Kidney Transplantation Research

08:10 EST 12th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a bridge for heart transplantation by Chagas cardiomyopathy

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a technique indicated in cases of severe respiratory failure or in situations where pump failure or heart failure is refractory to conventional medical treatment. Our goal was to describe the results of a patient with chronic Chagas dilated cardiomyopathy treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as bridging therapy for heart transplantation.

The iranian model as a potential solution for the current kidney shortage crisis.

Re: Incidence and treatment of malignant tumors of the genitourinary tract in renal transplant recipients.

Abdominal tuberculosis in renal transplant recipient. Presentation of a case and literature review

Kidney transplantation presents a susceptible point, and is related to infections; tuberculosis is a common and endemic etiology in a country like Mexico, where the most frequent presentation is the respiratory condition, the extrapulmonary is extremely rare and it is derived from immunosuppression conditions.

Review of Haploidentical Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.

Use of haploidentical (haplo) donors for hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) has significantly increased in the last decade. The major advantage with this strategy is universal availability and faster acquisition of the donor, along with affordability and provision of immunotherapy in post-transplantation period. Historically, haplo-HCT was associated with compromised outcomes because of high...

Short communication: Targeted proteomic analysis detects acute T cell-mediated kidney allograft rejection in belatacept-treated patients.

There is an unmet need for reliable minimally invasive diagnostic biomarkers for immunological allograft monitoring and for the detection of acute kidney transplant rejection. Here, targeted proteomic analysis was applied to compare 92 proteins in sera of belatacept-treated patients who had biopsy-proven, acute T cell-mediated rejection (aTCMR) with patients without aTCMR.

Association between metabolic parameters and glomerular hyperfiltration in a representative Korean population without chronic kidney disease.

To investigate associations of glomerular hyperfiltration with other metabolic factors in a nationally representative dataset.

Baroreflex function, haemodynamic responses to an orthostatic challenge, and falls in haemodialysis patients.

Stage 5 chronic kidney disease patients on haemodialysis (HD) often present with dizziness and pre-syncopal events as a result of the combined effect of HD therapy and cardiovascular disease. The dysregulation of blood pressure (BP) during orthostasis may be implicated in the aetiology of falls in these patients. Therefore, we explored the relationship between baroreflex function, the haemodynamic...

Plasma donor-derived cell-free DNA kinetics after kidney transplantation using a single tube multiplex PCR assay.

After transplantation, cell-free DNA derived from the donor organ (ddcfDNA) can be detected in the recipient's circulation. We aimed to quantify ddcfDNA levels in plasma of kidney transplant recipients thereby investigating the kinetics of this biomarker after transplantation and determining biological variables that influence ddcfDNA kinetics in stable and non-stable patients.

Trends of skin cancer mortality after transplantation in the United States: 1987 to 2013.

- -Organ transplant recipients are at high risk of skin cancer mortality.-This study defines population-based mortality from skin cancer posttransplantation and identifies recipients at increased risk of skin cancer mortality.-These findings can guide dermatologists in adopting skin cancerescreening protocols specific to the identified high- risk categories.

Liver transplantation in patients with liver failure related to exertional heatstroke.

Severe acute liver injury (sALI) is a grave complication of exertional heatstroke (EH). Liver transplantation (LT) may be a therapeutic option, but the criteria for, and timing of transplantation have not been clearly established. The aim of this study was to define the profile of patients who require transplantation in this context.

Bezlotoxumab Use as Adjunctive Therapy with the Third Fecal Microbiota Transplant in Refractory Recurrent Clostridium Difficile Colitis; A Case Report and Concise Literature Review.

Clostridium difficile is the most commonly reported pathogen to cause nosocomial infections in the United States with a high burden affecting morbidity, mortality and healthcare expenditure. The use of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) is one of the current standard therapies for recurrent C. difficile infection (CDIr). One emerging promising approach is the use of monoclonal antibodies that ...

Polysaccharide from a Tunisian red seaweed Chondrus canaliculatus: Structural characteristics, antioxidant activity and in vivo hemato-nephroprotective properties on maneb induced toxicity.

The present study aims to investigate the physicochemical and the structural features of polysaccharide isolated from the red marine macro alga Chondrus canaliculatus (C.C.P) using FT-IR, gel filtration high-pressure chromatograph, HPLC-FID and solid state C NMR analysis. C.C.P was even more tested in vitro for its potential antioxidant properties and in vivo for its hemato-nephroprotective effect...

Characterization of polysaccharides isolated from Periploca angustifolia and its antioxidant activity and renoprotective potential against cadmium induced toxicity in HEK293 cells and rat kidney.

Periploca angustifolia has numerous biological properties and also used against various diseases. In our study, this plant has been used for biotechnological production of polysaccharides. The prevention action of polysaccharides isolated from P. angustifolia (PAPS) against Cd-caused oxidative stress in HEK293 cells and kidneys of rats was tested. PAPS were characterized by HPLC, FT-IT, DRX, 1D-an...

Pulmonary impairment following respiratory viral infections is associated with high mortality in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients.

Pulmonary impairment predicts increased mortality in many settings, and respiratory viral infection (RVI) causes considerable morbidity and mortality in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant recipients (allo-HCT). We hypothesized that pulmonary impairment following respiratory viral infection, defined as a decline of forced expiratory volume in 1 second values by ≥10%, may identify allo-HCT r...

Non-GVHD ocular complications after hematopoietic cell transplantation: expert review from the Late Effects and Quality of Life Working Committee of the CIBMTR and Transplant Complications Working Party of the EBMT.

Non-graft-versus-host disease (non-GVHD) ocular complications are generally uncommon after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), but can cause prolonged morbidity affecting activities of daily living and quality of life. Here we provide an expert review of non-GVHD ocular complications in a collaboration between transplant physicians and ophthalmologists through the Late Effects and Quality of...

Genus Psoralea A review of the traditional and modern uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology.

The genus Psoralea (Fabaceae) harbours 105 accepted species that are extensively used by local peoples and medicinal practitioners of China, India, and other countries for treatment of tooth decay, psoriasis, leucoderma, leprosy, kidney problems, tuberculosis, indigestion, constipation and impotence. Presently, pharmacological research reports are available on only few species namely Bituminaria b...

Er Shen Wan extract alleviates polyuria and regulates AQP 2 and AVPR 2 in a rat model of spleen-kidney Yang deficiency-induced diarrhea.

Er Shen Wan (ESW), has been empirically used for treating spleen-kidney Yang deficiency (SKYD) syndrome in Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for centuries and shows a variety of activities. The medicinal formula is a mixture of two component herbs, Psoraleae Fructus (PF, Bu-Gu-Zhi in Chinese) and Myristicae Semen (MS, Rou-Dou-Kou in Chinese). The current study was designed to evaluate ESWP antidi...

Difficult Patient Behavior in Dialysis Facilities.

Difficult behavior exhibited by dialysis patients is a spectrum that includes nonadherence, verbal or physical abuse, and threatening acts. Such behaviors may lead to harmful consequences to the patient, other patients, the facility, and staff and can culminate in involuntary discharge. It is important to recognize that these "difficult behaviors" may be due to underlying psychosocial or medical i...

Virtual Reality Simulation in Peritoneal Dialysis Training: The Beginning of a New Era.

Peritonitis rates in peritoneal dialysis (PD) vary considerably not only across countries but also between centers in the same country. Patient education has been shown to significantly reduce infection rates but up till now training lacks standardization with patients being trained using different methods and media (e.g., illustrations, videos). As a result, patients may be insufficiently experie...

Impact of Hybrid Therapy Comprising Peritoneal Dialysis and Hemodialysis on Acute Cardiovascular Events.

The impact of hybrid therapy comprising peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis on cardiovascular events in PD patients remains unclear.

Pitfall in genetic screening in a pregnancy involving an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipient.

Infected cyst in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: Analysis of computed tomographic and ultrasonographic imaging features.

To investigate the imaging features of cyst infection in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients using computed tomography (CT) and ultrasonography (US).

High plasma resistin associates with severe acute kidney injury in Puumala hantavirus infection.

Puumala hantavirus (PUUV) infected patients typically suffer from acute kidney injury (AKI). Adipokines have inflammation modulating functions in acute diseases including AKI. We examined plasma levels of three adipokines (resistin, leptin, and adiponectin) in acute PUUV infection and their associations with disease severity.

The aquaporin 5 -1364A/C promoter polymorphism impacts on resolution of acute kidney injury in pneumonia evoked ARDS.

Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) expression impacts on cellular water transport, renal function but also on key mechanisms of inflammation and immune cell migration that prevail in sepsis and ARDS. Thus, the functionally relevant AQP5 -1364A/C promoter single nucleotide polymorphism could impact on the development and resolution of acute kidney injury (AKI). Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that the AQP5 p...

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