Pediatrics Research

09:47 EDT 19th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Preferred weight-related terminology by parents of children with obesity.

In order to improve weight-related discussion with patients and minimize their discomfort, the terminology used by medical staff should be carefully chosen. The study aim was to identify the most motivating weight-related terminology to use with children with obesity.

Free radical damage can cause serious long-lasting effects.

Inhaled NO (iNO) is an approved therapy for pulmonary hypertension (PH) in term infants and its use is now increasing in preterm infants with hypoxemic respiratory failure (HRF) and, or, PH, despite the lack of sustained benefits. In the current issue of Acta Paediatrica, Dixon et al report that iNO use in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) may increase childhood cancer (1). In an earlier pu...

Comparison between pediatric respiratory assessment measure (PRAM) score and wood asthma score to assess acute asthma exacerbation.

Wood's score, the assessment of childhood respiratory failure, has been used to assess childhood acute asthma severity in Thailand since 19th century. However, PRAM score, which is increasingly used in Western countries has not been evaluated among Thai children with asthma.

Perceptions by Families of EMS Interventions During Imminent Pediatric Out-of-Hospital Death.

To understand how family members view the ways EMS and other first responders interact with distressed family members during an intervention involving a recent or impending pediatric death.

Utilizing Pediatric Scoring Systems to Predict Disposition During Interfacility Transport.

Determining care disposition for pediatric patients during interfacility transport is often challenging. Severity of illness scoring can assist with this process. The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare currently utilized scoring systems and their ability to reliably match pediatric transport patients' severity of illness with the level of care necessary.

Endocrine Deficiency as a Function of Radiation Dose to the Hypothalamus and Pituitary in Pediatric and Young Adult Patients With Brain Tumors.

Purpose There are sparse data defining the dose response of radiation therapy (RT) to the hypothalamus and pituitary in pediatric and young adult patients with brain tumors. We examined the correlation between RT dose to these structures and development of endocrine dysfunction in this population. Materials and Methods Dosimetric and clinical data were collected from children and young adults (< 2...

Vaccination coverage and associated factors among children aged 12 - 23 months in Northwest Ethiopia.

Full vaccination coverage has been identified as the foundation for the prevention of morbidity and mortality from the childhood illnesses. However, a significant number of children do not get recommended vaccinations. The problem is much worse in low-income countries with varied figures and evidence gap. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess vaccination coverage and its predicting factors...

The founding of neurology as a specialty: The American situation in context.

With few exceptions, neurology in Europe as well as in the United States emerged from internal medicine and psychiatry, and neurology and psychiatry in particular have long remained connected in clinical practice and teaching. When the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN, 1934) and the American Academy of Neurology (AAN, 1948) were founded, the emancipation of neurology as an independ...

The Four Horsemen and the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN).

After the gradual introduction of specialties in medicine in the United States during the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN) was founded in 1934 to provide specialty regulation (training oversight, examination, and certification). The name reflects the combined practice of psychiatry and neurology that was still present at the time....

Four Communication Skills from Psychiatry Useful in Palliative Care and How to Teach Them.

Palliative care and psychiatry share a number of the same priorities, including careful attention to communication skill development. In this article, we identify 4 communication skills helpful in both fields: (1) attending to countertransference, (2) practicing active listening and active reflection, (3) remaining silent and neutral, and (4) naming the emotion. We then describe strategies for tea...

Should There Be a Disclosure Mandate for Physicians Caring for Perinatally Infected Adolescents Who Don't Know Their HIV Serostatus?

With advances in antiretroviral therapies, perinatally infected children are now living with HIV well beyond adolescence. Parents and health care practitioners thus face the challenge of deciding how best to disclose positive serostatus to children living with HIV. Although many adolescents living with HIV are sexually active, parents often delay disclosure, which presents US physicians with an et...

First break psychosis in a young military veteran with cannabis use disorder: an educational case report.

Gynecological problems among adolescent girls in a tertiary care centre of South Andaman district.

Illness beliefs of adolescents with CFS and their parents: the perceived causes of illness and beliefs about recovery.

Knowledge of emergency management of avulsed tooth among intern dental students: a questionnaire based study.

Well-Being of Child and Family Participants in Phase 1 Pediatric Oncology Clinical Trials.

Pediatric oncology phase 1 clinical trials (P1Ts) are essential to developing new anticancer therapies; however, they raise complex ethical concerns about balancing the need for this research with the well-being of participating children. The purpose of this integrative review was to synthesize and appraise the evidence of how P1T participation, which begins with consent and ends with the transiti...

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in children: a single center study at Tertiary hospital Iran.

The aim of this study was to evaluate complications after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy among children who underwent percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in Nemazee hospital.

Effect of sequential therapy on treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection in children.

Helicobacter pylori infection which plays a major role in the etiology of chronic gastritis and duodenal ulcers in children and adults is one of the commonest chronic infection worldwide. Cure of the infection leads to healing of gastric inflammation and prevention of peptic ulcer.

Irritable bowel syndrome subtypes and characteristics in children from Panama, Ecuador,El Salvador, Nicaragua and Mexico.

Few pediatric studies classify the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) subtypes.

Abernethy malformation: unusual cause of central cyanosis in pediatrics.

The congenital portosystemic shunt is an uncommon disease with severe complications if not treated. This rare cause of hypoxemia was first described by John Abernethy in 1973. There are two types: type I (termino-lateral shunt), in which there is total absence of the intrahepatic portal flow, and type II (latero-lateral shunt), in which the portal flow is partially preserved. We present the case o...

Inducible nitric oxide synthase 2 promoter polymorphism and malaria disease severity in children in Southern Ghana.

We assessed the association of mutant allele frequencies of nitric oxide synthase 2 (NOS2) gene at two SNPs (-954 and -1173) with malaria disease severity in children from a malaria endemic area in Southern Ghana.

Predictive value of soluble ST2 in adolescent and adult patients with complex congenital heart disease.

Soluble suppression of tumorogenicity 2 (sST2) has been shown to be of prognostic value in patients with chronic and acute left heart failure. The present study aims to assess the predictive value of sST2 levels in adult patients with complex congenital heart disease (CHD).

Therapeutic Alliance and Intervention Approach Among Acutely Suicidal Patients.

Emergency Medical Services Utilization Is Associated With Community Deprivation in Children.

Pediatric emergency medical services (EMS) utilization is costly and resource intensive; significant variation exists across large-scale geographies. Less is known about variation at smaller geographic levels where factors including lack of transportation, low health literacy, and decreased access to medical homes may be more relevant. Our objective was to determine whether pediatric EMS utilizati...

A Videographic Assessment of the Quality of EMS to ED Handoff Communication during Pediatric Resuscitations.

The National Association of EMS Physicians emphasizes the importance of high quality communication between emergency medical services (EMS) providers and emergency department (ED) staff for providing safe, effective care. The Joint Commission has identified ineffective handoff communication as a contributing factor in 80% of serious medical errors. The quality of handoff communication from EMS to ...

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