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Obesity Research

05:37 EDT 23rd May 2018 | BioPortfolio

Precision Surgery for Obesity.

Precision medicine is targeted towards improving the effectiveness of treatment, reducing the side effects of drugs and reducing medical costs. The application of precision surgery for obesity is a new concept that involves 2 stages: the first stage is to attain a precise obesity surgery, and the second stage is to achieve individualized obese gene therapy. In this article, we discuss the value of...

A GLP-1:CCK fusion peptide harnesses the synergistic effects on metabolism of CCK-1 and GLP-1 receptor agonism in mice.

Combination approaches for the treatment of metabolic diseases such as obesity and diabetes are becoming increasingly relevant. Co-administration of a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist with a cholecystokinin receptor-1 (CCKR1) agonist exert synergistic effects on weight loss in obese rodents. Here, we report on the effects of a novel fusion peptide (C2816) comprised of a stabilized...

Individual approach to the treatment of obese copd patients can reduce anthropometric indicators, the level of systemic inflammation and improve the quality of life.

Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obesity are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and according to current estimates, the global burden of these conditions will be even greater. The basis for COPD treatment is bronchodilator therapy and non-pharmacotherapy approaches, such as respiratory rehabilitation and dietary counseling. The aim of this study was to...

The role of hydrogen sulfide in the progression mechanisms of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and chronic kidney disease.

Introduction: The steady increase in the incidence of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) on the background of obesity and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in people of working age in Ukraine. The aim: To establish the role of hydrogen sulfide in the mechanisms of mutual burden and progression of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and chronic kidney disease in patients with obesity.

Analysis of the extension of childhood expectations and evaluation of the risks of the development of diseases associated with overweight.

Introduction: Prevention of obesity in childhood is considered one of the main areas of primary prevention of non-infectious diseases. The aim: determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among school-age children, and analyze the risk of developing concomitant excess body weight and obesity.

Influence of risk factors on insulin resistance in patients with overweight and obesity.

Introduction: Obesity is a multifactorial, heterogenic disease, associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, chronic liver and kidney diseases. Excessive body weight and obesity are serious medical and social problems, since their incidence is constantly increasing and has reached global epidemic proportions. The aim: Determining th...

Features of the course of irritable bowel syndrome in patients with excess body weight.

Introduction: Currently, the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is only based on clinical symptoms without clear interpretation and can be interpreted differently, complicating the diagnosis. Therefore, to study features of the prevalence and the course of IBS in patients with excessive body weight / obesity is of particular significance nowadays. The aim of the research is to evaluate th...

Obesity surgery makes patients healthier and more functional: real world results from the United Kingdom National Bariatric Surgery Registry.

The National Bariatric Surgery Registry (NBSR) is the largest bespoke database in the field in the United Kingdom.

Thyroid status in premenopausal and postmenopausal women - A biochemical study on insulin resistance in non obese, overweight and obese type 2 diabetics.

Insulin resistance with altered thyroid status in women is observed in type 2 diabetics and varies with advancing age and estrogen profile. We compared thyroid status between premenopausal and postmenopausal women in obese, non obese and overweight type 2 diabetes.

Mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 signaling in obese women changes after bariatric surgery.

After bariatric surgery, modifications to signaling pathway networks including those of the metabolic regulator called mammalian or mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) may lead to molecular alterations related to energy source availability, systemic nutrients, and catabolic and anabolic cellular processes. This study aimed to identify gene expression changes with regard to the mTOR complex 2 su...

Idiopathic nodular glomerulosclerosis (ING) in an African American (AA) man with hepatitis C.

Idiopathic nodular glomerulosclerosis (ING) in a non-diabetic patient is uncommon. Nodular glomerulosclerosis is hallmark sign of diabetic nephropathy. ING is a very rare clinicopathological disease associated with smoking, obesity and hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and metabolic syndrome. A 68-year-old non-obese African American man with hypertension, smoking and history of h...

Does Obesity Influence the Risk of Clostridium difficile Infection Among Patients with Ulcerative Colitis?

Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) are at an increased risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) compared with the general population. Recent data suggest that obesity also increases the risk of CDI.

Genetic contribution to waist-to-hip ratio in Mexican children and adolescents based on 12 loci validated in European adults.

The prevalence of abdominal obesity in Mexican children has risen dramatically in the past decade. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) performed predominantly in European descent adult  populations have identified multiple single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with larger effects in women. The contribution of these SNPs to WHR in non-European children is unknown.

Effects of clomiphene citrate on male obesity-associated hypogonadism: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

Obesity causes secondary hypogonadism (HG) in men. Standard testosterone (T) replacement therapy improves metabolic parameters but leads to infertility.

Fate of the metabolically healthy obese-is this term a misnomer? A study from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

The metabolically healthy obese (MHO) phenotype may express typical characteristics on long-term follow-up. Little is known about the initiation of this phenotypes and its future stability.

Dietary protein intake in school-age children and detailed measures of body composition: the Generation R Study.

A high-protein diet in infancy increases the risk of obesity, but the effects of dietary protein intake in mid-childhood on body composition are unclear. Therefore, we studied associations of protein intake (total, animal and plant-sourced) at 8 years of age with anthropometric measures and body composition up to age 10 years.

Maternal overnutrition programs epigenetic changes in the regulatory regions of hypothalamic Pomc in the offspring of rats.

Maternal overnutrition has been implicated in affecting the offspring by programming metabolic disorders such as obesity and diabetes, by mechanisms that are not clearly understood. This study aimed to determine the long-term impact of maternal high-fat (HF) diet feeding on epigenetic changes in the offspring's hypothalamic Pomc gene, coding a key factor in the control of energy balance. Further, ...

Visceral adiposity and high adiponectin levels are associated with the prevalence of pancreatic cystic lesions.

Obesity is increasing in developed countries and is a risk factor for pancreatic cancer (PaC). We previously reported that obesity was associated with pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs), which are both precursors of, and risk factors for, PaC. In the present study, we further investigated the relationship between visceral adiposity and adiponectin levels and the extent of PCLs.

HIV/AIDS and an overweight body mass are associated with excessive intra-individual variability in response preparation.

Factors other than HIV/AIDS may influence the cognitive function of patients living with this disease. The present study tested the influence of a common comorbid problem-an overweight body mass. It also examined intra-task variabilities in performance and brain activation as potentially more sensitive indicators of dysfunction than their mean levels. One-hundred seventy-eight participants were re...

Dietary mung bean protein reduces high-fat diet-induced weight gain by modulating host bile acid metabolism in a gut microbiota-dependent manner.

The 8-globulin-rich mung bean protein (MPI) suppresses hepatic lipogenesis in rodent models and reduces fasting plasma glucose and insulin levels in obese adults. However, its effects on mitigating high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and the mechanism underlying these effects remain to be elucidated. Herein, we examined the metabolic phenotype, intestinal bile acid (BA) pool, and gut microbiota of...

Peroxiredoxin 5 regulates adipogenesis-attenuating oxidative stress in obese mouse models induced by a high-fat diet.

Elevated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are a hallmark of obesity. Peroxiredoxin 5 (Prx5), which is a cysteine-dependent peroxidase enzyme, has an intensive ROS scavenging activity because it is located in the cytosol and mitochondria. Therefore, we focused on the role of Prx5 in regulating mitochondrial ROS and adipogenesis. We demonstrated that Prx5 expression was upregulated during adi...

Effectiveness on maternal and offspring metabolic control of a home-based dietary counseling intervention and DHA supplementation in obese/overweight pregnant women (MIGHT study): A randomized controlled trial-Study protocol.

Lifestyle interventions are the primary prevention strategy for gestational diabetes (GDM) in obese/overweight women; however, these interventions have shown limited effectiveness. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) intake has shown beneficial effects on glucose metabolism, lipid fractions and inflammatory factors in women who already have GDM. Combining PUFAs supplementation with a lifes...

Midwifery Management of Pregnant Women Who Are Obese.

Obesity is associated with increased risks for adverse health outcomes during and after pregnancy in both the woman with obesity and her infant. This study was designed to investigate midwifery management of pregnant women with obesity.

Effects of mindfulness on weight loss.

Fracture risk after bariatric surgery: a possible involvement of physical activity.

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