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Temporal headache often results in an Ophthalmology referral to rule out giant cell arteritis (GCA). When clinical suspicion of GCA is low, alternative diagnoses should be considered. Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) commonly causes a temporal headache.
The brainstem plays a significant role in migraine pathogenesis, but a relationship between volume alterations of brainstem subregions and migraine aura characteristics has not been sufficiently investigated. The aim of this study is to compare the volume of the brainstem, and its subregions, between patients with a migraine with aura (MwA) and healthy controls (HC), and also to correlate characte...
Vestibular migraine is among the commonest causes of episodic vertigo. Chronically, patients with vestibular migraine develop abnormal responsiveness to both vestibular and visual stimuli characterized by heightened self-motion sensitivity and visually-induced dizziness. Yet, the neural mechanisms mediating such symptoms remain unknown. We postulate that such symptoms are attributable to impaired ...
Spreading depolarization (SD) is a transient self-propagating wave of neuronal and glial depolarization coupled with large membrane ionic changes and a subsequent depression of neuronal activity. Spreading depolarization in the cortex is implicated in migraine, stroke, and epilepsy. Conversely, spreading depolarization in the striatum, a brain structure deeply involved in motor control and in Park...
Botulinum toxin is approved to treat chronic migraine and has shown significant benefit in refractory cases. Due to its effect on pain by sensory modulation there may also be efficacy in its use in chronic tension-type headaches (CTTH).
The acute headache in the emergency department (ED) poses a diagnostic dilemma that may overwhelm providers attempting to weigh the cost of advanced workups against the risk of missing serious pathology. While the majority of headache concerns are benign primary headache disorders, identifying life-threatening secondary causes of headache-which may be broadly categorized into structural, infectiou...
Migraine is a prevalent disease with a substantial socioeconomic impact. However, stigma affects social attitude toward migraine, accruing additional burden on individuals with migraine and isolating them from a society that should be supporting them. PURPOSE OF THIS REVIEW: This review will discuss the following concepts: (1) the emergence of stigma toward migraine and its impact on medical care;...
OBJECTIVEAlthough epidural blood patch (EBP) is considered the gold-standard treatment for drug-resistant orthostatic headache in spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH), no clear evidence exists regarding the best administration method of this technique (blind vs target procedures). The aim of this study was to assess the long-term efficacy of blind lumbar EBP and predictors on preoperative MR...
This study investigated a potential association between visual factors and symptoms related to migraine. It was predicted that photophobia and visual aura would be positively associated with interictal light sensitivity and visual headache triggers (flicker, glare, and eyestrain), and that these 2 visual symptoms would also be associated.
To assess the ictal symptoms, interictal symptoms, psychiatric comorbidities, and interictal neuro-otologic examination findings in vestibular migraine (VM).
Tumor growths, migraine headaches, and other health-related complications reported in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) are often associated with pain. Thus, this study sought to describe and quantify the pain experience in children and young adults with NF1. Surveys were administered to 49 participants (28 children and 21 adults), ages 8 through 40 years. The survey included the Nume...
Epilepsy and migraine often occur concomitantly in the same patient. The cause may be found in the similar genetic and pathophysiological background of the two diseases that is manifested by an excessive tendency towards neuronal hyperexcitation. Migraine concomitant with epilepsy increases the risk of the patient developing drug-resistant epilepsy, depression and anxiety disorders, as well as sig...
To deepen knowledge of the impact of iatrogenic trigeminal nerve injury on dental patients.
To examine the analgesic effect, safety, and tolerability of intraoral administration of onabotulinum toxin A (BoNT/A) in patients suffering from intractable continuous dentoalveolar neuropathic pain.
To evaluate the efficacy of sucrose in the prevention of migraine attacks.
To study iron deposition in red nucleus (RN), globus pallidus (GP), and periaqueductal gray matter (PAG) as a potential biomarker of chronic migraine (CM) and its association with levels of biomarkers related to migraine pathophysiology.
To study the effects of a standard acute medication withdrawal program on short-term cortical plasticity mechanisms in patients with medication overuse headache (MOH).
Medication overuse headache (MOH) is the most prevalent chronic headache disorder with a prevalence between 1-2% worldwide. The disease has been acknowledged for almost 30 years, yet experts still disagree on how best to treat MOH. By performing a search in PubMed on the terms "medication overuse headache", "analgesics abuse headache", "rebound headache", "drug induced headache", and "headache AND...
Headache is the fourth most common reason for emergency department encounters, accounting for 3% of all visits in the United States. Though troublesome, 90% are relatively benign primary headaches --migraine, tension, and cluster headaches. The other 10% are secondary headaches, caused by separate underlying processes, with vascular, infectious, or traumatic etiologies, and they are potentially li...
The Ottawa subarachnoid hemorrhage rule is used to rule out subarachnoid hemorrhage in patients with headache.
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection is a long known mosquito-borne disease that is associated with severe morbidity, characterized by fever, headache, rashes, joint pain, and myalgia. It is believed that virus load has relation with severity of clinical features.
Neuroimaging for headaches is both common and costly. While the costs are well quantified, little is known about the benefit in terms of diagnosing pathology. Our objective was to determine the role of early neuroimaging in the identification of malignant brain tumors in individuals presenting to healthcare providers with headaches.
Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs) are primary headaches that include cluster headache (CH), paroxysmal hemicrania (PH), and short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks (SUNHAs) with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) or cranial autonomic features (SUNA). Hemicrania continua (HC) is another form that has been ascribed to TACs for clinical and pathophysiologic reasons. Clus...
To elucidate the role of Link N in regulating inflammatory molecules from human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) under interleukin (IL)-1β stimulation in vitro and under Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in vivo.