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Balb/CJ mice are more sensitive to treatment with Angiotensin II (AngII) and high salt (Salt) diet compared to C57BL/6J. Together with higher mortality, they develop edema, signs of heart failure and acute kidney injury. The aim of the present study was to identify differences in renal gene regulation that may affect kidney function and fluid balance, which could contribute to decompensation in Ba...
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited, multi-system, chronic disease with the highest prevalence affecting people of Sub-Saharan African descent. While major advances in SCD care have occurred over the last few decades in many African countries these advances are not readily available. Prior literature from Ghana and Kenya describe stigma, despair, and economic burden as well as hope when a ch...
GS-E3D is an enzymatically modified ginseng extract by pectin lyase. In this study, we evaluated the preventive effects of GS-E3D on blood-retinal barrier (BRB) leakage in a rat model of diabetes. To produce diabetes, rats were injected with streptozotocin. GS-E3D was orally gavaged at 25, 50, and 100 mg/kg body weight for 6 weeks. We then compared the effect of GS-E3D with that of an unmodified...
To investigate the effects of exenatide on renal injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
To investigate the influence of lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP), a functional derivative from lycium barbarum, on septic kidney injury.
To investigate whether hirudin exerts its antithrombin action to decrease the ratio of Human Microvascular Endothelial Cells (HMVECs) apoptosis.
To investigate the impact of Ramipril (RAM) on the expressions of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and renal mesangial matrix (RMM) in rats with diabetic nephropathy (DN).
Infection by hepatitis C virus is one of the leading causes of chronic hepatitis C and cause severe burden for patients, families and the health care system.
Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) can progress to cirrhosis and its complications as hepatocellular carcinoma, leading to morbidity and mortality. To know the profile of patients with CHC virus is fundamental to optimize management.
To evaluate the survival of wounds in lower limbs of diabetic and non-diabetic patients.
Describe the knowledge and practices performed by people for diabetic foot prevention.
Trypanosoma cruzi and Helicobacter pylori (HP) are pathogens that cause chronic diseases and have been associated with hypergastrinemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fasting gastrin levels in patients with different clinical forms of Chagas disease (CD), coinfected or not by HP. The enrolled individuals were outpatients attending at the university hospital. HP infection was assessed b...
To evaluate the efficacy of antibiotic therapy in osteomyelitis treatment among people with diabetes.
To describe the dietary intakes of women with Type 1 diabetes before and during pregnancy.
We read with interest the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) joint consensus report on the management of hyperglycaemia in Type 2 diabetes. Following publication of the report, discussions of the content among networks of behavioural and educational researchers prompted us to write this letter. This consensus report is to be commended ...
It has been shown that patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have an increased risk for changes in intraocular pressure during hemodialysis, or ocular dialysis disequilibrium which can cause pain or discomfort during treatment and lead to decreased vision over time. This is a case of an elderly male with ESRD who was having headaches, nausea, and eye pain during hemodialysis due to increase...
The skin is the largest human organ playing an important role in protection, thermoregulation and sensation. Recent studies suggest that a new function has to be added: the storage of sodium. There is increasing evidence that sodium can accumulate in the skin, which suggests that the skin contributes to the regulation of sodium balance in humans, and possibly to the control of extracellular volume...
Hepatorenal syndrome is a serious and frequent complication in patients suffering from liver cirrhosis. Its most severe type is characterized by the rapid occurrence of a functional acute kidney injury. However it is mainly an exclusion diagnosis. Although the pathophysiology is not yet fully understood, the principal hypothesis is a splanchnic vasodilatation leading to a systemic and renal vasoco...
The research is devoted to the study of the occurrence of abnomal cells in buccal epithelium in patients with chronic generalize periodontitis. Buccal cytograms of 102 patients were examined. It was established that cells with karyopycnosis, karyorexis and karyolysis are a sensitive index of the initial stage (mild severity) in periodontitis. The number of buccal cells with these features was incr...
Oxidative stress contributes substantially to podocyte injury, which plays an important role in the development of diabetic kidney disease. The mechanism of hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress in podocytes is not fully understood. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is critical in maintaining NADPH, which is an important cofactor for the antioxidant system. Here, we hypothesized that high ...
The epidemiological transitions that have occurred in low and middle income countries (LMIC) during the past decades have led to an increased prevalence on non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in these countries, where the burden of infectious diseases (IDs), especially tuberculosis (TB), remains high. Although the true dimensions of this comorbidity have not yet been fully understood, there is a grow...
It has been greatly described that different hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes are strictly correlated to various evolution, prognosis and response to therapy during the chronic liver disease. Aim of this study was to outline the changes in the epidemiology of Hepatitis C genotypes in Southern Italy regions from 2006 to 2014.