an intervention resulting from the combination of two yet validated treatments for DD, namely, Bakker's Visual Hemisphere-Specific Stimulation (VHSS) and th...
Developmental dyslexia is a highly heritable disorder in which reading skills are compromised despite normal intelligence and appropriate reading instruction. Reading problems in dyslexia are thought to primarily originate from weak speech sound representations or poor phonological skills. Dyslexia has also been associated with short-term or working memory dysfunctions. The...
The mechanism of the eye movement anomalies seen in dyslexic patients is not well defined. Some optometrists use observational eye movement tests as screening devices for dyslexia and advocate eye movement therapy as a treatment option for dyslexia. The reliability of the clinical eye movement tests and the efficacy of the eye movement therapies have not been determined. ...
All the studies underlined the high frequency of co-morbid associations in specific learning disorders. Understanding the reasons for these associations could enable us to determine the cerebral bases that underlie each disorder. Their frequent association suggests the etiological bases are partly common, it seems logical to turn to explanatory models of various common spec...
This study aims to determine whether levodopa, in combination with a high frequency training of (grammatical) rules, is effective in boosting learning success in healthy subjects and whether this kind of training in combination with levodopa improves reading and spelling abilities of patients with dyslexia.
This study will evaluate the effects of atomoxetine on brain activation during attention and reading tasks via functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) in patients ages 10 to 16 years old with ADHD and comorbid dyslexia
Adults who sustain brain damage due to stroke, head injury, or traumatic surgery may develop difficulty reading. This study examines the effectiveness of behavior-based programs to improve reading ability in these individuals.
The first line of defense against reading disabilities is good classroom reading instruction. This study describes how characteristics of students, teachers, and instruction relate to academic achievement in inner-city kindergarten through Grade 4 classrooms.
Dyslexia is a common reading disorder. Specialized instructional programs can improve reading ability in children with dyslexia. This study will use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine changes in the brains of children who have taken part in these programs.
This study will evaluate the effect of atomoxetine in treating ADHD symptoms in children and adolescents with ADHD and comorbid reading disability (dyslexia)
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of atomoxetine administered once daily in the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD and comorbid dyslexia.
Recent research reveals genetic and symptomatic overlap among children with speech sound disorders (i.e., those who (misarticulate more sounds than would be expected for their age) and children with dyslexia (i.e., those who struggle to learn to read). Children who have speech sound disorders as preschoolers are at risk for the later emergence of dyslexia, a risk that often...
This project is evaluating programs to improve reading and writing skills in children who have or are at risk for having reading disabilities. The project focuses on children who are at-risk for low achievement in school and on children with dyslexia.