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Anemia management strategies among chronic hemodialysis patients with high ferritin levels remains challenging for nephrologists.
Sickle cell anemia, a genetic disease caused by a mutation in the beta-globin gene, can present oral manifestations such as delayed tooth eruption and hypomineralized enamel and dentin. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) and delayed tooth eruption in children with sickle cell anemia. The sample comprised 56 male and fem...
The Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway is a pivotal genome maintenance network that orchestrates the repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs). The tumor suppressors RUNX1 and RUNX3 were shown to regulate the FA pathway independent of their canonical transcription activities, by controlling the DNA damage-dependent chromatin association of FANCD2. Here, in further biochemical characterization, we demon...
Çullas-İlarslan NE, Günay F, İleri DT, Elhan AH, Ertem M, Arsan S. Investigation of the frequency of iron insufficiency among infants in a population in which routine iron supplementation is implemented. Turk J Pediatr 2018; 60: 22-31. Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) represents the most common cause of anemia worldwide. Because of potential irreversible neurodevelopmental impairment, its preventi...
Sideroblastic anemia is a heterogeneous congenital and acquired disorder characterized by anemia and the presence of ring sideroblasts in the bone marrow. Congenital sideroblastic anemia (CSA) is a rare disease caused by mutations in genes involved in the heme biosynthesis, iron-sulfur [Fe-S] cluster biosynthesis, and mitochondrial protein synthesis. The most prevalent form of CSA is X-linked side...
A prospective cohort study of a Chinese population was conducted to investigate the relationship between prenatal phthalates exposure and maternal hemoglobin or anemia. Based on the Ma'anshan Birth Cohort study, 7 phthalate metabolites were quantified in spot pregnancy urine samples (n = 9263) from 3269 pregnant women during each trimester. The maternal hemoglobin concentrations were obtained ...
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To identify the prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia and associated factors in women at reproductive age in the city of Vitoria de Santo Antão, Pernambuco.
Preoperative anemia occurs in about one third of patients who undergo elective surgery and is associated with an impaired outcome. Therefore, screening of preoperative anemia was established in the context of a multidisciplinary Patient Blood Management (PBM) program at the University Hospital of Muenster, Germany. Anemic patients without contraindications were treated with intravenous (IV) iron (...
Anemia is a global health problem associated with short- and long-term consequences especially in children. The incidence of anemia along with the factors associated with its increased or decreased risk is not yet well studied in Lebanon. Our study aims at determining the demographics of this health burden and identifying some of the important factors linked to it among the pediatric population.
The delay in platelet recovery after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is closely related to the overall survival rate of transplanted children. The use of platelet-producing agents such as eltrombopag and romiplostim has made great progress in treating diseases such as immune thrombocytopenia and aplastic anemia. However, the use of such drugs in patients with thrombocytopenia after ...
Human myxovirus resistance protein B (hMXB) is a restriction factor of HIV-1 that also inhibits a variety of retroviruses. However, hMXB is not antiviral against equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV). We show here that equine MX2 (eMX2) potently restricts EIAV in vitro. Additionally, eMX2 inhibits HIV-1 and other lentiviruses, including murine leukemia virus. Previously, it was reported that hMXB ...
Pathologic erythropoiesis with consecutive anemia is a leading cause of symptomatic morbidity in internal medicine. The etiologies of anemia are complex and include reactive as well as neoplastic conditions. Clonal expansion of erythroid cells in the bone marrow may result in peripheral erythrocytosis and polycythemia but can also result in anemia when clonal cells are dysplastic and have a matura...
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a progressive disease in Korea and active treatment strategies can improve the clinical outcomes. In the CADILLAC trial, anemia on admission was associated strongly with adverse outcomes and increased mortality in AMI. However, it remains controversial whether anemia on admission is an independent poor prognostic factor of long-term clinical outcomes in AMI pat...
enteral nutrition therapy maintains and/or regains the nutritional status of the common patient in hospital settings, where anemia and malnutrition are food related and are very common diseases.
While iron deficiency (ID) is a frequent cause of anemia in hemodialysis patients, the clinical impact of ID without anemic level of hemoglobin remains unclear. As such, this study was designed to clarify the manifestations of ID itself in subjects on hemodialysis.
Small-molecule inhibitors of prolyl hydroxylase domain enzymes (PHD inhibitors) are novel renal anemia therapies that increase endogenous erythropoietin (EPO) production by stabilizing hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF). This review summarizes recent findings and future perspectives of PHD inhibitors (HIF stabilizers) in chronic kidney disease (CKD)-associated anemia.
Cancer patients occasionally have anemia with high mean corpuscular volume in addition to iron deficiency anemia. Secondary autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) following cancer is also observed with low frequency. To date, no causal mechanisms for these disease states have been reported. Here, we present the case of an 80-year-old woman with AIHA that was resistant to prednisolone. Further examinat...
Among the severe malaria syndromes, severe malarial anemia (SMA) is the most common, whereas cerebral malaria (CM) is the most lethal. However, the mechanisms that lead to CM and SMA are unclear.
The contribution of hepcidin as a regulator of iron metabolism & erythropoiesis on the severity of anemia in sickle cell disease (SCD) remains poorly characterized, especially in Sub-Saharan African populations. The aims of the study were to determine if hepcidin is associated with severity of steady-state anemia in SCD and to investigate factors associated with hepcidin and anemia in SCD.
To compare the efficacy and safety of intravenous (IV) ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) versus oral iron and other IV iron therapies in patients with iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) resulting from gastrointestinal (GI) disorders.
CRISPR-Cas genome editing creates targeted DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) that are processed by cellular repair pathways, including the incorporation of exogenous DNA via single-strand template repair (SSTR). To determine the genetic basis of SSTR in human cells, we developed a coupled inhibition-cutting system capable of interrogating multiple editing outcomes in the context of thousands of indi...
Aplastic anemia (AA) is rare disorder of bone marrow failure which if severe and not appropriately treated is highly fatal. AA is characterized by morphologic marrow features, namely hypocellularity, and resultant peripheral cytopenias. The molecular pathogenesis of AA is not fully understood and a uniform process may not be the culprit across all cases. An antigen-driven and likely autoimmune dys...