Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare News from AAAS

01:05 EDT 21st October 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing News Articles 1–25 of 11,000+ from AAAS

Thursday 19th October 2017

Researchers quantify breast cancer risk based on rare variants and background risk

(American Society of Human Genetics) Rare variants combined with background genetic risk factors may account for many unexplained cases of familial breast cancer, and knowing the specific genes involved could inform choice of prevention and treatment strategies, according to findings presented in a plenary session at the American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) 2017 Annual Meeting in Orlando, Fla...

US ocean observation critical to understanding climate change, but lacks long-term national planning

(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine) Ocean observing systems are important as they provide information essential for monitoring and forecasting changes in Earth's climate on timescales ranging from days to centuries. A new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine finds that continuity of ocean observations is vital to gain an accurate understa...

Pollution responsible for 16 percent of deaths globally -- Lancet Commission report

(Simon Fraser University) Diseases caused by pollution were responsible in 2015 for an estimated 9 million premature deaths -- 16 percent of all deaths worldwide, according to a report by The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health. SFU health sciences professor Bruce Lanphear is a commissioner and author.

Exploring how herpes simplex virus changes when passed between family members

(Penn State) A new study offers a rare glimpse into the genetics of a herpes simplex virus transmission event -- information that may prove useful in future development of therapeutics and vaccines. The study reveals nearly perfect genetic transmission of the virus from a father to his son and lays the foundation for future studies exploring the genetic diversity of this virus.

Mountain glaciers shrinking across the West

(University of Washington) A technique using satellites to create twice-yearly elevation maps of US mountain glaciers provides new insight into thinning of glaciers in the lower 48 states.

Why aren't more kids with sickle cell disease getting this test?

(Medical University of South Carolina) Hematologist and researcher Julie Kanter says as few as 30 percent of children across the country with sickle cell disease are getting a simple test that could keep them from having a stroke. She wants to bring that more in line with the MUSC Health rate of around 85 percent. So Kanter and two other researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina are ...

The New York Stem Cell Foundation Annual Conference

(New York Stem Cell Foundation) NYSCF's 12th Annual Translational Stem Cell Research Conference convenes global leaders in translational stem cell and neuroscience research to present their latest work towards new treatments and cures for the most devastating diseases and injuries currently facing the world. The two-day conference features discussions on transformative new technologies in the fiel...

University of California, Davis, receives Mellon grant to explore academic brands

(University of California - Davis) UC Davis professors have been awarded a Sawyer Seminar grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to analyze what academic brands can tell us about the modern university.

$1.25 million grant to improve treating children with autism, other needs

(Penn State) Penn State faculty members have received a $1.25 million federal grant to address a shortage in speech-language pathologists and special educators with master's degrees who have the knowledge and experience in Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) practices, in order to improve school-based services and results for children, teens and young adults with complex communication...

BU researchers create tool to measure, control protein aggregation

(Boston University College of Engineering) In the cover article in the current issue of Cell, BU Biomedical Engineer Ahmad S. Khalil along with colleagues from MIT and the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, among others, describe the synthetic genetic tool they built to quantitatively sense, measure and manipulate protein aggregation in live cells. This may open the door to greater under...

Tufts wins award to participate in new national emergency medicine clinical trials network

(Tufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute) Tufts Medical Center (Tufts MC) joins an elite group of institutions selected to lead national clinical trials in the Strategies to Innovate EmeRgENcy Care Clinical Trials Network (SIREN) Network, a new initiative of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to advance critical emergency medicine research. The SIREN Network is five-year NIH cooper...

The skinny on lipid immunology

(Brigham and Women's Hospital) In a new study published in Science Immunology, researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Monash University in Australia reveal new insights into the basis for T cell receptor (TCR) autoreactivity to self-phospholipids, with implications for autoimmune diseases.

Marshall School of Medicine announces program to improve access to diabetes care in WV

(Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine ) The Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine today launched a new program, Care Coordination of High Risk Diabetes Patients, thanks to a $1.5 million grant over five years from the Merck Foundation.

Parents' alcohol use can set the stage for teenage dating violence, study finds

(University at Buffalo) Having a parent with an alcohol use disorder increases the risk for dating violence among teenagers, according to a study from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions.

The end of pneumonia? New vaccine offers hope

(University at Buffalo) A new vaccine under development provoked an immune response to 72 forms of the bacteria that's responsible for pneumonia, sepsis and meningitis. That's up from the 23 forms of bacteria covered by current immunizations. The new vaccine, which represents the 'most comprehensive' coverage of pneumococcal disease to date, could greatly reduce the number of deaths from the disea...

US ocean observation critical to understanding climate change, but lacks long-term nat. planning

(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine) Ocean observing systems are important as they provide information essential for monitoring and forecasting changes in Earth's climate on timescales ranging from days to centuries. A new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine finds that continuity of ocean observations is vital to gain an accurate understa...

Research predicts increase in inflammatory bowel disease in developing world

(University of Calgary) For the last century, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been a challenge for patients and the medical community in the western world. New research published today in The Lancet by Dr. Gilaad Kaplan shows that countries outside the western world may now be facing the same pattern of increasing IBD rates.

Youth Enjoy Science (YES) grant brings diversity to cancer research

(Case Western Reserve University) Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, in partnership with the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, was awarded a five-year grant, totaling $2.5 million to engage underrepresented minorities in Cleveland-area schools in cancer research.

Nicotinic receptor could be target for treatment of lung inflammation

(Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo) Tests using mice employed an experimental drug that stimulates a specific type of nicotinic receptor in immune cells; researchers attested the reversion of the inflammation condition. The results of the drug were surprising, given the fact that it simulates acetylcholine, a bronchoconstrictor neurotransmitter inhibited by asthma and DPOC's...

Superstorm Sandy five years later: How NJIT assisted with recovery efforts

(New Jersey Institute of Technology) Five years ago, Superstorm Sandy devastated the U.S. east coast, taking the lives of 34 New Jersey residents, destroying hundreds of thousands of homes and businesses, and causing over $62 billion in damage. The NJIT community responded to the disaster with immediate assistance and farsighted planning for the future.

Metacognition training boosts gen chem exam scores

(University of Utah) Students, and people in general, can tend to overestimate their own abilities. But University of Utah research shows that students who overcome this tendency score better on final exams. The boost is strongest for students in the lower 25 percent of the class. By thinking about their thinking, a practice called metacognition, these students raised their final exam scores by 10...

The perils of business ethics facing the UK's SME jewellery producers comes under scrutiny

(University of Huddersfield) Professor of Sustainability Morven McEachern looks at the ethical world of Birmingham's famous 250-year Jewellery Quarter, home to some 500 business.

Academic exchange with Africa strengthens with Freiburg's help

(University of Freiburg) The University of Freiburg will receive a subsidy for the "Merian International Centre for Advanced Studies in Africa", making it the hub for African studies in Germany.

Global CO2 emissions stalled for the third year in a row

(European Commission Joint Research Centre) The annual assessment of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by the JRC and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL) confirms that CO2 emissions have stalled for the third year in a row.

UMass Amherst research investigating pollutant effects on embryos in three model species

(University of Massachusetts at Amherst) Environmental health scientist Alicia Timme-Laragy at the University of Massachusetts Amherst recently received a $1.9 million grant from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences to study the health effects of two environmental pollutants, perfluoro-octanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and its recent replacement chemical, perfluoro-butanesulfonic (PFBS...

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