Advertisement

Topics

Mental Health Research

13:03 EST 15th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Study of stress-induced temporomandibular disorders among dental students: An institutional study.

The aim and objectives of this study are to investigate the various types of stress-inducing factors, most prevalent etiological factor and to determine the correlation between stress and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) in Dental students in Modinagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh.

A Review of Treatments for Young Black Males Experiencing Depression.

The objective was to qualitatively examine the treatment effects of depression interventions on young, Black males (YBM) across treatment providers and settings via a review. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) seeking to ameliorate depressive symptomology in Black males ages 12-29 were eligible for inclusion. After review of 627 abstracts and 212 full-text articles, 12 studies were selected. Thes...

Psychometric Properties of a Modified Moral Injury Questionnaire in a Military Population.

Moral injury (MI) results from perpetration of or exposure to distressing events, known as morally injurious events (MIEs), that challenge moral beliefs and values. Due to the type of involvement in recent military conflicts, many veterans report MIEs that may cause dissonance and, in turn, MI. Although two existing measures assess MIEs, neither currently assesses the defining characteristics of M...

Bidirectional Cause-Effect Relationship Between Urinary Interleukin-6 and Mood, Irritation, and Mental Activity in a Breast Cancer Survivor.

This "integrative single-case study" investigated the bidirectional cause and effect relations between various emotional states (i.e., mood, irritation, mental activity) and urinary IL-6 levels in a 49-year-old female breast cancer survivor (woman) under conditions of "life as it is lived." During a period of 28 days, the patient collected her entire urine in 12-h intervals for IL-6 measurement an...

The Female Heart: Sex Differences in the Dynamics of ECG in Response to Stress.

Sex differences in the study of the human physiological response to mental stress are often erroneously ignored. To this end, we set out to show that our understanding of the stress response is fundamentally altered once sex differences are taken into account. This is achieved by comparing the heart rate variability (HRV) signals acquired during mental maths tests from ten females and ten males of...

Genetic and Environmental Influences on the Affective Regulation Network: A Prospective Experience Sampling Analysis.

The study of networks of affective mental states that play a role in psychopathology may help model the influence of genetic and environmental risks. The aim of the present paper was to examine networks of affective mental states (AMS: "cheerful," "insecure," "relaxed," "anxious," "irritated," and "down") over time, stratified by genetic liability for psychopathology and exposure to environmental ...

Increased Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Antidepressants Users: A Mini Review.

Mounting evidence has shown that the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is substantially overlapping in the diagnostic subgroups of psychiatric disorders. While it is widely acknowledged that patients receiving antipsychotic medications are at higher risk of MetS than antipsychotic-naive ones, the association between antidepressants and MetS is still debated. The goal of our mini review was to anal...

Universal Stress Proteins Contribute Virulence in Catfish.

is an intracellular Gram-negative facultative pathogen causing enteric septicemia of catfish (ESC), a common disease resulting in substantial economic losses in the U.S. catfish industry. Previously, we demonstrated that several universal stress proteins (USPs) are highly expressed under and stress conditions, indicating their importance for survival. However, the roles of these USPs in virule...

Effects of gastrodin on 5-HT and neurotrophic factor in the treatment of patients with post-stroke depression.

Effects of gastrodin on 5-HT and neurotrophic factor in the treatment of patients with post-stroke depression (PSD) were investigated. A total of 78 PSD patients were selected in Binzhou City Center Hospital from September 2013 to December 2016. Patients were randomly divided into the control group and experimental group, 39 patients in each group. Patients in the control group were treated with c...

Oxidative stress induced by carboplatin promotes apoptosis and inhibits migration of HN-3 cells.

Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is currently a serious public health problem in China; thus, it is urgent to identify effective treatment strategies for this disease. Previous studies demonstrated that reactive oxygen species (ROS) serve important roles in the apoptosis of LSCC cells. It has also been indicated that carboplatin (CBDCA), a second-generation platinum compound with broad ant...

Improvements in self-care among patients with diabetes in a remote island in Japan: a pilot study.

The traits of the inhabitants of rural areas could affect clinical improvements. In the rural areas of Japan, a feeling of competitiveness often exists between the members of a community; this competitiveness could prompt patients to exert efforts in improving their health. This study aimed to assess the effects of competitiveness on the clinical outcomes of patients with diabetes. Between Decemb...

Validity and reliability of the Japanese version of the Rathus assertiveness schedule in day psychiatric care users with schizophrenia.

This study aimed to investigate the validity and reliability of the Japanese version of the Rathus assertiveness schedule (J-RAS) in psychiatric day care users with schizophrenia. We examined 715 psychiatric day care users with schizophrenia by conducting the test twice between September 2007 and February 2008 using a questionnaire-based survey. We examined construct validity and used the interna...

Common mental disorder among family carers of demented older people in Brazil.

Population aging is a global phenomenon associated with a rising prevalence of chronic degenerative diseases such as dementia. Dementia poses a challenge not only for patients but also their family caregivers who, in exercising this role, are at higher risk of mental illness. The present study investigated the prevalence of common mental disorders (CMD) in family caregivers of demented elderly see...

Japan's contribution to making global health architecture a top political agenda by leveraging the G7 presidency.

Epigenetic modulation during hippocampal development.

The hippocampus is located in the limbic system and is vital in learning ability, memory formation and emotion regulation, and is associated with depression, epilepsy and mental retardation in an abnormal developmental situation. Several factors have been found to modulate the development of the hippocampus, and epigenetic modification have a crucial effect in this progress. The present review sum...

Large-scale loyalty card data in health research.

To study the characteristics of large-scale loyalty card data obtained in Finland, and to evaluate their potential and challenges in health research.

Is Use of Bone Cement for Treatment of Second Metatarsal Stress Fractures Safe? A Case Report.

Metatarsal stress fractures are common injuries of the foot and can be a source of chronic pain without appropriate management. Conservative management is first line, but surgery may be indicated in athletes, cases of nonunion, and fractures of the fifth metatarsal. We report a case of a 34-year-old female who presented to clinic for intractable pain of the left foot secondary to a stress fracture...

Infertility patients' need and preferences for online peer support.

This study sought to determine the level of interest in online peer support among infertility patients, factors associated with such interest, and preferences for features of an online peer support network. A sample of 236 men and 283 women ( = 519) seeking fertility treatment were recruited from four clinics in Ontario and Quebec, Canada. Participants completed an anonymous online questionnai...

An epidural steroid injection in the 6 months preceding a lumbar decompression without fusion predisposes patients to post-operative infections.

To determine if the timing of a lumbar epidural steroid injection (LESI) effects rates of post-operative infection in patients receiving a non-fusion lumbar decompression (LDC) due to degenerative disc disease (DDD). Lumbar pain due to DDD can frequently be temporized or definitively treated with epidural injections. While there is ample literature regarding the infection risks associated with cor...

Race/ethnicity, nativity, and lifetime risk of mental disorders in US adults.

There has been no comprehensive examination of how race/ethnicity and nativity intersect in explaining differences in lifetime prevalence of mental disorders among Asian, Black, Latino, and White adults. This study aims to estimate racial/ethnic differences in lifetime risk of mental disorders and examine how group differences vary by nativity.

Mining the natural genetic variation in Arabidopsis thaliana for adaptation to sequential abiotic and biotic stresses.

In this genome-wide association study, we obtained novel insights into the genetic basis of the effect of herbivory or drought stress on the level of resistance against the fungus Botrytis cinerea. In nature, plants function in complex environments where they encounter different biotic and abiotic stresses individually, sequentially or simultaneously. The adaptive response to a single stress does ...

Disability trends in Canada: 2001-2014 population estimates and correlates.

Disability is a major concern for the health of midlife and older Canadians. Understanding disability trends is critical for detecting socio-economic and health precursors that could be amenable to policy interventions. The purpose of this study is to assess trends in rates of disability among Canadian adults age 40-64 and 65+. We also examine the impact of changing socio-demographic and health fa...

Adolescent Depression and Substance Use: the Protective Role of Prosocial Peer Behavior.

Adolescents with depression disorders have higher rates of substance use. In order to advance contextually relevant mental health interventions, basic research is needed to test social ecological mechanisms hypothesized to influence adolescent depression and substance use. Accordingly, we conducted growth curve modeling with a sample of 248 urban adolescents to determine if depression's effect on ...

Depression, ART Adherence, and Receipt of Case Management Services by Adults with HIV in North Carolina, Medical Monitoring Project, 2009-2013.

Depression among persons with HIV is associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) interruption and discontinuation, virological failure, and poor clinical and survival outcomes. Case management services can address needs for emotional counseling and other supportive services to facilitate HIV care engagement. Using 2009-2013 North Carolina Medical Monitoring Project data from 910 persons engaged i...

This article briefly recalls why low levels of health literacy should be considered to constitute a public health issue. It then proposes the concept of health literacy as a possible lever to help health care systems to more effectively take social health inequalities into account. Finally, it provides concrete tools for field workers, both clinicians and quality of care managers, and emphasises t...

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

review and buy Mental Health market research data and corporate reports here