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Myc the protein encoded by the MYC gene that activates the cell cycle Research

04:25 EDT 17th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Does proliferation capacity of lymphocytes depend on human blood types?

In vitro human lymphocyte culture methodology is well established yet certain confounding factors such as age, medical history as well as individual's blood type may potentially modulate in vitro proliferation response. These factors have to be carefully evaluated to release reliable test report in routine cytogenetic evaluation for various genetic conditions, radiation biodosimetry, etc. With thi...

Retinoic acid-induced survival effects in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.

Neuroblastoma is a malignant childhood cancer arising from the embryonic sympathoadrenal lineage of the neural crest. Retinoic acid (RA) is included in the multimodal therapy of patients with high-risk neuroblastoma to eliminate minimal residual disease. However, the formation of RA-resistant cells substantially lowers 5-year overall survival rates. To examine mechanisms that lead to treatment fai...

Phosphorylation of SRSF1 at Tyr-19 promotes cell proliferation in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Serine/arginine-rich splicing factor 1 (SRSF1) has been linked to various human cancers including pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Our previous study has shown that SRSF1 potentially contributes to leukemogenesis, however its underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, leukemic cells were isolated from pediatric ALL bone marrow samples, followed by immune-precipitation assays...

Knockdown of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 suppresses the adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation of tendon stem cell via downregulating miR-138 target genes PPARγand RUNX2.

ObjectiveThe study aimed to investigate the mechanism and biological roles of long noncoding RNAKCNQ1OT1 in adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation of tendon stem cell. MethodsTendon injury mice model was established to detect the expression of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1, miR-138, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and runt-related gene 2 (RUNX2) using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT...

Activation of the oncogenic transcription factor B-Myb via multisite phosphorylation and prolyl cis/trans isomerization.

The oncogenic transcription factor B-Myb is an essential regulator of late cell cycle genes whose activation by phosphorylation is still poorly understood. We describe a stepwise phosphorylation mechanism of B-Myb, which involves sequential phosphorylations mediated by cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) and Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) and Pin1-facilitated peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerization. Our data...

Overexpression of microRNA-590-3p promotes the proliferation of and inhibits the apoptosis of myocardial cells through inhibition of the NF-κB signaling pathway by binding to RIPK1.

Ischemic heart disease is widely considered as a major health threat, which causes a high number of deaths every year worldwide. Much evidence has shown that oxidative stress (OS) is implicated in the pathogenesis of ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). This study aims to evaluate the effect of miR-590-3p on the OS of IRI mice through the nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling pathway by targetin...

CDT2-controlled cell cycle reentry regulates the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease.

Altered cell cycle reentry has been observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD). DTL was predicted as the top driver of a cell cycle subnetwork associated with AD.

GLI1 promotes cancer stemness through intracellular signaling pathway PI3K/Akt/NFκB in colorectal adenocarcinoma.

The role of Hedgehog (HH)/ glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1 (GLI1) pathway has been implicated in a variety of cancer entities, and the targeted pathway inhibition mediated by GLI1 is of therapeutic relevance. However, its oncogenicity and cross-talks with other cancer pathways including PI3K/Akt/NFκB, which modulates the HH/GLI1 signal strength, have rarely been explored in colorectal adenoc...

Epigenetic upregulation and functional role of the mitochondrial aspartate/glutamate carrier isoform 1 in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Metabolic reprogramming is a common hallmark of cancer cells. Although some biochemical features have been clarified, there is still much to learn about cancer cell metabolism and its regulation. Aspartate-glutamate carrier isoform 1 (AGC1), encoded by SLC25A12 gene, catalyzes an exchange between intramitochondrial aspartate and cytosolic glutamate plus a proton across the mitochondrial membrane, ...

Effect of transforming growth factor -β1 on α-smooth muscle actin and collagen expression in equine endometrial fibroblasts.

Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 not only regulates cell growth, development, and tissue remodeling, but it also participates in the pathogenesis of tissue fibrosis. In the equine endometrium, the concentration of TGF-β1 is correlated with endometrosis (equine endometrial fibrosis). In other tissues, TGF-β1 induces differentiation of many cell types into myofibroblasts. These cells are chara...

Estimating six-cycle efficacy of the dot app for pregnancy prevention.

To assess six-cycle perfect and typical use efficacy of Dynamic Optimal Timing (Dot), an algorithm-based fertility app that identifies the fertile window of the menstrual cycle using a woman's period start date and provides guidance on when to avoid unprotected sex to prevent pregnancy.

The germinal Centre kinase Don3 is crucial for unconventional secretion of chitinase Cts1 in Ustilago maydis.

Unconventional secretion has emerged as an increasingly important cellular process in eukaryotic cells. The underlying translocation mechanisms are diverse and often little understood. We study unconventional secretion of chitinase Cts1 in the corn smut fungus Ustilago maydis. This protein participates in the cytokinesis of yeast cells. During budding it localizes to the septated fragmentation zon...

Discovery of (E)-N-(4-((4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)methyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-3-((3-(2-(pyridin-2-yl)vinyl)-1H-indazol-6-yl)thio)propanamide (CHMFL-ABL-121) as a highly potent ABL kinase inhibitor capable of overcoming a variety of ABL mutants including T315I for chronic myeloid leukemia.

There is still a great demand in the clinic for the drugs which can overcome a variety of imatinib resistant ABL mutants. Starting from a type I inhibitor axitinib, which has been reported to overcome ABL-T315I mutant induced resistance, through a structure guided drug design approach and binding mode switch strategy, we have discovered a novel type II ABL inhibitor 24 (CHMFL-ABL-121), which signi...

Intestinal T-cell and NK/T-cell lymphomas: A clinicopathological study of 27 Chinese patients.

Intestinal T-cell and NK/T- cell lymphomas are rare and aggressive. The diagnosis is quite difficult, especial in biopsy specimens. This study investigates the clinicopathological features of intestinal T-cell and NK/T-cell lymphomas to aid their differential diagnosis.

Where have all the cell organelles gone during the cell division?l.

Disassembly of dying cells in diverse organisms.

Programmed cell death (PCD) is a conserved phenomenon in multicellular organisms required to maintain homeostasis. Among the regulated cell death pathways, apoptosis is a well-described form of PCD in mammalian cells. One of the characteristic features of apoptosis is the change in cellular morphology, often leading to the fragmentation of the cell into smaller membrane-bound vesicles through a pr...

Arsenate-mediated G2 cell cycle arrest in U-2OS cells involves phosphorylation of human polycomb protein 2 by p38 MAPK.

G2/M checkpoints ensure the proper timing of cell mitosis. We previously reported that p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation is essential for stress-induced G2 arrest in the U-2OS osteosarcoma cell line, but the molecular mechanism was obscure. Here, using the T7 phage display system, we find p38 directly binds to human polycomb protein 2 (HPC2), and arsenate-induced G2 arrest in ...

MiR-208b regulates cell cycle and promotes skeletal muscle cell proliferation by targeting CDKN1A.

Skeletal muscle is the most abundant tissue in the body. The development of skeletal muscle cell is complex and affected by many factors. A sea of microRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as critical regulators of myogenesis. MiR-208b, a muscle-specific miRNA, was reported to have a connection with fiber type determination. However, whether miR-208b has effect on proliferation of muscle cell was un...

Snake venoms promote stress-induced senescence in human fibroblasts.

Snake venoms are widely studied in terms of their systemic toxicity and proteolytic, hemotoxic, neurotoxic, and cytotoxic activities. However, little is known about snake-venom-mediated effects when used at low, noncytotoxic concentrations. In the current study, two human fibroblast cell lines of different origin, namely WI-38 fetal lung fibroblasts and BJ foreskin fibroblasts were used to investi...

MicroRNA-133b suppresses bladder cancer malignancy by targeting TAGLN2-mediated cell cycle.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a group of small noncoding RNAs, are widely involved in the regulation of gene expression via binding to complementary sequences at 3'-untranslated regions (3'-UTRs) of target messenger RNAs. Recently, downregulation of miR-133b has been detected in various human malignancies. Here, the potential biological role of miR-133b in bladder cancer (BC) was investigated. In this study...

LINC00707 promotes hepatocellular carcinoma progression through activating ERK/JNK/AKT pathway signaling pathway.

Increasing evidence has demonstrated that abnormal expression of lncRNA is correlated with various malignant tumors, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Our current study was aimed to investigate the role of LINC00707 in HCC development. We observed that LINC00707 was upregulated in HCC cell lines compared with normal liver cell lines. Then, Hep3B cells and SNU449 cells were infected with LV...

Crucial role of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP-1) in cellular proliferation of Dictyostelium discoideum.

The unicellular, as well as multicellular stages of Dictyostelium discoideum's life cycle, make it an excellent model system for cell type determination, differentiation, development, and cell death studies. Our preliminary results show the involvement of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) during D. discoideum growth by its constitutive downregulation as well as by its ortholog overexpression...

Lipopolysaccharide-induced proliferation and glycolysis in airway smooth muscle cells via activation of Drp1.

Abnormal airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) proliferation is an important pathological process in airway remodeling contributes to increased mortality in asthma. Mitochondrial dynamics and metabolism have a central role in the maintenance of the cell function. In this study, lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ASMCs proliferative model was used to investigate the effect of mitochondria on the prolife...

X-box binding protein l splicing attenuates brain microvascular endothelial cell damage induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation through the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B, extracellular signal-regulated kinases, and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α/vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathways.

Angiogenesis is positively correlated with the survival rate of stroke patients. Therefore, studying factors that initiate and promote angiogenesis after ischemic stroke is crucial for finding novel and effective treatment targets that improve the prognosis of stroke. X-box binding protein l splicing (XBP1s) plays a positive regulatory role in cell proliferation and angiogenesis. However, the role...

Resistin effects on pancreatic cancer progression and chemoresistance are mediated through its receptors CAP1 and TLR4.

Resistin, secreted by macrophages in tumor microenvironment, has never been investigated in pancreatic cancer models, despite a vibrant tumor microenvironment around pancreatic tumors. We evaluated serum resistin levels in healthy individuals versus pancreatic cancer patients representing different tumor grades. In vitro mechanistic analysis involved MiaPaCa-2 and SW1990 cells. Resistin signaling ...

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