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Although psychiatric disorders are classified as non-communicable diseases, we believe this classification is too rigid and limiting. We present evidence of the communicability of psychiatric disorders through three major pathways: infectious and ecological, familial, and sociocultural communicability. Successful strategies developed to control the spread of communicable infectious diseases are re...
Urinary catheters are commonly used in patients undergoing total hip and knee arthroplasty. Bladder training before catheter removal is reported to shorten the time to return to normal bladder function and reduce the incidence of urinary retention.
This study investigates the relationship between a youth sport-related intra-articular knee injury and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), a biomarker of cartilage turnover.
People with knee osteoarthritis (OA) have increased risk of falling with impaired ability to rapidly respond and generate lower limb muscle power to arrest a fall. We examined the feasibility and safety of a high speed resistance training program with and without balance exercises.
Congenital hemolytic anemia caused by red blood cell (RBC) membrane defects is a heterogeneous group of disorders. The present study aimed to search the causative gene mutations in patients with RBC membrane disorders in Taiwan.
Chondrodysplasia punctate (CDP) is a rare group of disorders with both genetic and non-genetic underlying aetiologies. The genetic causes associated with CDP include peroxisomal disorders, type two mucolipidosis, type 3 mucopolysaccharidosis, GM1 gangliosidosis and chromosomal disorders. Peroxisomal disorders include deficiency of dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase, encoded by GNPAT, defic...
To determine the frequency of reduction of pain in symptomatic knee osteoarthritis by using combination injections.
Despite the fact that gunshots are a common entity, intra-articular bullets in the hip joint are rarely seen. Since retained bullets in the joints can cause both local damage and systemic toxicity, removal of the bullet is mandatory. We present the case of a 48- year-old man who came with an intra-articular bullet fragment in the hip joint which was extracted arthroscopically in February 2017.The ...
South Asian population is facing rapid changes in dietary pattern with a shift from healthy traditional high fibre diet to calorie-dense low fibre. This has resulted in epidemic of lifestyle disorders including diabetes, obesity and cardiovascular disease in these populations. High fibre diet has shown to decrease risk of these lifestyle disorders as well as many gastrointestinal disorders includi...
To compare postoperative blood loss after intravenous and intraarticular tranexamic acid injection in patients of bilateral total knee arthroplasty.
Outcomes of non-osteoporotic patients who sustained a distal radius fracture (DRF) have not gained much attention in recent literature. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of posttraumatic arthritis (PA), to analyze associations of radiological measurements, clinician-reported and patient-reported outcomes (CROs and PROs) with PA and gain insight into employment changes after D...
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate alterations in muscular effort and temporal characteristics of their activity during the sit-to-stand (STS) due to isolated fatiguing of the knee extensors, as indicated by declines in torque output.
It has not been established whether changes in the length of the patellar tendon (LPT) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) affect clinical outcomes. Therefore, this prospective cohort study aimed to evaluate changes in the LPT over time postoperatively and clarify their impact on clinical outcomes after bilateral TKA, performed with differently designed mobile-bearing (meniscal-bearing and rotatin...
Abundant evidence indicted that P2X7 receptor show a essential role in human health and some human diseases including hypertension, atherosclerosis, pulmonary inflammation, tuberculosis infection, psychiatric disorders, and cancer. P2X7 receptor also has an important role in some central nervous system diseases such as neurodegenerative disorders. Recently, more research suggested that P2X7 recept...
Psoriasis is a common skin disease that has been recently found to be associated with various systemic inflammatory disorders. However, the association between psoriasis and gout has not been well defined.
In the fifth and most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V), the "Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders" chapter includes ten classes of substances which all directly activate the brain's reward system, reinforce behavior, and produce memory. Table 1 provides definitions and examples of relevant psychiatric terms utilized in the DSM-IV and their ch...
The continuous Ti-Cu compound layer produced in brazing of graphite to copper with Ti foil is found to be seriously detrimental to joint properties due to its brittleness. In this work, a transient liquid phase (TLP) bonding method with a diffusion process below melting point is developed to realize a Ti-Cu compound layer free joint. The degradation of Ti-Cu compound layer depends on two simultane...
Side-to-side asymmetry in side-cutting manoeuvres is a known risk factor for severe knee injury. Potential leg asymmetry during ground contact times of different change-of-direction manoeuvres was evaluated in athletes by means of the recently developed SpeedCourt system. The hypotheses were that ground contact times and the limb symmetry index are affected by age and the type of sports.
Increased femoral antetorsion influences patellofemoral joint kinematics. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the clinical outcome after derotational osteotomies and combined procedures in patients with patellofemoral instability.
The exact underlying mechanism of whiplash-associated disorders still remains obscure. Central sensitization of the brain to painful stimulus and disturbances in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis has been suggested to contribute to the development of whiplash-associated disorders. Although cortisol is a well-known factor in the acute stress response and its effects on chronic pain sensation ...
Patellar tendon shortening may occur following patellofemoral joint replacement (PFJR). We hypothesized that patellar tendon shortening results in unfavourable patient-reported outcomes (PROs). The aim of this study was to determine the effect of patellar tendon shortening following PFJR on PROs.
Elbow arthroscopy is a difficult surgical technique. Objective metrics can be used to improve safe and effective training in elbow arthroscopy. Force exerted on the elbow tissue during arthroscopy can be a measure of safe tissue manipulation. The purpose of this study was to determine the force magnitude and force direction used by experts during arthroscopic elbow navigation in cadaveric specimen...
In the following, I will consider the impact of aluminum on two major systems, the central nervous system (CNS) and the immune system, across the life span. The article will discuss the presence of aluminum in the biosphere, its history, and the sources of the element. These include food, water cosmetics, some vaccines, and a range of other sources. I will also consider aluminum's unique chemistry...