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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) Research

18:25 EST 21st February 2018 | BioPortfolio

MicroRNA-27a Suppresses Detrusor Fibrosis in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats by Targeting PRKAA2 Through the TGF-β1/Smad3 Signaling Pathway.

We examined the effects of microRNA-27a (miR-27a) on detrusor fibrosis in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats.

Effects of MicroRNA-206 on Osteosarcoma Cell Proliferation, Apoptosis, Migration and Invasion by Targeting ANXA2 Through the AKT Signaling Pathway.

This study aimed to investigate the mechanism by which microRNA-206 (miR-206) affects the proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of osteosarcoma (OS) cells by targeting ANXA2 via the AKT signaling pathway.

miRNA-124-3p/neuropilin-1(NRP-1) axis plays an important role in mediating glioblastoma growth and angiogenesis.

Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is the most lethal brain malignancy which involves multi-gene abnormality. Unfortunately, effective therapy against GBM is still lacking. Previously, we found that NRP-1 and its downstream NRP-1/GIPC1 pathway played an important role in GBM. In this study, we further investigated the upstream signaling of NRP-1 to understand how it is regulated. Firstly, we identified...

Suppression of microRNA-144-3p attenuates oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation-induced neuronal injury by promoting Brg1/Nrf2/ARE signaling.

Accumulating evidence has reported that microRNA-144-3p (miR-144-3p) is highly related to oxidative stress and apoptosis. However, little is known regarding its role in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion-induced neuronal injury. Herein, our results showed that miR-144-3p expression was significantly downregulated in neurons following oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R) treatment. Overe...

AGO2 RNA Immunoprecipitation Reveals Distinct miRNA Targetomes of Primary Burkitt Lymphoma Tumors and Normal B Cells.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs involved in the posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression. Deregulated miRNA levels have been linked to Burkitt lymphoma (BL) pathogenesis. To date, the number of known pathogenesis-related miRNA-target gene interactions is limited. Here, we determined for the first time the miRNA targetomes of primary BL tumors and normal B cells. AGO2-RNA immun...

Colorimetric detection of microRNA based on DNAzyme and nuclease-assisted catalytic hairpin assembly signal amplification.

Accurate and quantitative analysis of microRNA (miRNA) expression is critical for the diagnostics and theranostics of a disease. Herein, a proof-of-concept of a colorimetric horseradish peroxidase-mimicking DNAzyme (HRP-DNAzyme) biosensor for miRNA assay based on nuclease-assisted catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) signal amplification was demonstrated. Duplex-specific nuclease (DSN) was employed to...

Loss of microRNA-128 promotes cardiomyocyte proliferation and heart regeneration.

The goal of replenishing the cardiomyocyte (CM) population using regenerative therapies following myocardial infarction (MI) is hampered by the limited regeneration capacity of adult CMs, partially due to their withdrawal from the cell cycle. Here, we show that microRNA-128 (miR-128) is upregulated in CMs during the postnatal switch from proliferation to terminal differentiation. In neonatal mice,...

Verification of candidate microRNA markers for parathyroid carcinoma.

Parathyroid carcinoma (PCa) is a rare endocrine malignancy with poor prognosis and is often difficult to accurately diagnose both before and after surgery. Dysregulated microRNA (miRNA) levels have been identified in PCa using a limited number of samples. The aim of the present study was to verify a group of miRNA markers in a new series of samples to explore their potential significance in PCa di...

Effect of trans-chalcone on hepatic IL-8 through the regulation of miR-451 in male rats.

Trans-chalcone is a chalcone with hepatoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects. However, the mechanism of these positive effects, especially on miR-451 as an inflammatory regulator, is poorly understood. In this regard, this microRNA (miRNA) acts by inhibition of hepatic interleukin-8 (IL-8) production in the liver which is one of the main proinflammatory cytokines. Th is study for the first tim...

Silencing circular RNA hsa_circ_0000977 suppresses pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma progression by stimulating miR-874-3p and inhibiting PLK1 expression.

Circular RNAs (CircRNAs) are a novel type of endogenous noncoding RNAs that regulate target gene expression by interacting with microRNA (miRNA). Emerging evidence shows that dysregulation of circRNAs plays important roles in biological and pathological processes, including cancer development and progression. The functional role of circRNA in PDAC (pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma) remains to be i...

An artificial miRNA system reveals that relative contribution of translational inhibition to miRNA-mediated regulation depends on environmental and developmental factors in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Development and fitness of any organism rely on properly controlled gene expression. This is especially true for plants, as their development is determined by both internal and external cues. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are embedded in the genetic cascades that integrate and translate those cues into developmental programs. miRNAs negatively regulate their target genes mainly post-transcriptionally through...

microRNA-136 inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis and radiosensitivity of cervical carcinoma through the NF-κB pathway by targeting E2F1.

Several microRNAs (miRs) are expressed aberrantly and associated with progression, tumorigenesis, and prognosis of haematological and solid tumors. The study aimed to identify the effects involved with microRNA-136 (miR-136) on the concurrent enhancement of proliferation, apoptosis and radiosensitivity of cervical carcinoma through the NF-κB signaling pathway by targeting E2F1.

Long noncoding RNA PVT1 promotes EMT via mediating microRNA-186 targeting of Twist1 in prostate cancer.

The pathogenesis and the underlying mechanism of endothelial-mesenchymal transition in prostate cancer remain unclear. Plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1), a novel long non-coding RNA maps to 8q24.21, and in many tumor studies the up-regulation of PVT1 has already been reported. PVT1 is closely related to tumor cell proliferation, invasion, and metastasis. In this study, we employed a comb...

Mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes have altered microRNA profiles and induce osteogenic differentiation depending on the stage of differentiation.

Human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC)-derived exosomes have shown regenerative effects, but their role in osteogenesis and the underlying mechanism are yet to be determined. In this study, we examined the time-course secretion of exosomes by hMSCs during the entire process of osteogenic differentiation. Exosomes derived from hMSCs in various stages of osteogenic differentiation committed homotypic ce...

Integrated microRNA and mRNA network analysis of the human myometrial transcriptome in the transition from quiescence to labor.

We conducted integrated transcriptomics network analyses of miRNA and mRNA interactions in human myometrium to identify novel molecular candidates potentially involved in human parturition. Myometrial biopsies were collected from women undergoing primary Cesarean deliveries in well-characterized clinical scenarios: 1) spontaneous term labor (TL, n = 5); 2) term non-labor (TNL, n = 5); 3) spont...

Label-free and sensitive microRNA detection based on a target recycling amplification-integrated superlong poly(thymine)-hosted copper nanoparticle strategy.

Poly(thymine)-hosted copper nanoparticles (poly T-CuNPs) have emerged as a promising label-free fluorophore for bioanalysis, but its application in RNA-related studies is still rarely explored. Herein, by utilizing duplex-specific nuclease (DSN) as a convertor to integrate target recycling mechanism into terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated superlong poly T-CuNPs platform, a specif...

A physiologically relevant 3D collagen-based scaffold - neuroblastoma cell system exhibits chemosensitivity similar to orthotopic xenograft models.

3D scaffold-based in vitro cell culturing is a recent technological advancement in cancer research bridging the gap between conventional 2D culture and in vivo tumours. The main challenge in treating neuroblastoma, a paediatric cancer of the sympathetic nervous system, is to combat tumour metastasis and resistance to multiple chemotherapeutic drugs. The aim of this study was to establish a physiol...

Despacito: the slow evolutionary changes in plant microRNAs.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key regulators of gene expression. A handful of miRNAs are broadly conserved in land plants, while the majority are lineage specific; this review describes the processes by which new miRNAs are hypothesized to have emerged. Two major models describe miRNA origins, firstly, de novo emergence via inverted duplication of target gene fragments, and secondly, the expansion and ne...

MicroRNA-223 Suppresses the Canonical NF-κB Pathway in Basal Keratinocytes to Dampen Neutrophilic Inflammation.

MicroRNA-223 is known as a myeloid-enriched anti-inflammatory microRNA that is dysregulated in numerous inflammatory conditions. Here, we report that neutrophilic inflammation (wound response) is augmented in miR-223-deficient zebrafish, due primarily to elevated activation of the canonical nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathway. NF-κB over-activation is restricted to the basal layer of the surface ...

Regulation of ITGA3 by the dual-stranded microRNA-199 family as a potential prognostic marker in bladder cancer.

This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/bjc.2017.43.

Down-regulation of miRNA-320c promotes Tumor growth and Metastasis and Predicts Poor Prognosis in Human Glioma.

Emerging studies show that dysregulated miRNAs are implicated in tumorigenesis and progression of various cancers. MiRNA-320c, an important member of miRNA-320 family, was characterized as a new candidate miRNA that suppressed the development of colorectal cancer and bladder cancer. However, the function of miRNA-320c in human glioma remained unclear. Here, we found that miRNA-320c was significant...

Combined seven miRNAs for early hepatocellular carcinoma detection with chronic low-dose exposure to microcystin-LR in mice.

Aberrant miRNA expression has been detected in various tumor tissues, which may be considered as a marker for early cancer diagnosis. One miRNA has multiple downstream target genes, which can be regulated by multiple upstream other miRNAs. Hence, this dynamic regulation is likely characterized by volatility, and thus, finding the appropriate time point for tests becomes essential for the use of mi...

Plasma MicroRNA Clusters in Human Left Ventricular Remodeling: A Biomarker and Discovery Platform.

Knockdown of microRNA-29a regulates the expression of apoptosis-related genes in MCF-7 breast carcinoma cells.

MicroRNA (miR), as non-coding small RNA, are key regulators of cancer-related biological cell processes and contribute to tumor growth through regulation of groups of pro- and anti-apoptotic genes. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of miR-29a on the expression of genes involved in apoptosis, including p21, B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2), p53 and survivin. The MCF-7 breast cancer cell l...

miR-204-5p suppresses hepatocellular cancer proliferation by regulating homeoprotein SIX1 expression.

Fewer than 30% of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are eligible to receive curative therapies, and so a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of HCC is needed to identify potential therapeutic targets. The role of microRNA (miRNA) in modulating tumour progression has been demonstrated, and therapies targeting miRNA appear promising. miR-204-5p has been shown to function in n...

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