Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare News from AAAS

17:32 EDT 18th June 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing News Articles 1–25 of 13,000+ from AAAS

Sunday 17th June 2018

First delivery episiotomies may require repeat procedures -- Ben-Gurion U. researchers

(American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev) After studying more than 43,000 deliveries at Soroka over 24 years (1991-2015), researchers found that 17.5 percent of mothers who had an episiotomy during their first delivery required repeat procedures, while only 3.1 percent of those who did not have an episiotomy the first time required one.

Often overlooked glial cell is key to learning and memory

(University of California - Riverside) Glial cells surround neurons and provide support -- not unlike hospital staff and nurses supporting doctors to keep operations running smoothly. These often-overlooked cells, which include oligodendrocytes and astrocytes, are the most abundant cell types in the central nervous system. But these cells do more than support neurons. They also actively influence ...

IUPUI entrepreneurs seek to quantify pressure applied during manual therapy

(Indiana University) Researcher-entrepreneurs Terry Loghmani, Sohel Anwar and Stanley Chien of IUPUI have developed an instrument system called Quantifiable Soft Tissue Manipulation. QSTM integrates an accelerometer, force sensors, a gyroscope and software to compute the force and motion parameters during manual therapy to treat soft-tissue injuries. The information can be displayed on a laptop co...

Princeton scientists uncover a factor important for ZIKA Virus host species restriction

(Princeton University) In 2013 and 2015, devastating outbreaks of ZIKA captured world attention. The virus is often transmitted from wild animals -- probably non-human primates -- via mosquitos to humans. This is the first comprehensive study to investigate which mammal species may host the ZIKA virus (ZIKV). 'We systematically tested the ability of ZIKV to infect cells from humans, great apes, N...

How to track and trace a protein: Nanosensors monitor intracellular deliveries

(University of Basel) Researchers at the University of Basel's Biozentrum have developed a method for tracing the movement of proteins within the cell. They tagged proteins with tiny nanosensors, so-called nanobodies, which enable the scientists to live track and trace the proteins' pathway through the cell. The method described in the current issue of PNAS is suitable for a wide range of research...

Life, death and carbon in the open ocean

(University of California - Santa Barbara) Oceanographic campaign plunges into 'twilight zone' to investigate how the ocean's food web sequesters carbon

360 degrees, 180 seconds: Technique speeds analysis of crop traits

(University of Nebraska-Lincoln) Researchers from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln have devised a new LiDAR-based approach for automatically and efficiently gathering data about a plant's phenotype: the physical traits that emerge from its genetic code. The approach could allow researchers to better compare crops that have been bred or genetically engineered for specific traits - ideally those t...

Scientists isolate protein data from the tiniest of caches -- single human cells

(DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Scientists have captured the most information yet about proteins within a single human cell, giving scientists one of their clearest looks yet at the molecular happenings inside a human cell. The team detected on average more than 650 proteins in each cell -- many times more than conventional techniques capture from single cells.

Local interventions boost coral's resilience to bleaching

(Duke University) Local conservation actions can significantly boost coral's resilience to, and recovery from, climate-induced thermal bleaching by reducing other energy-sapping stresses the coral faces, a Duke-led study finds. Scientists found they could reduce the extent of bleaching by half if they removed or reduced populations of coral-eating snails from affected reefs. The coral's recovery f...

Studying the brain at work: Drexel to host International Neuroergonomics Conference

(Drexel University) More than 100 experts will convene to discuss the emerging field of research, which aims to design systems for safer, more efficient operations and to advance the understanding of the relationship between the brain and everyday human tasks.

Better implants key to repair damaged knees

(Stellenbosch University) People whose knees have been affected by osteoarthritis, also known as the 'wear and tear' arthritis, often have to get knee implants to repair the damage. But if a knee implant does not fit the specific individual, it could lead to soft tissue damage, collapsing of the underlying bone, loosening of the implant and an increased likelihood of joint pain after an operation....

Compilation of research discussed at the Global Forum On Nicotine: Warsaw, June 16, 2018

(Abzed) Below is a summary of the new and recent research discussed at this conference.

Overuse of agricultural chemicals on China's small farms harms health and environment

(University of Melbourne) The size of farms in China is a key contributor to the overuse of agricultural chemicals, and as a result they may be too small to be environmentally sustainable, a new study has found.

Carbon nanotube optics provide optical-based quantum cryptography and quantum computing

(DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory) Researchers at Los Alamos and partners in France and Germany are exploring the enhanced potential of carbon nanotubes as single-photon emitters for quantum information processing. Their analysis of progress in the field is published in this week's edition of the journal Nature Materials.

AcuraStem receives fast-track SBIR grant

(AcuraStem, Inc.) AcuraStem, a fast-growing and innovative biotech company located in Monrovia, California, has been awarded a 3.7 million dollar Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Fast-Track grant (#R44NS105156) by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) to continue research for the development of a small molecule therapeutic, 'AS2015', focused on treating patie...

Purdue phoneme project creates new haptic communications future

(Purdue University) Communication could step beyond reading a cellular phone screen with a new technique by Purdue College of Engineering researchers to learn and read messages through a person's sense of touch.

The force is strong within us: New study explores cell mechanics at work

(Arizona State University) An ASU research team focused on measuring the stiffness, bending, twisting and viscosity of individual cells -- focused on a breast cancer cell line -- using all of the most state-of-the art technology at their disposal. How both healthy and cancerous cells respond to this environment -- and whether there are key differences that can be identified for future diagnostic a...

Two new creatures discovered from dawn of animal life

(University of California - Riverside) UCR researchers have discovered two new Ediacaran era fossil animals. Their names honor President Barack Obama and Sir David Attenborough.

CHEST® partners with Medscape to launch the moderate to severe asthma center of excellence

(American College of Chest Physicians) The American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) announces a new partnership with Medscape focused on supporting physicians in addressing the challenges of diagnosing and treating moderate to severe asthma.

New asthma tool determines best treatment for severe asthma patients

(American College of Chest Physicians) To help enable stronger communication and understanding between the clinician and patient, the CHEST Foundation, the charitable foundation of the American College of Chest Physicians, Allergy & Asthma Network and American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI) have partnered to launch a new digital, interactive Shared Decision Making Tool.

€7 million for research into chronic inflammatory bowel conditions

(University of Erlangen-Nuremberg) A new Collaborative Research Centre/Transregio 241 'Immune-epithelial communication in inflammatory bowel diseases' is due to commence its research at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) in July 2018. In conjunction with the Charité hospital in Berlin, doctors and biotechnologists at FAU will be conducting research in order to better unders...

Reducing the risk of dementia through lifestyle changes

(Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care) Canadian researchers are recruiting older adults across Toronto and Montreal to explore the benefits of different types of brain training and lifestyle interventions for two clinical trials.

Plant-based diets improve cardiometabolic risk factors in diabetes patients

(Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine) New review in the journal Clinical Nutrition finds that plant-based diets improve cardiometabolic risk factors in those with type 2 diabetes.

Targeting the engine room of the cancer cell

(Columbia University Irving Medical Center) Researchers at Columbia University Irving Medical Center (CUIMC) have developed a highly innovative computational framework that can support personalized cancer treatment by matching individual tumors with the drugs or drug combinations that are most likely to kill them.

Unique immune-focused AI model creates largest library of inter-cellular communications

(CytoReason) New data published in Nature Biotech, represents the largest ever analysis of immune cell signaling research, mapping more than 3,000 previously unlisted cellular interactions, and yielding the first ever immune-centric modular classification of diseases. These data serve to rewrite the reference book on immune-focused inter-cellular communications and disease relationships.New Data P...

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