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NEDD8 is a ubiquitin-like protein that activates cullin-RING E3 ubiquitin ligases (CRLs). Here, we identify a novel role for NEDD8 in regulating the activity of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) in response to oxidative stress. We show that treatment of cells with H2O2 results in the accumulation of NEDD8 chains, likely by directly inhibiting the deneddylase NEDP1. One chain type, an unanchored NEDD8 trimer, specifically bound to the second zinc finger domain of PARP-1 and attenuated its activation. In cells in which Nedp1 is deleted, large amounts of tri-NEDD8 constitutively form, resulting in inhibition of PARP-1 and protection from PARP-1-dependent cell death. Surprisingly, these NEDD8 trimers are additionally acetylated, as shown by mass spectrometry analysis, and their binding to PARP-1 is reduced by the overexpression of histone de-acetylases, which rescues PARP-1 activation. Our data suggest that trimeric, acetylated NEDD8 attenuates PARP-1 activation after oxidative stress, likely to delay the initiation of PARP-1-dependent cell death.NEXT ARTICLE
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) uses the ability of DNA polymerase (enzymes that create DNA molecules by assembling nucleotides, the building blocks of DNA. These enzymes are essential to DNA replication and usually work in pairs to create two ident...
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...