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Tumor Protein 53 Research

04:04 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Progress in the study of artemisinin and its derivatives against head and neck cancer.

The head and neck cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world. There are more than 600 000 new cases in the world every year. Cisplatin is often used in the treatment of head and neck cancer at present. However, because of its side effects and drug resistance, cisplatin often failed in the treatment of head and neck cancer. Artemisinin and its derivatives as first-line antimalar...

Effect of serum HGF and CK18 in patients with laryngeal cancer on postoperative prognosis.

To investigate the correlation between the levels of serum cytokeratin 18 (CK18) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and tumor stage and prognosis in patients with laryngeal carcinoma. Patients with laryngeal cancer who were admitted to our hospital from January 2012 to December 2013 were enrolled. Blood samples were collected for CK18 and HGF detection, and postoperative prognosis data were colle...

Quantitative imaging of the hypoxia-related marker CAIX in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma xenograft models.

Introduction Tumor hypoxia plays a major role in radio- and chemotherapy resistance in solid tumors. Carbonic AnhydraseIX (CAIX) is an endogenous hypoxia-related protein, which is associated with poor patient outcome. The quantitative assessment of CAIX expression of tumors may steer cancer treatment by predicting therapy response or patient selection for anti-hypoxia or CAIX-targeted treatment. R...

Real-time Visualization of Breast Carcinoma in Pathology Specimens From Patients Receiving Fluorescent Tumor-Marking Agent Tozuleristide.

Resection of breast carcinoma with adequate margins reduces the risk of local recurrence and reoperation. Tozuleristide (BLZ-100) is an investigational peptide-fluorophore agent that may aid in intraoperative tumor detection and margin assessment. In this study, fluorescence imaging was conducted ex vivo on gross breast pathology specimens.

Clinicopathological and molecular analysis of multinodular and vacuolating neuronal tumors of the cerebrum.

Multinodular and vacuolating neuronal tumor (MVNT) of the cerebrum is a recently recognized rare neuronal tumor, and its pathogenesis is unclear. We analyzed 7 cases of histologically typical MVNT: six were adults [mean age: 43.0years (range: 23-56)] and one was a child (10-year-old). The most common symptoms were seizures (n=4) and headache (n=2). The tumors were supratentorial (temporal=5 and fr...

Assessment of GFP Tag Position on Protein Localization and Growth Fitness in Yeast.

While protein tags are ubiquitously utilized in molecular biology, they harbor the potential to interfere with functional traits of their fusion counterparts. Systematic evaluation of the effect of protein tags on function would promote accurate use of tags in experimental setups. Here we examine the effect of Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) tagging at either the N or C terminus of budding yeast p...

NKG2A, a New Kid on the Immune Checkpoint Block.

One of the major breakthroughs of cancer immunotherapy has come from blocking immune checkpoint molecules on tumor-reactive T cells. Now, two studies examine targeting of a novel immune checkpoint, NKG2A, that can be expressed on both NK cells and on CD8 T cells, either combined with a tumor-targeting antibody or with a tumor-specific vaccine.

Organoid Modeling of the Tumor Immune Microenvironment.

In vitro cancer cultures, including three-dimensional organoids, typically contain exclusively neoplastic epithelium but require artificial reconstitution to recapitulate the tumor microenvironment (TME). The co-culture of primary tumor epithelia with endogenous, syngeneic tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) as a cohesive unit has been particularly elusive. Here, an air-liquid interface (ALI) m...

Redox-Responsive Prodrug-like PEGylated Macrophotosensitizer Nanoparticles for Enhanced Near-Infrared Imaging-guided Photodynamic Therapy.

Efficient delivery of hydrophobic photosensitizer (PS) into tumor cells is a key step for photodynamic therapy (PDT). Redox-responsive polymeric nanoparticles of amphiphilic macro-photosensitizer has designed and prepared as a prodrug-like pro-photosensitizer (pro-PS) for PDT. PEG works as the hydrophilic block and the near infrared (NIR) brominated BODIPY derivative (BDP) works as the hydrophobic...

ER stress promotes antitumor effects in BRAFi/MEKi resistant human melanoma induced by natural compound 4-nerolidylcathecol (4-NC).

Melanoma accounts for only 4% of malignant neoplasms of the skin, but is considered the most serious because it is highly deadly. Mutations in the MAPK (Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK) pathway is closely linked to the lack of control of cell proliferation. Especially in melanoma, this pathway has become a target for the development of oncogene-targeted therapies, such as the potent inhibitors of v-Raf murine sar...

A new class of diamide scaffold: Design, synthesis and biological evaluation as potent antimitotic agents, tubulin polymerization inhibition and apoptosis inducing activity studies.

A new series of diamide functional compounds has been designed, synthesized and confirmed by spectroscopic methods and elemental analyses. All the synthesized compounds were evaluated for their antiproliferative activity on HepG2 cell line. Compounds 3k and 3l were proved to have potent anticancer activity equipotent or more potent than reference compound Combretastatin A-4. The results of DNA flo...

Designing luminescent ruthenium prodrug for precise cancer therapy and rapid clinical diagnosis.

The effective design of a targeted drug delivery system could improve the therapeutic efficacy of anticancer drugs by reducing their undesirable adsorption and toxic side effects. Here, an RGD-peptide functionalized and bioresponsive ruthenium prodrug (Ru-RGD) was designed for both cancer therapy and clinical diagnosis. This prodrug can be selectively delivered to cervical tumor sites to enhance t...

Centrifugation affects the purity of liquid biopsy-based tumor biomarkers.

Biomarkers in the blood of cancer patients include circulating tumor cells (CTCs), tumor-educated platelets (TEPs), tumor-derived extracellular vesicles (tdEVs), EV-associated miRNA (EV-miRNA), and circulating cell-free DNA (ccfDNA). Because the size and density of biomarkers differ, blood is centrifuged to isolate or concentrate the biomarker of interest. Here, we applied a model to estimate the ...

Clinical Efficacy of a Novel Therapeutic Principle, Anakoinosis.

Classic tumor therapy, consisting of cytotoxic agents and/or targeted therapy, has not overcome therapeutic limitations like poor risk genetic parameters, genetic heterogeneity at different metastatic sites or the problem of undruggable targets. Here we summarize data and trials principally following a completely different treatment concept tackling systems biologic processes: the principle of com...

The Emerging Role of CD244 Signaling in Immune Cells of the Tumor Microenvironment.

In cancer, immune exhaustion contributes to the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. Exhausted immune cells demonstrate poor effector function and sustained expression of certain immunomodulatory receptors, which can be therapeutically targeted. CD244 is a Signaling Lymphocyte Activation Molecule (SLAM) family immunoregulatory receptor found on many immune cell types-including NK cells, a sub...

Differential roles of p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 in angiopoietin-2-mediated rat pulmonary microvascular endothelial cell apoptosis induced by lipopolysaccharide.

Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) is a Tie-2 ligand that destabilizes vascular structures, enhances vascular permeability and induces vascular regression and endothelial cell apoptosis. Although there is evidence for the involvement of the Ang/Tie2 axis in acute lung injury (ALI), the underlying mechanisms involved in Ang-2-induced cell apoptosis are not well understood. In this study, whether Ang-2 contribu...

miR-671-5p inhibits gastric cancer cell proliferation and promotes cell apoptosis by targeting URGCP.

Various studies have demonstrated that microRNA (miRNA) serves an important role in the development of gastric cancer. However, the expression level, clinical significance and the biological function of miRNA in gastric cancer remain largely unknown. The present study investigated the exact roles of miR-671-5p in gastric cancer, confirmed its target and explored its mechanism. Initially, the low e...

Quantum dot-based fluorescent probes for targeted imaging of the EJ human bladder urothelial cancer cell line.

QDs are a type of inorganic nanoparticle with unique optical properties. As a fluorescent label, QDs are widely used in biomedical fields. In the present study, fluorescent probes of quantum dots (QDs) conjugated with a prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) monoclonal antibody (QD-PSCA) were prepared to study the targeted imaging of QD-PSCA probes in EJ human bladder urothelial cancer cells and analyz...

TNFAIP8 promotes cell growth by regulating the Hippo pathway in epithelial ovarian cancer.

Tumor necrosis factor-α-induced protein 8 (TNFAIP8) is an independent prognostic factor for cancer-specific and disease-free survival in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). However, the exact mechanism of the biological role of TNFAIP8 in EOC remains unclear. In the present study, a siRNA specifically targeting TNFAIP8 was prepared to knock down TNFAIP8 in EOC cells. Cell growth, colon...

MicroRNA-466 inhibits osteosarcoma cell proliferation and induces apoptosis by targeting CCND1.

Emerging pieces of evidence indicate that microRNA-466 (miR-466) serves as a tumor suppressor in several human tumors, including colorectal cancer and prostate cancer. However, whether miR-466 is involved in osteosarcoma (OS) progression remains largely unknown. The present study demonstrated that miR-466 was significantly downregulated in OS tissues and cell lines. Furthermore, it was revealed th...

Gastric calcifying fibrous tumor: A clinicopathological study of nine cases.

The aim of the present study was to analyze the clinicopathological characteristics presented in 9 cases of gastric calcifying fibrous tumor (CFT), and investigate the expressions and clinical implications of G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER), estrogen receptor (ER) and vimentin in gastric CFTs. The clinical and pathological information of 9 patients with CFTs was investigated retrospecti...

Dynamic changes and diagnostic and prognostic significance of serum PCT, hs-CRP and s-100 protein in central nervous system infection.

The aim of the study was to analyze the dynamic changes and diagnostic and prognostic significance of serum procalcitonin (PCT), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and s-100 protein in central nervous system infection. A total of 110 patients diagnosed with central nervous system infection in Department of Neurology in the People's Hospital of Rizhao from January 2014 to January 2016 wer...

MicroRNA-182-5p contributes to the protective effects of thrombospondin 1 against lipotoxicity in INS-1 cells.

The dysfunction of beta cells serves an important role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). An improved understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying beta cell mass and failure will be useful for identifying novel approaches toward preventing and treating this disease. Recent studies have indicated that free fatty acids (FFAs) can cause beta cell dysfunction. In the prese...

fraction inhibits the invasion and metastasis of lung cancer cells through the protein kinase B/glycogen synthase kinase 3β/β-catenin signaling pathway.

is widely used as a traditional Chinese medicine health supplement, and is also used in the development of anticancer agents. In our previous studies, it was revealed that fraction (CMF) possessed an antitumor effect against K562 cells , induced apoptosis and caused cell cycle arrest in the S phase. The published results also demonstrated that CMF-induced apoptosis was involved in mitochondrial d...

Differential expression of PMCA2 mRNA isoforms in a cohort of Spanish patients with breast tumor types.

The present study examined the mRNA expression levels of different isoforms of the plasma membrane calcium ATPase 2 (PMCA2) gene generated by alternative splicing at the first intracellular loop (site A) and C-terminal region (site C) in 85 human breast cancer tumor and 69 adjacent non-tumor tissues. Associations were identified between the expression of PMCA2 splice isoforms and the following cli...

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