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Osteoporosis Research

14:48 EST 18th November 2017 | BioPortfolio

Influence of Different Restoration Techniques on Fracture Resistance of Root-filled Teeth: In Vitro Investigation.

The purpose of this study was to determine the fracture strength of endodontically treated mandibular premolar teeth restored with composites and different reinforcement techniques.

Feasibility and safety of using thoracic and lumbar cortical bone trajectory pedicle screws in spinal constructs in children: technical note.

Thoracic and lumbar cortical bone trajectory pedicle screws have been described in adult spine surgery. They have likewise been described in pediatric CT-based morphometric studies; however, clinical experience in the pediatric age group is limited. The authors here describe the use of cortical bone trajectory pedicle screws in posterior instrumented spinal fusions from the upper thoracic to the l...

The Hopeless Case? Palliative Cryoablation and Cementoplasty Procedures for Palliation of Large Pelvic Bone Metastases.

Metastases to the bone are common in cancer patients, and it has been estimated that up to 50% of patients with pelvic bone metastases will not achieve adequate pain control with medications alone. This has led to a paradigm shift over recent years towards the use and development of minimally invasive image-guided treatment options for palliation of bony metastases. Despite these developments, lar...

Heterozygous deletion of both sclerostin (Sost) and connexin43 (Gja1) genes in mice is not sufficient to impair cortical bone modeling.

Connexin43 (Cx43) is the main gap junction protein expressed in bone forming cells, where it modulates peak bone mass acquisition and cortical modeling. Genetic ablation of the Cx43 gene (Gja1) results in cortical expansion with accentuated periosteal bone formation associated with decreased expression of the Wnt inhibitor sclerostin. To determine whether sclerostin (Sost) down-regulation might co...

Evaluation of osseous integration of titanium orthopedic screws with novel SLA treatment in porcine model.

The success of many endosseous implants in orthopaedic and dental applications depends on the surface characteristics, as they affect osseous integration. Previous investigations indicated that a novel large-grit sand-blasted and acid-etched (SLA) titanium (denoted as SLAffinity-Ti) implant had better bone integration than that of a comparably shaped implant with a plasma-sprayed titanium surface....

Prognostic potential of markers of bone turnover in delayed-healing tibial diaphyseal fractures.

Clinical and radiographic examinations detect delayed or nonunion only after the event has occurred. Biochemical markers of bone turnover (BTMs) are promising laboratory tools that offer an early insight into the likelihood of delayed union. We hypothesized that BTMs display temporal variations following fractures and the behavior of BTMs differ between normal and delayed union of fractures.

Problems of reconstructive cranioplasty after traumatic brain injury in children.

Cranial repair after traumatic brain injury in children is still burdened by unsolved problems and controversial issues, mainly due to the high rate of resorption of autologous bone as well as the absence of valid alternative material to replace the autologous bone. Indeed, inert biomaterials are associated to satisfactory results in the short period but bear the continuous risk of complications r...

Monocyte-specific knockout of C/ebpα results in osteopetrosis phenotype, blocks bone loss in ovariectomized mice and reveals an important function of C/ebpα in osteoclast differentiation and function.

CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α (C/ebpα) is critical for osteoclastogenesis by regulating osteoclast (OC) lineage commitment and is also important for OC differentiation and function in vitro. However, the role of C/ebpα in postnatal skeletal development has not been reported owing to lethality in C/ebpα(-/-) mice from hypoglycemia within 8 hours after birth. Herein, we generated conditional ...

NOTCH2 Hajdu-Cheney Mutations Escape SCF(FBW7)-Dependent Proteolysis to Promote Osteoporosis.

Hajdu-Cheney syndrome (HCS), a rare autosomal disorder caused by heterozygous mutations in NOTCH2, is clinically characterized by acro-osteolysis, severe osteoporosis, short stature, neurological symptoms, cardiovascular defects, and polycystic kidneys. Recent studies identified that aberrant NOTCH2 signaling and consequent osteoclast hyperactivity are closely associated with the bone-related dis...

Dried plum alleviates symptoms of inflammatory arthritis in TNF transgenic mice.

Dried plum (DP), a rich source of polyphenols has been shown to have bone-preserving properties in both animal models of osteoporosis and postmenopausal women. We evaluated if DP alleviated the destruction of joints in transgenic mice (TG) that overexpress human tumor necrosis factor (TNF), a genetic model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A four-week treatment of 20% DP diet in TG slowed the onset of...

Anthropometric measurements in Iranian men.

There is inevitable need for data regarding anthropometric measurements of each community's population. These anthropometric data have various applications, including health assessment, industrial designing, plastic & orthopedic surgery, nutritional studies, anatomical studies and forensic medicine investigations. Anthropometric parameters vary from race to race throughout the world, hence providi...

The isolated posterior malleolar fracture and syndesmotic instability: A case report and review of the literature.

Ankle fractures are among the most common type of fractures in the lower extremity. A posterior malleolar fracture is frequently part of a more complex ankle fracture and only in rare cases it occurs as isolated injury. Posterior malleolar fractures often occur with associated injuries, such as a Maisonneuve fracture or with bi- or trimalleolar ligamentous injuries. Knowledge about these associate...

Concomitant hook of hamate fractures in patients with scaphoid fracture: more common than you might think.

The scaphoid is the most commonly fractured carpal bone. The presence of a concomitant hook of hamate fracture is of particular relevance given that it is often occult on routine wrist/scaphoid radiographs and that hook of hamate fractures are prone to symptomatic non-union, resulting in chronic ulnar wrist pain. Prompt diagnosis and immobilisation/fixation may minimise such complications. Our stu...

Effects of Aging on Fracture Healing.

This review summarizes research on the physiological changes that occur with aging and the resulting effects on fracture healing.

A Passive and Wireless Sensor for Bone Plate Strain Monitoring.

This paper reports on a sensor for monitoring bone plate strain in real time. The detected bone plate strain could be used for judging the healing state of fractures in patients. The sensor consists of a magnetoelastic material, which can be wirelessly connected and passively embedded. In order to verify the effectiveness of the sensor, a tibia-bone plate-screw (TBS) model was established using th...

Archaeologists say human-evolution study used stolen bone.

Subchondral Bone Degradation After Microfracture for Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus: An MRI Analysis.

Microfracture is the most common cartilage-reparative procedure for the treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs). Damage to the subchondral bone (SCB) during microfracture may irreversibly change the joint-loading support of the ankle, leading to reparative fibrocartilage degradation over time.

Enhancement of Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell Osteogenesis and New Bone Formation in Rats by Obtusilactone A.

The natural pure compound obtusilactone A (OA) was identified in Cinnamomum kotoense Kanehira & Sasaki, and shows effective anti-cancer activity. We studied the effect of OA on osteogenesis of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). OA possesses biocompatibility, stimulates Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) activity and facilitates mineralization of BMSCs. Expression of osteogenesis marke...

Mandibular Bone Structure Analysis Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography vs Primary Implant Stability: An Ex Vivo Study.

To evaluate the relationship between mandibular bone structure parameters measured on preimplant cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images and primary implant stability.

Biofunctionalization of Titanium Granules with Simvastatin for Improving Osteogenic Activity and Antibacterial Properties (Ex Vivo Study).

Titanium-based biomaterials present good biocompatibility, while their osseointegration and antibacterial properties need to be improved. This study aimed to enhance the bone-bonding ability of titanium-based granules, which are intended to be used as bone graft.

Clinical Considerations of Adapted Drilling Protocol by Bone Quality Perception.

To evaluate insertion torque value (ITV) and marginal bone loss (MBL) of an implant system after a clinically perceived bone quality-adapted drilling.

Implant-Abutment Connections: A Review of Biologic Consequences and Peri-implantitis Implications.

Clinicians very often have seen marginal bone loss around dental implants at the crest level early on after implant placement and uncovering. Early clinical publications had suggested that this bone loss occurred during the first year of loading. Thus, numerous attempts have been made to minimize or eliminate such bone loss. However, the timing and reason for this bone loss are not always apparent...

Influence of the Prosthetic Index on Fracture Resistance of Morse Taper Dental Implants.

Manufacturers have inserted a prosthetic index, an internal hexagon to guide prosthetic components inside Morse taper implants. However, it is still unclear if this mechanism could decrease the mechanical strength of Morse taper implants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the prosthetic index inside Morse taper implants on fracture resistance compared with nonindexed implants.

Full-Mouth Rehabilitation with Calvarium Bone Grafts and Dental Implants for a Papillon-Lefèvre Syndrome Patient: Case Report.

Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome (PLS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of keratinization associated with palmoplantar keratoderma and severe periodontitis resulting in complete edentulism in late adolescence. The pathognomonic dental features of PLS are pathologic migration, hypermobility, and exfoliation of the teeth without any signs of root resorption. It has been suggested that an effective w...

Influence of rhBMP-2 on Guided Bone Regeneration for Placement and Functional Loading of Dental Implants: A Radiographic and Histologic Study in Dogs.

Evidence on the outcomes of functional loading placed in recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2)/acellular collagen sponge (ACS)-induced bone is lacking. The aim of this study was to verify whether guided bone regeneration (GBR) with rhBMP-2/ACS enhances regeneration of missing bone and osseointegration of dental implants subject to functional loading.

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