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Monoclonal antibodies MAbs Research

17:00 EST 16th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Localization of near-infrared labeled antibodies to the central nervous system in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.

Antibodies, including antibodies to the RNA binding protein heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1, have been shown to contribute to the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis, thus it is important to assess their biological activity using animal models of disease. Near-infrared optical imaging of fluorescently labeled antibodies and matrix metalloproteinase activity were measured and quantified i...

A comparative study of experimental and commercial serological tests for detection of antibodies in humans with tularemia.

Experimental serological tests were developed to determine anti-tularensis antibodies in humans in immunochromatography formats (LF-test LPS Ft15) and enzyme immunoassay (ELISA LPS Ft15) using as an antigen highly purified LPS F. tularensis 15 NIIEG. Analysis was conducted of the sensitivity and specificity of the developed tests and commercial tularemia antigen «RNGA-Tul-AG» (production Stavrop...

CRISPR-Mediated Editing of the B Cell Receptor in Primary Human B Cells.

Vaccination approaches have generally focused on the antigen rather than the resultant antibodies generated, which differ greatly in quality and function between individuals. The ability to replace the variable regions of the native B cell receptor (BCR) heavy and light chain loci with defined recombined sequences of a preferred monoclonal antibody could enable curative adoptive cell transfer. We ...

Facile single-molecule pull-down assay for analysis of endogenous proteins.

The single-molecule pull-down (SiMPull) assay analyzes molecular complexes in physiological conditions from cell or tissue lysates. Currently the approach requires a lengthy sample preparation process, which has largely prevented the widespread adoption of this technique in bioanalysis. Here, we present a simplified SiMPull assay based upon dichlorodimethylsilane - Tween-20 passivation and F(ab) f...

Generation and characterization of D-dimer specific monoclonal antibodies for use in latex agglutination test.

The commercially available D-dimer assays used in the clinical practice often show differences in the results, and their specificity and sensitivity are rather unsatisfactory. Our aim was to develop a new monoclonal antibody against D-dimer with a proper specificity, and estimating its suitability using in a latex agglutination diagnostic test. Monoclonal antibodies were generated using hybridoma ...

Construction of a novel phage display antibody library against Fasciola hepatica, and generation of a single-chain variable fragment specific for F. hepatica cathepsin L1.

Phage display technology to produce recombinant monoclonal antibodies or antibody fragments permits the identification of sought after antibodies in short time frames at low cost along with direct and rapid selection for antibody characteristics. Monoclonal antibodies can facilitate the identification and characterisation of parasite molecules that function at the host-parasite interface to help u...

Red blood cell alloimmunization and minor red blood cell antigen phenotypes in transfused Ghanaian patients with sickle cell disease.

The routine pretransfusion investigations in Southern Ghana involve only ABO-D blood group typing and ABO compatibility testing without screening for irregular red blood cell (RBC) antibodies. The prevalence and specificities of RBC antibodies and frequencies of most minor blood group antigens in transfused patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) in Ghana are not known and are the objectives of th...

Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Nanoparticles as Potential Synthetic Antibodies for Immunoprotection against HIV.

We describe the preparation and characterization of synthetic antibodies based on molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles (MIP-NPs), for the recognition and binding of the highly conserved and specific peptide motif SWSNKS (3S), an epitope of the envelope glycoprotein 41 (gp41) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). This motif is implicated in the decline of CD4+ T cells and leads to ...

Effect of essential oil from Ageratum fastigiatum on beta-integrin (CD18) expression on human lymphocytes stimulated with phorbol myristate acetate in vitro.

Agareratum fastigiatum is a Brazilian medicinal plant used as anti-inflammaroty and for wound healing by the folk medicine. In vitro and in vivo studies involving A. fastigiatum essential oil (EOAF) showed indications of anti-inflammatory activity, however, its effect on membrane integrins involved on cell migration is still unclear. Hence, it was evaluated in the present study the effect of EOAF ...

Photobleaching Comparison of R-Phycoerythrin-Streptavidin and Streptavidin-Alexa Fluor 568 in a Breast Cancer Cell Line.

Fluorescent dyes are excited by light and emit light at a longer wavelength. Photobleaching is one the most important obstacles in fluorescent image capturing. Photochemical alteration of a fluorescent dye caused by several excitation/emission cycles results in a fluorophore to be unable to emit light. In this study, R-phycoerythrin (R-PE) and Alexa Fluor 568 were separately conjugated to streptav...

Elevated levels of autoantibodies against EXD2 and PHAX in the sera of patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.

While circulating autoantibodies have been detected in patients with several cardiovascular diseases, such studies have not been performed for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Here we investigated the production of certain auto-antibodies in CTEPH patients. Initial screening was performed in 5 CTEPH patients and 5 healthy donors (HDs)...

Infectious complications and NK cell depletion following daratumumab treatment of Multiple Myeloma.

Treatment with Daratumumab (Dara), a monoclonal anti-CD38 antibody of IgG1 subtype, is effective in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). However, Dara also impairs the cellular immunity, which in turn may lead to higher susceptibility to infections. The exact link between immune impairment and infectious complications is unclear. In this study, we report that nine out of 23 patients (39%) with pro...

The Zika virus seroprevalence in urban and rural areas of Suriname in 2017.

In 2015-2016, a Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak occurred in the Americas. In 2017, we conducted a ZIKV serosurvey in Suriname in which 770 participants were recruited from one urban area and two rural villages in the tropical rainforest. All collected samples were tested for presence of ZIKV antibodies using a ZIKV IgG ELISA and a virus neutralisation assay. We found that 35.1% of the participants had ...

New agents to reduce cholesterol levels: implications for nephrologists.

Statins and ezetimibe effectively reduce the burden of cardiovascular (CV) disease in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Unfortunately, many subjects still die or have CV events despite cholesterol-lowering therapy. This is particularly true in patients with more advanced CKD. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a serine protease that induces the degradation of the lo...

Correlation between blood cell count and outcome of melanoma patients treated with anti-PD-1 antibodies.

Anti-programmed cell death protein 1 monoclonal antibodies (αPD-1mAbs) have been shown to be effective for advanced malignant melanoma. Treatment with αPD-1mAbs can also cause immune-related adverse events (irAEs). However, clinical predictive factors for treatment responses or irAE risk remain unclear.

A prognostic value of level of antiviral antibodies in the development of recurrence of bladder cancer.

Serological diagnosis of virus-associated tumors attracts the attention of many specialists. The changes in the level of antiviral antibodies in tumors of different localizations are proved. In some cases, the authors suggest using these data either for screening of tumors or for controlling the cure.

The enzymatic removal of immunoglobulin variable domain glycans by different glycosidases.

About 15% of immunoglobulin G (IgG) molecules contain glycans linked to the antigen-binding fragments (Fab arms) in addition to the glycans linked to the crystallizable fragment (Fc tail) of all IgGs. Fab glycosylation appears to be an important feature of antibodies, for example by influencing antigen binding and antibody stability. The reliable generation of antibodies that either have or lack F...

Pregnancy and donor-specific HLA-antibody-mediated rejection after liver transplantation: "Liaisons dangereuses"?

Risk factors for the development of anti-HLA antibodies include blood transfusion, organ transplantation, and pregnancy. Humoral rejection, mediated by donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSA), has been studied in all kind of solid organ transplantations, and several studies have suggested that post-liver transplantation (LT) DSA may play a role in acute and chronic rejection.

Evaluation of the Abbott ARCHITECT™ cytomegalovirus IgM/IgG, rubella IgM/IgG, and syphilis treponemal antibodies enzyme immunoassays in a mother and child health center population.

This study evaluated the concordance of Architect™ chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassays with Captia™ ELISA for cytomegalovirus (CMV) IgM and IgG, with Enzygnost™ and Captia™ ELISA for rubella IgM and IgG and with Trep-Sure™ ELISA for syphilis treponemal antibodies in a mixed pediatric and obstetrical population. Total agreement between assays and Kappa statistic value were 82.5% (...

Increased prevalence of anti-DFS70 antibodies in young females: experience from a large international multi-center study on blood donors.

Background Isolated antibodies to DFS70 have been described in healthy individuals and are rarely found in patients with antinuclear antibody-associated autoimmune rheumatic diseases (AARD). However, no data is available on geographic differences in the prevalence of anti-DFS70 antibodies. We aimed to study the prevalence of anti-DFS70 antibodies in blood donor samples from several countries repre...

Challenging the workhorse: Comparative analysis of eukaryotic microorganisms for expressing monoclonal antibodies.

For commercial protein therapeutics, Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells have an established history of safety, proven capability to express a wide range of therapeutic proteins, and high volumetric productivities. Expanding global markets for therapeutic proteins and increasing concerns for broadened access of these medicines has catalyzed consideration of alternative approaches to this platform. R...

Selection of immunoglobulin elbow region mutations impacts interdomain conformational flexibility in HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibodies.

Somatic mutations within antibody variable and framework regions (FWR) can alter thermostability and structural flexibility, but their impact on functional potency is unclear. Here we study thermostability and use molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to assess the role of FWR mutations during maturation of HIV-1 broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs). The tested bnAbs show lower thermostability th...

Genome-wide association study of monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS): comparison with multiple myeloma.

Metabolism of polysaccharides in dynamic middle lamellae during cotton fibre development.

Evidence is presented that cotton fibre adhesion and middle lamella formation are preceded by cutin dilution and accompanied by rhamnogalacturonan-I metabolism. Cotton fibres are single cell structures that early in development adhere to one another via the cotton fibre middle lamella (CFML) to form a tissue-like structure. The CFML is disassembled around the time of initial secondary wall deposit...

The expression of brown fat associated proteins in colorectal cancer and the relationship of uncoupling protein 1 with prognosis.

Colorectal carcinoma is one of the most common types of malignancy and a leading cause of cancer related death. The aberrant expression of a brown fat-like phenotype in cancer cells has been previously implicated in tumour growth. Therefore, the expression of brown fat-associated proteins in colorectal cancer could be associated with tumour prognosis. Monoclonal antibodies to brown fat-associated ...

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