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Joint Disorders Research

05:15 EST 15th December 2017 | BioPortfolio

Proliferation and apoptosis of rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes following signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 RNA interference delivery.

In this study, we investigated the effects of delivering small interfering RNA (siRNA) for efficient STAT3 downregulation on propagation and apoptosis of rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RA-FLS).

Prevalence of common mental disorders among sugarcane workers.

To estimate the prevalence of common mental disorders and to analyze the associated factors in migrant and sugarcane workers.

Effect of delayed auditory feedback on stuttering with and without central auditory processing disorders.

To verify the effect of delayed auditory feedback on speech fluency of individuals who stutter with and without central auditory processing disorders.

Sensory-motor training versus resistance training among patients with knee osteoarthritis: randomized single-blind controlled trial.

Osteoarthritis of the knee is defined as a progressive disease of the synovial joints and is characterized by failure of joint damage repair. The objective here was to compare the effectiveness of sensory-motor training versus resistance training among patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Association of Antibodies to Citrullinated Protein Antigens with Blood Pressure in First-Degree Relatives of Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients: The Studies of the Etiology of Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Hypertension is more common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) than in the general population. It is unknown whether hypertension is due to RA-related medications or the disease itself. Therefore, we sought to investigate associations between RA-related autoantibodies, specifically antibodies to citrullinated protein antigens (ACPA) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pre...

Eating Disorders in Non-Dance Performing Artists: A Systematic Literature Review.

Previous literature on dancers and athletes has shown a large impact of eating disorders (EDs) on these individuals, but there is limited research on EDs affecting non-dance performing artists (i.e., musicians, actors, etc.). This systematic review aimed to identify and evaluate the literature on EDs in non-dance performing artists.

Evidence for increased chylomicron remnants in rheumatoid arthritis.

Levels of apolipoprotein (apo) B48 may be increased in conditions associated with systemic inflammation and increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk like rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We aimed to evaluate apo B48 levels in patients with RA in relation to subclinical atherosclerosis.

Medicare Program; Cancellation of Advancing Care Coordination Through Episode Payment and Cardiac Rehabilitation Incentive Payment Models; Changes to Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement Payment Model: Extreme and Uncontrollable Circumstances Policy for the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement Payment Model. Final rule; interim final rule with comment period.

This final rule cancels the Episode Payment Models (EPMs) and Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) Incentive Payment Model and rescinds the regulations governing these models. It also implements certain revisions to the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement (CJR) model, including: Giving certain hospitals selected for participation in the CJR model a one-time option to choose whether to continue their p...

Cemented or cementless total knee arthroplasty? - Comparative results of 200 cases at a minimum follow-up of 11 years.

Since 1996 we have been using cementless fixation with hydroxyapatite (HA) coating. The purpose of this paper is to compare survivorship of a series of 100 cemented Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) to a similar series of 100 cementless with a follow up of 11-16 years. Material methods: Both TKA are mobile bearing total knee postero-stabilized. They can be used with cement or without cement. Among 10...

The shoulder spring for eruption of impacted canines.

The Value of Preoperative Exercise and Education for Patients Undergoing Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Existing evidence regarding the value of preoperative education and/or exercise (prehabilitation) for patients undergoing total joint replacement is conflicting. The purpose of this study was to conduct an updated, comprehensive systematic review with meta-analyses to determine the longitudinal effects and efficacy of prehabilitation on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing total hip arthr...

Lithium + Colchicine: A Potential Strategy to Reduce Pro-inflammatory Effects of Lithium Treatment.

Rosenblat and McIntyre (Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2015;132: 180-191) propose that immune disorders are important mediators between bipolar disorders and medical comorbidities. Rosenblat et al (Bipolar Disord. 2016;18:89-101) present a meta-analysis showing that adjunctive anti-inflammatory agents could evoke moderate antidepressant responses in bipolar disorders. We propose using the anti-inflammatory...

Incidence of Antidrug Antibodies in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients From Argentina Treated With Adalimumab, Etanercept, or Infliximab in a Real-World Setting.

Biologic agents may induce immune responses that could impact drug action.

Racial Variation in Total Knee Replacement in a Diverse Nationwide Clinical Trial.

Racial variation in total knee replacement (TKR) utilization in the United States has been reported in administrative database studies. We investigated racial variation in TKR procedures in a diverse cohort with severe knee pain followed in an ongoing clinical trial.

Dynamic MRI to quantify musculoskeletal motion: A systematic review of concurrent validity and reliability, and perspectives for evaluation of musculoskeletal disorders.

To report evidence for the concurrent validity and reliability of dynamic MRI techniques to evaluate in vivo joint and muscle mechanics, and to propose recommendations for their use in the assessment of normal and impaired musculoskeletal function.

Anhedonia is associated with suicidal ideation independently of depression: A meta-analysis.

Anhedonia is considered a suicide risk factor in patients with major affective disorders. Here, we wanted to quantify the association between anhedonia and current suicidal ideation according to the absence/presence of between-group differences for depressive scores and psychiatric disorders.

Radial Head Fracture - Management Recommendations.

The radial head is pivotal in the functional anatomy of the elbow and forearm. It is an important stabiliser, together with the collateral ligaments and the processus coronoideus. Due to the pivotal importance, optimal therapies are essential for the function of elbow and forearm, independently of trauma severity. The present article presents current diagnostic testing, classifications and treatme...

Dietary fruits and arthritis.

Arthritis is a global health concern affecting a significant proportion of the population and associated with reduced quality of life. Among the different forms of arthritis, osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are the most common and lacking a definite cure in the affected individuals. Fruits, such as berries and pomegranates are rich sources of a variety of dietary bioactive compou...

Npas4 deficiency and prenatal stress interact to affect social recognition in mice.

Neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia have an expansive array of reported genetic and environmental contributing factors. However, none of these factors alone can account for a substantial proportion of cases of either disorder. Instead, many gene-by-environment interactions are responsible for neurodevelopmental disturbances that lead to these disorders....

Novel anatomical-based surgical technique for positioning of the patellar component in total knee arthroplasty.

The patella remains one of the main sources of post-operative complication following total knee arthroplasty surgery. Optimal positioning of the patellar component is still a controversy with no clear-cut guidelines. Instead of choosing an empirical position, we described a novel surgical technique to better locate the patellar button based on the individual patellar anatomy of each patient.

Joint effect of education and age at childbirth on the risk of caesarean delivery: findings from Germany 2008-2015.

This article aims at assessing the joint effect of maternal age and education on the risk of having a caesarean delivery. As high maternal education is often associated with lower caesarean-birth rates, but high-educated women tend to postpone motherhood, these effects may offset each other in traditional analyses.

Synergistic cytotoxicity and mechanism of caffeine and lysozyme on hepatoma cell line HepG2.

The influences of caffeine, lysozyme and the joint application of them on the hepatoma cell line HepG2 proliferation inhibition and cell apoptosis were observed by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide assay and Hoechst 33342, which showed the proliferation inhibition rate of the joint application on HepG2 cells was 47.21%, significantly higher than caffeine or lysozyme,...

The impact of an add-on video assisted structured aerobic exercise module on mood and somatic symptoms among women with depressive disorders: Study from a tertiary care centre in India.

The evidence in favor of exercise as a treatment for depression is compelling, but what kind of exercise, how much, how often, and at what intensity is necessary to make a significant difference. There is serious dearth of such data from India, in particular. We examined the impact of low-moderate intensity aerobic exercises on mood and somatic symptoms among women with depressive disorders.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Mechanoreceptors and their Potential Importance in Remnant-Preserving Reconstruction: A Review of Basic Science and Clinical Findings.

Chondrocyte Viability at Time of Transplantation for Osteochondral Allografts Preserved by the Missouri Osteochondral Preservation System versus Standard Tissue Bank Protocol.

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