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Insulin Therapy Research

21:51 EDT 22nd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Tinnitus.

Objective and subjective tinnitus can often be differentiated based on comprehensive history, physical examination, and audiogram. Examples of objective tinnitus include vascular abnormalities, palatal myoclonus, patulous eustachian tube, and stapedial/tensor tympani muscle spasm. Subjective tinnitus is usually associated with hearing loss. Rarely, tinnitus is the result of an underlying condition...

Association of the presence of microangiopathy with adverse pregnancy outcome in type 1 diabetes: A meta-analysis.

Microangiopathy is common after a long duration in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Pregnancies with end-age vascular complications are a big challenge to multidisciplinary physicians. The objective of this study was to assess the risk of microangiopathy for adverse pregnancy outcome in T1DM.

Risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus among women screened with the two-step and one-step methods: A before-and-after study.

To compare the risk profiles for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) using a one-step and two-step screening method and diagnostic criteria.

Identifying people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes: A comparison of predictive analytics techniques and predictor variables.

The present study aims to identify the patients at risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). There is a body of literature that uses machine learning classification algorithms to predict development of T2D among patients. The current study compares the performance of these classification algorithms to identify patients who are at risk of developing T2D in short, medium and long terms. In addition, the list o...

Equivalent outcomes with once versus thrice weekly dressing changes in midline laparotomy wounds treated with negative pressure wound therapy.

While negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been used for decades, there is a paucity of data regarding the appropriate length of time between dressing changes.

Serum Ethanolamine Plasmalogen and Urine Myo-Inositol as Cognitive Decline Markers.

Recent studies have suggested that metabolic disorders, particularly type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and dementia, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), were linked at the clinical and molecular levels. Brain insulin deficiency and resistance may be key events in AD pathology mechanistically linking AD to T2DM. Ethanolamine plasmalogens (PlsEtns) are abundant in the brain and play essential roles i...

Oral anticoagulants in elderly patients with coronary artery disease and atrial fibrillation.

Anti-thrombotic management of percutaneous coronary intervention and atrial fibrillation relies on dual antiplatelet therapy and anticoagulation respectively. Because of people ageing, the coexistence of coronary artery disease and atrial fibrillation is increasing. This coexistence raises concerns about the anti-thrombotic strategy, particularly about the association of dual antiplatelet therapy ...

Risk score system for the prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with type 2 diabetes: Taiwan Diabetes Study.

This study aims to develop a risk score system for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with type 2 diabetes using the Taiwan National Diabetes Care Management Program database. This retrospective cohort study included 31,723 Chinese patients who had type 2 diabetes, aged 30-84 years. Participants were randomly grouped into derivation and validation sets in 2:1 ratio. Cox proportional hazard...

Polysaccharides from Chinese herbal medicine for anti-diabetes recent advances.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease occurring when the body no longer produces adequate insulin or when it cannot use the produced insulin effectively. In recent years, more and more studies have revealed that Chinese materia medica polysaccharides are the key bioactive components of Chinese herbal medicine and have significant anti-diabetic effects with almost no side effects. In this rev...

Antidiabetic activities of chloroform fraction of Anthocleista vogelii Planch root bark in rats with diet- and alloxan-induced obesity-diabetes.

Anthocleista vogelii Planch is a medicinal plant traditionally used in West Africa for the management and treatment of diabetes mellitus.

Local Consolidation Therapy (LCT) After First Line Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor (TKI) for Patients With EGFR Mutant Metastatic Non-small-cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC).

Although most NSCLC patients with sensitizing epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations have an impressive initial response, the vast majority has residual disease and develops acquired resistance after 9 to 14 months of EGFR tyrosine kinase (TKI) therapy. We recently reported a phase II trial showing that, for patients with molecularly unselected oligometastatic NSCLC who did not progress...

Strength training reverses ovariectomy-induced bone loss and improve metabolic parameters in female Wistar rats.

Menopause induces osteoporosis, sarcopenia, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia. Ovariectomized (OVX) rat is an animal model, which mimetics postmenopausal conditions. The present study aimed to test the effects of strength training protocol on bone mineral density and metabolic parameters in OVX rats. Female Wistar rats were randomly separated in four groups: non-ovariectomized rats (Sham); ovar...

Protamine nanocapsules as carriers for oral peptide delivery.

Peptides represent a promising therapeutic class with the potential to alleviate many severe diseases. A key limitation of these active molecules relies on the difficulties for their efficient oral administration. The objective of this work has been the rational design of polymer nanocapsules (NCs) intended for the oral delivery of peptide drugs. For this purpose, we selected insulin glulisine as ...

Role of autophagy in inherited metabolic and endocrine myopathies.

The prevalence of cardiometabolic disease has reached an exponential rate of rise over the last decades owing to high fat/high caloric diet intake and satiety life style. Although the presence of dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hypertension and obesity mainly contributes to the increased incidence of cardiometabolic diseases, population-based, clinical and genetic studies have revealed a rather ...

Nr5a1-Cre-mediated Tspo conditional knockout mice with low growth rate and prediabetes symptoms - A mouse model of stress diabetes.

Translocator protein (TSPO) is a high-affinity cholesterol- and drug-binding mitochondrial protein. Nuclear receptor subfamily 5 group A member 1 or steroidogenic factor 1 (Nr5a1)-Cre mice were previously used to generate steroidogenic cell-specific Tspo gene conditional knockout (cKO) mice. TSPO-depleted homozygotes showed no response to adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in stimulating adrenal c...

GPRC5B-Mediated Sphingomyelin Synthase 2 Phosphorylation Plays a Critical Role in Insulin Resistance.

GPRC5B recruitment of Src family kinases has been implicated in diet-induced insulin resistance. However, the mechanism of this action is not fully understood. Here, we report that GPRC5B-mediated phosphorylation of sphingomyelin synthase 2 (SMS2) by Fyn is a crucial step in the development of insulin resistance. Lipid-induced metabolic stress augments SMS2 phosphorylation by facilitating the inte...

Low-grade inflammation in first-episode psychosis is determined by increased waist circumference.

Psychosis is associated with low-grade inflammation as measured by high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), a risk factor for cardiovascular events and mortality in the general population. We investigated the relationship between hs-CRP and anthropometric and metabolic changes in first-episode psychosis (FEP) during the first treatment year. We recruited 95 FEP patients and 62 controls, and m...

Evaluation of the Insulin-like Growth Factor Receptor Pathway in Patients with Advanced Breast Cancer Treated with Trastuzumab.

Trastuzumab is a monoclonal antibody against HER2-positive breast cancer. Despite improving the natural history of the disease, there is a number of patients who are resistant to it, whereas all patients will eventually develop resistance and disease will progress. Inconsistent preclinical data show that the IGF-R pathway may contribute to either de novo or acquired resistance to trastuzumab.

High Genetic Risk Scores of ASIC2, MACROD2, CHRM3, and C2orf83 Genetic Variants Associated with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Impair Insulin Sensitivity and Interact with Energy Intake in Korean Women.

We explored the genetic variants that were associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) by genome-wide association study (GWAS) and evaluated the association of genetic risk scores (GRS) of the selected genetic variants with insulin resistance and the interaction of the GRS with nutrient intake to develop insulin resistance.

Molecular pathways of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease development and progression.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a main hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome. It represents a wide spectrum of histopathological abnormalities ranging from simple steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with or without fibrosis and, eventually, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. While hepatic simple steatosis seems to be a rather benign manifestation of hepatic trig...

Chronic Care Management Services for Complex Diabetes Management: a Practical Overview.

Formalized chronic care management has the potential to improve the quality and cost-effectiveness of complex diabetes management in adults, but has historically not been sustainably supported by health care systems. This review discusses the application of the chronic care model in the care of complex diabetes and its translation in the current reimbursement structure designed by Centers for Medi...

Revisiting the Diabetes-Heart Failure Connection.

To summarize current clinical data investigating the link between diabetes and heart failure pathophysiology, the association of glucose control with heart failure, and the impact of current antihyperglycemic drugs on heart failure.

Trajectories of childhood BMI and adult diabetes: the Bogalusa Heart Study.

The aim of this study was to characterise longitudinal profiles of BMI from childhood and to examine the impact of level-independent childhood BMI trajectories on adult type 2 diabetes.

Expression patterns of candidate genes reflecting the growth performance of goats subjected to heat stress.

The study is an attempt to elucidate the molecular mechanisms governing growth performance during heat stress in goats. The primary objective of the study was to establish the influence of heat stress on the expression patterns of different growth related genes in Malabari goats. The study was conducted for a period of 45 days in 12 Malabari goats randomly allocated into two groups: MC (n = 6...

Who Will Win: Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Versus Embryonic Stem Cells for β Cell Replacement and Diabetes Disease Modeling?

Ever since the reprogramming of human fibroblasts to induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs), scientists have been trying to determine if hiPSCs can give rise to progeny akin to native terminally differentiated cells as human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) do. Many different somatic cell types have been successfully reprogrammed via a variety of methods. In this review, we will discuss recent studie...

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