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Ear, Nose & Throat Research

08:21 EDT 20th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

The impact of intranasal fluticasone on patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a prospective study.

Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type of sleep apnea, which is caused by complete or partial obstructions of the upper airway. Nasal obstruction is also considered as one of the independent risk factors of obstructive sleep apnea.

Referral rates for newborn hearing screening based on the test time.

To suggest the optimal timing for newborn hearing screening to obtain an ideal and stable referral rate in well babies and in babies in neonatal intensive care units (NICU).

Identification of different clinical faces of obstructive sleep apnea in children.

This study aimed to identify the heterogeneity of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome clinical presentation in children.

EEG signals during mouth breathing in a working memory task.

Continuous mouth breathing results not only morphological deformations but also poor learning outcomes. However, there were few studies that observed correlations between mouth breathing and cognition. This study aimed at investigating the changes in brain activity during mouth breathing while the study subject simultaneously performed a cognitive task using electroencephalography (EEG). Twenty su...

Community health workers obtain similar results using cell-phone based hearing screening tools compared to otolaryngologists in low resourced settings.

To establish community health workers as reliable hearing screening operators in a technology-based pre-surgical hearing screening program in a low and middle-income country (LMIC).

Danish experience of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus eradication with emphasis on nose-throat colonization and supplementary systemic antibiotic treatment.

The study-aim was to evaluate the Danish national Board of Health's guidance for treating MRSA carriage focusing on MRSA nose-throat carriage and use of supplementary systemic antibiotics. We analyze results of MRSA eradication treatment of 358 patients, focusing on those with nose (n=58) or throat (n=183) MRSA colonization. We found that the Danish guidance for treating MRSA have greater success ...

The 'hot nose' sign in brain death.

Outcomes of primary myringoplasty in indigenous children from the Northern Territory of Australia.

To report the surgical and audiological outcomes of myringoplasty (Type I tympanoplasty) in Indigenous Australian children living in remote and regional communities in northern Australia.

Online breath analysis using metal oxide semiconductor sensors (Electronic Nose) for diagnosis of lung cancer.

Exhaled breath analysis is drawing a high degree of interest in diagnostics of various diseases, including lung cancer. Electronic nose (E-nose) technology is one of perspective approaches in the field due to its relative simplicity and cost-efficiency. The use of electronic nose together with pattern recognition algorithms allows discriminating "breath-prints".
 The aim of this study was ...

Outcomes after Application of Active Bone Conducting Implants.

A bone conducting implant is a treatment option for individuals with conductive or mixed hearing loss (CHL, MHL) who do not tolerate regular hearing aids, and for individuals with single-sided deafness (SSD). An active bone conducting implant (ABCI) was introduced in 2012 with indication in CHL, MHL, and SSD, and it is still the only ABCI available. With complete implantation of the active transdu...

The influence of cochlear implantation on aggression behaviors in children.

It has been suggested that children with higher degree of hearing loss may show more severe externalizing (e.g., aggression) and internalizing (e.g., depression and anxiety) behavioral problems compared to that of their normally hearing peers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of sound amplification through cochlear implants (CIs) on aggressive behaviors in Persian childre...

Effects of type 1 diabetes mellitus on efferent auditory system in children and adolescents.

To investigate whether type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) could affect the efferent auditory system by analyzing the relationship between the activation of the medial olivocochlear reflex with disease duration, metabolic control and age at time of diagnosis.

Comparison of rayon and flocked swabs for collection and transport of deep throat swabs for detection of bacteria causing whooping cough by multiplex real-time PCR assay.

The aim of the work was to comparison of rayon and flocked swabs for collection and transport of deep throat swabs for detection of bacteria causing whooping cough by multiplex real-time PCR assay. The study included 87 patients aged from 1 month to 37 years, hospitalized in Infectious Diseases Clinical Hospital No. 1 of the Moscow Department of Healthcare. 68 (78,2 %) people had a diagnosis of wh...

Outcomes with non-sedated MRI for infants with sensorineural hearing loss.

A sore throat.

A comparison of the Quidel Solana GAS assay, the Luminex Aries Group A Strep assay and the Focus Diagnostics Simplexa Group A Strep Direct assay for detection of Group A Streptococcus in throat swab specimens.

We compared three commercially available group A Streptococcus (GAS) nucleic acid amplification tests, the Quidel Solana GAS assay, the Luminex Aries Group A Strep assay and the Focus Diagnostics Simplexa Group A Strep Direct assay, with GAS bacterial culture. A true positive result was defined as one positive by culture or positive by ≥2/3 molecular methods. Two hundred eighty-seven throat swab...

Evaluation of Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials (VEMP) Individuals with Tinnitus and Normal Hearing.

The aim the present study is to evaluate ocular and cervical Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials (VEMPs) of adult individuals with and without tinnitus who have normal hearing. Thirty one patients who have normal hearing, complaining about unilateral or bilateral subjective tinnitus and 30 volunteers who without tinnitus and vestibular complains were enrolled into the present study. Following ex...

Lipopolysaccharide disrupts the cochlear blood-labyrinth barrier by activating perivascular resident macrophages and up-regulating MMP-9.

To determine the distribution of perivascularresident macrophages (PVMs) in BLB and their relationship with capillaries, and to explore the possible mechanisms responsible for lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced activation of PVMs and the breakdown of BLB.

Injection bronchoplasty with carboxymethlycellulose with cystoscopy needle for neonatal persistent bronchopleural fistulae.

We describe the novel use of injectable carboxymethylcellulose to close a persistent bronchopleural fistula (BPF) in a neonate who underwent an ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) after aborted fetoscopy.

Development of nose-to-brain delivery of ketoconazole by nanostructured lipid carriers against cryptococcal meningoencephalitis in mice.

Cryptococcus neoformans-mediated meningoencephalitis is a critical infectious disorder of the human central nervous system. However, efficient treatment for the disease is limited due to the poor penetration across the blood brain barrier (BBB). Here, we develop a nose-to-brain drug delivery system utilizing nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs). We demonstrated that fluorescent-dye-loaded NLCs eff...

Role of Fresh Frozen Cartilage in Revision Rhinoplasty.

Correction of secondary nasal deformities frequently requires cartilage to build the framework of the nose. Traditionally, autologous costal cartilage has been used because of the paucity of the septal cartilage. Because of associated donor-site complications and increased operating time, irradiated allografts have been used. These grafts have a higher rate of resorption and infection. Thus, the a...

Analysis of facial asymmetry in patients with crooked noses.

 Surgical management of crooked nose is challenging even for experienced rhino surgeons, although numerous techniques for correction have been described. Not infrequently, there is a facial asymmetry in addition to the crooked nose influencing the aesthetic results of the operation. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine how often there is an asymmetry of the face in addition to a...

Osteomalacia secondary to delayed diagnosis of a maxillary mesenchymal tumour.

A Swollen Nose - Nasal Septal Hematoma.

Strategies to facilitate or block nose-to-brain drug delivery.

Nose-to-brain delivery has gained significant interest over the past several decades. This has resulted in numerous strategies described to improve the delivery of drugs to the brain directly through the olfactory epithelium of the nasal cavity. In some cases, intranasal administration may be more effective than other routes of administration in treating central nervous system and related disorder...

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