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Gastroenterology Research

13:03 EST 15th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Chemoprotective effect of nanocurcumin on 5-fluorouracil-induced-toxicity toward oral cancer treatment.

Cancer of oral cavity is the uncontrolled expansion of damaged cell within the mouth cavity. 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy was focused to kill the cancer cell, but it would affect the surrounding normal cells during oral cancer treatment. This study included the evaluation of chemoprotective effects of curcumin (CU), as an herbal remedy, on 5-FU-induced-cytotoxicity toward oral cancer treatme...

Anakinra in Still's disease: a profile of its use.

The EU indication for anakinra has been extended to include Still's disease, a serious rare inflammatory disorder of unknown aetiology that comprises adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) and systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA). As activated interleukin-1 pathways are associated with the systemic manifestations of these disorders, targeted treatment with anakinra, an interleukin-1 inhibitor...

Alarming Situation of Breast Cancer in Women of Lahore, Pakistan From 1984 to 2018.

Understanding Therapeutic Concepts in Crohn's Disease.

For more than a decade, the therapeutic focus for Crohn's disease has remained fixed at temporary arrestment of symptomology. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) lists Crohn's disease as a disease entity without current cure. Biologics in combination with antibiotics can frequently achieve remissions. Without ongoing drug administration, these remissions tend to be of limited dura...

Rethinking Causation in Cancer with Evolutionary Developmental Biology.

Despite the productivity of basic cancer research, cancer continues to be a health burden to society because this research has not yielded corresponding clinical applications. Many proposed solutions to this dilemma have revolved around implementing organizational and policy changes related to cancer research. Here I argue for a different solution: a new conceptualization of causation in cancer. N...

Involvement of Human Papillomaviruses in Cervical Cancer.

Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are the first viruses to have been acknowledged to prompt carcinogenesis, and they are linked with cancers of the uterine cervix, anogenital tumors, and head and neck malignancies. This paper examines the structure and primary genomic attributes of HPV and highlights the clinical participation of the primary HPV serotypes, focusing on the roles that HPV-16 and 18 play ...

Dysregulated microRNA expression profiles in gastric cancer cells with high peritoneal metastatic potential.

Despite significant developments in its clinical treatment, the reported incidence and mortality of gastric cancer have exhibited marked increases. The molecular mechanisms of gastric cancer initiation and progression remain to be fully elucidated. The aim of the present study was to identify novel microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) with a role in the peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer by comparing the ...

MicroRNA-466 inhibits osteosarcoma cell proliferation and induces apoptosis by targeting CCND1.

Emerging pieces of evidence indicate that microRNA-466 (miR-466) serves as a tumor suppressor in several human tumors, including colorectal cancer and prostate cancer. However, whether miR-466 is involved in osteosarcoma (OS) progression remains largely unknown. The present study demonstrated that miR-466 was significantly downregulated in OS tissues and cell lines. Furthermore, it was revealed th...

miR-639 is associated with advanced cancer stages and promotes proliferation and migration of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

Early detection of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is of vital importance for improving prognosis and survival rates. MicroRNA (miRNA) are a class of short and non-coding RNA molecules that are capable of inhibiting the translation of mRNA of target genes. Previous studies have revealed that miRNA are involved in tumorigenesis and cancer development. The RNase-resistance of circulating miRNA have m...

MicroRNA-128 targeting RPN2 inhibits cell proliferation and migration through the Akt-p53-cyclin pathway in colorectal cancer cells.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a malignancy with high metastatic rates. The mechanism of miR-128 on the regulation of Ribophorin-II (RPN2) in CRC cells was explored in the present study. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) or western blot analyses were conducted to detect miR-128 and RPN2 levels in tissues and cell lines. AmiR-128 overexpression model was constructed...

Relationship between the genetic expression of WTAP and bladder cancer and patient prognosis.

The relationship between the gene expression of Wilms tumor 1-associated protein (WTAP) and bladder cancer was investigated to study the effect of its expression on patient prognosis. Sixty-two fresh specimens of bladder transitional cell cancer tissues were collected as the bladder cancer group, while 20 normal bladder mucosa specimens comprised the control group. Hematoxylin and eosin staining w...

Correlation of xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group F expression with gastric cancer and prognosis.

Correlation of xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group F (XPF) expression with gastric cancer and prognosis was investigated. We randomly selected 76 gastric cancer patients who were admitted to the Second People's Hospital of Dezhou City and received treatment, and detected XPF expression in gastric cancer tissues (observation group) and normal gastric mucosa adjacent to tumor (control group)...

Prognostic implications of decreased microRNA-101-3p expression in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

To investigate the expression level of microRNA-101-3p (miR-101-3p) and its possible association with progression, prognosis and chemotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database was used. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to verify the expression in 327 NSCLC and 42 adjacent normal lung tissues, of which 42 viable tissues we...

Clinical application of plasma mitochondrial DNA content in patients with lung cancer.

Alterations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been identified in several types of solid tumor. However, to the best of our knowledge, the clinical significance of plasma mtDNA content in lung cancer remains unknown. Thus, the current study explored the diagnostic and prognostic value of plasma mtDNA quantification in patients with lung cancer. Plasma mtDNA copy numbers of patients with lung cancer...

Correlation between Bax gene polymorphisms and esophagus cancer.

The present study investigated the association between the G(-248)A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the promoter region of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) associated X protein (Bax), which is a pro-apoptosis gene and the clinicopathological parameters and prognosis of patients with esophagus cancer. Three genotypes (AA, AG and GG) of Bax G(-248)A SNP were detected in 75 patients with esophageal ...

High expression of class III β-tubulin in upper gastrointestinal cancer types.

Class III β-tubulin (TUBB3) is a component of microtubules of neuronal cells that is upregulated in various cancer entities. To better understand the role of TUBB3 in upper gastrointestinal tract cancer types, the present study assessed TUBB3 expression in tissue microarrays including 189 gastric and 428 esophageal cancer. TUBB3 expression was detected in 62.4% of gastric cancer, 73.8% of esophag...

Shank-associated RH domain-interacting protein expression is upregulated in entodermal and mesodermal cancer or downregulated in ectodermal malignancy.

Shank-associated RH domain-interacting protein (SHARPIN) is a type of linear ubiquitin chain-associated protein, which serves an important role in cell proliferation, apoptosis, organ development, immune and inflammatory reaction, initiation and development of malignant tumors. To evaluate SHARPIN expression in multiple malignant tumors derived from different germ layers, 14 types of cancer and th...

Correlative analysis of the expression of IL-10 and Ki-67 in human cervical cancer and cervical intraepithelial neoplasias and human papillomavirus infection.

This study investigated the expression of IL-10 and Ki-67 in human cervical cancer and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and the correlation with human papillomavirus infection. A total of 110 patients with cervical lesions undergoing surgical treatment in Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine from 2016 to 2017 were selected. Those patients inclu...

The possible different roles of denosumab in prevention and cure breast cancer bone metastases: A 'hypothesis-generator' study from clinical practice.

The most frequent site of recurrence in breast cancer (BC) is the bone, particularly in patients with 'luminal-like' disease. Denosumab has been shown to prevent aromatase inhibitors (AIs) induced bone resorption in postmenopausal early BC patients and reduce skeletal-related events (SREs) in bone metastatic breast cancer (BMBC). A 'real life' analysis of 90 BMBC patients treated with denosumab wa...

expression correlates with hormone receptor status in breast cancer.

Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequently diagnosed malignant tumor in women worldwide, and the development of new molecules associated with BC is essential for the management of this disease. RAS and EF-hand domain-containing () encodes the GTPase enzyme that belongs to the Rab family. Although the effects of this gene have been reported in several malignant tumor types, the role of in BC has no...

Clinicopathological features of T1 colorectal carcinomas with skip lymphovascular invasion.

With recent advances in endoscopic treatment, many T1 colorectal carcinomas (CRCs) are resected endoscopically with a negative margin. However, some lesions exhibit skip lymphovascular invasion (SLVI), which is defined as the discontinuous foci of the tumor cells within the colon wall. The aim of the present study was to reveal the clinicopathological features of T1 CRCs with SLVI and validate the...

Targeted next-generation sequencing of cancer-related genes in thyroid carcinoma: A single institution's experience.

Thyroid carcinoma (TC) has characteristic genetic alterations, including point mutations in proto-oncogenes and chromosomal rearrangements that vary by histologic subtype. Recent developments in next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology enable simultaneous analysis of cancer-associated genes of interest, thus improving diagnostic accuracy and allowing precise personalized treatment for human can...

MicroRNA-221 induces autophagy through suppressing HDAC6 expression and promoting apoptosis in pancreatic cancer.

Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive type of cancer with a poor prognosis, short survival rate and high mortality. Therefore, understanding the molecular mechanism underlying the aggressive growth of pancreatic cancer is of importance. An increasing number of studies suggest that numerous microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) are associated with the tumorigenesis, progression and prognosis of tumors. In a recent ...

Inhibition of breast cancer metastasis to the lungs with UBS109.

Synthetic monocarbonyl analogs of curcumin (MACs) are cytotoxic against several cancers including head and neck cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer, and breast cancer. Mechanisms of action include depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane potential and inhibition of NF-κB, leading to apoptosis. We previously demonstrated that UBS109 (MAC), has preventive effects on bone loss induced by bre...

A combined microfluidic-transcriptomic approach to characterize the extravasation potential of cancer cells.

The reciprocal interaction between circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and tissue-specific cells is influential for the progression of metastases. In particular, the process of extravasation relies on the complex cross-talk between cancer cells and other cellular players such as the endothelium and the secondary tissue. However, most studies only focus on one heterotypic cell-cell interaction and ofte...

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