Obstetrics and gynaecology Research

19:09 EDT 19th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Oocytes from stem cells.

Folliculogenesis describes the process of activating an oocyte-containing primordial follicle from the ovarian reserve and its development to the mature ovulatory stage. This process is highly complex and is controlled by extra- and intra-ovarian signaling events. Oocyte competence and capacity for fertilization to support a viable pregnancy are acquired during folliculogenesis. Cancer and cancer...

Pheochromocytoma and pregnancy: About one case.

Bile acid metabolites in early pregnancy and risk of gestational diabetes in Chinese women: A nested case-control study.

Bile acid metabolism plays an important role in metabolism but it is uncertain whether bile acid metabolites in early pregnancy are associated with risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Maternal haemoglobin concentrations before and during pregnancy as determinants of the concentrations of children at 3-5 years of age: A large follow-up study.

To examine the association between haemoglobin (Hb) concentrations in mothers before and during pregnancy and those in children at 3-5 years of age.

Metformin in pregnancy - safe or sorry?

Spontaneous ascending aortic rupture in a pregnant woman with neurofibromatosis type 1.

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) is an autosomal dominant disorder that affects 1 in 3000 individuals. Vascular involvement in NF-1 is a well-recognized, but rare, feature of this disease. In pregnant women, the risk of aortic dissection or rupture is elevated during pregnancy and the postpartum period. We report a pregnant woman who had a history of NF-1 with a spontaneous ascending aortic rupture...

Randomized controlled trial of continuous Doppler versus intermittent fetoscope fetal heart rate monitoring in a low-resource setting.

To compare the frequency of abnormal fetal heart rate (FHR) detection between continuous Doppler and intermittent fetoscope monitoring.

Impact of Maternal BMI on Rubella Nonimmunity at Antenatal Screening.

The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between BMI and the incidence of rubella nonimmunity among pregnant women with regard to the World Health Organization categories.

Diagnostic protocols for the management of pregnancy of unknown location.

'Pregnancy of unknown location' is a non-diagnostic transvaginal ultrasound scan in early pregnancy. The scan may be non- diagnostic because the pregnancy is too small to identify, too difficult to identify or gone - already passed during the process of miscarriage. Many patients are surprised to learn that urine pregnancy tests are more sensitive in detecting a pregnancy than ultrasound scans, bu...

Association of Pregnancy History and Cervical Cancer Screening in a Community Sample of Sexual Minority Women.

Sexual minority women (SMW) face barriers to healthcare that may result in lower utilization of cervical cancer screening. Previous experiences with the healthcare system-specifically reproductive health-related encounters-have the potential to affect future use of screening services. This study aimed to examine the association between pregnancy history and cervical cancer screening in a diverse s...

Contraceptive use and unintended pregnancy among young women and men in Accra, Ghana.

The objective of this study was to determine factors associated with modern contraceptive use and unintended pregnancy among young women and men in Accra, Ghana. From September-December 2013, we conducted a cross-sectional survey with 250 women and 100 men aged 18-24. We explored determinants of modern contraceptive use among males and females and unintended pregnancy among females. Descriptive st...

Preeclampsia: a possible role for Fas-FasL gene polymorphism in its etiology.

Preeclampsia is one of the most frequent pregnancy-induced disorders leading to increased maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Besides elevated health care costs at the time of delivery, development of subsequent cardiovascular and metabolic diseases later in life might further increase medical expenditure This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

"The case for MRI in bowel obstruction during pregnancy : Intussusception in a pregnant woman with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass".

Porphyromonas gingivalis induces exacerbated periodontal disease during pregnancy.

Although pregnant women are prone to gingival inflammation, its mechanism remains unclear. Animal models are ideal for investigating immunological mechanisms in the periodontal disease. A murine model for ligature-induced periodontal disease has been modified and utilized to determine the susceptibility to periodontal inflammation and tissue damage in pregnant mice. Expression of different inflamm...

Effect of Artemisia herba-alba consumption during pregnancy on fertility, morphological and behaviors of mice offspring.

Pregnant women prefer herbal medicines more than pharmaceutical drugs due to the cultural belief that herbs are more suffer during pregnancy for an accurate foetus development. Artemisia herba-alba (Asteraceae) is one of the most used plants in the Mediterranean region to treat various diseases including diabetes, hypertension, spasmodic dysphonia and some bacterial infection.

Antiphospholipid syndrome: An update on risk factors for pregnancy outcome.

The optimal treatment of women with primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is still debated. About 20-30% of women with APS remain unable to give birth to healthy neonates despite conventional treatment, consisting of prophylactic-dose heparin and low-dose aspirin. These cases are defined "refractory obstetric APS". The early identification of risk factors associated with poor pregnancy outcome c...

Reliability of colposcopy during pregnancy.

To investigate the reliability of colposcopy during pregnancy and to evaluate the concordance between colposcopic patterns and histopathological findings in these women.

Contraceptive Use Among Women at Risk for Unintended Pregnancy in the Context of Public Health Emergencies - United States, 2016.

Ensuring access to and promoting use of effective contraception have been identified as important strategies for preventing unintended pregnancy (1). The importance of ensuring resources to prevent unintended pregnancy in the context of public health emergencies was highlighted during the 2016 Zika virus outbreak when Zika virus infection during pregnancy was identified as a cause of serious birth...

Personal care products use and phthalate exposure levels among pregnant women.

Fetuses are susceptible to phthalates, known endocrine disrupting chemicals, within sensitive windows of development. It is crucial to determine the major sources of phthalates to reduce exposure. This study aims to examine the associations between usage patterns of personal care products (PCPs) and urinary levels of phthalate metabolites across pregnancy in a multi-hospital based birth cohort.

Hyperglycemia induces inflammatory mediators in the human chorionic villous.

This study was based on the hypothesis that IL-1β and its central regulator, the inflammasome, may play a role in the inflammatory condition exhibited by placental tissues from mothers with different gestational hyperglycemia levels. Pregnant women were classified according to the glycemic reference as non-diabetic (n = 15), mild gestational hyperglycemia (n = 15), gestational diabetes me...

Valproate-associated foetal malformations-Rates of occurrence, risks in attempted avoidance.

To gain insight into the main advantages and disadvantages that might result from valproate being unavailable for women who intend to become pregnant.

Use of pertuzumab and trastuzumab during pregnancy.

Trastuzumab and pertuzumab are monoclonal antibodies used for the treatment of breast cancer. Until now, there have been no reports on the use of pertuzumab during pregnancy and on its potential effects on the fetus. Herein, we present a breast cancer patient who received trastuzumab and pertuzumab treatment during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. This 22-year-old patient initially diagnosed with ...

Syphilis in during pregnancy: association of maternal and perinatal characteristics in a region of southern Brazil.

To analyze the prevalence of syphilis in during pregnancy and its association with socioeconomic characteristics, reproductive history, prenatal and labor care, and newborn characteristics.

Breastfeeding Support Experiences of Registered Nurses in a Large Children's Hospital System.

To investigate the workplace breastfeeding support experiences of registered nurses (RNs) and how these experiences differed by type of unit.

Maternal Dairy Fat Diet does not Influence Neurotrophin Levels and Cognitive Performance in the Rat Offspring at Adult Age.

Cognitive development may be influenced by maternal nutrition especially fats. Indian population is vegetarian and main source of fat is dairy. This study investigates the effect of dairy fat consumption during pregnancy in an animal model on fatty acids, brain neurotrophins (brain derived neurotrophic factor: BDNF; and nerve growth factor: NGF) and cognitive performance in adult offspring. Pregna...

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