Latest Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and Healthcare News from Health Innovations

04:56 EDT 16th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

Here are the most relevant search results for "Health Innovations" found in our extensive news archives from over 250 global news sources.

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In addition to our news stories we have dozens of PubMed Articles about Health Innovations for you to read. Along with our medical data and news we also list Health Innovations Clinical Trials, which are updated daily. BioPortfolio also has a large database of Health Innovations Companies for you to search.

Showing News Articles 1–25 of 71 from Health Innovations

Friday 13th September 2019

Bone not adrenaline drives fight or flight response.

The fight-or-flight response, also known as the acute stress response (ASR), is a physiological reaction mediated by the sympathetic nervous system which plays a critical role in helping animals react to potentially life-threatening situations. More specifically, the adrenal glands, which sit on top of the kidneys, release a variety of hormones such as adrenaline, norepinephrine, and cortisol whic...

Wednesday 11th September 2019

Brain cell involved in stuttering identified.

Stuttering is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by pauses and repeated sounds or words, which disrupt the normal flow of speech. For 1 in 4 children who experience early stuttering, the condition persists as a lifelong speech problem with as many as 1% of adults in the United States affected by stuttering. It is believe that stuttering stems from problems with

Friday 6th September 2019

New microbiota-based mode of antibiotic-resistant spread identified.

Bacteria are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics, with much work needed to stem the rise of multi-drug resistance. Often, resistance is mediated by genes, which can simply jump from one bacterial population to the next when antibiotics are being used. This is one of the many mechanisms of antibiotic resistance which is causing major concern around the world. Now, a

Wednesday 4th September 2019

Brain waves detected in lab-grown mini brains.

As human brain tissue is difficult to obtain, stem cells are used to develop mini brains or ‘organoids’, a pea-sized model of the human brain, in a lab dish. By growing them in culture medium which mimics the environment of brain development, the stem cells self-organize into a 3D structure that resembles the developing human brain. However, only a handful

Friday 30th August 2019

Researchers show astrocytes are crucial for establishing long-term memory in mice.

Astrocytes are the most numerous cell type present in the brain, and perform a variety of tasks, such as axon guidance, synaptic support, and homeostasis. Astrocytes have been hypothesized as contributing to memory consolidation and memory performance, however, the roles played by astrocytes im memory are not fully understood. Now, a study from researchers at Salk Institute shows that astrocytes

Wednesday 28th August 2019

New artificial cell can engulf live bacteria via endocytosis.

Antibiotic consumption is on the rise, causing increased resistance in bacteria. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria develops the ability to resist the effects of medication that was used to successfully treat it in the past. Without urgent action, the global community is heading for a post-antibiotic era, in which common infections and minor injuries can once again kill. Now, a

Friday 23rd August 2019

New DNA computer stores long-term cellular memory.

The ability to process and store information in living cells, also known as biocomputing, is essential for developing next-generation therapeutics and for capturing events within the body. A computation is the execution of an algorithm, a list of instructions that takes an input, processes it, and produces a result. In DNA computing, input is represented using the four-character genetic alphabet,

Wednesday 21st August 2019

Cheap, simple technique allows sex selection of sperm before fertilization.

Sperm sorting is a technique that allows the selection of which type of sperm cell to fertilize the egg cell. It can be used to distinguish which sperm are the most healthy, as well as for determination of more specific traits, such as sex selection in which sperm are separated into X- (female) and Y- (male) chromosome bearing populations based

Friday 16th August 2019

Previously unknown sensory organ identified.

Pain is the most common reason for physician consultation in most developed countries with almost one in five people experiencing constant pain in their lifetime. However, sensitivity to pain is also required for survival proffering a protective function. It prompts reflex which prevents damage to tissue, such as a person pulling their hand away when they feel a jab from

Wednesday 14th August 2019

Artificial protein builds autonomous circuits to control any cellular process.

Bio-computers use systems of biologically derived molecules, such as DNA and proteins, to build circuitry inside cells which can perform computational calculations involving storing, retrieving, and processing data. In turn it is hoped these ‘smart cells’ will lead to smart drugs, living computers inside the body which are able to monitor, target and treat the host body and disease aut...

Friday 9th August 2019

The tumour microbiome influences immune response and survival in pancreatic cancer.

It is known that the composition and diversity of the gut microbiome can affect how cancer immunotherapy works, however, little research has focused on the bacteria in the tumour, or the tumour microbiota, and how it affects prognosis and survival. Now, a study from researchers at MD Anderson Cancer Center shows that the tumour microbiome influences immune response and patient

The tumour microbiome influences immune response and survival in pancreati cancer.

It is known that the composition and diversity of the gut microbiome can affect how cancer immunotherapy works, however, little research has focused on the bacteria in the tumour, or the tumour microbiota, and how it affects prognosis and survival. Now, a study from researchers at MD Anderson Cancer Center shows that the tumour microbiome influences immune response and patient

Wednesday 7th August 2019

Specific microbiota identified which prevents obesity.

Obesity and its associated illness type 2 diabetes (T2D) have reached epidemic proportions. Increased food intake and lack of exercise are two main contributing factors, with past research firmly establishing an important role of gut microbiota in metabolic disorders. However, the exact mechanism linking gut microbiota to obesity is yet to be identified. Now, a study from researchers at the

Friday 2nd August 2019

Researchers insert a synthetic primordial protein into a living organism.

Gene duplication is an important event in early evolution which results in new genes and genetically novel organisms.  A classic example is the small soluble protein ferredoxin, an iron–sulphur protein with ancient origins which mediate electron transfer in a range of metabolic reactions. Now, a study led by researchers at Rice University reverse-engineers the primordial ferredoxin protein ...

Wednesday 31st July 2019

Long hypothesized, elusive neuron finally discovered.

The brain measures time continuously, with the person aware of how long they have performed a certain task, such as eating or sleeping. This exact measurement of time allows humans to make complex movements requiring muscle coordination within a microsecond of sensitivity, or decode complex auditory signals in the form of speech or music. The brain’s timing abilities are impressive,

Friday 26th July 2019

Orally-ingestible pill tests the microbiome at any stage of the gastrointestinal tract.

It is known that when the natural balance of the microbiome is skewed, a condition called ‘dysbiosis’ occurs, associated with inflammation, susceptibility to infections, and diseases such as cancer. Research is still pinpointing specific microbiome metabolites which proffer protection against disease. Most studies use fecal samples to analyse the condition of the gut microbiome, howeve...

Wednesday 24th July 2019

‘Stick-on’ artificial throat converts motion into speech.

Speech is a complex process which involves both motions of the mouth and vibrations of folded tissues, called vocal cords, within the throat. However, if the vocal cords sustain injuries or other lesions, a person can lose the ability to speak. Now, a study from researchers at Tsinghua University develops a wearable artificial throat that, when attached to the neck

Friday 19th July 2019

Gut microbiota protect against neurologic damage from viral infections.

It is known that the human gut contains trillions of bacteria, known as the microbiota, which play a crucial role in digesting food and regulating the immune system. This symbiotic microbiome also impacts the function and development of the central nervous system (CNS); however, little is known about the contribution of the gut microbiota during viral-induced neurologic damage. Now, a

Wednesday 17th July 2019

Researchers wirelessly hack master gene using nanophotonics.

Researchers have long been using the field of optogenetics, a biological technique which involves the use of light to control cells in living tissue, typically neurons, which have been engineered to express light-sensitive ion channels. By doing this, it is hoped they could one day develop new treatments for diseases by correcting the miscommunications that occur between cells. However, optogeneti...

Friday 12th July 2019

Synthetic DNA controls release of active ingredients from drugs.

Currently, many patients are being treated with several different medications, with patients required to take drugs at fixed intervals, which can make everyday life difficult and increases the risk of doses being skipped or forgotten. Controlled drug release is a mechanism which delivers drugs with a delay after its administration, or for a prolonged period of time to a specific

Wednesday 10th July 2019

Brain-to-brain interface allows multiple people to problem solve together using only their minds.

Direct brain-to-brain interfaces (BBIs) in humans are computer interfaces which combine neuroimaging and neurostimulation to extract and share information between brains, allowing direct brain-to-brain communication. The potential for BBIs that allow interactions between multiple humans has been theorised, yet to date it has never been demonstrated. Now, a study from researchers at University Wash...

Friday 5th July 2019

Bacteria containing DNA computer provides diagnostics for the gut microbiota.

Mining the gut microbiota is a promising approach for developing new sensors which respond to disease and abnormalities in the body. To date, these efforts have largely relied on fecal samples, however, to obtain an instantaneous snapshot of bacterial behavior inside the gut using these techniques, invasive sampling is required via colonoscopy or a biopsy. Now, a study from researchers

Wednesday 3rd July 2019

Synthetic bacteria delivers nanobodies to kill cancer.

Cancer immunotherapy, which uses the body’s immune defenses to fight cancer, has transformed cancer treatment over the past decade, however, only a handful of solid tumours have responded to treatment, and systemic therapy often results in significant side effects. Designing therapies which can induce an anti-tumor immune response within a tumour without triggering systemic toxicity has posed a ...

Friday 28th June 2019

Neurons responsible for 3D vision identified.

When a person looks at an object, each eye sees it from a slightly different angle, and sends those binocular-based pictures back to the brain. The differences between the two images are integrated into a single one, creating the 3D effect, this phenomenom is known as stereopsis. A puzzle for neuroscience, and robotics, is how insects achieve complex stereopsis with

Wednesday 26th June 2019

First successful non-invasive mind-controlled robotic arm.

Robotic instruments have been assisting clinical staff and engineers alike for many years, with prosthetic robotic arms, which allow people who have lost a limb to regain freedom of movement, currently in development. Brain-computer interface (BCI), a collaboration between the brain and a device, enables signals from the brain to direct some external activity, such as control of a cursor

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