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Among patients with rheumatoid arthritis, smoking history is not associated with the presence of anti-peptidylarginine deiminase 4 antibodies, which have been linked to more severe disease activity, according to findings published in Arthritis Research and Therapy.
“A combination of genetic and environmental factors is thought to be responsible for the development of RA,” Erika Darrah, PhD, of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, told Healio Rheumatology. “In particular, a history of cigarette smoking has been most strongly linked to the development of this
Original Article: Smoking not related to anti-PAD4 antibodies in RANEXT ARTICLE
Arthroplasty Joint Disorders Orthopedics Spinal Cord Disorders Orthopedics is the science or practice of correcting deformities caused by disease or damage to the bones and joints of the skeleton. This specialized branch of surgery may ...
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...
Arthritis is by definition the inflammation of one or more joints, characterized by swelling, pain, warmth, redness and diminished range of joint movement (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are many different types; Noninflammatory; Osteoarthritis, N...