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Environmental Health Research

08:42 EDT 19th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Validity and reliability of the Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision and Nurse Teacher (CLES+T), Turkish version1.

A methodological type of study was conducted for the purpose of investigating the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Clinical Learning Environment, Supervision and Nurse Teacher (CLES+T) evaluation scale of the clinical learning environment of students, clinical nurses, and educators.

"For lack of knowledge, our people will perish": Using focus group methodology to explore African-American communities' perceptions of breast cancer and the environment.

Among women living in the United States, breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death. Disproportionate racial disparities in breast cancer exist, with African American (AA) women consistently having the highest rates of breast cancer related mortality despite lower incidence. This study attends to the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) call to action recommending the identification of eff...

A fully autonomous terrestrial bat-like acoustic robot.

Echolocating bats rely on active sound emission (echolocation) for mapping novel environments and navigating through them. Many theoretical frameworks have been suggested to explain how they do so, but few attempts have been made to build an actual robot that mimics their abilities. Here, we present the 'Robat'-a fully autonomous bat-like terrestrial robot that relies on echolocation to move throu...

Neurosurgery and Medical Management of Severe Head Injury.

Management of the patient with moderate to severe brain injury in any environment can be time consuming and resource intensive. In the austere or hostile environment, the challenges to deliver care to this patient population are magnified. These guidelines have been developed by acknowledging commonly recognized recommendations for neurosurgical and neuro-critical care patients and augmenting thos...

Interactions between biochar and trace elements in the environment.

Organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs): A review on analytical methods and occurrence in wastewater and aquatic environment.

Nowadays, there is an increasing concern for organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) due to high production and use following the phase out and stringent regulation in the use of brominated flame retardants. OPFRs represent a group of compounds with a wide range in their polarity, solubility and persistence. OPFRs are widely used as flame retardants in various consumer products such as textiles, ...

Interprofessional Use and Validation of the AACN Healthy Work Environment Assessment Tool.

Health care work environments affect patient outcomes, staff satisfaction and retention, and organizational financial viability. The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) Healthy Work Environment Assessment Tool (HWEAT) is a resource for patient care units and organizations to assess the work environment and track progress on their journey to excellence.

Acoustic Calibration in an Echoic Environment.

The sound fed to a loudspeaker may significantly differ from that reaching the ear of the listener. The transformation from one to the other consists of spectral distortions with strong dependence on the relative locations of the speaker and the listener as well as on the geometry of the environment. With the increased importance of research in awake, freely-moving animals in large arenas, it beco...

Experiences of Iranian nursing students regarding their clinical learning environment.

The aim of this study was to explain the experiences of Iranian nursing students regarding their clinical learning environment (CLE).

Operating Room Nurses' Perceptions of the Clinical Learning Environment: A Survey Study.

Authors commonly agree that the clinical learning environment significantly affects student learning. Studies of how operating room nurses perceive the clinical learning environment during their specialist studies are sparse.

Association between built environment and the incidence of disability in basic and instrumental activities of daily living in the older adults: Results of a cohort study in southern Brazil.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between subjective and objective characteristics of the built environment and the incidence of disability in the activities of daily living in the older adults. A cohort study was conducted with 1196 older adults from Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Incidences were evaluated after four years by the difficulty or inability to perform six ...

Social Environment Affects Central Distribution of Estrogen Receptor-α in Peromyscus californicus.

Social environment has well-established effects on an animal's social behavior and associated neuroendocrine responses. The presence of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) in limbic system brain regions is related to the expression of a variety of social, reproductive and aggressive behaviors. We hypothesized that alterations to the social environment, specifically social isolation, would cause changes...

Early Life Socioeconomic Disparities in Children's Sleep: The Mediating Role of the Current Home Environment.

Despite identified concurrent socioeconomic disparities in children's sleep, little research has examined pathways explaining such associations. This study examined the quality of the home environment as a direct predictor of sleep and potential mediator of associations between early life socioeconomic status and objective and subjective indicators of sleep in middle childhood. A socioeconomically...

Fundamental figures of merit for engineering Förster resonance energy transfer.

Over the past 15 years there has been an ongoing debate regarding the influence of the photonic environment on Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). Disparate results corresponding to enhancement, suppression and null effect of the photonic environment have led to a lack of consensus between the traditional theory of FRET and experiments. Here we show that the quantum electrodynamic theory (Q...

Environmental impacts of nanomaterials.

Nanotechnology is currently one of the highest priority research fields in many countries due to its immense potentiality and economic impact. Nanotechnology involves the research, development, production, and processing of structures and materials on a nanometer scale in various fields of science, technology, health care, industries, and agriculture. As such, it has contributed to the gradual res...

Multilevel analysis of personality, family, and classroom influences on emotional and behavioral problems among Chinese adolescent students.

The classroom environment plays a potentially important role in shaping the emotions and behavior of adolescents. However, few studies have focused on this factor. The aim of this study was to explore the association between the classroom environment and emotional and behavioral problems among Chinese adolescents while also considering personality-and family-related factors.

Shift from feeding to sustainably nourishing urban China: A crossing-disciplinary methodology for global environment-food-health nexus.

Dietary change is a win-win opportunity to address the nexus of health and the environment. To prevent city dwellers from developing non-communicable diseases, in 2013, China updated the 2000 version of nutrition-based dietary reference intake (DRI) guidelines. However, whether the DRI guidelines have a positive effect on the environment is not well understood. Here, we explored the systematic eff...

Elucidation of lid open and orientation of lipase activated in interfacial activation by amphiphilic environment.

Lipases have wide applications using as biocatalyst in numerous biotechnological and bioengineering fields, especially function at hydrophobic or amphiphilic interface. Previously, the lipase from Burkholderia ambifaria YCJ01 was significantly activated when immobilized on the amphiphilic environment. In this work, insights into the functional effect of amphiphilic surface on lipase activation are...

Updates on the neurobiology of food reward and their relation to the obesogenic environment.

To summarize recent findings about the neurobiological control of food reward and discuss their relevance for hedonic food intake and obesity in our current obesogenic environment.

The occurrence, maintenance, and proliferation of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment: influencing factors, mechanisms, and elimination strategies.

Here, we review the possible reasons responsible for the occurrence, maintenance and proliferation of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment, as well as the corresponding mechanisms of their development, diffusion and transfer. Additionally, elimination strategies are also discussed. The factors that influence the development of ARGs are selection pressure, including that from antib...

Taking responsibility for health in an epistemically polluted environment.

Proposals for regulating or nudging healthy choices are controversial. Opponents often argue that individuals should take responsibility for their own health, rather than be paternalistically manipulated for their own good. In this paper, I argue that people can take responsibility for their own health only if they satisfy certain epistemic conditions, but we live in an epistemic environment in wh...

Microbiome Analyses for Toxicological Studies.

Microbiomes can be thought of as the integration of biotic and abiotic factors, including the microbial communities and the distinct physio-chemical properties that are present in a habitat. The microbes within a microbiome can influence the chemical environment by degrading medications inside patients or contaminants in the environment, such as hydrocarbons released after the Deepwater Horizon oi...

Removal of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) and antibiotic resistant bacteria in urban wastewater using UVA/TiO/HO photocatalysis.

The dispersion of pollutants and proliferation of antibiotic resistant bacteria in the aquatic environment are an emerging health concern worldwide. In this sense, it is essential to develop new technologies to increase the quality of wastewater treatment, which is spread throughout the environment. The present study has demonstrated evidence of the existence of antibiotic and mercury-resistant ba...

Coordination environment changes of the vanadium in vanadium-dependent haloperoxidase enzymes.

Vanadium-dependent haloperoxidases are a class of enzymes that catalyze oxidation reactions with halides to form halogenated organic products and water. These enzymes include chloroperoxidase and bromoperoxidase, which have very different protein sequences and sizes, but regardless the coordination environment of the active sites is surprisingly constant. In this manuscript, the comparison of the ...

The Influence of Rearing on Behavior, Brain Monoamines, and Gene Expression in Three-Spined Sticklebacks.

The causes of individual variation in behavior are often not well understood, and potential underlying mechanisms include both intrinsic and extrinsic factors, such as early environmental, physiological, and genetic differences. In an exploratory laboratory study, we raised three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) under 4 different environmental conditions (simulated predator environment...

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