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Ear, Nose & Throat Research

02:04 EDT 20th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Isolation of Fully Vancomycin-Resistant Streptococcus thoraltensis from the Nasal Cavity of a Healthy Young Adult.

Streptococcus thoraltensis was first isolated from pigs and rabbits. Later, isolation from human oral and nasal cavities and from throat and oropharynx was documented. S. thoraltensis was isolated from patients with periodontitis, tonsillopharyngitis, and chorioamnionitis suggesting a possible pathological role in human infections. All S. thoraltensis isolates of animal and human origins were sens...

National ENT workforce planning in the United Kingdom; An increasing cause for concern?

Workforce planning is essential to ensure enough doctors, with the necessary skills and training, are available to meet the demands on the health service. This task is challenging within the NHS due to the time period over which forecasts are made and the complexity of healthcare delivery.The aim of this study was to identify the number of Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) consultants, trainees, non-cons...

Use of Routine Prospective Functional and Aesthetic Patient Satisfaction Measurements in Secondary Cleft Lip Rhinoplasty.

Patients, governments, health care providers, and insurance companies show an increased interest in health outcomes, especially in centralized medical care, such as cleft lip nose treatment. Transparent outcome reporting requires a thorough methodological design, dedicated prospective data collection process, and, preferably, no interference with the efficacy of daily practice.

Electromagnetic radiofrequency radiation with special reference to otorhinolaryngology and brain tumors.

Anatomical terminology of the internal nose and paranasal sinuses: cross-cultural adaptation to Portuguese.

Functional endonasal endoscopic surgery is a frequent surgical procedure among otorhinolaryngologists. In 2014, the European Society of Rhinology published the "European Position Paper on the Anatomical Terminology of the Internal Nose and Paranasal Sinuses", aiming to unify the terms in the English language. We do not yet have a unified terminology in the Portuguese language.

A snotty nose: more than just a cold.

Distinct virulence ranges for infection of mice by Bordetella pertussis revealed by engineering of the sensor-kinase BvgS.

The whooping cough agent Bordetella pertussis coordinately regulates the expression of its virulence factors with the two-component system BvgAS. In laboratory conditions, specific chemical modulators are used to trigger phenotypic modulation of B. pertussis from its default virulent Bvg+ phase to avirulent Bvg- or intermediate Bvgi phases, in which no virulence factors or only a subset of them ar...

Correction of the Crooked Nose.

Successful management of the crooked nose can be a formidable task and requires a systematic approach that begins with an understanding of the patients' aesthetic desires, expectations, and functional symptoms. Dividing the nose into thirds and organizing a plan to correct each region individually can simplify the preoperative planning. There are two broad philosophical strategies of surgical mana...

Novel method of fitting of children with auditory brainstem implants.

To develop a reliable and objective fitting method for use with young children with an auditory brainstem implant (ABI).

Corrigendum to 'Epidemiological characteristics of pediatric epistaxis presenting to the emergency department' International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology (2017) 121-124.

Tracheal tubes lubricated with water to reduce sore throat after intubation: A randomized non-inferiority trial.

Sore throat is common after tracheal intubation. Water can be used to lubricate tracheal tubes, but its benefit has not been validated. We thus did a randomised non-inferiority trial to test the hypothesis that a tube lubricated with water does not reduce sore throat after tracheal intubation.

Osteotomy in Genioplasty by Piezosurgery.

The chin is the most prominent and median sector of the lower third of the face giving harmony to nose and lips. The authors present the application of piezoelectric scalpel for the correction of different chin deformities. The distinctive characteristics of this device allow the authors to avoid or reduce the immediate genioplasty complications.

Reconstruction of Wegener Granulomatosis Nose Deformity Using Fascia Lata Graft.

Wegener granulomatosis (WG) is a necrotizing vasculitis that involves the upper respiratory tract, the lungs, and the kidneys. It also causes deformities of the nose in practically all patients, altering the cartilaginous and bony structure as well as the inner lining of the nose.The surgical repair of these nasal distortions is a challenge mainly due to the impairment of wound healing and graft t...

Building highly reliable office-based surgery Editorial.

Endoscopic view of the carotid artery in the sphenoid sinus.

Nonarytenoid laryngeal granulomas.

Button battery insertion in nose manifested as infraorbital cellulitis.

Efficient closure of earlobe cleft with biopsy punch.

Salivary α-amylase levels in vertigo: Can it be an autonomic dysfunction?

We aim to demonstrate possible autonomic dysfunction based on salivary α-amylase measurements during and after the vertigo attacks associated with Ménière disease (MD) and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Patients admitted to the emergency room with a diagnosis of vertigo attacks caused by either MD (n = 15) or BPPV (n = 9) constituted the study groups. The control group (n = 10) co...

Mucocele development after endoscopic sinus surgery for nasal polyposis: A long-term analysis.

The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of long-term mucocele development after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) for nasal polyposis, to search for a statistical relationship with preoperative variables and to analyze the management of this complication. A retrospective analysis of 153 patients who underwent FESS for nasal polyposis, with a minimum of 7 years of foll...

Positivity rates of in vitro inhalant/respiratory and food allergy tests in the northern midwestern United States.

Rates of allergy-test positivity vary by country and by regions within countries. Several studies have looked at allergy test results to determine the most common allergens. Many of these studies have been based on surveys or on studies of small numbers of tests. Positivity rates for allergy tests are poorly defined in the northern midwestern region of the United States. We conducted a study to id...

Acute infectious laryngitis: A case series.

Although acute laryngitis is common, it is often managed by primary physicians. Therefore, video images documenting its signs are scarce. This series includes 7 professional voice users who previously had undergone baseline strobovideolaryngscopy (SVL) during routine examinations or during evaluations for other complaints and who returned with acute laryngitis. Sequential SVL showed not only the e...

No difference in disease-free survival after oral cancer resection with close tumor margins in patients with and without postoperative radiotherapy.

We conducted a retrospective follow-up study to determine if adjunctive radiotherapy (RT) affected disease-free survival in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) who were found to have close surgical margins after tumor resection. Our study population was made up of 110 patients-72 men and 38 women, aged 30 to 94 years (median: 66) at the time of diagnosis. Their follow-up ranged from 1...

Outcomes of reapplication to otolaryngology residency: A prospective cohort study.

Although the field of otolaryngology has experienced a decline in the number of applicants to our residency programs, otolaryngology remains a highly competitive field with an extremely strong applicant pool. Many highly qualified candidates cannot obtain a position in our field each year, and many of these candidates choose to reapply the next year. Data are lacking regarding reapplicants' succes...

The role of meteorologic factors and air pollution on the frequency of pediatric epistaxis.

Fluctuations in atmospheric temperature, humidity, and air pollution are associated with the incidence of epistaxis. To date, no study in the literature has evaluated the effect of air pollution and meteorologic conditions on the pediatric population. We aimed to evaluate the effect of meteorologic factors and air pollution on the frequency of epistaxis in children. Children presenting to an outpa...

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