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Hydrocephalus, a build-up of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain, is the most common paediatric neurosurgical diagnosis, and is among the most common conditions in all age groups treated by neurosurgeons.1 Surgical treatment is usually either a mechanical diversion with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt or creation of an internal drainage pathway (third ventriculostomy). Shunts have been used for more than six decades to treat hydrocephalus, meaning that the advantages and risks of the procedure are well known.NEXT ARTICLE
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...