Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare News from AAAS

13:58 EDT 17th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing News Articles 1–25 of 13,000+ from AAAS

Tuesday 16th October 2018

Social media buffers depression among older adults with pain

(University of Michigan) With a few finger strokes or swipes on a computer or cell phone, seniors with pain reduce the risk of depression when visiting social media sites.

Case Western Reserve researchers cure drug-resistant infections without antibiotics

(Case Western Reserve University) Biochemists, microbiologists, drug discovery experts and infectious disease doctors have teamed up in a new study that shows antibiotics are not always necessary to cure sepsis in mice. Instead of killing causative bacteria with antibiotics, researchers treated infected mice with molecules that block toxin formation in bacteria. Every treated mouse survived. The b...

Study uncovers new link between neonicotinoid pesticide exposure and bumblebee decline

(Worcester Polytechnic Institute) Adding to evidence that pesticide use may be abetting the decline of bumblebee, a new study reveals that daily consumption of even small doses of neonicotinoids reduces the survival of queen and male bees, which are critical to the viability of wild populations. The study also found that exposure to neonicotinoids alters the expression of many bee genes, suggestin...

3D-printed lithium-ion batteries

(American Chemical Society) Electric vehicles and most electronic devices, such as cell phones and laptop computers, are powered by lithium-ion batteries. Until now, manufacturers have had to design their devices around the size and shape of commercially available batteries. But researchers have developed a new method to 3D print lithium-ion batteries in virtually any shape. They report their resu...

Moss rapidly detects, tracks air pollutants in real time

(American Chemical Society) Moss, one of the world's oldest plants, is surprisingly in tune with the atmosphere around it. Now in a study appearing in ACS' journal Analytical Chemistry, scientists report that they have found a simple and inexpensive way to detect air pollutants, specifically sulfur dioxide, in real time based on subtle changes in moss leaves. The discovery could rapidly alert auth...

Wringing water from the air

(American Chemical Society) Scientists estimate that half a billion people in the world lack sufficient water to meet their daily needs, and that number is only expected to rise with the ever-growing population and a changing climate. Therefore, researchers are working on technologies to soak up water from an abundant resource -- the air. An article in Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the week...

Pitt engineer's research on magnetically activated engineered cells attracts NIH funding

(University of Pittsburgh) Warren Ruder was one of 58 researchers to be awarded $1.5 million with the NIH Director's New Innovator Award. Ruder's group works at the interface of biology and engineering to create new biomimetic systems that provide insight into biological phenomena while also serving as platform technologies for future medical applications. He will combine his backgrounds in synthe...

World Heritage Sites threatened by rising sea levels

(Kiel University) In the Mediterranean region, there are numerous UNESCO World Heritage Sites in low-lying coastal areas. In the course of the 21st century, these sites will increasingly be at risk by storm surges and increasing coastal erosion due to sea-level rise.

Evolution is everywhere

(Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona) Human Evolution Beyond Biology and Culture: Evolutionary Social, Environmental and Policy Sciences (Cambridge University Press, October 2018) is a new book written by ICREA Research Professor Jeroen van den Bergh of at ICTA-UAB. It offers a complete account of evolutionary thinking in the social, environmental and policy sciences, while creating bridges with bio...

Bone cell response to mechanical force is balance of injury and repair

(eLife ) Scientists have revealed the intricate process that bone cells use to repair themselves after mechanical injury.

Novel method for precise, controllable cell deposition onto tissue engineering constructs

(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) A new study presents a novel method of using a microfluidic flow cell array to achieve precise and reproducible control of cell deposition onto engineered tissue constructs to produce tunable cell patterns and generate essential integration zones.

Substantial changes in air pollution across China during 2015 to 2017

(University of Leeds) The first detailed analysis of air pollution trends in China reveals a 20 per cent drop in concentrations of particulate pollution over the last three years (2015-2017).

New imaging tool captures how sound moves through the chinchilla ear

(The Optical Society) Researchers have developed a new device that can be used to visualize how sound-induced vibrations travel through the ear.

Going to bed with your ex might not be as bad you think

(Springer) Conventional wisdom holds that people set themselves up for even greater heartache when they jump into bed with their ex-partner after a breakup. However, according to the findings of a study in Springer's journal Archives of Sexual Behavior, having sex with an ex doesn't seem to hinder moving on after the breakup. This is true even for those who continue to pine after their ex, says le...

Medical management of opioid-induced constipation differs from other forms of condition

(American Gastroenterological Association) Traditional laxatives are recommended as first-line agents to treat patients with a confirmed diagnosis of opioid-induced constipation, according to a new guideline from the American Gastroenterological Association. If an adequate trial of laxatives results in suboptimal symptom control, the guidelines recommend peripherally-acting mu-opioid receptor anta...

Taking their vitamins

(North Carolina State University) New research finds that more bacterioplankton utilize vitamin B1 or B1 precursors from their environment than synthesize their own. The researchers also found that B1 availability can directly limit bacterioplankton growth, which could have larger impacts on aquatic microbial food webs, as well as energy and nutrient exchange.

Just the right dose: antiepileptic drug clearance changes during pregnancy

(Brigham and Women's Hospital) Study finds significant changes in how seizure medications are metabolized during the different trimesters of pregnancy.

Probiotics and antibiotics create a killer combination

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) MIT researchers have shown that by delivering a combination of antibiotics and alginate-encapsulated probiotics, they can eradicate two strains of drug-resistant bacteria that often infect wounds.

Mainz University receives EUR 2.5 million to fund its Teaching & Learning Research Labs

(Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz) Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz will be receiving EUR 2.5 million in the second funding period of Germany's Teacher Training Quality Campaign for its project 'Teaching & Learning Research Labs as focal points of in-depth learning: the Mainz Model of Cooperative Teacher Training'.

Selfish people have fewer children and earn less money

(Stockholm University) What happens to those who behave unselfishly and make sacrifices for the sake of others? According to an interdisciplinary study by researchers from Stockholm University, the Institute for Futures Studies and the University of South Carolina, unselfish people tend both to have more children and to receive higher salaries, in comparison to more selfish people. The results hav...

Attending the 'best' high school may yield benefits and risks for students

(Association for Psychological Science) Parents often go to great lengths to ensure that their children attend top schools, surrounded by high-achieving peers who often come from advantaged backgrounds. But data collected from individuals over a span of 50 years suggests that these aspects of selective schools aren't uniformly beneficial to students' educational and professional outcomes in the fo...

Breastfeeding protects infants from antibiotic-resistant bacteria

(University of Helsinki) A new study shows that infants that are breastfed for at least six months have less antibiotic-resistant bacteria in their gut compared with babies breastfed for a shorter time. On the other hand, antibiotic use by mothers increases the number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in infants.

Texas Biomed scientists researching Ebola-malaria connection

(Texas Biomedical Research Institute) Texas Biomed researchers -- in collaboration with the University of Iowa -- are trying to find out how malarial infections impact people exposed to Ebola virus. Both diseases are endemic in that region.

Making treasuries of data usable for medicine

(Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT) ) Investigation, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases give rise to big data volumes. Their systematic analysis may produce new findings for the diagnosis and therapy of diseases, such as can-cer. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), and Heidelberg University now plan to train young researchers at the interfac...

Taking steps toward a wearable artificial kidney

(American Chemical Society) There just aren't enough kidney transplants available for the millions of people with renal failure. Aside from a transplant, the only alternative for patients is to undergo regular dialysis sessions to clear harmful cellular waste from their bodies. Now, scientists report in ACS Nano a new urea sorbent that could accelerate progress toward the development of a lightwei...

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