Joint Disorders Research

00:37 EDT 24th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

Consensus document about the nutritional evaluation and management of eating disorders: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, and others.

Eating disorders (ED) are characterized by persistent changes in eating habits that negatively affect a person's health and psychosocial abilities. They are considered psychiatric disorders, highly variable in their presentation and severity, with a huge impact on nutrition, which conditions various therapeutic approaches within a key multidisciplinary context. A group of experts in nutrition, we ...

Matrix-Applied Characterized Autologous Cultured Chondrocytes Versus Microfracture: Five-Year Follow-up of a Prospective Randomized Trial.

Matrix-based cell therapy improves surgical handling, increases patient comfort, and allows for expanded indications with better reliability within the knee joint. Five-year efficacy and safety of autologous cultured chondrocytes on porcine collagen membrane (MACI) versus microfracture for treating cartilage defects have not yet been reported from any randomized controlled clinical trial.

Composite assessment of power doppler ultrasonography and MRI in rheumatoid arthritis: a pilot study of predictive value in radiographic progression after one year.

Power Doppler ultrasonography (PDUS) and MRI are independently useful to predict structural damage in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We hypothesize that there is a complementary relationship between these modalities. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate the usefulness of the predictive value of composite assessment of PDUS and contrast-enhanced MRI in radiographic outcomes i...

Music interventions in disorders of consciousness (DOC) - a systematic review.

The effects of music interventions including active and receptive music therapy for people living with neurogenic disorders of consciousness (DOC) have been subject to empirical studies in the past. The aim of this systematic review was to find and analyse the current research about the effects of musical interventions on people with DOC.

Telemedicine Use for Movement Disorders: A Global Survey.

Telemedicine is increasingly used to care for patients with movement disorders, but data regarding its global use are limited.

The Ethics of Bundled Payments in Total Joint Replacement: "Cherry Picking" and "Lemon Dropping".

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has initiated bundled payments for hip and knee total joint replacement in an effort to decrease healthcare costs and increase quality of care. The ethical implications of this program have not been studied. This article considers the ethics of patient selection to improve outcomes; specifically, screening patients by body mass index to determine elig...

Fluoroscopic Guided Radiofrequency of Genicular Nerves for Pain Alleviation in Chronic Knee Osteoarthritis: A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial.

Nowadays, pain and disability due to chronic knee arthritis is a very common problem in middle aged people. A lot of modalities for management are available, including conservative analgesics and up to surgical interventions. Radiofrequency ablation of genicular nerves is assumed to be an effective less invasive and safe pain alleviation modality.

An unfavorable body composition is common in early arthritis patients: A case control study.

An unfavorable body composition is often present in chronic arthritis patients. This unfavorable composition is a loss of muscle mass, with a stable or increased (abdominal) fat mass. Since it is unknown when this unfavorable composition develops, we compared body composition in disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD)-naive early arthritis patients with non-arthritis controls and explored th...

PhosphoLipid transfer protein (PLTP) exerts a direct pro-inflammatory effect on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblasts-like-synoviocytes (FLS) independently of its lipid transfer activity.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory rheumatic disease with modification of lipids profile and an increased risk of cardiovascular events related to inflammation. Plasma phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) exerts a lipid transfer activity through its active form. PLTP can also bind to receptors such as ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1). In addition to its role in lipoprot...

Aerobic fitness in professional soccer players after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

Although anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is considered a successful procedure in restoring knee stability, few studies have addressed the issue of aerobic capacity after ACL surgery. Soccer players need technical, tactical and physical skills to succeed, such as good knee function and aerobic capacity. Our purpose is to evaluate aerobic fitness in ACL injured professional football ...

European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) position paper on arrhythmia management and device therapies in endocrine disorders, endorsed by Asia Pacific Heart Rhythm Society (APHRS) and Latin American Heart Rhythm Society (LAHRS).

Endocrine disorders are associated with various tachyarrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation (AF), ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation (VF), and bradyarrhythmias. Along with underlying arrhythmia substrate, electrolyte disturbances, glucose, and hormone levels, accompanying endocrine disorders contribute to development of arrhythmia. Arrhythmias may be life-threatening, facil...

The Role of Virtual Rehabilitation in Total Knee and Hip Arthroplasty.

Virtual rehabilitation therapies have been developed to focus on improving care for those suffering from various musculoskeletal disorders. There has been evidence suggesting that real-time virtual rehabilitation may be equivalent to conventional methods for adherence, improvement of function, and relief of pain seen in these conditions. This study specifically evaluated the use of a virtual physi...

Results of arthroscopic fixation of Mason type II radial head fractures using Kirschner wires.

The goals of this study are to report an arthroscopic technique for the treatment of Mason type II radial head fractures using Kirschner wires (K-wires), and investigate the feasibility and evaluate the results.We retrospectively review 18 cases of closed Mason type II radial head fractures treated in our institution from August 2010 to May 2015. There were 13 males and 5 females with an average a...

A Case of Warm Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia With a Direct Antiglobulin Test Positive for C3 in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patient Successfully Treated With Low-Dose Rituximab.

How Many Nerves Supply the Shoulder?

Competing Theories of Borderline Personality Disorder.

The authors review four theories that propose different conceptualizations of borderline personality disorder's (BPD) core psychopathology: excess aggression, emotional dysregulation, failed mentalization, and interpersonal hypersensitivity. The theories are compared in their ability to explain BPD's coaggregation of four usually distinct sectors of psychopathology, their high overlap with other d...

Lower limb muscle co-contraction and joint loading of flip-flops walking in male wearers.

Flip-flops may change walking gait pattern, increase muscle activity and joint loading, and predispose wearers to foot problems, despite that quantitative evidence is scarce. The purpose of this study was to examine the lower limb muscle co-contraction and joint contact force in flip-flops gait, and compare with those of barefoot and sports shoes walking. Ten healthy males were instructed to perfo...

Salivary Levels of Interleukin-1β in Temporomandibular Disorders and Fibromyalgia.

To evaluate salivary levels of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD), fibromyalgia, or both conditions in comparison to healthy individuals.

Relationship Between Symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders and Estrogen Levels in Women With Different Menstrual Status.

To evaluate whether serum estrogen level is associated with chronic pain, masticatory dysfunction, and depressive symptoms and/or somatization in women with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and different menstrual cycle status.

Treatment of chikungunya chronic arthritis: A systematic review.

Chikungunya (CHIK) is a tropical arbovirus, transmitted by the female mosquito Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. In Brazil, there have been cases reported since 2014. The initial manifestations of this virus are sudden onset high fever, headache, chills, rashes, myalgia and intense joint pain. Usually, CHIK presents the acute and chronic phases, the latter characterized by bilateral polyarthralg...

De novo mutations in regulatory elements in neurodevelopmental disorders.

We previously estimated that 42% of patients with severe developmental disorders carry pathogenic de novo mutations in coding sequences. The role of de novo mutations in regulatory elements affecting genes associated with developmental disorders, or other genes, has been essentially unexplored. We identified de novo mutations in three classes of putative regulatory elements in almost 8,000 patient...

The subgingival microbiome in patients with established rheumatoid arthritis.

To profile and compare the subgingival microbiome of RA patients with OA controls.

Dexmedetomidine combined with ropivacaine for continuous femoral nerve block improved postoperative sleep quality in elderly patients after total knee arthroplasty.

To investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine adding to ropivacaine for continuous femoral nerve block on the improvement of postoperative sleep quality in elderly patients after total knee arthroplasty.One hundred and sixty patients aged 60 years or older in Jishuitan Hospital scheduled for single total knee arthroplasty between Nov. 2016 and Jun. 2017 were recruited. All patients received spinal ...

Passive accessory joint mobilization in the multimodal management of chronic dysesthesia following thalamic stroke.

Case Report.

Treatment Patterns Among Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis Treated with a Biologic in the United States: Descriptive Analyses from an Administrative Claims Database.

In patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA), limited data exist regarding patterns of biologic therapy use.

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