Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare News from NIH

03:09 EDT 14th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Here are the most relevant search results for "NIH" found in our extensive news archives from over 250 global news sources.

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In addition to our news stories we have dozens of PubMed Articles about NIH for you to read. Along with our medical data and news we also list NIH Clinical Trials, which are updated daily. BioPortfolio also has a large database of NIH Companies for you to search.

Showing News Articles 1–25 of 752 from NIH

Friday 10th August 2018

Evaluation of Prenatal Exposure to Bisphenol Analogues on Development and Long-Term Health of the Mammary Gland in Female Mice

 Introduction The mammary gland is an essential tissue that is required for lactation and infant nourishment. Like other female reproductive tissues, many hormones and growth factors influence mammary tissue, with the primary drivers depending on the stage of development. Steroid hormones regulate ductal growth, elongation, branching, and differentiation, and exposure to environmental chemicals...

Thursday 9th August 2018

Notification of patient overdose deaths reduces clinician opioid prescriptions

NIH-funded study shows clinicians reduced prescriptions following behavioral “nudge”.

Wednesday 8th August 2018

Induced labor at 39 weeks may reduce likelihood of C-section, NIH study suggests

Elective induction at 39 weeks also linked to lower risk of maternal high blood pressure disorders.

Bone Lead Levels and Risk of Incident Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma: The VA Normative Aging Study

 Introduction Glaucoma accounts for approximately 8% of global blindness according to the 2010 World Health Organization report (Pascolini and Mariotti 2012). It is the second leading cause of blindness in the world after cataracts, and the leading cause of irreversible loss of vision (Pascolini and Mariotti 2012). Despite the large patient population and severe […]

NIH researchers discover highly infectious vehicle for transmission of viruses among humans

Membrane-bound virus clusters provide promising target for the treatment of gastroenteritis, other diseases.

Tuesday 7th August 2018

Intervention for first-time moms and their infants improves child weight through age 3

NIH-funded study results may inform efforts to prevent childhood obesity.

Monday 6th August 2018

Pollution and Global Health – An Agenda for Prevention

 Background Pollution is a grave threat to planetary health. Like climate change (McMichael 2017), biodiversity loss, ocean acidification, desertification, and depletion of the world’s fresh water supply, pollution destabilizes the earth’s support systems and endangers the continuing survival of human societies (McMichael 2017; Rockström et al. 2009; Steffen et al. 20...

Thursday 2nd August 2018

NIEHS: Making a Mark on Translational Research Science

 The National Institute of Environmental Health Science (NIEHS) is introducing a new paradigm for conducting, communicating, and evaluating translational research efforts in environmental health science. In “Expanding the Concept of Translational Research: Making a Place for Environmental Health Sciences,” Pettibone et al. (2018) use the concepts of translational research propo...

Traffic-Related Air Pollution, APOE ε4 Status, and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes among School Children Enrolled in the BREATHE Project (Catalonia, Spain)

 Introduction There is growing evidence that exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) has a detrimental effect on cognitive and behavioral developmental outcomes in children. In the BREATHE project (n=2897 schoolchildren), conducted in the Barcelona metropolitan area, we found that outdoor and indoor estimated concentrations of elemental carbon (EC, equivalent to black carbon) and nitro...

Wednesday 1st August 2018

Fetal DNA sequencing potentially could reduce need for invasive prenatal diagnostic procedures

NIH review article also describes need for practitioner education in interpreting results of genetic tests.

Tuesday 31st July 2018

Fine Particulate Air Pollution and Adverse Birth Outcomes: Effect Modification by Regional Nonvolatile Oxidative Potential

Introduction A large number of studies have suggested associations between ambient fine particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5) and adverse birth outcomes, with the strongest evidence for preterm delivery and term low birth weight (LBW) (Dadvand et al. 2013; Li et al. 2017; Shah et al. 2011; Stieb et al. 2012). While the underlying mechanism(s) e...

Mercury Exposure, Blood Pressure, and Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Dose–response Meta-analysis

Introduction Mercury (Hg) is a well-characterized environmental toxicant with known adverse health outcomes worldwide (Ha et al. 2017). Hg is present in three different forms, which include elemental mercury [(Hg0), inorganic mercury (mercury salts), and organic mercury (methyl mercury (MeHg)]. The general population is exposed to a relatively low level of inorganic Hg, primarily through dent...

Monday 30th July 2018

Monitoring Public Water Supply for a Variety of Pathogens

The simultaneous concentration and recovery of microbes in drinking water is important for responding to potential water-related events such as pathogen contamination or bioterrorism and could be a cost-effective technique for routine monitoring of drinking water quality. Scientists at the CDC have combined two techniques, ultrafiltration (UF) and insulator-based dielectrophoresis (iDEP) in series...

Editing T cell genomes without viruses

Researchers developed a way to genetically modify T cells using a jolt of electricity instead of a virus. This method may help expand the medical potential of gene editing.

How night shifts disrupt metabolism

The rhythms of certain metabolic pathways can become shifted by even a few days of being awake at night and asleep during the day. Further research is needed to explore how this finding may play a role in health risks observed in people who work at night.

Early family experience affects later romantic relationships

Children who grow up in a positive family climate are better equipped to have a healthy romantic relationship as a young adult.

Correlates of the Built Environment and Active Travel: Evidence from 20 US Metropolitan Areas

 Introduction Many jurisdictions in the United States have stated goals to increase physical activity—such as walking and bicycling—to improve public health, reduce emissions, and increase livability (Hankey et al. 2017a; Jackson et al. 2013). The built environment influences rates of total physical activity (Frank et al. 2007; Giles-Corti et al. 2016; Sallis et&...

Friday 27th July 2018

Air Pollution and Suicide: Exploring a Potential Risk Factor

 Could air pollution be a trigger for suicide? Researchers first began asking this question less than a decade ago.1,2,3 Accumulated evidence from around the world now suggests there may well be a connection,4,5,6 although the nature of such a connection is still unknown. The authors of a study in Environmental Health Perspectives add to […]

Air Pollution and ASDs: A Deeper Dive into an Environmental Risk Factor

 Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) affect an estimated 2.24% of children in the United States,1 with a global prevalence estimated at approximately 0.7%.2 Although the exact causes of ASDs are unknown, it is believed that both genetic and environmental factors play a role. Understanding the environmental factors is important, because they may provide a route […]

Thursday 26th July 2018

Comprehensive Analyses and Prioritization of Tox21 10K Chemicals Affecting Mitochondrial Function by in-Depth Mechanistic Studies

 Introduction Humans are exposed daily to numerous naturally occurring and man-made chemicals, some of which may adversely affect health. Furthermore, each year, hundreds of new chemicals are synthesized and introduced into commercial use ( Currently, in the United States, more than 80,000 chemical compounds have been r...

Wednesday 25th July 2018

Tickborne diseases are likely to increase, say NIH officials

Bacteria cause most tickborne diseases in the United States.

Protein affected by rare Parkinson’s mutation may lurk behind many cases of the disease

NIH-funded study could lead researchers to rethink how to treat the disorder.

Next-generation ALS drug silences inherited form of the disease in animal models

NIH-funded preclinical study suggests drug may be ready for early stage clinical trials.

NIH-funded researchers present preliminary clinical trial results suggesting aggressive blood pressure control may lower risk of cognitive impairment

Final results will be submitted to a peer-reviewed publication later this year.

Multi-disease health fairs, universal “test and treat” help East African communities achieve HIV benchmarks

PEPFAR- and NIH-supported study results support patient-centered approach to care delivery.

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