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To compare the efficacy of tenofovir and entecavir in nucleos(t)ide analogue-naive chronic hepatitis B.
The management of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has undergone dramatic changes over the previous 2 decades with the introduction of multiple new therapies and new combinations. Management of the newly diagnosed asymptomatic patient has not significantly changed outside of the development of a number of prognostic factors and the CLL International Prognostic Index, which is helpful in discussi...
Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) affects approximately 1% of the general population. The cost-effectiveness of routine laboratory testing for secondary causes of CSU has not been formally evaluated.
Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria (CSU) is common, chronic, and debilitating, and has serious effects on quality of life (QoL) and mental health. Three of four CSU patients are women. The impact of CSU on female sexual functioning remains largely unknown.
d-Allose, a C-3 epimer of d-glucose, is a naturally occurring rare monosaccharide that shows anti-proliferative activity against several human cancer cell lines. However, d-allose requires a relatively high concentration for the activity to be observed. Thus, developing more potent derivatives is needed for application. In cells, d-allose is converted to d-allose-6-phosphate (A6P), which is respon...
The formation, development and dissolution of germinal centers is a major part of immune system function. It is important to differentiate neoplastic processes from follicular hyperplasia and regressive follicular changes. Better understanding of germinal center development and dissolution also provides diagnostic clues to the underlying pathologic process. It is also important in identifying the ...
Wide variations in revision endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) rates for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) have been reported. It is important to understand expected revision rates and factors that impact the need for revision.
More adolescents with chronic physical illness are living into adulthood, and they require the development of proficient self-management skills to maintain optimal physical health as they transition into adult care services. It is often during this vulnerable transition period that deterioration in illness control is seen as a result of inadequate self-management skills and understanding of their ...
Multiple chronic conditions (MCC) contribute to functional disability in the general population although its role in predicting functional outcome (FO) among patients with stroke is not well understood. There is no universal agreement on the approach to measuring MCC in stroke, and findings have been mixed regarding MCC being an independent predictor for poststroke FO.
Dialysis has been the prevailing treatment paradigm in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) for patients ineligible for or unlikely to receive kidney transplantation. As dialysis may neither offer survival benefit nor improved quality of life in certain groups, there has been increasing interest in conservative management as an alternative approach.
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder. The extramedullary blast crisis (BC) is a known complication of CML, but it usually accompanies a systemic disease. However, an isolated central nervous system (CNS) BC at relapse is very rare and has a very poor prognosis. Salvage is even more difficult for patients who relapse with a CNS BC after an allogeneic stem cell transpl...
Paternal Smoking Before Conception and During Pregnancy Is Associated With an Increased Risk of Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 17 Case-Control Studies.
Current evidence regarding the association between paternal smoking before conception or during pregnancy and the risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are inconsistent. We aimed to systematically summarize the current evidence regarding this potential association.
Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by progressive cerebellar degeneration that is typically diagnosed in early childhood. A-T is associated with a predisposition to malignancies, particularly lymphoid tumors in childhood and early adulthood. An adolescent girl with minimal neurological symptoms was diagnosed with A-T 8 years after completing therapy fo...
Renal osteodystrophy leading to fractures in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with significant hospitalisation, morbidity, mortality and health care costs. There is a paucity of data on fractures in the CKD population in Australia.
To culturally adapt into Spanish and validate the outcome "Pain: Adverse psychological response" (code 1306) in patients with chronic pain.
To investigate the influence of chronic stress and adrenergic blockade in a rat model of apical periodontitis.
Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) is a known risk in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia treated with alemtuzumab (Campath®). However, no recommendation for PJP prophylaxis for alemtuzumab use in multiple sclerosis (Lemtrada®) and no known associated PJP has been reported to date. We report a patient who developed PJP two months after receiving the first course of Lemtrada, and fully...
The Trier Inventory for Chronic Stress (TICS), consisting of 57 items, is an instrument for measuring chronic stress in nine areas. There is also a short form (SSCS) of the TICS consisting of 12 items. However, this 12-item short form does not include all nine areas of the theoretical model and the long version. Therefore, a short version including all nine scales/areas was investigated. The TICS ...
T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive malignancy that has historically been associated with a very poor prognosis. Nevertheless, despite a lack of incorporation of novel agents, the development of intensified T-ALL focused protocols has resulted in significant improvements in outcome in children. Through the use of several representative cases, we highlight the key changes t...
Tisagenlecleucel, a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell product targeting CD19 is approved for relapsed/refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). However, the impact of pretreatment variables, such as CD19 expression level, on leukemic blasts, the presence of CD19- subpopulations, and especially prior CD19-targeted therapy, on the response to CAR T-cell therapy has not been determ...
To describe a novel technique of using peripheral nerve neuromodulation (PNNM) for the treatment of refractory, mesh-induced chronic pelvic pain. Chronic pelvic pain associated with mesh can be a debilitating complication and there is currently no consensus on treatment. PNNM has been shown to be successful in the treatment of post-traumatic neuralgias but has yet to be studied in mesh complicatio...
Depression is the most common mental disorder in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and previous studies have found that: (a) depression can accelerate the progression of CKD; and (b) depression is an independent risk factor for hospitalization and death among patients with CKD. Therefore, the objective of the current study was to investigate the prevalence of depression in Chinese patien...