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Food Research

20:46 EDT 18th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Challenges and opportunities related to the use of chitosan as food preservative.

Chitosan has attracted a growing attention as food preservative due to its versatility, non-toxicity, biodegradability, and biocompatibility. This review aims to provide a critical appraisal of the limitations and opportunities of the use of chitosan as food preservative. Application of chitosan as food preservatives necessitates insights into mechanisms of chitosan-mediated cell death and injury,...

Safety and effectiveness evaluation of open reanastomosis for obliterative or recalcitrant anastomotic stricture after radical retropubic prostatectomy.

To evaluate safety, efficacy and functional outcomes after open vesicourethral re - anastomosis using different approaches based on previous urinary continence.

Artificial sphincter "BR - SL - AS 904" in the treatment of urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy: efficacy, practicality and safety in a prospective and multicenter study.

The objective of the present study is to test the efficiency and practicality of a new artificial sphincter "BR - SL - AS - 904" in the control of urinary incontinence in post - PR patients and to evaluate their complications.

Botanic Gardens Complement Agricultural Gene Bank in Collecting and Conserving Plant Genetic Diversity.

Originating in Europe in the 16th century, botanic gardens are found in nearly every country in the world. Botanic gardens have had various roles during this time, including as physic gardens, as adaptation centers for commercial crops, as pleasure gardens, and more recently as conservation institutions. The role of botanic gardens in the conservation of Crop Wild Relatives is becoming increasingl...

Spectral analysis of centre of pressure identifies altered balance control in individuals with moderate-severe traumatic brain injury.

To identify impairments and recovery of balance control after moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) through spectral analyses of static balance tasks and to characterise the contributions of each limb to balance control.

Measurement properties of the upright motor control test in adults with subacute stroke.

Previous studies have distilled the Upright Motor Control Test Knee Extension and Knee Flexion subscales (UMCT-KE and UMCT-KF, respectively) from the original 6-item instrument and examined these as stand-alone rapid tests of voluntary movement control in the standing position. Systematic review evidence suggests that the UMCT-KE and UMCT-KF may have value in predicting walking ability after strok...

Strong sex bias in elite control of paediatric HIV infection.

Reports of posttreatment control following antiretroviral therapy (ART) have prompted the question of how common immune control of HIV infection is in the absence of ART. In contrast to adult infection, where elite controllers have been very well characterized and constitute approximately 0.5% of infections, very few data exist to address this question in paediatric infection.

Effects of short-term cash and food incentives on food insecurity and nutrition among HIV-infected adults in Tanzania: a randomized trial.

Food insecurity (FI) impedes antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. We previously demonstrated that short-term cash and food incentives increased ART possession and retention in HIV services in Tanzania. To elucidate potential pathways that led to these achievements, we examined whether incentives also improved FI.

Accelerating the Drug Delivery Pipeline for Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis-Knowledge Gaps and Research Opportunities: Overview Summary of a National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Workshop.

A workshop was sponsored by the Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, on July 25, 2018, in Pittsburgh, Penn. The workshop was designed to bring together a multidisciplinary group of experts to accelerate the development of therapeutics for clinical application in inflammatory diseases of the ex...

Multiple non-climatic drivers of food insecurity reinforce climate change maladaptation trajectories among Peruvian Indigenous Shawi in the Amazon.

Climate change is affecting food systems globally, with implications for food security, nutrition, and the health of human populations. There are limited data characterizing the current and future consequences of climate change on local food security for populations already experiencing poor nutritional indicators. Indigenous Amazonian populations have a high reported prevalence of nutritional def...

Toothbrush Wear in Relation to Tooth Brushing Effectiveness.

To investigate to what extent the degree of toothbrush wear of 3-month-old manual toothbrushes influence plaque scores.

Relation between broiler and human C. jejuni strains isolated in Belgium from 2011 to 2013.

This study inquires the relationship between Campylobacter jejuni isolated from broiler meat carcasses (n=97) and human clinical samples (n=72) in Belgium, from 2011 to 2013.

Pleistocene dental calculus: Recovering information on Paleolithic food items, medicines, paleoenvironment and microbes.

Dental calculus is now widely used to recover information on items ingested in the past. It is particularly valuable in the earlier Paleolithic, where recovered data may represent the only evidence for plant use. Several recovery methods are used and each one produces different results. Biomolecular markers and genetic material recovered from dental calculus is providing new data on identifiable d...

Hypophagic effects of insulin is mediated via NPY1/NPY2 receptors in broiler cockerels.

Neuropeptide Y (NPY) plays a mediatory role on cerebral insulin function in maintaining energy balance. The current study was deigned to determine the role of insulin in food intake and its interaction with NPY receptors in 8 experiments of broiler cockerels,(each with 4 treatment groups except 8). Chickens received control solution, 2.5, 5, and 10 ng of insulin in experiment 1 and control solutio...

Selenium levels in whole blood - The borderline low analysis.

Selenium is a very important micronutrient. Food is the major source for selenium uptake and the average blood levels is seen to be highly affected by dietary habits as selenium levels in food naturally depend on the kind of soil they are grown upon and in processed foods its levels depend on fortification. Deficiency of this vital nutriment needs to be assessed to understand deficiency prevalence...

ORAL FOOD CHALLENGE FAILURES AMONG FOODS RESTRICTED DUE TO ATOPIC DERMATITIS.

Recent studies have suggested that removing foods from the diet to manage atopic dermatitis (AD), based on positive allergy tests, may lead to immediate allergic reactions on reintroduction of that food.

Avocado: An Emerging Culprit in Food Protein-Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome?

Dietary intake of 4-nonylphenol and bisphenol A in Taiwanese population: Integrated risk assessment based on probabilistic and sensitive approach.

4-Nonylphenol (NP) and bisphenol A (BPA) are high-production and high-volume chemicals used to manufacture various commercial products. They are also ubiquitous contaminants that disrupt endocrine systems in wildlife and humans. We collected, from Taiwan cities with the highest food production, and analyzed, using high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/MS/MS), 278 fo...

Decomposition of changes in the consumption of macronutrients in Vietnam between 2004 and 2014.

Vietnam is undergoing a nutritional transition like many middle-income countries. This transition is characterized by an increase in per capita total calorie intake resulting from an increase in the consumption of fat and protein while the carbohydrate consumption decreases. This paper proposes to highlight the sociodemographic drivers of this transition over the period 2004-2014, using Vietnam Ho...

The oncolytic virus H101 combined with GNAQ siRNA-mediated knockdown reduces uveal melanoma cell viability.

Uveal melanoma (UM) is a severe human malignancy with a high mortality rate, as well as high metastasis and recurrence potential. The active mutation of G protein subunit alpha q (GNAQ) or G protein subunit alpha 11 (GNA11) is a major trigger for UM. Oncolytic adenovirus H101 (H101) is the first oncolytic virus approved for clinical applications in cancer therapy by the China Food and Drug Adminis...

Geriatric odontology.

The proportion of the world's population over 60 years-old will double between the years 2000 and 2050, from about 11 to 22 %. Good oral hygiene, prevention and dental care play a key role in slowing down our functional abilities.

Anterior thalamic nuclei, but not retrosplenial cortex, lesions abolish latent inhibition in rats.

The present study examined the effects of excitotoxic lesions in 2 closely related structures, the anterior thalamic nuclei and the retrosplenial cortex, on latent inhibition. Latent inhibition occurs when nonreinforced preexposure to a stimulus retards the subsequent acquisition of conditioned responding to that stimulus. Latent inhibition was assessed in a within-subject procedure with auditory ...

Confession and self-control: A prelude to repentance or relapse?

Confessions are commonplace. Even when embarrassing or otherwise damaging, we seem intrinsically motivated to open up to others and confess mistakes we have made. Although there may be many reasons one might choose to disclose one's "sins," very little is known about what confession actually does, particularly concerning its effect on future behavior. This work examines confession in the context o...

Dietary Polyunsaturated Fat Intake in Relation to Glioma: A Case-Control Study.

This study aimed to assess the association of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and risk of glioma among the Iranian population. A case-control study carried out among 128 newly diagnosed glioma adult patients with pathologically confirmed samples along with 256 sex- and age-matched controls. Dietary intake was examined by means of a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire ...

Biological Markers of Oxidative Stress in Cardiovascular Diseases: After so Many Studies, What do We Know?

Numerous conditions, including cancer, diabetes, aging, and atherosclerosis, are thought to be associated with oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is defined as a persistent imbalance between oxidation and antioxidation, resulting in the damage of cellular macromolecules and is often considered to be involved in wide variety of human diseases. However, the current literature is very heterogeneous m...

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