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Hypertension Research

14:09 EST 18th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Pyrrolidinone-bearing methylated and halogenated benzenesulfonamides as inhibitors of carbonic anhydrases.

Two series of benzenesulfonamides bearing methyl groups at ortho/ortho or meta/ortho positions and a pyrrolidinone moiety at para position were synthesized and tested as inhibitors of the twelve catalytically active human carbonic anhydrase (CA) isoforms. Observed binding affinities were determined by fluorescent thermal shift assay and intrinsic binding affinities representing the binding of benz...

NR4A nuclear receptors in cardiac remodeling and neurohormonal regulation.

Heart failure is characterized by the constant interplay between the underlying cardiac insult, degree of myocardial dysfunction and the activity of compensatory neurohormonal mechanisms. The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) become activated to maintain cardiac output; however, their chronic hyperactivity will eventually become deleterious. Several n...

Maini's Many Contributions to Mathematical Enzyme Kinetics: A Review.

Modelling enzyme kinetics has a long history, as one of the earliest areas where mathematics was utilized to understand biological (in this case, biochemical) phenomena. By using differential equations and the law of mass action, many researchers have discovered information about the mechanisms of enzyme workings in the more than 100 years since Leonor Michaelis and Maud Menten published their cla...

Discovery of N-substituted 7-azaindoles as Pan-PIM kinases inhibitors - Lead optimization - Part III.

N-substituted azaindoles were discovered as promising pan-PIM inhibitors. Lead optimization is described en route toward the identification of a clinical candidate. Modulation of physico-chemical properties allowed to solve inherent hERG and permeability liabilities. Compound 17 showed tumor growth inhibition in a KG1 tumor-bearing mouse model.

Potent inhibitors of malarial P. Falciparum protein kinase G: Improving the cell activity of a series of imidazopyridines.

Development of a class of bicyclic inhibitors of the Plasmodium falciparum cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase (PfPKG), starting from known compounds with activity against a related parasite PKG orthologue, is reported. Examination of key sub-structural elements led to new compounds with good levels of inhibitory activity against the recombinant kinase and in vitro activity against the parasite. K...

6-Phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-biphosphatase 3 and 4: A pair of valves for fine-tuning of glucose metabolism in human cancer.

Cancer cells favor the use of less efficient glycolysis rather than mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation to metabolize glucose, even in oxygen-rich conditions, a distinct metabolic alteration named the Warburg effect or aerobic glycolysis. In adult cells, bifunctional 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2, 6-bisphosphatase (PFKFB) family members are responsible for controlling the steady-state cy...

CX3CL1-Fc treatment prevents atherosclerosis in Ldlr KO mice.

Atherosclerosis is a major cause of cardiovascular disease. Monocyte-endothelial cell interactions are partly mediated by expression of monocyte CX3CR1 and endothelial cell fractalkine (CX3CL1). Interrupting the interaction between this ligand-receptor pair should reduce monocyte binding to the endothelial wall and reduce atherosclerosis. We sought to reduce atherosclerosis by preventing monocyte-...

Development of a novel, sensitive cell-based Corin Assay.

Corin (atrial natriuretic peptide-converting enzyme, EC 3.4.21) is a transmembrane serine protease expressed in cardiomyocytes. Corin exerts its cardioprotective effects via the proteolytic cleavage and activation of pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (pro-ANP) to ANP. We recently described an ANP reporter cell line stably expressing the ANP receptor, a cGMP-dependent cation channel used as a real-tim...

Enantioselective synthesis of enantiopure β-amino alcohols via kinetic resolution and asymmetric reductive amination by a robust transaminase from Mycobacterium vanbaalenii.

Chiral β-amino alcohols are very important chiral building block for preparing bioactive compounds for use in pharmaceutical and fine chemical industries. Synthesis of chiral β-amino alcohols by transaminase is big challenging due to the strict substrate specificities and very low activity of the enzyme. In this work, a (R)-selective ω-transaminase (MVTA) from Mycobacterium vanbaalenii was empl...

Structural and functional characterization of a family GH53 β-1,4-galactanase from Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron that facilitates degradation of prebiotic galactooligosaccharides.

Galactooligosaccharides (GOS) are prebiotic compounds synthesized from lactose using bacterial enzymes and are known to stimulate growth of beneficial bifidobacteria in the human colon. Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron is a prominent human colon commensal bacterial species that hydrolyzes GOS using an extracellular Glycosyl Hydrolase (GH) family GH53 endo-galactanase enzyme (BTGH53), releasing galacto...

Biodegradation of Cibacron Blue 3GA by insolubilized laccase and identification of enzymatic byproduct using MALDI-ToF-MS: Toxicity assessment studies by Daphnia magna and Chlorella vulgaris.

The presented paper describes a detailed study on the use of immobilized laccase for effective degradation of Cibacron Blue 3GA dye. The amount of laccase loading on the cyclic carbonate groups containing poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-vinylene carbonate), p(HEMA-co-VC), microbeads was 27.8 mg g, and the retained immobilized enzyme activity was 73% compared to free enzyme. The toxicity of t...

Regional differences in the treatment of refractory vasodilatory shock using Angiotensin II in High Output Shock (ATHOS-3) data.

Despite international guidelines, regional differences in treatment of vasodilatory shock remain. We characterized these differences using data from Angiotensin II in High Output Shock (ATHOS-3) trial.

Recent preparative applications of redox enzymes.

Redox enzymes offer many powerful transformations for the efficient industrial-scale synthesis of diverse chemicals desired by society. Here we survey recent preparative applications of redox enzymes, highlighting both mature enzyme platforms and promising technologies for future applications. While in some cases commercial enzymes can be employed directly on industrial scales, in other cases prot...

Chemical induced conversion of mouse fibroblasts and human adipose-derived stem cells into skeletal muscle-like cells.

Use of stem cells in regenerative medicine holds great promise in treating people suffering from various otherwise incurable ailments. Direct conversion of somatic cells to other lineages thereby bypassing the intermediate pluripotent state has enormous applicability with respect to time requirement for conversion as well as safety issues. Among various approaches, chemical induced cell conversion...

Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel indole derivatives as potential HDAC/BRD4 dual inhibitors and anti-leukemia agents.

HDAC inhibitors and BRD4 inhibitors were considered to be potent anti-cancer agents. Recent studies have demonstrated that HDAC and BRD4 participate in the regulation of some signal paths like PI3K-AKT. In this work, a series of indole derivatives that combine the inhibitory activities of BRD4 and HDAC into one molecule were designed and synthesized through the structure-based design method. Most ...

N-Alkyl-1,5-dideoxy-1,5-imino-l-fucitols as fucosidase inhibitors: Synthesis, molecular modelling and activity against cancer cell lines.

1,5-Dideoxy-1,5-imino-l-fucitol (1-deoxyfuconojirimycin, DFJ) is an iminosugar that inhibits fucosidases. Herein, N-alkyl DFJs have been synthesised and tested against the α-fucosidases of T. maritima (bacterial origin) and B. taurus (bovine origin). The N-alkyl derivatives were inactive against the bacterial fucosidase, while inhibiting the bovine enzyme. Docking of inhibitors to homology models...

Fiend and friend in the renin angiotensin system: An insight on acute kidney injury.

Besides assisting the maintenance of blood pressure and sodium homeostasis, the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a pivotal role in pathogenesis of acute kidney injury (AKI). The RAS is equipped with two arms i) the pressor arm composed of Angiotensin II (Ang II)/Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)/Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) also called conventional RAS, and ii) the depressor arm con...

A step towards development of promising trypanocidal agents: Synthesis, characterization and in vitro biological evaluation of ferrocenyl Mannich base-type derivatives.

Chagas disease is a neglected chronical parasitosis caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi). Nine ferrocenyl Mannich base derivatives were synthetized and characterized to explore their in vitro activity on three T. cruzi strains of the parasite and their cytotoxicity on Vero cells to calculate the selectivity index (SI). Compound 2, 1-ferrocenyl-3-(4-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)piper...

Renoprotective effects of the novel prostaglandin EP4 receptor-selective antagonist ASP7657 in 5/6 nephrectomized chronic kidney disease rats.

Prostaglandins (PGs) are important lipid mediators of numerous physiologic and pathophysiologic processes in the kidney. PGE, the most abundant renal PG, plays a major role in renal physiology, including renin release and glomerular hemodynamics. We investigated the renoprotective properties of the novel PGE EP4 receptor-selective antagonist ASP7657 in 5/6 nephrectomized rats, a chronic kidney dis...

IL12B gene polymorphisms have sex-specific effects in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.

IL-12-family cytokines play a pivotal role in neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). The aim of the study was to evaluate whether two polymorphisms in IL12B gene, rs17860508 and rs3212227, are associated with RRMS, and to define their function effect on serum level of IL-12p40 and IL-23 and degree of disability in RRMS cases. In total 156 Bulgaria...

In vitro and in vivo evidence of tyrosinase inhibitory activity of a synthesized (Z)-5-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzylidene)-2-thioxothiazolidin-4-one (5-HMT).

Tyrosinase is a key enzyme that catalyzes the initial rate-limiting steps of melanin synthesis. Due to its critical role in melanogenesis, various attempts were made to find potent tyrosinase inhibitors although many were not safe and effective in vivo. We evaluated tyrosinase inhibitory activity of six compounds. Among them, (Z)-5-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzylidene)-2-thioxothiazolidin-4-one (5-HMT)...

Development of a highly sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) through use of poly-protein G-expressing cell-based microplates.

The sensitivity of traditional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) is limited by the low binding avidity and heterogeneous orientation of capture antibodies coated on polystyrene-based microplates. Here, we developed a highly sensitive ELISA strategy by fixing poly-protein G-expressing cells on microplates to improve the coating amount and displayed orientation of capture antibodies. One o...

Hypoactivity of rat detrusor muscle in a model of cystitis: exacerbation by non-selective COX inhibitors and amelioration by a selective DP receptor antagonist.

Various studies have confirmed that prostaglandins (PG) alter the bladder motor activity and micturition reflex in both human and animals. However, no sufficient data is reported about the effect of cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors neither in normal bladder physiology nor in pathological conditions. This study aims to compare the potential effects of some COX inhibitors with varying COX-1/COX-2 sel...

The variation in hectolitre weight of wheat grain fed with or without enzyme supplementation influences nutrient digestibility and subsequently affects performance in pigs.

A 2 × 2 factorial experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of feeding a wheat-based diet of two different hectolitre weights (66 vs. 74 kg/hl), achieved through different agronomical conditions, with or without the supplementation of a β-glucanase and β-xylanase enzyme mix on young pigs. The parameter categories which were assessed included growth performance, coefficient of appare...

Comparative risk of venous thromboembolism with tofacitinib versus tumor necrosis factor inhibitors: A cohort study of rheumatoid arthritis patients.

To evaluate the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) with tofacitinib versus tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-inhibitors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.

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