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Medical Devices Research

11:22 EST 21st February 2020 | BioPortfolio

Barbarism: education without history of medicine.

Rudolf Virchow regarded medical education that did not include the history of medicine as barbarism. Despite this view, current education on medical history in medical faculties in the Netherlands is minimal in terms of the number of teaching staff and the hours spent on the subject. Important arguments for teaching medical history to medical students are academic development, a better understandi...

Device profile of the Wingspan Stent System for the treatment of intracranial atherosclerotic disease: overview of its safety and efficacy.

: This Wingspan Stent is a self-expanding, laser-cut, nitinol stent designed for the treatment of severe symptomatic intracranial artery stenosis to be used in conjunction with the Gateway angioplasty balloon. This review will describe the technical features of the stent, its composition, design, and functional characteristics, as well as an overview of its safety and efficacy.: The engineering an...

Games Applied to Children with Motor Impairment using the Myo Wearable Device.

The characteristic of immersion, involvement and motivation have made serious games an important tool to be used in the medical field. However, there are people that, having some sort of physical disability, are not able to, or do not feel motivated to play. This work presents a strategy to support human- computer interactions for children with a disability in their upper limbs through a wearable ...

Knowledge about the intrauterine device and interest in using it among women users of primary care services.

to analyze the level of knowledge about the intrauterine device, the interest in using it and the relationship between these events among women in reproductive age.

The Effectiveness of the DoD/VA Mobile Device Outcomes-Based Rehabilitation Program for High Functioning Service Members and Veterans with Lower Limb Amputation.

The objective was to determine if the Mobile Device Outcomes-based Rehabilitation Program (MDORP) improved strength, mobility, and gait quality in service members (SMs) and Veterans with lower limb amputation (LLA).

Balancing Patient Care and Force Protection at Military Medical Treatment Facilities.

This study aimed to identify delays of care due to base access security protocols at a stateside military medical treatment facility (MTF) for patients with a time-sensitive medical condition who are seeking emergency medical care at the MTF.

Anthropomorphic Blast Test Device for Primary Blast Injury Risk Assessment.

Blast overpressure health hazard assessment is required prior to fielding of weapon systems that produce blast overpressures that pose risk of auditory and nonauditory blast lung injuries. The anthropomorphic blast test device (ABTD) offers a single device solution for collection of both auditory and nonauditory data from a single blast at anthropometrically correct locations for injury risk asses...

How medical students' perceptions of instructor autonomy-support mediate their motivation and psychological well-being.

Medical student well-being is an increasing concern in medical education. Understanding the role instructors and programs have in supporting well-being is an important puzzle piece. This study explores the relationship between medical students' perceptions of instructor autonomy-support, motivation, and well-being. Using self-determination theory, we aim to provide a practical framework through wh...

Outcomes following penetrating neck injury during the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts; a comparison of treatment at US and UK Medical Treatment Facilities.

The United States (US) and United Kingdom (UK) had differing approaches to the surgical skill mix within deployed Medical Treatment Facilities (MTF) in support of the military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Burden and Consequences of Financial Hardship From Medical Bills Among Nonelderly Adults With Diabetes Mellitus in the United States.

The trend of increasing total and out-of-pocket expenditure among patients with diabetes mellitus represents a risk of financial hardship for Americans and a threat to medical and nonmedical needs. We aimed to describe the national scope and associated tradeoffs of financial hardship from medical bills among nonelderly individuals with diabetes mellitus.

Endometriosis-associated pain scores and biomarkers in users of the etonogestrel-releasing subdermal implant or the 52-mg levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system for up to 24 months.

The aims of the study were to correlate endometriosis-associated pain, evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, with serum levels of etonogestrel (ENG), levonorgestrel (LNG), CA-125 and soluble CD23 in users of the ENG implant or the 52-mg LNG-releasing intrauterine system (52 mg LNG-IUS) for up to 2 years after device placement. A randomised trial was conducted at the University of Camp...

Audiological outcome measures with the BONEBRIDGE transcutaneous bone conduction hearing implant: impact of noise, reverberation and signal processing features.

To assess the performance of an active transcutaneous implantable-bone conduction device (TI-BCD), and to evaluate the benefit of device digital signal processing (DSP) features in challenging listening environments. Participants were tested at 1- and 3-month post-activation of the TI-BCD. At each session, aided and unaided phoneme perception was assessed using the Ling-6 test. Speech reception th...

Opportunities for Maintenance of Certification to Better Reflect Scope of Practice Among Medical Oncologists.

Critics argue that the American Board of Internal Medicine's medical oncology Maintenance of Certification examination requires medical oncologists with a narrow scope of practice to spend time studying material that is no longer relevant to their practice. However, no data are available describing the scope of practice for medical oncologists.

The Medical Library as a Component of a Medical School Outreach Experience.

The United States is facing a shortage of physicians for minorities and patients in disadvantaged areas. Many medical schools have pipeline programs to promote the interest of minority students in medicine. The Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University established the Brody RISE program. Recruitment efforts targeted schools within Pitt County, NC. Students participate in interactive STE...

Providing Information-Seeking Skills Feedback Within a Medical School Curriculum: A Partnership between Librarians and Education Specialists.

The Liaison Committee on Medical Education (LCME) revised their standards for MD program curricula with increased emphasis on the teaching and assessment of skills needed for life-long learning. This case study describes the collaboration between a team of librarians and a curriculum office to continuously improve information-seeking skills activities for medical students. This positive collaborat...

Analysis of Massive Online Medical Consultation Service Data to Understand Physicians' Economic Return: Observational Data Mining Study.

Online health care consultation has become increasingly popular and is considered a potential solution to health care resource shortages and inefficient resource distribution. However, many online medical consultation platforms are struggling to attract and retain patients who are willing to pay, and health care providers on the platform have the additional challenge of standing out in a crowd of ...

Factors associated with intrauterine contraceptive device use among women of reproductive age group in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A case control study.

Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD) is a highly effective and reversible modern contraceptive, which is still significantly underutilized in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting the use of IUCDs among women of reproductive age group in Addis Ababa.

Outcome of medical therapy for keratomalacia in dogs.

To evaluate the clinical and visual outcomes following intensive medical therapy for keratomalacia in dogs.

Twelve tips for facilitating medical students prescribing learning on clinical placement.

Prescribing is a complex clinical skill requiring mastery by the end of basic medical training. Prescribing errors are common in newly qualified doctors, aligned with expressed anxiety about prescribing, particularly with high-risk medications. Learning about prescribing needs to start early in medical training, underpinned by regular opportunities for reflective practice. Authentic learning withi...

A Novel Roller Pump for Physiological Flow.

Having physiological correct flow waveforms is a key feature for experimental studies of blood flow, especially in the process of developing and testing a new medical device such as stent, mechanical heart valve or any implantable medical device that involves circulation of blood through the device. It is also a critical part of a perfusion system for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and extracorporea...

First-in-human report of MitraClip G4 implantation for severe degenerative mitral regurgitation.

The new MitraClip G4 device (Abbott Vascular) has been recently approved by Food and Drug Administration and is currently in limited release. A patient with a large mitral regurgitation (MR) jet but a relatively small mitral valve area (MVA) was not a surgical repair candidate nor an optimal MitraClip third-generation device candidate. Therefore, we implanted the new G4 NTW device that resulted in...

Development of paper-based microfluidic device for the determination of nitrite in meat.

This study employed the use of a microfluidic paper-based analytical device (µPAD) to determine the concentration of nitrite in pork and enhanced the limit of detection by analyzing the coffee-ring effect. The µPAD was fabricated by designing and embedding wax channels onto the cellulose-based filter paper through printing and subjecting the paper to heat treatment to allow wax penetration. Nitr...

Can there be wrongful life at the end of life? German courts revisit an old problem in a new context.

This article discusses a recent ruling by the German Federal Court concerning medical professional liability due to potentially unlawful clinically assisted nutrition and hydration (CANH) at the end of life. This case raises important ethical and legal questions regarding a third person's right to judge the value of another person's life and the concept of 'wrongful life'. In our brief report, we ...

Minority report: can minor parents refuse treatment for their child?

Infants are unable to make their own decisions or express their own wishes about medical procedures and treatments. They rely on surrogates to make decisions for them. Who should be the decision-maker when an infant's biological parents are also minors? In this paper, we analyse a case in which the biological mother is a child. The central questions raised by the case are whether minor parents sho...

Transparent Body-Attachable Multifunctional Pressure, Thermal, and Proximity Sensor and Heater.

A multifunctional sensor capable of simultaneous sensing of temperature, pressure, and proximity has been developed. This transparent and body-attachable device is also capable of providing heat under low voltage. The multi-sensor consists of metal fibers fabricated by electrospinning and electroplating. The device comprises randomly deposited metal fibers, which not only provide heating but also ...

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