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Food Research

04:57 EDT 20th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

DaQu fermentation selects for heat resistant and bacilli.

DaQu is a spontaneous solid state cereal fermentation used as saccharification and starter culture in Chinese vinegar and liquor production. The evolution of microbiota in this spontaneous fermentation is controlled by the temperature profile which reaches temperatures from 50 to 65 °C for several days. Despite these high temperatures, mesophilic including and bacilli are present throughout the...

Safety of Tubal Occlusion by Minilaparotomy Provided by Trained Clinical Officers Versus Assistant Medical Officers in Tanzania: A Randomized, Controlled, Noninferiority Trial.

Tubal occlusion by minilaparotomy is a safe, highly effective, and permanent way to limit childbearing. We aimed to establish whether the safety of the procedure provided by trained clinical officers (COs) was not inferior to the safety when provided by trained assistant medical officers (AMOs), as measured by major adverse event (AE) rates.

Epigenetic dysregulation of naive CD4+ T-cell activation genes in childhood food allergy.

Food allergy poses a significant clinical and public health burden affecting 2-10% of infants. Using integrated DNA methylation and transcriptomic profiling, we found that polyclonal activation of naive CD4+ T cells through the T cell receptor results in poorer lymphoproliferative responses in children with immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergy. Reduced expression of cell cycle-related targ...

Social bees are fitter in more biodiverse environments.

Bee population declines are often linked to human impacts, especially habitat and biodiversity loss, but empirical evidence is lacking. To clarify the link between biodiversity loss and bee decline, we examined how floral diversity affects (reproductive) fitness and population growth of a social stingless bee. For the first time, we related available resource diversity and abundance to resource (q...

Assessing animal affect: an automated and self-initiated judgement bias task based on natural investigative behaviour.

Scientific methods for assessing animal affect, especially affective valence (positivity or negativity), allow us to evaluate animal welfare and the effectiveness of 3Rs Refinements designed to improve wellbeing. Judgement bias tasks measure valence; however, task-training may be lengthy and/or require significant time from researchers. Here we develop an automated and self-initiated judgement bia...

Visceral adiposity and insular networks: associations with food craving.

Accumulation of visceral adiposity can disrupt the brain's sensitivity to interoceptive feedback, which is coded in the insula. This study aimed to test the link between visceral fat and the functional connectivity of two insulae regions relevant for eating behavior: the middle-dorsal insula (mIns), which codes homeostatic changes, and the rostral insula (rIns), which codes stable representations ...

The impact of rising food prices on obesity in women: a longitudinal analysis of 31 low-income and middle-income countries from 2000 to 2014.

To examine whether changes in food prices are associated with changes in obesity prevalence among women in developing countries, and assess effect modification by individual socioeconomic status (SES).

Safety of oral hydration after cisplatin infusion in an outpatient lung cancer unit.

Hydration is needed before and after cisplatin infusion for reducing the risk of nephrotoxicity. Even though there is no standard regimen, patients receive mostly intravenous hydration before and after cisplatin leading hospitalization during at least one night. Since the feasibility has been published, oral hydration after cisplatin was implemented in our practice. The safety of this new way of h...

An Overview of Safety Issues on Use of Insulin Pumps and Continuous Glucose Monitoring Systems in the Hospital.

Summarize safety issues related to patients using insulin pump therapy and continuous glucose monitoring systems (CGMS) in the outpatient setting when they are hospitalized and to review steps that can be taken to mitigate risk associated with use or discontinuation of these devices.

Any reward will do: Effects of a reverse-reward contingency on size preference with pet dogs (Canis lupus familiaris).

The reverse-reward contingency (RRC) task involves presenting subjects with a choice between one plate containing a large amount of food and a second plate containing a small amount of food. Subjects are then required to select the smaller of the two options in order to receive the larger-magnitude reward. The RRC task is a commonly used paradigm for assessing complex cognition, such as inhibitory...

Effects of organic-inorganic amendments on the cadmium fraction in soil and its accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.).

Cadmium (Cd) stress is a serious concern in agricultural soils worldwide, and increasing accumulation and subsequent transfer to humans via the food chain can have potentially harmful effects. In this study, field experiments were conducted to examine the uptake and translocation of Cd in rice, changes in the soil Cd speciation, and the subsequent effect on Cd accumulation in rice under combined o...

The relationship between alkymide compound content and pungency intensity of Zanthoxylum bungeanum based on sensory evaluation and ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/ mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) analysis.

Zanthoxylum bungeanum from different origins show various constitutions of alkylamides and pungency intensity.

A RAPID AND RELIABLE ASSAY TO DETERMINE FLUMEQUINE, MARBOFLOXACIN, DIFLOXACIN AND SARAFLOXACIN IN THE MOST CONSUMED MEAT BY MICELLAR LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY.

Micellar liquid chromatography - fluorescence detection was used to determine the antibiotics flumequine, marbofloxacin, difloxacin and sarafloxacin in porcine, bovine, poultry, ovine, caprine, rabbit and equine meat, to verify their compliance with the EU Regulation 37/2010 about the occurrence of veterinary drugs in food.

Two macamides extracts relieve physical fatigue by attenuating muscle damage in mice.

Macamides, the main active component contained in maca, have attracted increasing attention due to their various bioactivities. In this study, crude macamides extract (CME) and purified macamides extract (PME) were prepared by enzyme-assisted extraction and macroporous resin separation, and anti-fatigue effects of CME and PME were evaluated in a forced swimming model.

A novel enzymatic method for the measurement of lactose in lactose-free products.

In recent years there has been a surge in the number of commercially available lactose-free variants of a wide variety of products. This presents an analytical challenge for the measurement of the residual lactose content in the presence of high levels of mono-, di-, and oligosaccharides.

Effect of fertilization and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal inoculation on antioxidant profiles and activities in Fragaria ananassa fruit.

Root colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and adjusting the type of P supplementation by means of traditional (TF) or organic (OF) fertilization and the nutrient doses are among the main methods to increase the yield and especially the quality of strawberry fruit produced in acidic soils with low P availability. In this study, the antioxidant properties of strawberry fruit were evalua...

A cross-sectional survey of mental health service users', carers' and professionals' priorities for patient safety in the United Kingdom.

Establishing patient safety priorities in psychiatry has received less international attention than in other areas of health care. This study aimed to identify safety issues as described by people in the United Kingdom identifying as mental health service users, carers and professionals.

Current and Investigational Agents Targeting the Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Pathway.

Prevalent molecular alterations of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway are found on solid tumors and are expressed in leukocytes, making it a desirable target in both solid and hematologic malignancies. In recent years, two agents targeting this pathway have been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration, idelalisib and copanlisib, with many others under investigation. Du...

Biosurfactants from probiotic bacteria: A review.

Among microorganisms, bacteria are the main group of biosurfactant-producing organisms. Different types of bacteria including Pseudomonas sp., Acinetobacter sp., Bacillus sp. and Arthrobacter sp. are among the most commonly studied bacteria in the realm of scientific researches. However, due to the pathogenic nature of the producing organisms, the application of these compounds is restricted, ther...

Impact of recent and future climate change on vector-borne diseases.

Climate change is one of the greatest threats to human health in the 21st century. Climate directly impacts health through climatic extremes, air quality, sea-level rise, and multifaceted influences on food production systems and water resources. Climate also affects infectious diseases, which have played a significant role in human history, impacting the rise and fall of civilizations and facili...

Long-term 52-week trends in apremilast safety outcomes for treatment of psoriasis in clinical practice: a multicentre, retrospective case series.

Apremilast has demonstrated a favourable safety profile for the treatment of psoriasis based on its pivotal randomized controlled trials (RCTs), ESTEEM 1 and 2. One-year safety data suggested that apremilast did not increase exposure-adjusted incidence of adverse events (AEs) during long-term treatment. Furthermore, approximately half of the reported nausea and diarrhea AEs resolved within one mon...

Impact of low-dose chronic exposure to bisphenol A and its analogue bisphenol B, bisphenol F and bisphenol S on hypothalamo-pituitary-testicular activities in adult rats: A focus on the possible hormonal mode of action.

Bisphenol A an estrogen-mimic endocrine disrupting chemical, used to manufacture polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins with toxic effects for male reproduction. Due to its toxicity, industries have started to replace it with other bisphenols. In this study, the toxicity of BPA analogues (BPB, BPF and BPS) was evaluated in a chronic study. We investigated whether the chronic exposure to low bisph...

Rifm fragrance ingredient safety assessment, Octyl acetate, CAS Registry Number 112-14-1.

RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, 4'-Methylacetophenone, CAS Registry Number 122-00-9.

Efficacy of low-temperature plasma activated gas disinfection against biofilm on contaminated GI endoscope channels.

It has been increasingly recognized that the safety of gastrointestinal endoscopes needs to be improved by addressing the small margin of safety of high-level disinfectants (HLD), and the failure of HLD to clear multi-drug resistant organisms and biofilms. There is also an unmet need for effective low-temperature sterilization techniques that have a clear pathway for FDA clearance. Here, we report...

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