Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare News from AAAS

07:05 EST 18th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

Here are the most relevant search results for "AAAS" found in our extensive news archives from over 250 global news sources.

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Showing News Articles 1–25 of 12,000+ from AAAS

Friday 17th November 2017

UTSA researchers receive grant to help prevent contaminations in Edwards Aquifer

(University of Texas at San Antonio) Vikram Kapoor, assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering, and Drew Johnson, professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Texas at San Antonio, have been awarded a $692,452 funding agreement through the City of San Antonio's Proposition 1 Edwards Aquifer Protection Program to design and implement a way to track fecal bac...

Thursday 16th November 2017

A walk at the mall or the park? New study shows, for moms and daughters, a walk in the park is best

(University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences) University of Illinois family studies researchers believed that if the attention restoration theory, which describes how interaction with natural environments can reduce mental fatigue and restore attention, worked for individuals it might also work for families to help facilitate more positive family interaction...

Professor publishes archaeological research on social inequality

(The University of Montana) The origins of social inequality might lie in the remnants of ancient Eurasia's agricultural societies, according to an article recently published in the major science journal Nature.

Hibernating ground squirrels provide clues to new stroke treatments

(NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) In the fight against brain damage caused by stroke, researchers have turned to an unlikely source of inspiration: hibernating ground squirrels. While the animals' brains experience dramatically reduced blood flow during hibernation, just like human patients after a certain type of stroke, the squirrels emerge from their extended naps su...

Like a baby: The vicious cycle of childhood obesity and snoring

(Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center) In a new longitudinal observational study, scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) looked at the relationships among maternal snoring, childhood snoring and children's metabolic characteristics -- including body mass index (BMI) and insulin resistance, which reflects future risk for developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease -- in appro...

Not an illusion: Clever use of mirrors boosts performance of light-sheet microscope

(Marine Biological Laboratory) Using a simple 'mirror trick' and not-so-simple computational analysis, scientists affiliated with the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) have considerably improved the speed, efficiency, and resolution of a light-sheet microscope, with broad applications for enhanced imaging of live cells and embryos.

Flu vaccine prevents hospitalization in children

(Public Health Ontario) Children vaccinated against influenza are significantly less likely to experience serious complications from the virus that could land them in hospital, new research from Public Health Ontario (PHO) and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) has found.

Small changes to organ procurement system could lead to more life-saving transplants

(Indiana University) Slight changes to the system for allocating deceased-donor kidneys could result in higher rates of organ procurement and lead to more kidney transplants across the country, according to new research co-authored by an Indiana University Kelley School of Business professor.

How a poorly explored immune cell may impact cancer immunity and immunotherapy

(Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan) The immune cells that are trained to fight off the body's invaders can become defective. It's what allows cancer to develop. So most research has targeted these co-called effector T-cells. But a new study takes a step back and considers: What if the problem isn't with the effector T-cells but starts higher up the cellular chain?

Heavy nitrogen molecules reveal planetary-scale tug-of-war

(Rice University) Researchers from Rice University, UCLA, Michigan State and the University of New Mexico have discovered a planetary-scale tug-of-war between life, deep Earth and the upper atmosphere that is expressed in atmospheric nitrogen. The research appears this week in Science Advances.

Scientific advances can make it easier to recycle plastics

(University of Houston) Researchers report new approaches could dramatically increase the amount of plastic waste that can be successfully recycled.

Research shows drones could help crop management take off

(University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture) Initial results of an ongoing study show that aerial imagery produced by multi-spectral sensors as well as less-expensive digital cameras may improve accuracy and efficiency of plant stand assessment in cotton.

Mathematician's study of 'swarmalators' could direct future science

(Cornell University) How does the Japanese tree frog figure into the latest work of noted mathematician Steven Strogatz? As it turns out, quite prominently. Cornell researchers used the curious mating ritual of male Japanese tree frogs as inspiration for their exploration of 'swarmalators' -- their term for systems in which both synchronization and swarming occur together.

These ring-tailed lemurs raise a 'stink' when they flirt with potential mates

(University of Toronto) Stink-flirting among ring-tailed lemurs come at a cost, but may also influence females in choosing a mate.

When to fish: Timing matters for fish that migrate to reproduce

(University of Washington) A new University of Washington study points to yet another human factor that is hampering the ability of fish to reproduce: the timing of our fishing seasons. The study considers how the timing of fishing efforts might disproportionately target certain fish and change the life history patterns of entire populations.

Cardiorespiratory fitness is essential to reduce risk of coronary heart disease

(Elsevier) Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of death for men in the US. Both cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and the blood triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein ratio (TG:HDL ratio) are strong predictors of death from CHD. In the current issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings, two new studies highlight the importance of CRF on subsequent CVD and mortality risk. These articles contribute s...

Decrease in sunshine, increase in rickets

(University of Toronto) A University of Toronto student and professor have teamed up to discover that Britain's increasing cloudiness during the summer could be an important reason for the mysterious increase in rickets among British children over the past few decades.

New study out of WSU further supports use of progesterone to fight preterm birth

(Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research) A new study published today -- World Prematurity Day -- in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology provides additional support for treatment with vaginal progesterone to reduce the risk of preterm birth, neonatal complications and infant death in pregnant women with a short cervix. A shortened cervix is the most powerful ...

Investigating patterns of degeneration in Alzheimer's disease

(Brigham and Women's Hospital) Alzheimer's disease (AD) is known to cause memory loss and cognitive decline, but other functions of the brain can remain intact. The reasons cells in some brain regions degenerate while others are protected is largely unknown. In a paper to be published in Stem Cell Reports, researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital have found that factors encoded in the DNA of ...

Ending TB means investing in R&D

(Burness) This week, as health ministers, diplomats and other representatives meet to discuss tuberculosis (TB) at the World Health Organization (WHO) Ministerial Conference in Moscow, millions of people are suffering from the disease. The governments around the world can and must end this suffering through a major and sustained investment in TB research and development (R&D).  

Rheumatology leaders urge support for graduate student exemption & continuous health coverage

(American College of Rheumatology) The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) today expressed concerns with a provision of the House tax bill passed on Nov. 16 that would repeal the tax-exempt status for graduate student tuition waivers, and a provision included in the Senate tax bill that would repeal the individual health insurance mandate.

Carefully crafted light pulses control neuron activity

(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Specially tailored, ultrafast pulses of light can trigger neurons to fire and could one day help patients with light-sensitive circadian or mood problems, according to a new study in mice at the University of Illinois. This study is the first demonstration of using coherent control to regulate function in a living cell.

Age and gut bacteria contribute to MS disease progression, according to Rutgers

(Rutgers University) Gut bacteria at a young age can contribute to multiple sclerosis disease onset and progression.

Inner clock: Biologists research the mechanism of an auxiliary clock

(Bielefeld University) In December, the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology will be awarded for the identification of genes that control the inner clock. The honoured academics examined fruit flies to determine the biorhythm. Biochemist Professor Dr. Dorothee Staiger of Bielefeld University has been researching the inner clock of plants for twenty years. Her team has now published a new study ...

eDNA tool detects invasive clams before they become a nuisance

(University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences) When seeking a cure for a disease, early detection is often the key. The same is true for eliminating invasive species. Identifying their presence in a lake before they are abundant is vital. A recent University of Illinois study successfully used environmental DNA to detect invasive clams in California and Nevad...

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