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Pancreas Transplantation Research

08:14 EDT 26th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Refractory Post-Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant Pure Red Cell Aplasia in Remission after Treatment with Daratumumab.

TISSUE ENZYME ACTIVITIES IN FREE-LIVING EASTERN BOX TURTLES ().

Plasma biochemical enzymes are commonly assayed as part of a diagnostic evaluation for zoological species, but their interpretation is complicated by a lack of knowledge about tissue of origin in many reptiles. This study evaluated tissue specificity of six biochemical enzymes (alanine aminotransferase [ALT], aspartate aminotransferase [AST], alkaline phosphatase [ALP], creatine kinase [CK], gamma...

Local Ablation Does Not Worsen Perioperative Outcomes After Liver Transplant for Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Local ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) before liver transplant has important advantages, such as preventing disease progression, tumor downstaging, and offering a test of time. However, it might render liver transplant more technically demanding. Thus far, its potential effect on liver transplant outcomes is still unknown, and, therefore, the current study was performed. Patients who un...

Impact of Point-Spread Function Reconstruction on Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT Quantitative Imaging Parameters.

The objective of our study was to investigate the impact of point-spread function (PSF) reconstruction and lesion size on Ga-tetraazacyclododecanetetraacetic acid-DPhe1-Tyr3-octreotate (DOTATATE) PET/CT quantitative parameters. A total of 38 patients with 42 Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT studies and 125 lesions were included. Scans were reconstructed with and without PSF modulation. For each lesion, the max...

Use of Ventricular Assist Devices and Heart Transplantation for Advanced Heart Failure.

There are only 2 treatments for the thousands of patients who progress to the most advanced form of heart failure despite the application of guideline-based medical therapy, use of ventricular assist devices and heart transplantation. There has been a great deal of progress in both of these therapies that have led to improved outcomes including significant improvement in survival and functional ca...

Eosinophilic pancreatitis versus pancreatitis associated with eosinophilic gastroenteritis -a systematic review regarding clinical features and diagnosis.

Over the past years, eosinophil infiltration involving the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas leading to eosinophilic pancreatitis, eosinophilic gastroenteritis and hypereosinophilic syndrome, has been reported in the literature. We aimed to analyze and compare the features involving patients with eosinophilic pancreatitis and pancreatitis associated with eosinophilic gastroenteritis and to deter...

Induction of α cell-restricted Gc in dedifferentiating β cells contributes to stress-induced β-cell dysfunction.

Diabetic β cell failure is associated with β cell dedifferentiation. To identify effector genes of dedifferentiation, we integrated analyses of histone methylation as a surrogate of gene activation status and RNA expression in β cells sorted from mice with multiparity-induced diabetes. Interestingly, only a narrow subset of genes demonstrated concordant changes to histone methylation and RNA le...

Towards an in vitro model of glomerular barrier unit with an innovative bioassembly method.

The development of an artificial glomerular unit may be pivotal for renal pathophysiology studies at a multicellular scale. Using a tissue engineering approach, we aimed to reproduce in part the specific glomerular barrier architecture by manufacturing a glomerular microfibre (Mf).

Screening Colonoscopy in Patients Evaluated for Liver Transplant: Look before You Leap.

We read with interest the paper by Oey and colleagues. While the argument for caution regarding the safety of colonoscopy in patients evaluated for liver transplant(LT) has merit, the low yield of colorectal cancer (CRC) in their study is not surprising considering that majority of patients were average risk. However, low yield of CRC is a soft argument against screening colonoscopy in pre-LT pati...

The Novel BGP-HMP Solution Improves Static Cold Storage and Reduces Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Rat Liver Transplant.

Organ transplantation is the treatment of choice against terminal and irreversible organ failure. Optimal preservation of the graft is crucial to counteract cold ischemia effects. As we developed an N,N-bis-2-hydroxyethyl-2-aminoethanesulfonic acid (BES)-gluconate-polyethylene glycol (BGP)-based solution (hypothermic machine perfusion [HMP]), we aimed to analyze the use of this solution on static ...

Genetic correlations between diabetes and glaucoma: an analysis of continuous and dichotomous phenotypes.

A genetic correlation is the proportion of phenotypic variance between traits that is shared on a genetic basis. Here we explore genetic correlations between diabetes- and glaucoma-related traits.

Quality assessment of clinical practice guidelines for management of type 2 diabetes mellitus: Assessment of type 2 diabetes mellitus guidelines.

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most significant global health emergencies of the 21st century. Every year, an increasing number of people succumb to the condition and therefore suffer life-changing complications. So management of this disease has an important role to prevent complications. In this study, our objective is to assess the quality of guidelines related to the significant public health...

Lower daily carbohydrate consumption than recommended by the Institute of Medicine is common among women with type 2 diabetes in early pregnancy in Denmark.

To secure adequate carbohydrate supply in pregnancy, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommends a minimum amount of carbohydrates of 175 g daily. Currently a low carbohydrate diet is a popular health trend in the general population and this might also be common among overweight and obese pregnant women with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Thus, we explored carbohydrate consumption among pregnant women with...

Comparison of flash glucose monitoring with real time continuous glucose monitoring in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion.

In 2016 intermittently scanned continuous glucose monitoring (isCGM) became the first reimbursed CGM system in Belgium. Many children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) treated with multiple daily injections as well as with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) switched from self-monitoring of blood glucose to isCGM to monitor their treatment. In 2017 the Enlite real-time CGM (rtCGM) system was ...

Association of transcription factor 7-like 2 gene (TCF7L2) polymorphisms with stress-related hyperglycaemia (SRH) in intensive care and resulting outcomes: the READIAB study.

- The study aimed to evaluate the impact of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs7903146 on the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene in stress-related hyperglycaemia (SRH), defined as blood glucose ≥ 11 mmol/L in at least two blood samples during the first 3 days in the intensive care unit (ICU), and on 28-day and 1-year mortality, and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) at 6 months ...

Increased placental expressions of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 and antioxidant enzymes in gestational diabetes: Protective mechanisms against the placental oxidative stress?

Gestational diabetes mellitus is associated with increased oxidative stress. Oxidative stress may contribute to the risk for pregnancy pathologies associated with gestational diabetes mellitus. In this study we investigated the expression of placental nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and antioxidant enzymes of gestational diabetes mellitus and healthy pregnant women and correlate...

Effectiveness of Managing Diabetes During Ramadan Conversation Map intervention: A difference-in-differences (self-comparison) design.

Some individuals with diabetes fast during Ramadan despite medical concerns for risk of adverse outcomes. The Managing Diabetes During Ramadan Conversation Map is a self-management education group-based intervention for Muslim individuals with type 2 diabetes, specifically addressing diabetes management during Ramadan.

An unusual lesion of the pancreas.

The Effects of Popular Diets on Type 2 Diabetes Management.

Type 2 diabetes can be managed with the use of diabetes self-management skills. Diet and exercise are essential segments of the lifestyle changes necessary for diabetes management. However, diet recommendations can be complicated in a world full of different diets. This review aims to evaluate the evidence on the effects of three popular diets geared towards diabetes management: low carbohydrate a...

Brazilian Nutritional Consensus in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: Elderly.

The Brazilian Nutritional Consensus in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: Elderly was elaborated by nutritionists, nutrologists and hematologists physicians from 15 Brazilians reference centers in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, in order to emphasize the importancy of nutritional status and the body composition during the treatment, as well as the main characteristics related to pat...

Type 2 diabetes mellitus in peru: a systematic review of prevalence and incidence in the general population.

Objetives. To identify prevalence and incidence studies of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the general adult population in Peru.

Incidence and Risk Factors of Keratinocyte Carcinoma After First Solid Organ Transplant in Ontario, Canada.

Keratinocyte carcinoma (KC), also known as nonmelanoma skin cancer, is the most common malignancy after solid organ transplant. Epidemiologic data on posttransplant KC in North America are limited by a lack of KC capture in cancer and transplant registries.

Impact of cancer chemotherapy before ovarian cortex cryopreservation on ovarian tissue transplantation.

How efficacious is transplantation of ovarian cortex previously exposed to chemotherapy?

Innovating to increase access to diabetes care in Kenya: an evaluation of Novo Nordisk's base of the pyramid project.

: The Base of the Pyramid (BoP) project is a public-private partnership initiated by Novo Nordisk that aims to facilitate access to diabetes care for people at the base of the economic pyramid in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In Kenya, the BoP, through a partnership model, aims to strengthen five pillars of diabetes care: increased awareness of diabetes; early diagnosis of diabetes; ac...

The impact of body mass index on blood pressure measured with mercury sphygmomanometer in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and overweight have more risk to develop changes in blood pressure that increase cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In this study, the relationship between blood pressure (BP) with the body mass index (BMI) and the average of the last three measurements of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in patients with T1DM was determined.

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