Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS) Research

21:03 EDT 22nd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Serum Ethanolamine Plasmalogen and Urine Myo-Inositol as Cognitive Decline Markers.

Recent studies have suggested that metabolic disorders, particularly type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and dementia, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), were linked at the clinical and molecular levels. Brain insulin deficiency and resistance may be key events in AD pathology mechanistically linking AD to T2DM. Ethanolamine plasmalogens (PlsEtns) are abundant in the brain and play essential roles i...

Woman With Headache and Amnesia.

Increasing Rate of Noninterventional Treatment Management in Localized Prostate Cancer Candidates for Active Surveillance: A North American Population-Based Study.

The rate of noninterventional treatment (NIT) in prostate cancer (PCa) active surveillance (AS) candidates is on the rise. However, contemporary data are unavailable. We described community-based NIT rates within 16 Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registries between 2010 and 2014.

Role of capsaicin sensitive sensory nerves in ischemia reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury in rats.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common kidney disorder which is associated with a high risk of mortality. Extensive evidence revealed the participation of renal afferent sensory nerves in the pathophysiology of renal ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury, however the role of these nerves in renal IR injury is controversial and remains to be further explored. Here, we report that capsaicin sensitive sens...

Molecular determinants of acquired resistance to BRAF inhibition in human lung cancer.

New biomarkers in brain trauma.

Brain-specific biomolecules are being increasingly investigated as a viable alternative to the clinical scores and radiological features, on which we still rely upon for stratification, therapy and predicting outcome in traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI generally leads to release of various chemical compound within the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or blood depending on the severity of injury, which w...

Adrenergic control of lymphocyte trafficking and adaptive immune responses.

Since the beginning of the last century, substantial evidence has suggested that various aspects of the immune system are influenced by the activity of the nervous system. However, the cellular and molecular basis for the neural control of immune responses has emerged only in the past decade. Recent studies have shown that adrenergic nerves control trafficking of immune cells through cell-type-spe...

Inflammation and neural repair after ischemic brain injury.

Stroke causes neuronal cell death and destruction of neuronal circuits in the brain and spinal cord. Injury to the brain tissue induces sterile inflammation triggered by the extracellular release of endogenous molecules, but cerebral inflammation after stroke is gradually resolved within several days. In this pro-resolving process, inflammatory cells adopt a pro-resolving or repairing phenotype in...

Expression and secretion of synaptic proteins during stem cell differentiation to cortical neurons.

Synaptic function and neurotransmitter release are regulated by specific proteins. Cortical neuronal differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) provides an experimental model to obtain more information about synaptic development and physiology in vitro. In this study, expression and secretion of the synaptic proteins, neurogranin (NRGN), growth-associated protein-43 (GAP-43), ...

A novel MRI phantom to study interstitial fluid transport in the glymphatic system.

The glymphatic system is a recently discovered transport system, mediated by cerebral spinal fluid (CSF), that clears metabolic and cellular waste products in the brain. This system's function in the brain is analogous to that of the lymphatic system in the rest of the mammalian body. It is hypothesized that CSF clears harmful chemicals from the brain by flowing through interstitial spaces in the ...

Efflux inhibition by HS confers sensitivity to doxorubicin-induced cell death in liver cancer cells.

Hydrogen sulfide (HS), an important gasotransmitter, is involved in a variety of cellular functions and pathophysiologic processes. Drug resistance due to alterations in drug trafficking and metabolism severely limits the effectiveness of cancer therapy. This study examined the role of HS in drug resistance in liver cancer cells.

Distinct Patterns of Atypical Functional Connectivity in Lower-Functioning Autism.

Functional magnetic resonance imaging research on autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) has been largely limited to individuals with near-average intelligence. Although cognitive impairment is common in ASDs, functional network connectivity in this population remains poorly understood. Specifically, it remains unknown whether lower-functioning individuals exhibit exacerbated connectivity abnormalities ...

Can unenhanced brain magnetic resonance imaging be used in routine follow up of meningiomas to avoid gadolinium deposition in brain?

We hypothesized that unenhanced brain MRI can be used in follow up of patients with intracranial meningioma to avoid gadolinium deposition in the brain and allow measurement of meningioma dimensions from pre-contrast T2-weighted images.

FOLFIRINOX as induction treatment in rectal cancer patients with synchronous metastases: Results of the FFCD 1102 phase II trial.

The optimal therapeutic strategy in patients with rectal cancer and synchronous unresectable metastases remains unknown. We evaluated the efficacy of FOLFIRINOX induction therapy in this setting.

Laparoscopic ileocecal resection can be applied for appendiceal cancer with an ileal fistula: A case report.

Primary appendiceal cancer with fistula formation is extremely rare. We report a case of a patient with appendiceal cancer invading the ileum who underwent successful laparoscopic ileocecal resection.

mRNA Expression of in Human Breast Cancer: Correlation with Clinical and Pathological Parameters.

Cyclin-dependent kinase 2-associated protein 1 (CDK2AP1) interacts with CDK2AP2, modulates the actions of transforming growth factor-B1, cyclin-dependent kinase 2 and retinoblastoma protein, and closely interacts with micro-RNA21 and micro-RNA25. Our objective was to determine if CDK2AP1 mRNA expression levels were consistent with tumour-suppressive functions in breast cancer.

Evaluation of the Insulin-like Growth Factor Receptor Pathway in Patients with Advanced Breast Cancer Treated with Trastuzumab.

Trastuzumab is a monoclonal antibody against HER2-positive breast cancer. Despite improving the natural history of the disease, there is a number of patients who are resistant to it, whereas all patients will eventually develop resistance and disease will progress. Inconsistent preclinical data show that the IGF-R pathway may contribute to either de novo or acquired resistance to trastuzumab.

Tumor Susceptibility Gene 101 Mediates Anoikis Resistance of Metastatic Thyroid Cancer Cells.

Resistance to anoikis is a pre-requisite step in metastasis, a major cause of death in patients with cancer, including thyroid cancer. Impairing anoikis resistance is a possible strategy for therapy of metastatic cancer. We, therefore, we aimed to investigate the key players of anoikis resistance.

NOTUM Is Involved in the Progression of Colorectal Cancer.

There are limitations to current colorectal cancer (CRC)-specific diagnostic methods and therapies. Tumorigenesis proceeds because of interaction between cancer cells and various surrounding cells; discovering new molecular mediators through studies of the CRC secretome is a promising approach for the development of CRC diagnostics and therapies.

Alterations in Intra- and Interregional Intrinsic Brain Connectivity Are Differentially Associated with Memory Performance in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment.

Previous research has separated spatial patterns of intra- and interregional intrinsic brain connectivity, as evaluated by regional homogeneity (ReHo) and functional connectivity (FC), respectively, in prodromal Alzheimer's disease (AD). Moreover, the intra- and interregional intrinsic brain connectivities have been demonstrated to have a significant relationship with each other.

Correction to: Migraine Aura Without Headache.

The original version of this article contains an error in the title. The title should be: Migraine Aura Without Headache. The title is corrected in this correction article.

Crosstalk Between Sensory Nerves and Cancer in Bone.

Sensory nerves (SNs) richly innervate bone and are a component of bone microenvironment. Cancer metastasis in bone, which is under the control of the crosstalk with bone microenvironment, induces bone pain via excitation of SNs innervating bone. However, little is known whether excited SNs in turn affect bone metastasis.

Effectiveness and safety of a product containing diosmin, coumarin, and arbutin (Linfadren®) in addition to complex decongestive therapy on management of breast cancer-related lymphedema.

To assess the effectiveness and safety of a product containing diosmin, coumarin, and arbutin (Linfadren®) in addition to complex decongestive therapy (CDT) on the management of patients with a breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL).

Systematic review of genetic polymorphisms associated with psychoneurological symptoms in breast cancer survivors.

Psychoneurological (PN) symptoms, such as anxiety, cognitive impairment, depression, fatigue, sleep disturbances, and pain, are highly prevalent in breast cancer patients undergoing cancer treatment. Emerging evidence suggests that genetic polymorphisms may contribute to differential symptom susceptibility. We aimed to systematically review associations between genetic polymorphisms and PN symptom...

Correlates of smoking status in cancer survivors.

To determine the characteristics associated with cancer survivors which indicate continued cigarette smoking at or around the time of cancer diagnosis.

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