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Inflammatory Bowel Disease IBD Research

05:28 EDT 20th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Minocycline inhibits formalin-induced inflammatory pain and the underlying mechanism.

To unravel the underlying mechanism of minocycline in formalin-induced inflammatory pain, and to investigate the effects of minocycline on synaptic transmission in substantia gela-tinosa (SG) neurons of rat spinal dorsal horn.

Re: Kumar M, Batra G, Maletha M, Malhotra A. Hirschsprung's disease in a child with posterior urethral valve: An unwanted association. Indian J Urol 2018;34:223-5.

Giant right coronary artery aneurysm secondary to Kawasaki disease in an infant.

Kawasaki disease (KD) is a potentially decapacitating multisystemic vasculitis with unknown etiology that acquired worldwide attention due to associated coronary aneurysms leading to life-threatening complications in very young babies including thrombosis, ischemia, and rupture. High levels of suspicion for early diagnosis and prompt treatment are crucial in preventing serious complications. We re...

Proteomic change by Korean Red Ginseng in the substantia nigra of a Parkinson's disease mouse model.

Recent studies have shown that Korean Red Ginseng (KRG) successfully protects against dopaminergic neuronal death in the nigrostriatal pathway of a Parkinson's disease (PD) mouse model induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) administration; however, the mechanism has yet to be identified. Therefore, in this study we used two-dimensional electrophoresis to investigate the eff...

Ginsenosides from Korean Red Ginseng ameliorate lung inflammatory responses: inhibition of the MAPKs/NF-κB/c-Fos pathways.

Korean Red Ginseng (steamed and dried white ginseng, Meyer) is well known for enhancing vital energy and immune capacity and for inhibiting cancer cell growth. Some clinical studies also demonstrated a therapeutic potential of ginseng extract for treating lung inflammatory disorders. This study was conducted to establish the therapeutic potential of ginseng saponins on the lung inflammatory respo...

AKT-targeted anti-inflammatory activity of calyx ethanolic extract.

Korean ginseng () plays an anti-inflammatory role in a variety of inflammatory diseases such as gastritis, hepatitis, and colitis. However, inflammation-regulatory activity of the calyx of the berry has not been thoroughly evaluated. To understand whether the calyx portion of the berry is able to ameliorate inflammatory processes, an ethanolic extract of berry calyx (Pg-C-EE) was prepared, and ...

Parkinson's Disease Motor Subtypes Show Different Responses to Long-Term Subthalamic Nucleus Stimulation.

Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN DBS) is well established for the treatment of advanced Parkinson's disease (PD), substantially improving motor symptoms, quality of life, and reducing the long-term need for dopaminergic medication. However, whether chronic STN DBS produces different effects on PD motor subtypes is unknown. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the long-term eff...

Bilateral Implantation of Shear Stress Modifier in Knockout Mouse Induces Cognitive Impairment and Tau Abnormalities.

Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) encompasses all causes of cerebrovascular disease that lead to cognitive decline, or overt dementia, atherosclerotic disease being the most common contributor. However, few rodent models that mimic the pathology of VCI replicated the clinical cerebrovascular atherosclerosis. Here we aimed to investigate the mechanism underlying VCI in an knockout (-KO) mouse mo...

Prediction of Cerebral Amyloid With Common Information Obtained From Memory Clinic Practice.

Given the barriers prohibiting the broader utilization of amyloid imaging and high screening failure rate in clinical trials, an easily available and valid screening method for identifying cognitively impaired patients with cerebral amyloid deposition is needed. Therefore, we developed a prediction model for cerebral amyloid positivity in cognitively impaired patients using variables that are rout...

Catestatin as a Target for Treatment of Inflammatory Diseases.

It is increasingly clear that inflammatory diseases and cancers are influenced by cleavage products of the pro-hormone chromogranin A (CgA), such as the 21-amino acids long catestatin (CST). The goal of this review is to provide an overview of the anti-inflammatory effects of CST and its mechanism of action. We discuss evidence proving that CST and its precursor CgA are crucial for maintaining met...

Sex Hormones in Acquired Immunity and Autoimmune Disease.

Women have stronger immune responses to infections and vaccination than men. Paradoxically, the stronger immune response comes at a steep price, which is the high incidence of autoimmune diseases in women. The reasons why women have stronger immunity and higher incidence of autoimmunity are not clear. Besides gender, sex hormones contribute to the development and activity of the immune system, acc...

Association Analysis of Somatic Copy Number Alteration Burden With Breast Cancer Survival.

The increasing prevalence of diagnosed breast cancer cases emphasizes the urgent demand for developing new prognostic breast cancer biomarkers. Copy number alteration (CNA) burden measured as the percentage of the genome affected by CNAs has emerged as a potential candidate to this aim. Using somatic CNA data obtained from METABRIC (Molecular Taxonomy of Breast Cancer International Consortium), we...

The microbiome of Crohn's disease aphthous ulcers.

Reduced intestinal microbial diversity and bacterial imbalance (dysbiosis) are seen in studies of Crohn's disease. As it is difficult to obtain biopsy samples before disease presentation, the earliest mucosal lesions in Crohn's disease, aphthous ulcers, present the best chance at assessing microbial communities at the onset of disease or a new flare. The aim of our study was to compare the microbi...

Emotional Processing In Patients with Ischemic Heart Diseases.

Cardiovascular disease is the most prevalent public health problem on a worldwide scale, and ischemic heart disease accounts for approximately one-half of these events in high-income countries. One of the most important risk factors for this disease is mental and psychological especially stressful experiences.

Detection of Virus Herpes Simplex Type 1 in Patients with Chronic Periodontal Disease.

Periodontal disease is an inflammatory-destructive condition of the supporting tissues of the teeth. Microorganisms found in the dental plaque were considered to be the primary local etiologic factor responsible for the periodontal destruction. It is also evident that herpes simplex viruses may have an impact in the etiopathogenesis of periodontal disease.

Pain: The Neglect Issue in Old People's Life.

As the elderly population increases dramatically, the chronic age-related disease should be noted. In the elderly, chronic pain is a common health problem.

Aneurysmal dilation of bowel mimicking an abscess in pediatric primary gastrointestinal lymphoma.

Primary gastrointestinal lymphoma, though rare, is the most common gastrointestinal malignancy in children. Signs and symptoms are nonspecific, and include abdominal pain, nausea, emesis, and a palpable abdominal mass. Imaging is therefore typically required to differentiate gastrointestinal lymphoma from other abdominal conditions. We present a pediatric case of primary gastrointestinal lymphoma ...

The core sequence of PIF competes for insulin/amyloid β in insulin degrading enzyme: potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease.

The central pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the sequential proteolytic processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) to amyloid-β peptides (Aβ) agglomeration. The clearance of Aβ may be induced by the large zinc-binding protease insulin degrading enzyme (IDE). IDE is the common link between AD and Type II diabetes as insulin is an IDE target as well. Not surprisingly, the se...

Inhibitory effects of pentoxifylline on inflammation-related tumorigenesis in rat colon.

Chronic inflammation in the colorectum increases the risk of colorectal cancer development. Pentoxifylline, a medicine used for improving the circulation, has been reported to inhibit TNF-α production and to ameliorate inflammatory bowel disease and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. In this study, we investigated the effects of pentoxifylline on inflammation-related colon tumorigenesis in a rodent m...

Improvement in diagnostic delays over time in patients with hereditary angioedema: findings from the Icatibant Outcome Survey.

The objective of this analysis was to evaluate the change over time in age at first symptoms, age at diagnosis, and delay in diagnosis using data from the Icatibant Outcome Survey (IOS). Patients with a diagnosis of C1-INH-HAE who were born before the year 1990 and who were diagnosed before they reached 25 years of age were included in the analysis. Both age at diagnosis and delay in diagnosis of...

CSF Aβ level is associated with cognitive decline in early Parkinson's disease with rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder.

Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is associated with cognitive decline in early Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the underlyling basis for this association remains unclear.

Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency as a common treatable mechanism in chronic respiratory disorders and for conditions different from pulmonary emphysema? A commentary on the new European Respiratory Society statement.

The European Respiratory Society recently published an important statement reviewing available evidence on diagnosis and treatment of lung disease associated to alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD). Several issues on this topic still remain unresolved and subject of interpretation according to different standard procedures and healthcare systems worldwide. The purpose of this commentary is to off...

Efficacy of canagliflozin against nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a prospective cohort study.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide and is characterized by insulin resistance, hepatic steatosis and often prediabetes or diabetes. Canagliflozin, a selective sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor, is a new oral anti-diabetic drug that reduces hyperglycaemia by promoting urinary glucose excretion. Glycosuria produced by canagliflozin is...

Type 2M Von Willebrand Disease: A Case Report.

Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the most common inherited bleeding disorder and is divided into three types, namely type 1, type 2 (2A, 2B, 2M, 2N), and type 3. We report a case of a 24-year-old Caucasian woman with a rare variety of type 2M VWD. Her von Willebrand factor versus antigen ratio was 0.44 (normal ratio is greater than 0.7) . She was asymptomatic and hence not treated but followed up r...

Rab32-related antimicrobial pathway is involved in the progression of dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a multifactorial disease involving defective immune responses against invasive microbiota. Genes associated with innate immune responses to microbes have been highlighted in the pathogenesis of IBD. To determine the role of Rab32 in the pathogenesis of IBD, we administered dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) to CD11c cell-specific Rab32 knockout (-CreRab32) mice to ind...

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