Food Research

16:08 EST 22nd January 2019 | BioPortfolio

How much does household food insecurity explain income inequalities in untreated dental caries?

The pathway by which socioeconomic disadvantages are manifested in the occurrence of dental caries remains unclear.

Molecular Nutrition-From Gut Microbiota to Metabolomics and Inter-Individual Nutrition.

Mu Opioid Receptor Regulation of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone-Luteinizing Hormone Axis during Short-Term Food Deprivation: Role of Alpha1-Adrenoreceptor Signaling.

Brain bio-energetic stability is required for optimal gonadal steroid positive-feedback activation of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone-I (GnRH-I)-pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH) neuroendocrine axis. Caudal hindbrain metabolic-sensory noradrenergic neurons counter energy deficiency by curtailing the mid-cycle LH surge. Central mu opioid receptors (mu-R) impose inhibitory effects of diverse phy...

Response by McCord et al to Letter Regarding Article, "Designing a Better Mousetrap: Reflections on the November 28, 2017, US Food and Drug Administration Meeting on Next-Generation "High-Sensitivity" Cardiac Troponin Assays to Diagnose Myocardial Infarction".

Letter by Sandoval et al Regarding Article, "Designing a Better Mousetrap: Reflections on the November 28, 2017, US Food and Drug Administration Meeting on Next-Generation "High-Sensitivity" Cardiac Troponin Assays to Diagnose Myocardial Infarction".

Quillaja Saponin Characteristics and Functional Properties.

Consumer concerns about synthetically derived food additives have increased current research efforts to find naturally occurring alternatives. This review focuses on a group of natural surfactants, the Quillaja saponins, that can be extracted from the Quillaja saponaria Molina tree. Quillaja saponins are triterpenoid saponins comprising a hydrophobic quillaic acid backbone and hydrophilic sugar mo...

Attitudes About Consumer Strategies Among Americans in High-deductible Health Plans.

More than 70 million Americans are enrolled in a high-deductible health plan (HDHP), with high upfront cost-sharing to encourage strategies such as price shopping to mitigate out-of-pocket spending. Recent research suggests HDHP enrollees are reluctant to engage in these consumer strategies, but there is little information on why.

Taste the texture. The relation between subjective tactile sensitivity, mouthfeel and picky eating in young adults.

Selective or picky eating can be an obstacle for a varied diet. One reason why people reject certain foods is because they do not like the texture. Several studies show that in children tactile sensitivity is related to pickiness in eating. Children who do not like the feel of sand or of slimy substances with their hands also reject more kinds of food, presumably because the children are more sens...

Consistent Meal Times Improve Performance on a Daily Time-Place Learning Task.

The ability of an animal to learn the spatiotemporal variability of stimuli is known as time-place learning (TPL). The present study investigated the role of the food-entrainable oscillator (FEO) in TPL. Rats were trained in an operant conditioning chamber which contained two levers that distributed a food reward, such that one lever provided food rewards in morning sessions, while the other lever...

Stress-induced impairment in goal-directed instrumental behaviour is moderated by baseline working memory.

Acute stress has been found to impair goal-directed instrumental behaviour, a cognitively flexible behaviour that requires cognitive control. The current study aimed to investigate the role of individual differences in baseline and stress-induced changes in working memory (WM) on the shift to less goal-directed responding under stress. To this end, 112 healthy participants performed an instrumenta...

Newly isolated microorganisms with potential application in biotechnology.

Nowadays, food, cosmetic, environmental and pharmaceutical fields are searching for alternative processes to obtain their major products in a more sustainable way. This fact is related to the increasing demand from the consumer market for natural products to substitute synthetic additives. Industrial biotechnology appears as a promising area for this purpose; however, the success of its applicatio...

Improving dermal delivery of hydrophilic macromolecules by biocompatible ionic liquid based on choline and malic acid.

The aim of this work was to develop biocompatible ionic liquids (ILs) for enhancement of dermal delivery of hydrophilic macromolecules. The ILs were prepared from malic acid and choline, which are commonly used as food additives and generally regarded as safe. The choline malate IL (CM-IL) was formed via ionic interactions, which has been validated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and nu...

Production, purification, and evaluation of quail immunoglobulin Y against Salmonella typhimurium and Salmonella enteritidis.

Salmonella species have been the major foodborne problems in food production systems, with Salmonella enterica serovars typhimurium (S. typhimurium) and enteritidis (S. enteritidis) being among the more common isolates. The oral administration of chicken egg yolk specific antibodies (IgYs) has been established as an efficient alternative for treatment and prevention of gastrointestinal pathogens i...

Inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes by Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) essential oil in ground beef.

The food industry has been valuing the quest for natural substances for use in food preservation aiming to meet consumer demand for safer, more natural foods with preserved nutrients. This study aimed to assess the antimicrobial potential of essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (EOMA) in the inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes (ATCC 7644) (L. monocytogenes) in ground beef. An in vitro screenin...

Global burden of cancer and coronary heart disease resulting from dietary exposure to arsenic, 2015.

Arsenic is a ubiquitous, naturally occurring metalloid that poses a significant risk for human cancer and non-cancer diseases. It is now evident that arsenic contamination in food, especially rice and grains, presents a significant exposure to hundreds of millions of individuals worldwide. However, the disease risk from chronic exposure to the low amounts of arsenic found in food remains to be est...

Distance from home to the nearest park and the use of the parks for physical activity: the mediator role of road safety perception in adolescents.

The objective of the study is to examine whether adolescents' road safety perception (RSP) acts as a mediator on the association between the distance from home to the nearest park and the use of the parks for physical activity (PA).

The 21st-century great food transformation.

Food in the Anthropocene: the EAT-Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems.

Level of exposure to fluorides by the consumption of different types of milk in residents from an area of Mexico with endemic hydrofluorosis.

Several studies have shown the presence of fluorosis (DF) in primary dentition, suggesting an exposure to fluorides (F) in early childhood. Breast milk is recommended as an exclusive food until 6 months of age. Although it is mentioned that only a small amount of F can be eliminated by breast milk, studies have shown the presence of this element in milk of women living in contaminated areas, as we...

Safety of 9-valent human papillomavirus vaccine administration among pregnant women: Adverse event reports in the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), 2014-2017.

9-valent human papillomavirus vaccine (9vHPV) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in December 2014. 9vHPV is not recommended during pregnancy, but some women of childbearing age may be inadvertently exposed. This study aims to evaluate reports submitted to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) of pregnant women exposed to 9vHPV.

A prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study on the efficacy and safety of influenza vaccination in myasthenia gravis.

To investigate the efficacy and safety of an influenza vaccination in patients with myasthenia gravis with acetylcholine receptor antibodies (AChR MG).

Invited review: Advancements in lateral flow immunoassays for screening hazardous substances in milk and milk powder.

Dairy-related food safety outbreaks, such as food-borne pathogen contamination, mycotoxin contamination, and veterinary drug contamination, sometimes happen and have been reported all over the world, affecting human health and, in some cases, leading to death. Thus, rapid yet robust detection methods are needed to monitor milk and milk powder for the presence of hazardous substances. The lateral f...

Safety culture in two metropolitan Australian tertiary hospital intensive care units: A cross-sectional survey.

Safety culture is significant in the complex intensive care environment, where the consequences of human error can be catastrophic. Research within Australian intensive care units has been limited and little is understood about the safety culture of intensive care units in Queensland.

Eating performance in relation to intake of solid and liquid food in nursing home residents with dementia: A secondary behavioral analysis of mealtime videos.

Persons with dementia commonly experience low food intake leading to negative nutritional and functional outcomes. While multilevel personal and environmental factors that influence intake are implicated, evidence is lacking on the role of characteristics of dynamic eating performance cycles. An eating performance cycle is defined as the process of getting food from the plate or container, transpo...

Targeting intrinsic cell death pathways to control fungal pathogens.

Fungal pathogens pose an increasing threat to public health. Limited clinical drug regimens and emerging drug-resistant isolates challenge infection control. The global burden of human fungal pathogens is estimated at 1 billion infections and 1.5 million deaths annually. In addition, plant fungal pathogens increasingly threaten global food resources. Novel strategies are needed to combat emerging ...

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