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Transcription termination delimits transcription units but also plays important roles in limiting pervasive transcription. We have previously shown that transcription termination occurs when elongating RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) collides with the DNA-bound general transcription factor Reb1. We demonstrate here that many different DNA-binding proteins can induce termination by a similar roadblock (RB) mechanism. We generated high-resolution transcription maps by the direct detection of RNAPII upon nuclear depletion of two essential RB factors or when the canonical termination pathways for coding and non-coding RNAs are defective. We show that RB termination occurs genomewide and functions independently of (and redundantly with) the main transcription termination pathways. We provide evidence that transcriptional readthrough at canonical terminators is a significant source of pervasive transcription, which is controlled to a large extent by RB termination. Finally, we demonstrate the occurrence of RB termination around centromeres and tRNA genes, which we suggest shields these regions from RNAPII to preserve their functional integrity.NEXT ARTICLE
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) uses the ability of DNA polymerase (enzymes that create DNA molecules by assembling nucleotides, the building blocks of DNA. These enzymes are essential to DNA replication and usually work in pairs to create two ident...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...