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Headache

17:20 EST 22nd November 2017 | BioPortfolio

Headaches can generally be split into two types:

 

  • primary headaches – those not due to another underlying health problem
  • secondary headaches – which have a separate cause, such as illness

Primary headaches

Tension headaches - feel like a dull ache with constant pressure around the front, top and sides of the head.  Stress, drinking too much alcohol, not getting enough sleep, depression, skipping meals and becoming dehydrated are all causes.

Migraines - If a headache is recurrent and disabling to the point of stopping you from carrying on with daily life, it may be a migraine. If they’re severe you may need stronger migraine-specific medication that is only available on prescription from a doctor.

Cluster headaches - excruciatingly painful headaches cause an intense pain around one eye. 

Secondary headaches

These include headaches that come on after drinking too much alcohol or after a head injury or concussion.

You may also get a headache when you’ve had:

  • a cold
  • flu
  • an allergic reaction
  • sinusitis

Hormone headaches - periods, The Pill, the menopause and pregnancy are potential triggers.

Temporomandibular joint disorders (TJDs) - affect the joint between the lower jaw and the base of the skull.

Giant cell arteritis (temporal arteritis) (GCA) is a condition in which medium and large arteries, usually in the head and neck, become inflamed. It usually affects adults over 60 years old.

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