Pediatrics Research

15:07 EST 12th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Robust kidney perfusion mapping in pediatric chronic kidney disease using single-shot 3D-GRASE ASL with optimized retrospective motion correction.

To develop a robust renal arterial spin labeling (ASL) acquisition and processing strategy for mapping renal blood flow (RBF) in a pediatric cohort with severe kidney disease.

Heart transplantation in two adolescents with Danon disease.

Danon disease (DD) is an X-linked dominant disorder caused by a mutation in the lysosomal-associated membrane protein-2 (LAMP-2) gene coding for the LAMP-2 protein. We report two cases of successful heart transplantation (HT) in adolescent brothers with DD, including one who was bridged to HT for 34 days with a HeartWare left ventricular assist device. In both patients, the post-transplant course...

Clinical Guidelines in Pediatric Hearing Loss: Systemic Review Using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II Instrument.

Despite the importance, impact, and prevalence of pediatric hearing loss (HL), there are very few published clinical practice guidelines (CPG) supporting the evaluation and management of pediatric patients with HL. Our objective was to appraise existing CPGs to ensure safe and effective practices.

Parenting behaviour and executive function in children with Down syndrome.

Parenting behaviours influence many domains of child development, and recent work has demonstrated the specific effects of parenting on the development of executive function (EF) abilities. The relationship between parent-child interaction patterns and EF has been examined in typically developing (TD) children but has not yet been examined in dyads where the child has a diagnosis of Down syndrome ...

Helping young people with cerebral palsy in pain.

Opioids are rarely prescribed for children with acute non-procedural pain in Italian emergency departments.

Pain is a major cause of admissions to pediatric emergency departments, but is often inappropriately managed (1). The findings of the Pain Practice in Italian Pediatric Emergency Departments on the appropriate use of paracetamol and ibuprofen have previously been reported (1,2). This multicentre, retrospective study evaluated the prescription of opioids given to patients up to the age of 14 with a...

A review of interventions supporting parent's psychological well-being after a child's intensive care unit discharge.

Having a child admitted to a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) is a highly stressful experience, and post-traumatic stress among parents is well documented. How best to support these parents is currently unclear.

Insulin function in obese children within the low and high ranges of impaired fasting glycemia.

Impaired fasting glycemia (IFG) reflects an intermediate hyperglycemia in the fasting state. Which fasting glucose level that actually is associated with impaired insulin-glucose homeostasis in children and adolescents with obesity is unknown.

Delivery of Preventive Oral Health Services by Rurality: A Cross-Sectional Analysis.

Integrating oral health care into primary care has been promoted as a strategy to increase delivery of preventive oral health services (POHS) to young children, particularly in rural areas where few dentists practice. Using a multistate sample of Medicaid claims, we examined a child's odds of receiving POHS in a medical office by county rurality.

Magnetic resonance imaging in enterovirus-71, myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody, aquaporin-4 antibody, and multiple sclerosis-associated myelitis in children.

We used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to compare the neuroimaging of children with their first episode of clinical enterovirus 71-associated transverse myelitis (EV71-TM), myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody positive transverse myelitis (MOG-TM), aquaporin-4 antibody positive transverse myelitis (AQP4-TM), transverse myelitis in multiple sclerosis (MS-TM), and unclassified transverse m...

Mothering under political violence: Post-traumatic symptoms, observed maternal parenting practices and child externalising behaviour.

Using the family stress model as our conceptual framework, we explored whether observed maternal parenting practices (positive and coercive) account for the associations between mothers' post-traumatic stress symptoms and children's externalising behaviours. Mothers' self-reported post-traumatic stress symptoms, observed maternal practices, and reports of children's externalising behaviour were co...

A single institutional review of pediatric Bacillus spp. bloodstream infections demonstrates increased incidence among children with cancer.

Bacillus species are known to cause severe infection in immunocompromised hosts. The incidence of Bacillus bloodstream infections and characteristics of infection among children with cancer or indication for hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) is unknown.

Effects of the strict control of blood pressure in pediatric renal transplant recipients-ESCORT trial.

Strict BP control can retard progression of CKD in children. This prospective 3-year randomized controlled trial is aimed to investigate whether strict BP control can retard progression of chronic allograft dysfunction.

Neonatal neurology: bridging the gap.

The importance of olfaction in neurodisability.

Role of ADHD in the Co-occurrence between Heavy Alcohol Use and Depression Trajectories in Adulthood.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is associated with greater heavy alcohol use and depressive symptoms in adulthood. Yet, few studies have investigated whether childhood ADHD predicts an increased association between heavy drinking and depression in adulthood when this co-occurrence becomes more common. We examined associations among heavy alcohol use and depression longitudinally fr...

Are we meeting the training needs of healthcare and education professionals supporting children with cancer in their return to school?

Fathers' Dosage in Community-based Programs for Low-income Fathers.

Community-based programs for low-income fathers often struggle to get fathers to attend services and activities. This paper reviews the literature examining approaches to measuring dosage in fatherhood programs, rates of dosage, influences on dosage, and the associations between dosage and fathers' outcomes. Studies were limited to programs that conducted randomized control trials, quasi-experimen...

Acute cellular rejection treatment outcomes stratified by Banff grade in pediatric kidney transplant.

There are limited data to guide optimal treatment strategies for acute cellular rejection (ACR) based on Banff grade for pediatric kidney transplant recipients. This report reviews a large pediatric transplant center's experience with ACR.

Genetic variation of FTO: rs1421085 T>C, rs8057044 G>A, rs9939609 T>A, and copy number (CNV) in Mexican Mayan school-aged children with obesity/overweight and with normal weight.

Genetic variation of the fat mass and obesity associated gene (FTO) has been identified as a risk factor for obesity and obesity traits. Distribution of FTO single nutleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs1421085T>C, rs9939609T>A, rs8057044G>A and copy number variation (CNV) was evaluated in association with childhood obesity or overweight status in children with Mayan ethnicity.

A meta-analysis of neurodevelopmental outcomes at 4-10 years in children born at 22-25 weeks gestation.

To update our meta-analysis on neurodevelopmental disability rates in children born at 22-25 weeks gestation. The main outcome measure was rates of neurodevelopmental disability in survivors at age 4-10 years.

Initial evidence for hypothalamic gliosis in children with obesity by quantitative T2 MRI and implications for blood oxygen-level dependent response to glucose ingestion.

In adults, hypothalamic gliosis has been documented using quantitative T2 neuroimaging, whereas functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has shown a defective hypothalamic response to nutrients. No studies have yet evaluated these hypothalamic abnormalities in children with obesity.

Pediatric Dermatology - critical approach to the new treatments.

The field of pediatric dermatology treatment has been rich in new developments. Several recent therapeutic advances in pediatric dermatology have been made. This review will focus on critical approach to the new treatments for several entities encountered in pediatric dermatology. The use of biologics and small molecules in children with atopic dermatitis and psoriasis, exciting advances in the us...

Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography is a feasible technique for quantifying hepatic microvascular perfusion in dogs with extrahepatic congenital portosystemic shunts.

Extrahepatic-congenital portosystemic shunt is a vascular anomaly that connects the portal vein to the systemic circulation and leads to a change in hepatic microvascular perfusion. However, an assessment of hepatic microvascular perfusion is limited by conventional diagnostic modalities. The aim of this prospective, exploratory study was to assess hepatic microvascular perfusion in dogs with extr...

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia and immune thrombocytopenia following hematopoietic stem cell transplant: A critical review of the literature.

Autoimmune cytopenias (AIC) post-hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) are rare but exceptionally challenging complication. We conducted a comprehensive literature review and identified a pooled incidence of post-HSCT autoimmune hemolytic anemia and/or immune thrombocytopenia of 2.66% (SE = 0.27) in pediatric patients. Nonmalignant disease, unrelated donor transplant, peripheral or cord bloo...

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