Advertisement

Topics

Pediatrics Research

08:01 EST 22nd November 2017 | BioPortfolio

History of lobotomy in Poland.

In Poland, there were 176 cases of prefrontal leucotomy performed by Moniz's method between 1947 and 1951. There were also several cases in which alternative psychosurgical techniques were used: prefrontal topectomy by Bilikiewicz and colleagues, and prefrontal topischemia by Ziemnowicz. This article analyses the following: publications by Choróbski, who performed lobotomy in Poland, and by Korze...

How Does Imaging of Congenital Zika Compare with Imaging of Other TORCH Infections?

The acronym TORCH is used to refer to congenital infections, such as toxoplasmosis, other infections (such as syphillis, varicella-zoster, and parvovirus B19), cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex virus. The classic findings in patients with TORCH infections include rash in the mother during pregnancy and ocular findings in the newborn. Zika virus has emerged as an important worldwide congenital in...

PARACENTRAL ACUTE MIDDLE MACULOPATHY IN PRIMARY CONGENITAL GLAUCOMA.

To report a case of primary congenital glaucoma associated with paracentral acute middle maculopathy.

Paternal experience impacts cognitive function in offspring: a pre-existing concept.

A comparative expression analysis of isocitrate dehydrogenase-3 gene and protein levels in postmortem brain tissues from subjects with bipolar disorder.

PET imaging of dopamine-D2 receptor internalization in schizophrenia.

This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/mp.2017.107.

Epidemiology and outcomes of community-acquired and hospital-acquired acute kidney injury in children and adolescents.

Hospital-acquired acute kidney injury (HA-AKI) is associated with an increased risk of childhood mortality; however, only a few studies have addressed community-acquired AKI (CA-AKI).

Environmental and socio-demographic individual, family and neighborhood factors associated with children intestinal parasitoses at Iguazú, in the subtropical northern border of Argentina.

Intestinal parasitoses are a major concern for public health, especially in children from middle and low-income populations of tropical and subtropical areas. We examined the presence and co-infection of parasites in humans as well as parasitic environmental contamination in Puerto Iguazú, Argentina. We explored the environmental and socio-demographic characteristics of the persistence of parasit...

Soluble CD40 ligand directly alters glomerular permeability and may act as a circulating permeability factor in FSGS.

CD40/CD40 ligand (CD40L) dyad, a co-stimulatory bi-molecular complex involved in the adaptive immune response, has also potent pro-inflammatory actions in haematopoietic and non-haematopoietic cells. We describe here a novel role for soluble CD40L (sCD40L) as modifier of glomerular permselectivity directly acting on glomerular epithelial cells (GECs). We found that stimulation of CD40, constitutiv...

Pre-pubertal exposure with phthalates and bisphenol A and pubertal development.

Epidemiological studies indicate associations between childhood exposure with phthalates and bisphenol A (BPA) and the pubertal development. We examined associations between the pre-pubertal phthalate and BPA body burden and the longitudinally assessed sexual maturation of eight- to thirteen-year-old children.

Associations Between Parental SES and Children's Health-Related Quality of Life: The Role of Objective and Subjective Social Status.

We examined (1) the relationship that parental objective social status (OSS) and subjective social status (SSS) have with children's health-related quality of life (HRQOL), (2) whether SSS mediates the association between OSS and HRQOL, and (3) whether these associations differ among Black, Latino, and White children.

Cognitive Function, Coping, and Depressive Symptoms in Children and Adolescents with Sickle Cell Disease.

The objective of this study was to investigate the association between cognitive functioning, coping, and depressive symptoms in children and adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD).

Desmoplastic Nodular Medulloblastoma in Young Children: A Management Dilemma.

Children with desmoplastic nodular medulloblastoma (DNMB) have excellent survival, leading multiple groups globally to attempt reduction of treatment-related morbidity. In 2013, the Children's Oncology Group began a clinical trial (ACNS1221) eliminating both radiation therapy (RT) and intraventricular methotrexate for children under 3 years of age with localized DNMB, aiming to build upon the exce...

Early and late outcomes after surgical repair of congenital supravalvular aortic stenosis: a European Congenital Heart Surgeons Association multicentric study.

Our goal was to evaluate the early and late results of the surgical management of congenital supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS).

Management of Pregnant Women and Children: Focusing on Preventing Mother-to-Infant Transmission.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) immunization has been effectively preventing chronic HBV infection with >90% efficacy in countries with universal neonatal immunization. Perinatal mother-to-infant transmission of HBV remains the major cause of chronic HBV infection despite immunization. Maternal hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg) and high viral load have been noted to be the most important risk factors for tran...

Clinical Pearl: The "Rule of 8".

Preschool-aged children typically perform worse than 20/20 on visual acuity testing in the absence of ocular or visual pathway abnormalities due to non-ocular issues, including concentration, cooperation, and/or confidence. As a result, vision screening for this age group can be a challenge. The "Rule of 8" is an easy-to-remember, highly effective mnemonic that clinicians can use to help different...

Three Cases of Associated Persistent Fetal Vasculature and Ocular Coloboma: Posterior Segment Dysgenesis.

The authors discuss the association of persistent fetal vasculature and ocular coloboma in three children. They explore the possibility of a cause-effect relationship between these disorders, and link them together as a broader posterior dysgenesis. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2017;54:e77-e80.].

Bilateral Superior Rectus Transposition With Bilateral Medial Rectus Recession for Möbius Syndrome.

Bilateral superior rectus transposition with bilateral medial rectus recession has been described successfully for treatment of Duane's syndrome but never for Möbius syndrome. The authors describe a child with Möbius syndrome who presented with large bilateral abduction deficits and esotropia. This surgical treatment resulted in marked improvement of said deficits. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabism...

"My Son Will Not Play Outside".

Like an Old Married Couple.

Effectiveness of a Staged US and Unenhanced MR Imaging Algorithm in the Diagnosis of Pediatric Appendicitis.

Purpose To establish, in a large cohort, the diagnostic performance of a staged algorithm involving ultrasonography (US) followed by conditional unenhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for the imaging work-up of pediatric appendicitis. Materials and Methods A staged imaging algorithm in which US and unenhanced MR imaging were performed in pediatric patients suspected of having appendicitis was ...

Mental files theory of mind: When do children consider agents acquainted with different object identities?

Mental files theory explains why children pass many perspective taking tasks like the false belief test around age 4 (Perner & Leahy, 2016). It also explains why older children struggle to understand that beliefs about an object depend on how one is acquainted with it (intensionality or aspectuality). If Heinz looks at an object that is both a die and an eraser, but cannot tell by looking that it ...

Factors associated with physician self-efficacy in mental illness management and team-based care.

Associations between severity of anxiety and clinical and biological features of major affective disorders.

Patients with major affective disorders (MAFD) with comorbid anxiety show a greater functional impairment than those without anxiety. The aim of this study is to delineate the associations between severity of anxiety in MAFD, namely bipolar disorder (BD) and major depression (MDD), and MAFD characteristics and serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol levels. Recruited were 82 participants ...

Associations between causal attributions and personal stigmatizing attitudes in untreated persons with current mental health problems.

Past research has shown that among the general public, certain causal explanations like biomedical causes are associated with stronger desire for social distance from persons with mental illness. Aim of this study was to find out how different causal attributions of persons with untreated mental health problems regarding their own complaints are associated with stigmatizing attitudes, anticipated ...

Quick Search
Advertisement
 

review and buy Pediatrics market research data and corporate reports here