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Pain Disorder Research

10:08 EDT 27th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Effectiveness of Pacing as a Learned Strategy for People With Chronic Pain: A Systematic Review.

Pacing is a key pain management strategy used by occupational therapy practitioners when working with people with chronic pain. However, there is a paucity of evidence and a lack of consensus regarding the effectiveness of pacing as a pain management strategy for people with chronic pain.

A painful foot with diagnostic and therapeutic consequences.

Background A wide range of patients are referred to multidisciplinary pain clinics. An important part of the work-up is a thorough pain analysis that might reveal a specific cause for chronic pain. Method We describe a patient with chronic pain in one foot after a light trauma and repeated surgery. However, careful examination revealed symptoms and clinical finings in both feet. This led to referr...

Efficacy of virtual reality to reduce chronic low back pain: Proof-of-concept of a non-pharmacological approach on pain, quality of life, neuropsychological and functional outcome.

Chronic pain, such as low-back pain, can be a highly disabling condition degrading people's quality of life (QoL). Not every patient responds to pharmacological therapies, thus alternative treatments have to be developed. The chronicity of pain can lead to a somatic dysperception, meaning a mismatch between patients' own body perception and its actual physical state. Since clinical evaluation of p...

Recurrent abdominal pain and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy findings in children and adolescents presenting at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital.

Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) is a common reason for referral to the paediatric gastroenterology unit and the attending physician needs to be able to rule out an organic cause when evaluating any child with this condition. The aim of this study was to describe the endoscopic findings in children who presented to the paediatric gastroenterology unit of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH)...

Spinal CCL1/CCR8 regulates phosphorylation of GluA1-containing AMPA receptor in postoperative pain after tibial fracture and orthopedic surgery in mice.

Chronic postoperative pain might be a pivotal component hindering recovery and regains the function after bone fracture and orthopedic surgery. However, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unclear. AMPA receptor of excitatory synapses is considered due to its critical role in pathologic pain. Chemokine CCL1 related neuroinflammation plays a role in excitatory synaptic transmission and nocicep...

Comparison of Haemostatic Gelatin Sponge Impregnated with Ropivacaine versus Normal Saline applied on the Transverse Process of the Operated Vertebrae on Post-Operative Pain in Patients Undergoing Spinal Instrumentation Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Protocols for effective postoperative pain control in patients undergoing spinal surgery are not standardized. In our study, we compared the effect of haemostatic absorbable gelatin sponge impregnated with ropivacaine versus normal saline when applied to the transverse process of the operated vertebrae on the postoperative pain following instrumentation spine surgery.

Comparative safety and efficacy of percutaneous approaches for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Percutaneous treatments for trigeminal neuralgia (TN) include glycerol rhizotomy (GR), radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RF), and balloon compression (BC), which aim to provide pain relief by targeted injury to the trigeminal nerve pain fibers. All three techniques are well established and can provide immediate pain relief; however each of them can be associated with a range of complications. Our ...

Is virtual reality useful for pain management in patients who undergo medical procedures?

Pain management is a complex medical issue, and many efforts have been done to develop new non-pharmacological therapies. Virtual reality is a technology apparatus that make an interaction between human and virtual environment through an hardware (usually a headset) linked to a computer or a mobile, by using a software. Additionally, this virtual setting can be adapted to any type of scenario. Thu...

Ultrasound-guided adductor canal block using levobupivacaine versus periarticular levobupivacaine infiltration after totalknee arthroplasty: a randomized clinical trial.

Both postoperative pain control and range of motion are important in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, in the literature, there is little comparison of peripheral nerve blocks and periarticular infiltration techniques using levobupivacaine. The aim of our study was to measure pain with visual analogue scale (VAS) and knee range of motion (ROM) between in patients undergoing adductor canal bl...

Chest pain score: a novel and practical approach to angina pectoris. A diagnostic accuracy study.

The chest pain classifications that are currently in use are based on studies that are several decades old. Various studies have indicated that these classifications are not sufficient for determining the origin of chest pain without additional diagnostic tests or tools. We describe a new chest pain scoring system that examines the relationship between chest pain and ischemic heart disease (IHD).

Separation and pain perception of Elastomeric, Kesling and Kansal separators.

Various types of separators have been advocated, but the ideal separator should produce optimum separation with minimal pain and discomfort.

Pain management in new amputees: a nursing perspective.

Phantom limb pain (PLP) is a widespread and challenging neuropathic pain problem, occurring after both surgical and traumatic amputation of a limb. It may occur immediately after surgery or some months later, however, most cases it presents within the first 7 postoperative days. Patients report a range of pain characteristics in the absent limb, including burning, cramping, tingling and electric s...

Sensorimotor synchronization in patients with mechanical neck disorders.

: There lacks knowledge of how patients with chronic persisting mechanical neck disorder (cMND) coordinate their movements. : Analyze kinematic data from people with cMND by extracting vertical trajectories from 3D Qualisys data of the patients' hand. The time between metronome beat and bottle placement were cross-correlated to compare timing accuracy. : Cross-sectional case-series. : A cyclical o...

Predicting chronic pain after major traumatic injury.

Background and aims Chronic pain after traumatic injury and surgery is highly prevalent, and associated with substantial psychosocial co-morbidities and prolonged opioid use. It is currently unclear whether predicting chronic post-injury pain is possible. If so, it is unclear if predicting chronic post-injury pain requires a comprehensive set of variables or can be achieved only with data availabl...

Effect of local infiltration with oxytocin on hemodynamic response to surgical incision and postoperative pain in patients having open laparoscopic surgery under general anesthesia.

Preemptive analgesia encompasses different perioperative interventions that have the final aim of decreasing postoperative pain and improving recovery. Recently, peripheral analgesic effects of oxytocinergic modulation have been suggested. In this regard, we tested the potential analgesic effects of subcutaneous oxytocin (OT) infiltration in patients submitted to laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Managing Pain in Patients and Survivors: Challenges Within the United States Opioid Crisis.

Advances in cancer treatment have led to a growing number of survivors. At least 40% of those survivors live with chronic pain and need pain control medication. This coincides with an epidemic of opioid misuse and overdose deaths, resulting in restrictive practices that can impact patients who experience severe pain. Oncologists and other healthcare professionals who treat patients with cancer nee...

Evaluation of postoperative pain and toxicological aspects of the use of dipyrone and tramadol in cats.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of dipyrone and tramadol, used for 5 days, on postoperative pain, hematological and biochemical parameters, and oxidative markers on erythrocytes.

Meta-analysis of Opioids for Chronic Pain.

Meta-analysis of Opioids for Chronic Pain.

Meta-analysis of Opioids for Chronic Pain-Reply.

Erratum.

Interventions for the prevention of pain associated with the placement of intrauterine contraceptives: An updated review.

A 2013 review found no evidence to support the routine use of pain relief for intrauterine contraceptive (IUC) placement, however, fear of pain with placement continues to be a barrier to use for some women. This narrative review set out to identify (1) new evidence that may support routine use of pain management strategies for IUC placement; (2) procedure-related approaches that may have a positi...

Visual Attention to Pain Cues for Impending Touch Versus Impending Pain: An Eye-Tracking Study.

In this eye-tracking study, we evaluated pain-related biases in orienting and maintenance of gaze within impending touch versus impending pain tasks and examined features of pain resilience as individual difference influences on potential biases.

Predictors of treatment outcome in children with medically unexplained pain seeking primary care: A prospective cohort study.

Medically unexplained pain in children and adolescents is a common and increasing health care problem. Primary care is usually the first point of contact for these patients. It is the overall objective of this study to investigate treatment outcome of medically unexplained pain in pediatric primary care and to identify predictors of treatment failure.

Quadratus lumborum block for postoperative analgesia after full abdominoplasty: a randomized controlled trial.

Background and aims The quadratus lumborum block (QLB) provides regional analgesia of the anterior abdominal wall, theoretically matching the postoperative pain after postbariatric standard full abdominoplasty. We investigated the effectiveness of a QLB as an addition to the current multimodal analgesia regimen in postbariatric patients treated with standard full abdominoplasty. Methods Randomized...

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