Advertisement

Topics

Mental Health Research

18:25 EDT 15th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Transcranial direct-current stimulation in ultra-treatment-resistant schizophrenia.

Transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS), a non-invasive neurostimulation treatment, has been reported in a number of sham-controlled studies to show significant improvements in treatment-resistant auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia patients, primarily in ambulatory and higher-functioning patients, but little is known of the effects of tDCS on hospitalized, low-functioning inpatients.

Major trauma and acceleration of the ageing process.

It is well established that numerous factors can affect the rate at which we age biologically. Diet, physical activity, lifestyle and our genes all play a major role in influencing the ageing trajectory and longevity. Major trauma affects millions globally, is the major cause of death in young adults and could influence ageing processes but has largely been ignored by biogenterologists. The long-t...

Stress as a context: Stress causes relapse of inhibited food seeking if it has been associated with prior food seeking.

Three experiments with rats explored the hypothesis that inhibited food-seeking can be reinstated by stress if stress has been part of the context of earlier food-seeking. In all experiments, rats first learned to lever press for sucrose pellets and then had the response inhibited through extinction (where responding no longer yielded sucrose pellets). In a final test, inhibited responding was tes...

Minimum wages and public health: A literature review.

We evaluate evidence for the effectiveness of raising minimum wages on various measures of public health within the US, Canada, the UK, and Europe. We search four scientific websites from the inception of the research through May 20, 2018. We find great variety (20+) in measured outcomes among the 33 studies that pass our initial screening. We establish quality standards in a second screening resu...

Prospective associations between physical activity and clinician diagnosed major depressive disorder in adults: A 13-year cohort study.

Regular physical activity (PA) appears to protect against the emergence of depression, but prospective studies linked to clinician diagnoses of major depressive disorder (MDD) remain scarce. It is also unclear whether PA levels recommended for general health are prospectively related to depression onset. We explored these relationships in a cohort of adults followed over 13 years. In total, 43,8...

Abnormal cortical region and subsystem complexity in dynamical functional connectivity of chronic schizophrenia: a new graph index for fMRI analysis.

Schizophrenia is a predominant product of pathological alterations distributed throughout interconnected neural systems. Designing new objectively diagnostic methods are burning questions. Dynamical functional connectivity (DFCs) methodology based on fMRI data is an effective lever to investigate changeability evolution in macroscopic neural activity patterns underlying critical aspects of cogniti...

Repeated restraint stress decreases Na,K-ATPase activity via oxidative and nitrosative damage in the frontal cortex of rats.

Chronic psychogenic stress can increase neuronal calcium influx and generate the intracellular accumulation of oxidative (ROS) and nitrosative (RNS) reactive species, disrupting synaptic transmission in the brain. These molecules impair the Na,K-ATPase (NKA) activity, whose malfunction has been related to neuropsychiatric disorders, including anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, and neurodegenerati...

Peer support and mobile health technology targeting obesity-related cardiovascular risk in young adults with serious mental illness: Protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder face a higher risk of early death due to cardiovascular disease and other preventable chronic illnesses. Young adulthood is a critical window of development for lifestyle interventions to improve the long-term health and quality of life in this population. Fit Forward is an NIH-funded randomized clinical trial...

Relationships among functional capacity, cognition, and naturalistic skill performance in people with serious mental illness.

There has been increasing interest in understanding real-world outcomes for individuals with serious mental illnesses (SMI). This study examined domain-specific skill knowledge, functional capacity, and neurocognition as predictors of naturalistic grocery shopping skill performance in forty-eight individuals with SMI. Participants completed measures of skill knowledge and general functional capaci...

Anxiety and depression in patients with multiple sclerosis: The mediating effects of perceived social support.

Social support has been identified as a buffering or intervening variable in stressful life events. Research has demonstrated that greater social support is associated with better mental health in multiple sclerosis (MS), but little is known about its links to specific aspects of mental health. We therefore investigated if and how perceived social support modulates depression, anxiety and fatigue ...

Association between Deepwater Horizon oil spill response and cleanup work experiences and lung function.

Oil spill response and cleanup (OSRC) workers had potentially stressful experiences during mitigation efforts following the 2010 Deepwater Horizon disaster. Smelling chemicals; skin or clothing contact with oil; heat stress; handling oily plants/wildlife or dead animal recovery; and/or being out of regular work may have posed a risk to worker respiratory health through psychological stress mechani...

Influence of adjuvant omega-3-polyunsaturated fatty acids on depression, sleep, and emotion regulation among outpatients with major depressive disorders - Results from a double-blind, randomized and placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Extant literature shows that adjuvant omega-3-polyunsaturated fatty acids (O3PUFAs) to a standard antidepressant medication impacts favorably on symptoms of depression in participants with major depressive disorders (MDD). The aim of the present study was to investigate, if and to what extent compared to placebo adjuvant O3PUFAs had a favorable impact on symptoms of depression, anxiety, sleep and ...

Characteristics of endometriosis: A case-cohort study showing elevated IgG titers against the TSH receptor (TRAb) and mental comorbidity.

Endometriosis has been associated with a wide range of factors. The disease share immunological features with autoimmune diseases, and the prevalence of both hypo- and hyperthyroidism has been reported to be increased. However, the associations have to be confirmed and the mechanisms explored. The aim of this observational study was to investigate socioeconomic factors, lifestyle habits, and somat...

Associations between adverse childhood experiences and acquired brain injury, including traumatic brain injuries, among adults: 2014 BRFSS North Carolina.

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can negatively affect lifelong health and opportunity. Acquired brain injury (ABI), which includes traumatic brain injury (TBI) as well as other causes of brain injury, is a health condition that affects millions annually. The present study uses data from the 2014 North Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to examine the relationship between ACEs...

Electroacupuncture for postmenopausal women with stress urinary incontinence: secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial.

The efficacy and safety of electroacupuncture was compared to those of sham electroacupuncture for the treatment of postmenopausal women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI).

Health shocks in sub-Saharan Africa: are the poor and uninsured households more vulnerable?

In developing countries, health shock is one of the most common idiosyncratic income shock and the main reason why households fall into poverty. Empirical research has shown that in these countries, households are unable to access formal insurance markets in order to insure their consumption against health shocks. Thus, in this study, are the poor and uninsured households more vulnerable from heal...

Ethical Considerations for Mental Health Clinicians Working with Adolescents in the Digital Age.

Adolescents' use of digital technologies is constantly changing and significantly influences and reflects their mental health and development. Technology has entered the clinical space and raises new ethical dilemmas for mental health clinicians. After an update on this shifting landscape, including a brief review of important literature since 2014, this article will demonstrate how core ethical p...

An Examination of the Association Between Post-traumatic Growth and Stress Symptomatology in Cardiac Outpatients.

This study examined the association between post-traumatic growth (PTG), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and trauma-related factors in cardiac outpatients. Participants recruited from four cardiology clinics between November 2014 and July 2015 (N = 52, 69.2% men, M = 65 years) completed self-assessments of PTG and PTSD along with demographic, cardiac health index, and trauma-related fa...

Medial Forebrain Bundle Deep Brain Stimulation Reverses Anhedonic-Like Behavior in a Chronic Model of Depression: Importance of BDNF and Inflammatory Cytokines.

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) displays a promising antidepressant effects in patients with treatment-refractory depression; however, a clear consensus on underlying mechanisms is still enigmatic. Herein, we investigated the effects of MFB-DBS on anhedonic-like behavior using the Froot Loops® consumption in a chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUS) model of depr...

Genotypic and heat stress effects on leaf cuticles of field pea using ATR-FTIR spectroscopy.

ATR-FTIR spectroscopy in combination with uni- and multivariate analysis was used to quantify the spectral-chemical composition of the leaf cuticle of pea, investigating the effects of variety and heat stress. Field pea (Pisum sativum L.) is sensitive to heat stress and our goal was to improve canopy cooling and flower retention by investigating the protective role of lipid-related compounds in le...

Implementation and Use of a Client-Facing Web-Based Shared Decision-Making System (MyCHOIS-CommonGround) in Two Specialty Mental Health Clinics.

Electronic shared-decision making programs may provide an assistive technology to support physician-patient communication. This mixed methods study examined use of a web-based shared decision-making program (MyCHOIS-CommonGround) by individuals receiving specialty mental health services, and identified qualitative factors influencing adoption during the first 18 months of implementation in two Med...

Relationship between anxiety/depression and oral health-related quality of life in inpatients of convalescent hospitals.

The aim of this study is to examin the association between anxiety/depressive tendency and oral health-related quality of life in inpatients of convalescent wards. This cross-sectional study included inpatients of convalescent wards (age range 34-100 years). Data on age, sex, functional independence measure, number of teeth, odontotherapy status, and primary disease for which hospitalization was ...

An insight into gut microbiota and its functionalities.

Gut microbiota has evolved along with their hosts and is an integral part of the human body. Microbiota acquired at birth develops in parallel as the host develops and maintains its temporal stability and diversity through adulthood until death. Recent developments in genome sequencing technologies, bioinformatics and culturomics have enabled researchers to explore the microbiota and in particular...

Physiological and structural changes of the lung tissue in male albino rat exposed to immobilization stress.

In case of a life-threatening, stressful event, the body prepares for an emergency. Indeed, the lung is unique in which alveolar cells are constantly exposed to physical and chemical stresses. This study aimed to study the impact of immobilization stress on the blood-air barrier and how it initiate and maintain an inflammatory response, plus determining the resolution of lung inflammation and repa...

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor alleviates the oxidative stress induced by oxygen and glucose deprivation in an ex vivo brain slice model.

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is considered as a putative therapeutic agent against stroke. Since BDNF role on oxidative stress is uncertain, we have studied this role in a rat brain slice ischemia model, which allows BDNF reaching the neural parenchyma. Hippocampal and cerebral cortex slices were subjected to oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) and then returned to normoxic conditions...

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

review and buy Mental Health market research data and corporate reports here