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[Media Watch] The story of chikungunya virus

20:27 EDT 22 May 2019 | The Lancet

The word chikungunya (“that which bends up” in the Kimakonde language) indicates a hunched posture resulting from recurrent joint pain. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an emerging arbovirus from the Togaviridae family and the Alphavirus genus, that causes a crippling musculoskeletal inflammatory disease characterised by fever, polyarthralgia, myalgia, rash, and headache. Since the first confirmed CHIKV epidemic in the coastal area of Tanzania in 1952, the virus has caused outbreaks in eastern and central Africa, the Indian Ocean islands, southeast Asia, Central and South America, US territories, and Europe, with more than five million cases reported in the past 15 years.

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