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Obstetrics and gynaecology (OB/GYN, OBG, O&G or Obs & Gynae) Research

15:53 EST 19th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

From screening chromosomal anomalies to early diagnosis of fetal malformations.

The aim of this review is to understand why and how to improve the detection rate of the fetal anomalies in the first trimester.

Enhanced recovery after surgery for cesarean delivery.

The aim of this article is to describe enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) and its application to cesarean delivery.

Mitochondrial function in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.

To provide an overview of mitochondrial functional alterations in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Health Care for Transgender Men: What Is Missing in OB/GYN Care?

Transgender men (TGM) are those who identify their sex as male but were assigned female at birth who face marginalization in obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) practices. The following commentary highlights recommendations for creating inclusive OB/GYN spaces and improving outcomes for TGM patients.

Transvaginal sonography accurately predicts lesion to anal verge distance in women with deep endometriosis of the rectosigmoid.

To investigate the accuracy of transvaginal sonography (TVS) for pre-surgical evaluation of the distance between the distal part of rectosigmoid deep endometriosis (DE) to the anal verge (lesion to anal verge distance- LAVD) compared to intraoperative in vivo measurement (IOM).

Fetal cerebral vascular impedance is abnormal in left congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) can cause significant mass effect in the fetal thorax displacing the heart into the opposite hemithorax. In left CDH (L-CDH), this is associated with smaller left-sided cardiac structures and lower left ventricular cardiac output (LVCO). The effect of these physiologic changes on cerebral blood flow is not well understood. We sought to describe the middle cere...

Survival outcomes in severe left diaphragmatic hernia with and without fetoscopic tracheal occlusion in a country with suboptimal neonatal management.

To evaluate the impact of Fetal Endoscopic Tracheal Occlusion (FETO) in improving survival for fetuses with severe left congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and temporary cases managed expectantly during pregnancy in a country with suboptimal neonatal management.

Safety of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the postpartum period among women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: a meta-analysis.

To assess the effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on blood pressure when administered in women with gestational hypertensive disorders for postpartum analgesia.

Short and long-term outcome of fetuses undergoing thoracoamniotic shunting for fetal hydrothorax.

To analyze the survival, neonatal management, neurodevelopmental outcome and outcome predictors for fetal hydrothorax (FHT) treated with thoracoamniotic shunts.

Mixed Serous and Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma of the Ovary Presenting with Symptomatic Hypercalcemia: A Case Report and Clinical Considerations.

Hypercalcemia is a common phenomenon in patients with cancer but is more common among certain cancer types. Hypercalcemia in ovarian cancer is the common presenting sign in small cell carcinoma of the ovary, hypercalcemic type; however, there are no known documented cases of hypercalcemia as the presenting sign for mixed serous and clear cell adenocarcinoma. This case report describes symptomatic ...

Age-specific reference values improve the diagnostic performance of AMH in polycystic ovary syndrome.

Background The increased secretion of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) by the growing follicles has been supposed as a determinative feature of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The diagnostic performance of AMH in PCOS is superior compared to the free androgen index (FAI) and luteinizing hormone (LH)/follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) quotient. We established age-dependent reference ranges to furthe...

The effect of laparoscopic salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy on ovarian reserve.

Salpingectomy may damage ovarian reserve by direct vascular interruption to the ovary or thermal vascular injury from electrosurgery. It is plausible that this risk may increase in the context of salpingectomy conducted for ectopic pregnancy due to the distension of the fallopian tube and vascular changes associated with pregnancy.

Early versus delayed urinary catheter removal after hysterectomy: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

In bladder drainage, an essential part of post-hysterectomy care, the optimal timing for removing the urinary catheter is unclear. Our objective was to evaluate the risks and benefits of early (6 h) catheter removal post-hysterectomy.

Publisher Correction: Exploring the Pharmacological Mechanism of Quercetin-Resveratrol Combination for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Systematic Pharmacological Strategy-Based Research.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

Uterine adenomatoid tumor associated with lymph node lesions: a case report.

We report a case of uterine adenomatoid tumor (AT) with regional lymph node involvement in a 49-year-old woman. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an aggregated cystic mass in the posterior uterine wall with partial protrusion of the tumor outside the uterus, and cystic masses of same characteristics in the bilateral obturator and right common iliac lymph nodes. FDG PET/CT revealed no significant...

Prevalence, risk factors and pregnancy outcomes of women with vascular brain lesions in pregnancy.

Vascular brain lesions (VBL) occur in up to 4.0% of the general population. With the increasing availability and use of sophisticated imaging techniques, there are more patients being diagnosed with asymptomatic intracranial AVMs and cavernous hemangiomas.

Polycystic ovary syndrome management: a review of the possible amazing role of berberine.

The therapy of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is based on synthetic hormones associated with lifestyle changes, but these therapies cannot be taken continuously, especially by women who would like to become pregnant. Thus, nutraceutical compounds were investigated as possible agents for treatment of PCOS. Berberine is shown to be effective against insulin resistance and obesity, particularly aga...

Preventable hysterectomies in Malawi: Addressing challenges in the healthcare system.

Malawi has the obligation to respect, protect and fulfill women's right to the highest attainable standard of reproductive health. Malawi duly signed and ratified human rights treaties including the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Protocol to the African Charter on...

The incidence of occult ovarian neoplasia and cancer in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers after the bilateral prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy (PBSO): A single-center prospective study.

Due to ineffective ovarian cancer (OC) screening programs, prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (PBSO) is suggested for BRCA1/2 genes mutation carriers. The reported incidence of clinically occult neoplasia and OC detected during PBSO varies widely (2-17 %), reflecting differences in studies design.

Revised (2018) FIGO stage IIB cervical cancer and prognostication in low-resource settings.

A revised cervical cancer staging classification was presented at the XXII FIGO World Congress of Gynecology and Obstetrics in October 2018, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.The revised staging, for the first time, allowed the use of radiological and pathological evaluation for staging purposes, thereby moving cervical cancer staging from a clinical to a surgicopathological system of staging.

Altrenogest affects expression of galectin-3 and fibroblast growth factor 9 in the reproductive tract of sows.

A synthetic progestin altrenogest (ALT) is used to synchronize the estrus cycle of swine for fixed-time artificial insemination (AI) and has been shown to improve follicular development and reproductive performances in post-weaning sows. However, the effects of ALT treatment on reproductive tracts, including the ovaries, oviducts and uterus have not been yet clarified. In this study, we examined t...

Micropapillary Thyroid Carcinoma Arising in Mature Cystic Teratoma of the Ovary Without Evidence of Stroma Ovarii.

A Rare Case of Primary Pleura Myxoid Leiomyosarcoma: FDG PET/CT Finding.

Myxoid leiomyosarcoma is a malignant tumor that originates from the mesenchymal tissue with extensive mucoid degeneration. It usually occurs in the uterus; occurrences from other tissues are extremely rare. Here we report the FDG PET/CT findings and clinicopathological of primary pleura myxoid leiomyosarcoma in a 51-year-old man.

A rare case report of bilateral recurrent inguinal hernia due to persistent Müllerian duct syndrome treated by transabdominal preperitoneal repair.

Persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is a rare disease occurring in men with an otherwise completely normal phenotype, in which female internal sex organs are present, including a uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, and vagina. We report a case of bilateral recurrent inguinal hernia due to PMDS treated by transabdominal preperitoneal repair (TAPP).

Vaginal dryness in primary Sjögren's syndrome: a histopathological case-control study.

The aim was to study clinical, histopathological and immunological changes in the vagina and cervix of women with primary SS, which might explain vaginal dryness.

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