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Gene Expression Research

14:53 EST 20th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Homoharringtonine deregulates transcriptional expression by directly binding NF-κB repressing factor.

Homoharringtonine (HHT), a known protein synthesis inhibitor, has an anti-myeloid leukemia effect and potentiates the therapeutic efficacy of anthracycline/cytarabine induction regimens for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) with favorable and intermediate prognoses, especially in the t(8;21) subtype. Here we provide evidence showing that HHT inhibits the activity of leukemia-initiating cells (Lin/S...

Noninvasive optical activation of Flp recombinase for genetic manipulation in deep mouse brain regions.

Spatiotemporal control of gene expression or labeling is a valuable strategy for identifying functions of genes within complex neural circuits. Here, we develop a highly light-sensitive and efficient photoactivatable Flp recombinase (PA-Flp) that is suitable for genetic manipulation in vivo. The highly light-sensitive property of PA-Flp is ideal for activation in deep mouse brain regions by illumi...

Proteo-Transcriptomic Dynamics of Cellular Response to HIV-1 Infection.

Throughout the HIV-1 replication cycle, complex host-pathogen interactions take place in the infected cell, leading to the production of new virions. The virus modulates the host cellular machinery in order to support its life cycle, while counteracting intracellular defense mechanisms. We investigated the dynamic host response to HIV-1 infection by systematically measuring transcriptomic, proteom...

RAGE is a Critical Mediator of Pulmonary Oxidative Stress, Alveolar Macrophage Activation and Emphysema in Response to Cigarette Smoke.

The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), a cell membrane receptor, recognizes ligands produced by cigarette smoke (CS) and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of COPD. We demonstrate that deletion or pharmacologic inhibition of RAGE prevents development of CS-induced emphysema. To identify molecular pathways by which RAGE mediates smoking related lung injury we performed unbias...

Gene activated adipose tissue fragments as advanced autologous biomaterials for bone regeneration: osteogenic differentiation within the tissue and implications for clinical translation.

Cost-effective, expedited approaches for bone regeneration are urgently needed in an ageing population. Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMPs) stimulate osteogenesis but their efficacy is impeded by their short half-life. Delivery by genetically modified cells can overcome this problem. However, cell isolation and propagation represent significant obstacles for the translation into the clinic. Instead...

Arx Expression Suppresses Ventralization of the Developing Dorsal Forebrain.

Early brain development requires a tight orchestration between neural tube patterning and growth. How pattern formation and brain growth are coordinated is incompletely understood. Previously we showed that aristaless-related homeobox (ARX), a paired-like transcription factor, regulates cortical progenitor pool expansion by repressing an inhibitor of cell cycle progression. Here we show that ARX p...

Genome-Wide Transcriptome Landscape of Embryonic Brain-Derived Neural Stem Cells Exposed to Alcohol with Strain-Specific Cross-Examination in BL6 and CD1 Mice.

We have previously reported the deregulatory impact of ethanol on global DNA methylation of brain-derived neural stem cells (NSC). Here, we conducted a genome-wide RNA-seq analysis in differentiating NSC exposed to different modes of ethanol exposure. RNA-seq results showed distinct gene expression patterns and canonical pathways induced by ethanol exposure and withdrawal. Short-term ethanol expos...

Screening responsive or resistant biomarkers of immune checkpoint inhibitors based on online databases.

Immune checkpoint inhibitors are a promising strategy in the treatment of cancer, especially advanced types. However, not all patients are responsive to immune checkpoint inhibitors. The response rate depends on the immune microenvironment, tumor mutational burden (TMB), expression level of immune checkpoint proteins, and molecular subtypes of cancers. Along with the Cancer Genome Project, various...

Morbid obesity-related changes in the expression of lipid receptors, transporters, and HSL in human sperm.

To study the location and expression of receptors (SR-BI/CLA-1, SR-BII, and LDLr) and transporter (ABCA1) involved in uptake and efflux of cholesterol in human spermatozoa and assess whether obesity alters its location/expression and whether this could be related to infertility.

A Potential Role for the STXBP5-AS1 Gene in Adult ADHD Symptoms.

We aimed to detect Attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD) risk-conferring genes in adults. In children, ADHD is characterized by age-inappropriate levels of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity and may persists into adulthood. Childhood and adulthood ADHD are heritable, and are thought to represent the clinical extreme of a continuous distribution of ADHD symptoms in the general population...

Atypical Auditory Brainstem Response and Protein Expression Aberrations Related to ASD and Hearing Loss in the Adnp Haploinsufficient Mouse Brain.

Autism is a wide spread neurodevelopmental disorder with growing morbidity rates, affecting more boys than girls worldwide. Activity-dependent neuroprotective protein (ADNP) was recently recognized as a leading gene accounted for 0.17% of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) cases globally. Respectively, mutations in the human ADNP gene (ADNP syndrome), cause multi-system body dysfunctions with apparent...

Case-control study analysis of DRD2 gene polymorphisms in drug addicted patients.

The aim of the study was to determine relationships between the selected DRD2 gene polymorphisms and drug addiction.

Glucocorticoid receptor suppresses gene expression of Rev-erbα (Nr1d1) through interaction with the CLOCK complex.

Glucocorticoids have various medical uses but are accompanied by side effects. The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) has been reported to regulate the clock genes, but the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. In the current study, we focused on the suppressive effect of the GR on the expression of Rev-erbα (Nr1d1), an important component of the clock regulatory circuits. Here we show tha...

Long noncoding antisense RNA FAM83A-AS1 promotes lung cancer cell progression by increasing FAM83A.

The abnormal expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is closely associated with human cancers. As one special group of lncRNAs, natural antisense transcripts (NATs) can be transcribed from both DNA strands at the same locus but in the opposite direction from the gene transcript. Their expression levels are altered in many cancers, but their roles are poorly understood. We strove to find NATs i...

Molecular characterization and expression patterns of Phenacoccus solenopsis (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) heat shock protein genes and their response to host stress.

As a polyphagous insect, little is known at the molecular level about the effects of different host plants on physiological changes in Phenacoccus solenopsis. In this study, four heat shock protein (Hsp) genes (PsHsp60, PsHsp70, PsHsp90, and PsHsp20.7) were identified from the transcriptome of P. solenopsis. Analysis of Hsp expression levels revealed significant differences in Hsp gene expression ...

Extraction of RNA from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded equine placenta.

Archived formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples represent a valuable resource for the determination of gene expression for physio/pathological conditions. In the present study, we validated a protocol for the extraction of RNA from FFPE samples collected from healthy and diseased equine placenta. The quality and quantity of the extracted RNA from the FFPE and matching RNAlater -preserved...

Prognostic significance of PD-L2 expression in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma-A comparison to the PD-L1 expression profile.

Despite the observed association of increased PD-L1 expression in peripheral blood of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients with histomorphologic parameters, the role of the PD1 ligands-PD-L1 and PD-L2-is insufficiently understood. Aim of the study was to investigate whether the alterations of PD-L1 and PD-L2 expression in blood are associated with survival and could serve as immune monitor...

Association between UCP1, UCP2, and UCP3 gene polymorphisms with markers of adiposity in European adolescents: The HELENA study.

To examine the association between UCP1, UCP2, and UCP3 gene polymorphisms with adiposity markers in European adolescents and to test if there were gene interactions with objectively measured physical activity and adiposity.

Zebrafish embryogenesis - A framework to study regulatory RNA elements in development and disease.

Post-transcriptional gene regulation through the recognition of specific elements in mRNAs is an important determinant of gene expression. The cis elements are recognised by RNA binding proteins (RBPs) and/or small non-coding RNAs, which then orchestrate a range of processes such as mRNA localization, translational control, and degradation. RNA regulation is critical for development and disruption...

Avian model to mitigate gut-derived immune response and oxidative stress during heat.

The tissue injury at the early stages of the heat stress response triggers release of inflammatory and oxidative agents from intestinal content into the milieu of the body. Intestinal homeostasis (i.e., eubiosis) improves the barrier function and mitigates the gut-derived influx of endotoxins. In this study we have analyzed the mitigating role of embryonic stimulation of the gut homeostasis in chi...

Osthole inhibits oleic acid/lipopolysaccharide-induced lipid accumulation and inflammatory response through activating PPARα signaling pathway in cultured hepatocytes.

Osthole, a coumarin derivative, can increase hepatic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) expression and reduce hepatic steatosis and inflammatory response in rats with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). In this study, a cell model of NASH was induced with oleic acid (OA)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and treated for 36 h with different osthole concentrations. Results showed that...

Genome-wide identification of the Na/H exchanger gene family in Lateolabrax maculatus and its involvement in salinity regulation.

Na/H exchangers (NHEs) are one of the major groups of transmembrane proteins that play crucial roles in pH homeostasis, cell volume regulation and Na transport in animals. In our study, twelve NHEs were identified from transcriptomic and genomic databases of Lateolabrax maculatus. The evolutionary footprint of each NHE gene was revealed via the analysis of phylogenetic tree, copy numbers, exon-int...

Expression and Mutation Patterns of PBRM1, BAP1 and SETD2 Mirror Specific Evolutionary Subtypes in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma.

Bi-allelic inactivation of the VHL gene on chromosome 3p is the characteristic feature in most clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCC). Frequent gene alterations were also identified in SETD2, BAP1 and PBRM1, all of which are situated on chromosome 3p and encode histone/chromatin regulators. The relationship between gene mutation, loss of protein expression and the correlations with clinicopathol...

Association of Mycobacterium tuberculosis L-formmpb64 gene and lung cancer.

Tuberculosis is one of the most infectious diseases worldwide and lung cancer is one of the leading causes of death. The major contagious agent for tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis), has been well studied for its pathogenicity. Even though there are studies showing that patients with a history of tuberculosis are more likely to develop lung cancer, the association between ...

Zyxin: a mechanotransductor to regulate gene expression.

Cells answer to biochemical, electrical and mechanical signals in the environment, which regulate their behavior. Mechanical signals can propagate through mechanically stiff structures like focal adhesions (FAs). Zyxin, a LIM domain protein, is localized primarily at focal adhesion plaques. Growing evidence suggests that zyxin is a vital mechanotransductor to regulate the gene expression. In this ...

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