Advertisement

Topics

Immunization Research

05:19 EST 12th December 2017 | BioPortfolio

A novel mouse model for tracking the fate of CXCR5-expressing T cells.

The germinal center (GC) reaction, a critical process in the humoral immune response, requires follicular helper T (Tfh) cells. Tfh cells express the master transcription factor Bcl6 and chemokine receptor CXCR5, which enable them to migrate from the T cell zone to B cell follicles and interact with GC B cells. However, CXCR5 is downregulated when Tfh cells become memory cells. Therefore, it is di...

Differences by sex in IgG levels following infant and childhood vaccinations: An individual participant data meta-analysis of vaccination studies.

If immune responses to vaccination differ between males and females, sex-specific vaccination schedules may be indicated. We systematically reanalysed childhood vaccination studies conducted in The Netherlands for sex-differences in IgG-responses. To assess the impact of potential sex-differences in IgG-responses, we explored sex-differences in vaccine failure/effectiveness and reactogenicity.

A third dose of measles vaccine is needed in young Korean health care workers.

Cost-effectiveness of rotavirus vaccination in Ghana: Examining impacts from 2012 to 2031.

Diarrhea causes about 10% of all deaths in children under five years globally, with rotavirus causing about 40% of all diarrhea deaths. Ghana introduced rotavirus vaccination as part of routine immunization in 2012 and it has been shown to be effective in reducing disease burden in children under five years. Ghana's transition from low to lower-middle income status in 2010 implies fewer resources ...

Oral administration of PLGA-encapsulated CpG ODN and Campylobacter jejuni lysate reduces cecal colonization by Campylobacter jejuni in chickens.

Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) is a major cause of bacterial food-borne illness in humans. It is considered a commensal organism of the chicken gut and infected chickens serve as a reservoir and shed bacteria throughout their lifespan. Contaminated poultry products are considered the major source of infection in humans. Therefore, to reduce the risk of human campylobacteriosis, it is essential t...

Missed Opportunities for HPV Immunization Among Young Adult Women.

Despite the availability of a safe and efficacious vaccine against HPV, uptake of the vaccine in the United States is low. Missed clinical opportunities to recommend and to administer HPV vaccine are considered one of the most important reasons for its low uptake in adolescents, however, little is known about the frequency or characteristics of missed opportunities in the young adult (18-26 years ...

Choosing Pre-conception Planning for Women/Families: Counselling and Informed Consent (Part 2) - Pre-conception Reproductive Planning, Lifestyle, Immunization, and Psychosocial Issues.

To inform reproductive and other health care providers about pre-conception evaluation, including considerations for reproductive planning, lifestyle modification, immunization status and attitudes, and psychosocial issues.

A novel peptide-based vaccine candidate with protective efficacy against influenza A in a mouse model.

Current influenza vaccines mainly induce antibody responses to the variable hemagglutinin proteins of the virus strains included in the vaccine. Instead, a broadly protective influenza vaccine should aim at inducing antibody- and/or cell-mediated immunity against conserved viral proteins. Vacc-FLU is a peptide based vaccine combining conserved B and T cell epitopes. Peptide selection was done usin...

Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) co-expressing IL7 and IL15 modified tumor cells as a vaccine for cancer immunotherapy.

IL15 and IL7 are two cytokines essential for T cell development and homeostasis. In order to improve the antitumor activity by Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV)-modified tumor vaccine, we generated a recombinant NDV co-expressing IL15 and IL7 (LX/IL(15+7)) by incorporation of a 2A self-processing peptide into IL15 and IL7 using reverse genetics. B16 cells infected with LX/IL(15+7) expressed both IL15 ...

Stabilization of the gp120 V3 loop through hydrophobic interactions reduces the immunodominant V3-directed non-neutralizing response to HIV-1 envelope trimers.

To provide protective immunity against circulating primary HIV-1 strains, a vaccine most likely has to induce broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) to the HIV-1 envelope (Env) glycoprotein spike. Recombinant Env trimers such as the prototype BG505 SOSIP.664 that closely mimic the native Env spike can induce autologous neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) against relatively resistant (tier-2) primary v...

Plant-expressed Fc-fusion protein tetravalent dengue vaccine with inherent adjuvant properties.

Dengue is a major global disease requiring improved treatment and prevention strategies. The recently licensed Sanofi-Pasteur Denvaxia vaccine does not protect children under the age of nine and additional vaccine strategies are thus needed to halt this expanding global epidemic. Here, we employed a molecular engineering approach and plant-expression to produce a humanised and highly immunogenic P...

Hypersensitivity reactions and vaccines.

- A lot of questions are being asked in the Netherlands about the safety of vaccination. More knowledge among care providers helps with regard to good medical practice and information.- Severe hypersensitivity reactions to vaccines are rare. Chicken-egg protein, gelatine and thiomersal are the most important vaccine components that may provoke severe reactions.- Acute treatment of patients with se...

Update: Influenza Activity - United States, October 1-November 25, 2017.

Influenza activity in the United States was low during October 2017, but has been increasing since the beginning of November. Influenza A viruses have been most commonly identified, with influenza A(H3N2) viruses predominating. Several influenza activity indicators were higher than is typically seen for this time of year. The majority of influenza viruses characterized during this period were gene...

A thermostable messenger RNA based vaccine against rabies.

Although effective rabies virus vaccines have been existing for decades, each year, rabies virus infections still cause around 50.000 fatalities worldwide. Most of these cases occur in developing countries, where these vaccines are not available. The reasons for this are the prohibitive high costs of cell culture or egg grown rabies virus vaccines and the lack of a functional cold chain in many re...

An HSV-2 single-cycle candidate vaccine deleted in glycoprotein D, ΔgD-2, protects male mice from lethal skin challenge with clinical isolates of HSV-1 and HSV-2.

HSV infections manifest as recurrent oral or genital mucosal lesions, meningoencephalitis, corneal blindness and perinatal disease. Subunit vaccines have advanced into the clinic without success. None were tested preclinically in male mice. We compared a single-cycle candidate vaccine deleted in HSV-2 glycoprotein D (ΔgD-2) and subunit gD-2 or gD-1 protein vaccines in a male murine skin model. Δ...

Maternal Vaccination. Immunization of Sows during Pregnancy against ETEC Infections.

The immunology of pregnancy is an evolving consequence of multiple reciprocal interactions between the maternal and the fetal-placental systems. The immune response must warrant the pregnancy outcome (including tolerance to paternal antigens), but at the same time, efficiently respond to pathogenic challenges. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains are a major cause of illness and death i...

Vaccination coverage according to doses received and timely administered based on an electronic immunization registry, Araraquara-SP, Brazil, 2012-2014.

to describe vaccine coverage by type of vaccine at 12 and 24 months of age.

Evaluating anti-disease immunity to malaria and implications for vaccine design.

Immunity to malaria could be categorized broadly as anti-parasite or anti-disease immunity. While most vaccine research efforts have focused on anti-parasite immunity, the evidence from endemic populations suggest that anti-disease immunity is an important component of natural immunity to malaria. The processes that mediate anti-disease immunity have however attracted little to no attention, and m...

Safety profile of the 9-valent human papillomavirus vaccine: assessment in prior quadrivalent HPV vaccine recipients and in men 16 to 26 years of age.

A 9-valent HPV (9vHPV) vaccine has been developed to protect against HPV type 6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58-related infection and disease. Previous safety analyses from 7 clinical trials conducted in 9vHPV vaccine recipients 9-26 years of age, including comparisons of 9vHPV and quadrivalent HPV (qHPV) vaccines in girls and women 16-26 years of age, showed that the 9vHPV vaccine was generally well to...

Delayed measles vaccination of toddlers in Canada: associated socio-demographic factors and parental knowledge, attitudes and beliefs.

Delaying vaccination increases the period of vulnerability of children against vaccine-preventable diseases. We used a nationally representative sample of Canadian two-year-old children to explore factors associated with delays in the uptake of the first dose of measles-containing vaccine, recommended in Canada for children at 12 months of age. Distribution of delays was determined using data from...

Vaccine Prevention of Meningococcal Disease in Africa: Major Advances, Remaining Challenges.

Africa historically has had the highest incidence of meningococcal disease with high endemic rates and periodic epidemics. The meningitis belt, a region of sub-Saharan Africa extending from Senegal to Ethiopia, has experienced large, devastating epidemics. However, dramatic shifts in the epidemiology of meningococcal disease have occurred recently. For instance, meningococcal capsular group A (NmA...

Evaluation of the effect of live LaSota Newcastle disease virus vaccine as primary immunization on immune development in broilers.

Newcastle disease remains a major concern to the poultry industry; however, it can be managed with effective vaccination programs. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of 2 1× doses of live LaSota strain Newcastle disease virus (NDV) vaccine administered oculo-nasally on d one and 21 on development of humoral and cell-mediated immune response in broilers, and to compare dif...

Stinging nettle and neem enhance antibody response to local killed and imported live infectious bursal disease vaccines in indigenous chicken in Kenya.

Immune responses are critical for protection of chickens from infectious bursal disease (IBD). In this study, the antibody response-enhancing effect of drinking water supplementation of 1% stinging nettle and neem on different IBD vaccines and vaccination regimes was evaluated, using 36 (n = 36) specific antibody negative indigenous chicks. The birds were allocated into 3 groups as follows: 1A-C, ...

Soluble Prefusion Closed DS-SOSIP.664-Env Trimers of Diverse HIV-1 Strains.

The elicitation of autologous neutralizing responses by immunization with HIV-1 envelope (Env) trimers conformationally stabilized in a prefusion closed state has generated considerable interest in the HIV-1 vaccine field. However, soluble prefusion closed Env trimers have been produced from only a handful of HIV-1 strains, limiting their utility as vaccine antigens and B cell probes. Here, we rep...

In silico prediction of potential vaccine candidates on capsid protein of human bocavirus 1.

Human bocavirus 1 (HBoV1) is a newly identified parvovirus that causes serious respiratory infection among children across the globe. Aim of the present study was to predict immunogenic residues located on the VP2 protein of HBoV1 towards development of epitope based vaccines. Several computational tools were employed to predict epitopes (bothT and B cell restricted) with stringent regulation for ...

Quick Search
Advertisement
 

review and buy Immunization market research data and corporate reports here