Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare News from Science Daily

12:38 EDT 19th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing News Articles 1–25 of 3,000+ from Science Daily

Monday 18th June 2018

Increased risk of birth defects in babies after first-trimester exposure to lithium

Researchers have found an elevated risk of major congenital malformations in fetuses after first-trimester exposure to lithium, in the largest study ever to examine the risk of birth defects in lithium-exposed babies.

Phoneme project creates new haptic communications future

Communication could step beyond reading a cellular phone screen with a new technique by engineering researchers to learn and read messages through a person's sense of touch.

Study on social interactions could improve understanding of mental health risks

Investigators have released the results of a study that outlines how age, socioeconomic status, and other factors might contribute to social isolation and poorer mental health.

Factor important for ZIKA Virus host species restriction

In 2013 and 2015, devastating outbreaks of ZIKA captured world attention. The virus is often transmitted from wild animals -- probably non-human primates -- via mosquitos to humans. This is the first comprehensive study to investigate which mammal species may host the ZIKA virus (ZIKV).

Scientists learn more about how gene linked to autism affects brain

New preclinical research shows a gene already linked to a subset of people with autism spectrum disorder is critical to healthy neuronal connections in the developing brain, and its loss can harm those connections to help fuel the complex developmental condition. Scientists report their data clarify the biological role of the gene CHD8 and its protein CHD8 in developing oligodendrocytes, cells tha...

Adolescent binge drinking disrupts mouse memory in adulthood

Excessive drinking during adolescence may interfere with the activity of brain cells needed for sustaining short term memory, according to new research in adolescent male mice.

How a moderate dose of alcohol protects the heart

Results suggest the effect is associated with activation of the enzyme ALDH2, which helps rid the organism of an aldehyde which is a toxic byproduct of alcohol digestion as much as it is a byproduct of heart cells submitted to stress.

Daily fasting works for weight loss, finds report on 16:8 diet

Daily fasting is an effective tool to reduce weight and lower blood pressure, according to a new study that examines the effect of time-restricted eating on weight loss in obese individuals.

Odors are perceived the same way by hunter-gatherers and Westerners

Previous research has shown the hunter-gatherer Jahai are much better at naming odors than Westerners. They even have a more elaborate lexicon for it. New research by language scientists show that despite these linguistic differences, the Jahai and Dutch find the same odors pleasant and unpleasant.

Novel combination as potential therapy for high-risk neuroblastoma

Researchers at VCU Massey Cancer Center in Richmond, Virginia, have identified a promising target to reverse the development of high-risk neuroblastoma and potentially inform the creation of novel combination therapies for the disease.

Nature programs could put a spring in your step

A new study shows that watching films set in a natural environment boosts body image.

Helicopter parenting may negatively affect children's emotional well-being, behavior

It's natural for parents to do whatever they can to keep their children safe and healthy, but children need space to learn and grow on their own, without Mom or Dad hovering over them, according to new research. The study found that overcontrolling parenting can negatively affect a child's ability to manage his or her emotions and behavior.

Pesticide-free way to combat mosquitoes and West Nile

Researchers may have discovered a new, pesticide-free way to limit mosquito populations in some area and reduce the spread of the West Nile virus.

First birth cohort to receive HPV vaccine: The vaccine works

Girls in the first birth cohort to be offered and receive the HPV vaccine showed a lower degree of dysplasia which may eventually lead to cervical cancer than a birth cohort from 1983.

New way to determine protection of Men B vaccine against different strains

A new approach is being assessed by Public Health England for its potential to routinely test all meningococcal disease cases.

Friday 15th June 2018

Success is not just how you play your cards, but how you play your opponents

In high-stakes environments, success is not just about playing your cards right, but also playing your opponents right.

Brromeliads contribute to mosquito breeding in Miami

With vector-borne diseases posing an increasing public health threat to communities in South Florida and elsewhere, a new study led by public health researchers has revealed that ornamental bromeliad plants contribute to breeding of the Aedes aegypti mosquito -- a key culprit for the Zika outbreak that hit Miami-Dade County and other areas of Florida and the Americas in 2016. Aedes aegypti was the...

Physiological and social determinants of children's sharing behavior

When are primary school children willing to share valuable resources with others and when are they not? Researchers have investigated this question in a controlled behavioral experiment. The motivation to share seems to be influenced by group dynamical and physiological factors, whereas friendship between the children seems to be largely irrelevant.

Thursday 14th June 2018

The same characteristics can be acquired differently when it comes to neurons

Distinct molecular mechanisms can generate the same features in different neurons, a team of scientists has discovered. Its findings enhance our understanding of brain cell development.

Foods combining fats and carbohydrates more rewarding than foods with just fats or carbs

Researchers show that the reward center of the brain values foods high in both fat and carbohydrates -- i.e., many processed foods -- more than foods containing only fat or only carbs. A study of 206 adults supports the idea that these kinds of foods hijack our body's inborn signals governing food consumption.

New subtype of prostate cancer

Researchers have identified a new subtype of prostate cancer that occurs in about 7 percent of patients with advanced disease. This subset of tumors were responsive to immunotherapy treatment.

DNA 'fossils' in fish, amphibians, and reptiles reveal deep diversity of retroviruses

Retroviruses, a broad category of viruses that infect humans and other vertebrates, have much greater diversity than previously thought, according to new research.

The neurons that rewrite traumatic memories

Neuroscientists have located the cells that help reprogram long-lasting memories of traumatic experiences towards safety, a first in neuroscience.

Gene therapy restores hand function after spinal cord injury in rats

Researchers have shown that rats with spinal cord injuries can re-learn skilled hand movements after being treated with a gene therapy that could be switched on and off using a common antibiotic.

Brain's water system and stroke treatment

Water is transported from the blood into the brain via an ion transporter, a new study on mice reveals. If the mechanism can be targeted with medicine, it may prove relevant to all disorders involving increased intracranial pressure, including brain edema in connection with stroke as well as hydrocephalus, also called 'water in the head.'

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