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(University of California - Santa Cruz) The human genome includes more than 500 genes for transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules, which are essential for making proteins in all living organisms. Scientists have long understood the fundamental role of tRNAs in translating genetic code into proteins, but in recent years they have discovered new and unexpected functions for these molecules, including specialized regulatory roles in the cell sometimes carried out by small fragments of tRNAs.NEXT ARTICLE
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...