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Hyperlipidemia - high cholesterol (hypercholesterolaemia) Research

22:21 EST 16th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Development of Infliximab Target Concentrations during Induction in Pediatric Crohn's Disease Patients.

Subtherapeutic drug concentrations contribute to both primary and secondary nonresponse to infliximab in children with Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment outcomes and infliximab concentrations at infusions 2 and 3 with an objective to establish infliximab targets during induction for primary responders.

Photoredox-Catalyzed Site-Selective α-C(sp )-H Alkylation of Primary Amine Derivatives.

The synthetic utility of tertiary amines to oxidatively generate α-amino radicals is well established, however, primary amines remain challenging because of competitive side reactions. This report describes the site-selective α-functionalization of primary amine derivatives through the generation of α-amino radical intermediates. Employing visible-light photoredox catalysis, primary sulfonamide...

Patterns and clinical consequences of discontinuing HIV preexposure prophylaxis during primary care.

Discontinuations of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) by at-risk individuals could decrease the effectiveness of PrEP. Our objective was to characterize patterns of, reasons for, and clinical outcomes associated with PrEP discontinuations in primary care.

Higher levels of B-cell mutation in the early germinal centres of an inefficient secondary antibody response to a variant Influenza Haemagglutinin.

Designing improved vaccines against mutable viruses such as Dengue and Influenza would be helped by a better understanding of how the B-cell memory compartment responds to variant antigens. Towards this we have recently shown after secondary immunization of mice with a widely variant Dengue envelope protein, with only 63% amino-acid identity, that IgM+ memory B-cells with few mutations supported ...

Assessment of optimal insulin administration timing for standard carbohydrates rich meals using continuous glucose monitoring in children with type 1 diabetes-crossover randomized study.

Assessment of postprandial glucose concentration after carbohydrates rich meals using continuous glucose monitoring in 30 children with type 1 diabetes treated using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion with a rapid-acting analogs insulin.

Endovenous Laser Ablation with 1470 nm diode with tumescence anesthesia and saphenofemoral ligation: propensity score match comparison.

The aim of this study is to compare two groups of patients treated for great saphenous vein (GSV) reflux with open surgical saphenofemoral ligation (SFL) and EndoVenous Laser Ablation (EVLA) MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with primary unilateral GSV reflux undergoing EVLA treatment since 2014 were enrolled, and another series of patients treated with SFL was considered. The patients w...

Effects of adjuvant tamoxifen over three decades on breast cancer-free and distant recurrence-free interval among premenopausal women with oestrogen receptor-positive breast cancer randomised in the Swedish SBII:2pre trial.

The primary aim was to compare 2 years of adjuvant tamoxifen versus no systemic treatment in premenopausal patients with oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive tumours, regarding breast cancer-free interval (BCFi) and distant recurrence-free interval (D-RFi), with 30 years of follow-up and for specified intervals. Moreover, we aimed to investigate the effects of adjuvant tamoxifen on the incidence of se...

Aerobic Oxidative Alkenylation of Weak O-Coordinating Arylacetamides with Alkenes via a Rh(III)-Catalyzed C-H Activation.

A versatile and site-selective rhodium(III)-catalyzed aerobic oxidative alkenylation of arylacetamides including primary, secondary, and tertiary amides having a weak O-coordinating acetamide directing group with alkenes is described. In the reaction, air was utilized as a sole oxidant. The reaction was compatible with activated alkenes and maleimides.

Inactivity Induces Resistance to the Metabolic Benefits Following Acute Exercise.

Acute exercise improves postprandial lipemia, glucose tolerance, and insulin sensitivity, all of which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. However, recent research suggests that prolonged sedentary behavior might abolish these healthy metabolic benefits. Accordingly, this study aimed to elucidate the impact of an acute bout of exercise on postprandial plasma triglyceride, glucose, and ins...

Increased Methamphetamine, Injection Drug, and Heroin Use Among Women and Heterosexual Men with Primary and Secondary Syphilis - United States, 2013-2017.

During 2013-2017, the national annual rate of reported primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis cases in the United States increased 72.7%, from 5.5 to 9.5 cases per 100,000 population (1). The highest rates of P&S syphilis are seen among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (collectively referred to as MSM) (2), and MSM continued to account for the majority of cases in 2017 (1). However...

Reduced-dose Radiation Therapy to the Primary Site is Effective for High-risk Neuroblastoma: Results from a Prospective Trial.

For patients with high-risk neuroblastoma (HR-NB), a dose of 21 Gy to the primary tumor site after gross total resection (GTR) provides excellent local control. However, no clinical trial has specifically evaluated the optimal dose of radiation therapy (RT), and RT-related long-term toxicities are of increasing concern. We sought to assess local control, survival outcomes, and toxicity after a red...

Assessment of major salivary gland size in primary Sjögren's syndrome: comparison between clinical examination and ultrasonography.

Parotidomegaly is a criterion of the EULAR Primary Sjögren Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ESSDAI). The cut-off value was set at 3 cm in length for the parotid gland, 2 cm for the submandibular glands. However, clinical appreciation of salivary glands size remains hazardous. The objective is to evaluate inter-observer reproducibility of parotid gland measurement by palpation, and to secondar...

Raspberries Improve Postprandial Glucose and Acute and Chronic Inflammation in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes.

Postprandial metabolic impairments in diabetes have been shown to play an important role in vascular complications. Dietary polyphenols and other bioactive compounds in berries have been shown to improve postprandial hyperglycemia and related metabolic impairments, but few clinical studies have been reported in diabetes.

D-Dimer increase: an unfavorable factor for patients with primary liver cancer treated with TACE.

To explore the clinical significance of plasma D-dimer increase for transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with primary liver cancer (PLC).

Two-year results of a multicenter study of the ab interno gelatin implant in medically uncontrolled primary open-angle glaucoma.

To evaluate the effectiveness of an ab interno subconjunctival gelatin implant as primary surgical intervention in reducing intraocular pressure (IOP) and IOP-lowering medication count in medically uncontrolled moderate primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).

Claims in total hip arthroplasty: analysis of the instigating factors, costs and possible solution.

Over the years, the number of total hip replacements has been steadily increasing. Despite the improvement in surgical results, the number of claims for malpractice is higher. The primary endpoint of this work is to provide an analysis of litigation after hip replacement, to outline what are the instigating causes and costs. The secondary endpoint is to propose a possible preventive strategy for a...

Iron and manganese-related CNS toxicity: mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment.

Iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) are essential nutrients for humans. They act as cofactors for a variety of enzymes. In the central nervous system (CNS), these two metals are involved in diverse neurological activities. Dyshomeostasis may interfere with the critical enzymatic activities, hence altering the neurophysiological status and resulting in neurological diseases. Areas covered: In this review,...

Primary Malignant Thyroid Teratoma: An Institutional Experience.

Primary malignant thyroid teratomas are very rare tumors (fewer than 35 previously reported cases in the literature) typically affecting young adult women. While prognosis is poor, there have been some reports of successful treatment regimens. Four cases treated successfully are reported, and a review of the existing literature is provided.

Maternal and zygotic gene regulatory effects of endogenous RNAi pathways.

Endogenous small RNAs (sRNAs) and Argonaute proteins are ubiquitous regulators of gene expression in germline and somatic tissues. sRNA-Argonaute complexes are often expressed in gametes and are consequently inherited by the next generation upon fertilization. In Caenorhabditis elegans, 26G-RNAs are primary endogenous sRNAs that trigger the expression of downstream secondary sRNAs. Two subpopulati...

Using topic modeling via non-negative matrix factorization to identify relationships between genetic variants and disease phenotypes: A case study of Lipoprotein(a) (LPA).

Genome-wide and phenome-wide association studies are commonly used to identify important relationships between genetic variants and phenotypes. Most studies have treated diseases as independent variables and suffered from the burden of multiple adjustment due to the large number of genetic variants and disease phenotypes. In this study, we used topic modeling via non-negative matrix factorization ...

Meals with Similar Fat Content from Different Dairy Products Induce Different Postprandial Triglyceride Responses in Healthy Adults: A Randomized Controlled Cross-Over Trial.

Postprandial lipemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Dairy products differ in nutrient content and food matrix, and little is known about how different dairy products affect postprandial triglyceride (TG) concentrations.

Current Practical Concepts for Using Rib in Secondary Rhinoplasty.

Rhinoplasty is universally considered as the most demanding procedure in facial plastic surgery. Secondary rhinoplasty is its crown jewel, even more complex, and likewise highly fascinating. The evolution of thought and practice in rhinoplasty in the last decades has been quick and steady, progressively acknowledging the importance of maintaining structure in primary rhinoplasty and rebuilding str...

Primary Immunodeficiency: Primary Antibody Disorders in Respiratory Medicine.

Clinical manifestations of primary immunodeficiency are heterogeneous, and early diagnosis is challenging. Leading symptoms are recurrent upper and lower respiratory tract infections. Response to antibiotic therapy is often reduced. Beside infectious complications autoimmunity, autoinflammation and malignant diseases occur frequently. About 50 % of all PID patients are diagnosed after childhood,...

Patients' experiences with a behaviour change intervention to enhance physical activity in primary care: A mixed methods study.

To explore the experiences of patients at risk for cardiovascular disease in primary care with the Activate intervention in relation to their success in increasing their physical activity.

1-adrenoceptor polymorphisms and blood pressure: 49S variant increases plasma renin but not blood pressure in hypertensive patients.

Activation of beta-1 adrenoreceptors (β1-AR) in the kidney releases renin that plays a major role in the maintenance of blood pressure. Genetic variation in the β1-AR could therefore alter the physiological and clinical effects of this hormone. We tested this hypothesis in patients from a primary care cohort being screened for primary hyperaldosteronism, PHA (n=465).

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