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Mergers & Acquisitions Research

21:51 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Supported self-management for people with type 2 diabetes: a meta-review of quantitative systematic reviews.

Self-management support aims to give people with chronic disease confidence to actively manage their disease, in partnership with their healthcare provider. A meta-review can inform policy-makers and healthcare managers about the effectiveness of self-management support strategies for people with type 2 diabetes, and which interventions work best and for whom.

The patient-dentist relationship and the future of dentistry.

The patient-dentist relationship is a delicate partnership that forms the core of dentistry. The attack on this partnership by the General Dental Council has led to gross miscarriages of justice and the emergence of defensive dentistry. This essay considers the role of a governing body, the misconduct of the GDC and the response of the profession to the injustices perpetrated. The system of NHS ge...

The relationship between second language acquisition and nonverbal cognitive abilities.

We monitored the progress of 40 children when they first started to acquire a second language (L2) implicitly through immersion. Employing a longitudinal design, we tested them before they had any notions of an L2 (Time 0) and after 1 school year of L2 exposure (Time 1) to determine whether cognitive abilities can predict the success of L2 learning. Task administration included measures of intelli...

Recent Developments at DG Competition: 2017/2018.

The Directorate General for Competition at the European Commission enforces competition law in the areas of antitrust, merger control, and state aids. This year's article provides first a general presentation of the role of the Chief Competition Economist's team and surveys some of the main achievements of the Directorate General for Competition over 2017/2018. The article then reviews: the Google...

Regional working in the East of England: using the UK National Standards for Public Involvement.

Involving patients and members of the public to help shape and carry out research is recommended in health research in the United Kingdom (UK). There are a number of regional networks of Patient and Public Involvement (PPI) groups, which support the collaboration between researchers, patients and public members. We are a group of researchers, patients and public members who came together via a PPI...

Effects of Migration on Risky Sexual Behavior and HIV Acquisition in South Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis, 2000-2017.

While human mobility has been implicated in fueling the HIV epidemic in South Africa, the link between migration and HIV has not been systematically reviewed and quantified. We conducted a systematic review of the role of migration in HIV risk acquisition and sexual behaviour based on 29 studies published between 2000 and 2017. Furthermore, we performed a meta-analysis of the association between m...

Low Fe(II) concentrations catalyze the dissolution of various Fe(III) (hydr)oxide minerals in the presence of diverse ligands and over a broad pH range.

Dissolution of Fe(III) (hydr)oxide minerals by siderophores (i.e. Fe-specific, biogenic ligands) is an important step in Fe acquisition in environments where Fe availability is low. The observed co-exudation of reductants and ligands has raised the question of how redox reactions might affect ligand-controlled (hydr)oxide dissolution and Fe acquisition. We examined this effect in batch dissolution...

World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action (WABA) News.

Activation of mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) by ALDA-1 reduces both the acquisition and maintenance of ethanol intake in rats: A dual mechanism?

A number of pre-clinical studies have shown that brain-generated acetaldehyde, the first metabolite of ethanol, exerts reinforcing effects that promote the acquisition of ethanol intake, while chronic intake maintenance appears to be mediated by alcohol-induced brain neuroinflammation/oxidative stress. Recently, it was described that N-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-ylmethyl)-2,6-dichlorobenzamide (ALDA-1) ac...

Entropy Inflection and Invisible Low-Energy States: Defensive Alliance Example.

Lower temperature leads to a higher probability of visiting low-energy states. This intuitive belief underlies most physics-inspired strategies for addressing hard optimization problems. For instance, the popular simulated annealing (SA) dynamics is expected to approach a ground state if the temperature is lowered appropriately. Here, we demonstrate that this belief is not always justified. Specif...

Denoising of MR images using Kolmogorov-Smirnov distance in a Non Local framework.

Data coming from any acquisition system, such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging ones, are affected by noise. Although modern high field scanners can reach high Signal to Noise Ratios, in some circumstances, for example in case of very weak signals due to a specific acquisition sequence, noise becomes a critical issue that has to be properly handled. In last years methods based on the so called Non Loc...

Teaching the pony new tricks: competences for specialists in laboratory medicine to meet the challenges of disruptive innovation.

The 20th century digital revolution has already seen the introduction of faster, more diverse, easier to use technologies with extended capacity and capability that has enhanced productivity in Laboratory Medicine and allowed more effective use of human resource. With increasing demands for better health and best care the challenge to future healthcare systems is to deploy technology, facilities a...

Using reflective practice in interprofessional education and practice: a realist review of its characteristics and effectiveness.

This article presents the results of a realist review of the use of reflective practice interventions aimed at improving interprofessional education and collaborative practice (IPECP). Reflective practice is recognized as one of the determining factors in health and social service professionals' skills development and maintenance, as well as in the establishment of good collaboration practices. In...

A global bibliometric analysis of Plesiomonas-related research (1990 - 2017).

Plesiomonas shigelloides is an emerging pathogen with damaging effects on human health such as gastroenteritis and extraintestinal infections. Here, we carried out a bibliometric survey that aimed to examine publication trends in Plesiomonas-related research by time and place, international collaborative works, identify gaps and suggest directions for future research. The search term "Plesiomonas ...

Virtual Reality Training System for Anytime/Anywhere Acquisition of Surgical Skills: A Pilot Study: Corrigendum.

Relational Coordination: Beyond Teambuilding.

As discussions about the importance of teamwork, teambuilding, and interprofessional collaboration rise to a higher pitch, the why and what are well-known. The concept of relational coordination provides a relevant and timely model for how. [J Contin Educ Nurs. 2018;49(12):543-544.].

Forward-viewing echoendoscope versus standard echoendoscope for endoscopic ultrasound-guided tissue acquisition of solid lesions: a randomized, multicenter study.

 A forward-viewing linear (FVL) echoendoscope has been developed with the aim of overcoming some of the limitations of standard curved linear-array (CLA) echoendoscopes. There are no existing studies comparing the performance of the two echoendoscopes for endoscopic ultrasound-guided tissue acquisition (EUS-TA) of solid lesions other than subepithelial lesions.

Not One More Life: A Health and Faith Partnership Engaging At-Risk African Americans with Asthma in Atlanta.

Principles for Patient and Family Partnership in Care: An American College of Physicians Position Paper.

In this position paper, the American College of Physicians (ACP) examines the rationale for patient and family partnership in care and reviews outcomes associated with this concept, including greater adherence to care plans, improved satisfaction, and lower costs. The paper also explores and acknowledges challenges associated with implementing patient- and family-centered models of care. On the ba...

Dependency of prescribed CT dose on table height, patient size, and localizer acquisition for one clinical MDCT.

The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect that table height, patient size, and localizer acquisition order may have on AEC prescribed dose.

A pilot study to assess the impact of an educational patient hand hygiene intervention on acquisition of colonization with health care-associated pathogens.

Patient hand hygiene is a commonsense measure that has been associated with reductions in colonization or infection with bacterial and viral pathogens in quasi-experimental studies. We conducted a nonblinded pilot randomized trial to assess the impact of an educational patient hand hygiene intervention on acquisition of colonization by selected health care-associated pathogens in hospitalized pati...

The evolution and origin of tetrodotoxin acquisition in the blue-ringed octopus (genus Hapalochlaena).

Tetrodotoxin is a potent non-proteinaceous neurotoxin, which is commonly found in the marine environment. Synthesised by bacteria, tetrodotoxin has been isolated from the tissues of several genera including pufferfish, salamanders and octopus. Believed to provide a defensive function, the independent evolution of tetrodotoxin sequestration is poorly understood in most species. Two mechanisms of te...

Future research priorities for lichen sclerosus - results of a James Lind Alliance Priority Setting Partnership.

Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic, inflammatory genital skin condition affecting men, women and children. Long-term complications include loss of normal anatomy from scarring, and malignant transformation. Uncertainties exist about the cause, diagnosis and management of LS. For example, the aetiology is contested; evidence suggests that chronic irritation by occluded urine is important in males, ...

The impact of a competitive learning environment on hormonal and emotional stress responses and skill acquisition and expression in a medical student domain.

The concept of competition has implications for educational contexts, as hormonal and emotional changes under competitive stress can modulate learning and memory processes. This study examined the impact of a competitive learning environment and associated hormonal and emotional responses on skill acquisition and expression in a medical domain. Using a cross-over design, sixteen male medical stude...

A review of error correction procedures during instruction for children with developmental disabilities.

Error correction procedures are remedial strategies presented following an incorrect response that increases the probability that a correct response will occur in the future. Error correction is commonly used during skill acquisition programs for children with developmental disabilities; however, the specific strategy used may differ considerably. Recent comparative studies have examined the effec...

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