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Pancreatitis Research

03:41 EDT 21st May 2018 | BioPortfolio

De novo hepatocyte-derived biliary system.

Pancreatic cancer foiled by a switch of tumour subtype.

Visceral adiposity and high adiponectin levels are associated with the prevalence of pancreatic cystic lesions.

Obesity is increasing in developed countries and is a risk factor for pancreatic cancer (PaC). We previously reported that obesity was associated with pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs), which are both precursors of, and risk factors for, PaC. In the present study, we further investigated the relationship between visceral adiposity and adiponectin levels and the extent of PCLs.

Emerging strategies in BRCA-positive pancreatic cancer.

We propose a treatment algorithm for PDAC with particular emphasis on BRCA1 or 2 mutation-positive patients. Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the deadliest diseases in the United States and Europe. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are among the most common of the known genetic mutations involved in familial PDAC. The optimal chemotherapy regimen to use for BRCA1 or 2 mutation carriers with PDAC is...

Respiratory manifestations in LPS-responsive beige-like anchor (LRBA) protein-deficient patients.

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-responsive beige-like anchor (LRBA) protein deficiency is a rare syndrome of primary immune deficiency and immune dysregulation. In this study, we sought to summarize our experience with respiratory manifestations in LRBA-deficient patients. We conducted a retrospective analysis of the medical records of LRBA-deficient patients treated at Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical...

Improvement of neurological and ocular symptoms of Behçet's disease after the introduction of infliximab.

Behçet's disease is a chronic inflammatory condition of unknown origin characterized by multiple organ involvement. The most common symptoms of Behçet's disease are recurrent oral and/or genital ulcerations in combination with symptoms affecting eyes, skin, central and peripheral nervous system, blood vessels and gastrointestinal tract. We present a 43-year-old female patient with the history o...

Characterization of low active ghrelin ratio in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer.

Acyl ghrelin is an orexigenic peptide. Active ghrelin ratio, the ratio of acyl ghrelin to total ghrelin, has an important role in physiological functions and gastrointestinal symptoms. However, low active ghrelin ratio-related characteristics, gastrointestinal symptoms, and chemotherapy-induced gastrointestinal toxicity in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer have not been previously evaluated...

Revision of Surgical Margin under Frozen Section to Achieve R0 Status on Survival in Patients with Pancreatic Cancer.

The aim is to investigate whether additional resection based on intraoperative frozen section (FS) to a secondary R0(s) status are associated with different long-term survivals in pancreatic cancer patients, comparing to those with R1 or primary R0(p) status.

Peri-Operative Blood Transfusion Does Not Influence Overall and Disease-Free Survival After Radical Gastrectomy for Stage II/III Gastric Cancer: a Propensity Score Matching Analysis.

Whether peri-operative blood transfusions (BTF) negatively impact long-term survival after gastrectomy for gastric cancer (GC) remains controversial. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate independent predictive factors of BTF and the potential impact of BTF on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) in patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for stage II/III GC.

Improved Outcomes in 394 Pancreatic Cancer Resections: the Impact of Enhanced Recovery Pathway.

Enhanced recovery (ER) pathway reduces morbidity and accelerates recovery. It is associated with reduced postoperative stay, morbidity, and costs. Feasibility and safety of ER programme has not been studied in developing countries. The objectives were to assess compliance with Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) elements and to assess outcomes in pancreatic surgery.

Ameliorative effect of ginseng extract on phthalate and bisphenol A reprotoxicity during pregnancy in rats.

Phthalates (such as DEHP) and bisphenol A (BPA) are widely used chemicals in plastics manufacturing and exert public health concerns as endocrine disrupters. This study was designed to investigate the deleterious effect of DEHP and BPA on endocrine profile of pregnant female rats and the combined treatment with ginseng extract (Panax ginseng). Seventy-two pregnant rats were divided into six groups...

Total pancreatic necrosis after organophosphate intoxication.

Cases of acute pancreatitis induced by organophosphate intoxication are encountered occasionally in clinics, but very few of them develop into severe pancreas necrosis and irreversible pancreatic function impairment. Here, we report a 47-year-old female organophosphate poisoning case after ingestion of massive insecticides; she was considered to have total necrosis and function failure of the panc...

Combination Glucose-Lowering Therapy Plans in T2DM: Case-Based Considerations.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex disease, and while lifestyle interventions remain the cornerstone of therapy, most patients will also require pharmacotherapy. Current diabetes treatment guidelines and algorithms recommend an individualized approach to setting glycemic goals and selecting treatment. Although a single antihyperglycemic agent may be appropriate as the initial T2DM pharma...

Comparative Study of Liraglutide and Insulin Glargine on Glycemic Control and Pancreatic β-Cell Function in db/db Mice.

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the effects of liraglutide, a long-acting glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist, and insulin glargine, a long-acting insulin analog, on glycemic control and pancreatic β-cell function in db/db mice. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eight-week-old male db/db mice (n=40) were divided into five groups: the vehicle-treated group (VG) (n=8); the insulin g...

Impact of Co-morbidities on the Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) frequently exists alongside other chronic diseases. Co-morbidities can exert a significant influence on COPD disease course, affecting disease-related symptoms and increasing morbidity and mortality in patients. Studies indicate that management of co-morbid COPD can be improved by engaging in a multidisciplinary team-based approach. A collaborative effo...

Endocrine disrupting activities and immunomodulatory effects in lymphoblastoid cell lines of diclofenac, 4-hydroxydiclofenac and paracetamol.

A critical literature review reveals that knowledge of side effects of pharmaceuticals diclofenac and paracetamol is extremely important because of their widespread use and occurrence in the environment. In order to delineate whether these compounds have endocrine activity and influence on the immune system, we assessed the potential endocrine disrupting and immunomodulatory activities of: diclofe...

Acute ischemic pancreatitis secondary to aortic dissection.

Acute ischemic pancreatitis secondary to aortic dissection is very rare with an unclarified mechanism. We retrospectively reviewed six such cases in our center and present their outcomes herein.

Investigation of the potential endocrine effect of nitrate in zebrafish Danio rerio and brown trout Salmo trutta.

Nitrate has the potential to affect steroid production. Nitrate concentrations in streams in agricultural areas may exceed concentrations showing effects in laboratory studies. The effects of nitrate and/or nitrite on endocrine relevant endpoints were tested in zebrafish and brown trout. Zebrafish were exposed in two experiments to nitrate (8.8 to 89 mg NO/L) and nitrite (3.6 to 19 mg NO/L) du...

Antibiotic Exposure Prior to Respiratory Viral Infection is Associated with Progression to Lower Respiratory Tract Disease in Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Recipients.

Recent publications note an association between antibiotic exposure and respiratory viral infections (RVIs). Antibiotics affect microbiota and impair immune response against RVIs in mice, and low microbiome diversity is associated with pulmonary complications including viral lower respiratory tract disease (LRTD) in hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) recipients. In this study, we examined wh...

The optimal choice for pancreatic anastomosis after pancreaticoduodenectomy: A network meta-analysis of randomized control trials.

A number of pancreatic anastomosis methods for pancreaticoduodenectomy including pancreaticogastrostomy(PG), duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy(duct-to-mucosa PJ), invagination pancreaticojejunostomy(invagination PJ) and binding pancreaticojejunostomy(BPJ), but the optimal choice remains unclear. We performed a network meta-analysis to synthesize direct and indirect evidence to identify the opt...

Axed MUC4 (MUC4/X) aggravates pancreatic malignant phenotype by activating integrin-β1/FAK/ERK pathway.

Alternative splicing is evolving as an eminent player of oncogenic signaling for tumor development and progression. Mucin 4 (MUC4), a type I membrane-bound mucin, is differentially expressed in pancreatic cancer (PC) and plays a critical role in its progression and metastasis. However, the molecular implications of MUC4 splice variants during disease pathogenesis remain obscure. The present study ...

Analysis of incidence, mortality and survival for pancreatic and biliary tract cancers across Europe, with assessment of influence of revised European age standardisation on estimates.

Pancreatic (PC) and biliary tract (BTC) cancers have higher incidence and mortality in Europe than elsewhere. We analysed time-trends in PC/BTC incidence, mortality, and survival across Europe. Since the European standard population (ESP) was recently revised to better represent European age structure, we also assessed the effect of adopting the revised ESP to age-standardise incidence and mortali...

Influence of gastrointestinal tract on metabolism of bisphenol A as determined by in vitro simulated system.

Oral exposure is a major route of human bisphenol A (BPA) exposure. However, influence of gastrointestinal tract on BPA metabolism is unavailable. In this study, in vitro simulator of the human intestinal microbial ecosystem (SHIME) was applied to investigate the changes in bioaccessibility and metabolism of BPA in different parts of gastrointestinal tract (stomach, small intestine and colon). The...

Proanthocyanidins-Will they effectively restrain conspicuous bacterial strains devolving on urinary tract infection?

Struvite or infection stones are one of the major clinical burdens among urinary tract infection, which occur due to the interaction between microbes and urine mineral components. Numerous urinary tract infection (UTI) causing microbes regulate through biofilm formation for survival from host defense, it is often found difficult in its eradication with simple anti-microbial agents and also the cha...

Chronic kidney disease in children up to 2 years of age - a single center data analysis.

Although anomalies in the urinary tract are the leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the pediatric population, there are few studies focusing on etiological discrepancies between younger and older children.

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