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During 2017, opioids were associated with 47,600 deaths in the United States, approximately one third of which involved a prescription opioid (1). Amid concerns that overprescribing to patients with acute pain remains an essential factor underlying misuse, abuse, diversion, and unintentional overdose, several states have restricted opioid analgesic prescribing (2,3). To characterize patterns of op...
To examine the impact of preexisting psychiatric/psychological diagnoses on perioperative analgesic requirements in adolescents with morbid obesity undergoing bariatric surgery.
Despite being a relatively safe surgery, total joint replacement is often associated with two major complications - severe post-operative pain and periprosthetic joint infection. Local sustained delivery of therapeutics to the surgical site has a potential to address these complications more effectively than current clinical approaches. Given that several analgesics were shown to possess antibacte...
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the preoperative combination of oral Pregabalin and intravenous (IV) magnesium sulfate as analgesic adjuvants in postthoracotomy pain.
To examine the analgesic effect, safety, and tolerability of intraoral administration of onabotulinum toxin A (BoNT/A) in patients suffering from intractable continuous dentoalveolar neuropathic pain.
The hepatitis C virus is responsible for more deaths in the United States than any other infectious disease, and hepatitis C infections have been rising at an alarming rate since 2010. We evaluated the role of the opioid epidemic and, in particular, the 2010 introduction of an abuse-deterrent version of OxyContin. The OxyContin reformulation led some users of the drug to switch to heroin, which co...
Determine modifiable social and psychological health factors that are associated with use of oral opioid and non-opioid medications for OA.
Topical preparations of capsaicin, the major pungent ingredient of hot pepper, are being used for management of pain and inflammatory disorders. Purpose of this study was to use nanoemulsion as an effective topical drug carrier for in-vivo delivery of capsaicin. An oil-in-water nanoemulsion containing capsaicin was prepared by spontaneous emulsification method. Optimized formulation showed a media...
Neuromodulation is nowadays investigated as a promising method for pain relief. Research indicates that a single 30-minute stimulation with transcranial pulsed electromagnetic fields (tPEMF) can induce analgesic effects. However, it is unknown whether tPEMF can induce analgesia in neuropathic pain patients.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a non-invasive treatment to relieve pain. Contralateral TENS (i.e., TENS administered to the contralateral side of a painful body part) is beneficial when TENS cannot be directly applied to pain site, such as in cases of trauma. Although TENS produces segmental analgesia in an ipsilateral limb, it has been unclear whether TENS produces higher a...
Opioid and neurotensin (NT) receptors are expressed in both central and peripheral nervous systems where they modulate nociceptive responses. Nowadays, opioid analgesics like morphine remain the most prescribed drugs for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. However, despite their daily used, opioids can produce life-threatening side effects, such as constipation or respiratory depression. Bes...
The addictive potential of clinically-used opioids due to their direct action on the dopaminergic reward system in the brain has limited their application. In an attempt to reduce negative side effects as well as to improve the overall effectiveness of these analgesics, we have designed, synthesized, and evaluated an N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA)-based macromolecular prodrug of hydromor...
Background and aims Pain is the most common reason for delayed discharge after day-case laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This study investigates a simple five-item questionnaire in evaluating the risk of postoperative pain in day-case cholecystectomy and the efficacy and safety of single-dose preoperative pregabalin on patients with multiple risk factors for pain. There are no previous studies on tar...
Gaps in pain management, including discontinuity in analgesic medication prescribing, frequently complicate transitions from hospital to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) for patients with dementia. The objective of the current study was to examine analgesic medication use and prescribing patterns in the last 48 hours of hospitalization and upon discharge to SNF among stroke and hip fracture patie...
Peedantak Vati (PV) is a polyherbal ayurvedic formulation, which is regularly prescribed by the ayurvedic practitioner for the inflammatory disorders and joints pain in India. It is composed of 23 different herbs and minerals, described in ayurvedic text for their anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.
The development of opioid-induced analgesic tolerance is a clinical challenge in long-term use for managing chronic pain. The mechanisms of morphine tolerance are poorly understood. Mitochondria-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a crucial signal inducing analgesic tolerance and pain. Chronic administration of morphine leads to robust ROS production and accumulation of damaged mitochondria, ...
Development of new analgesics endowed with mu/delta opioid receptor (MOR/DOR) activity represents a promising alternative to MOR selective compounds because of their better therapeutic and tolerability profile. Lately, we have synthetized the MOR/DOR agonist LP2 that showed a long lasting antinociceptive activity in the tail flick test, an acute pain model. Here, we investigate whether LP2 is also...
Rosae Multiflorae fructus has potent antioxidative, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory properties.
Opioid analgesics are powerful pain relievers; however, over time, pain control diminishes as analgesic tolerance develops. The molecular mechanisms initiating tolerance have remained unresolved to date. We have previously shown that desensitization of the μ-opioid receptor and interaction with β-arrestins is controlled by carboxyl-terminal phosphorylation. Here we created knockin mice with a se...
In the case of open urological surgeries, analgesic coverage at mid thoracic dermatomal levels is required. As shown in cadaveric studies, the site of QL block injection is an important determinant of the extent of dye spread and presumably local anesthetic dermatomal coverage. In this case series, we evaluated dermatomal blockade and analgesic efficacy of a subcostal approach to anterior QL block...
To investigate the immediate analgesic effect of sinew acupuncture for patients with soft-tissue injuries (STIs).
Many stakeholders are working to improve the safe use of immediate-release (IR) and extended-release/long-acting (ER/LA) opioid analgesics. However, little information exists regarding the relative use of these 2 formulations in chronic pain management.
Cannabinoids have antispastic and analgesic effects; however, their role in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms is not well defined.